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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4826 matches for " identity "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
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[Book Review] David Michael Green (2007). The Europeans: Political Identity in an Emerging Polity. Boulder, COL: Lynne Rienner
Anne Sophie Krossa
Journal of Contemporary European Research , 2008,
Abstract: Book Review
The Aftermath of Globalization on African Identity  [PDF]
Bonachristus Umeogu
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31A029
Abstract:

The rope nations and people have held on in order to climb up to a better life, is now threatening to draw them back into a pit of oblivion. What will it profit a nation to become civilized and lose its identity in the process? How will people of today look in the face of future generation and fumble at excuses to explain why they are not regarded as a cultural group of its own? This paper tries to show how globalization has led to the loss of cultural identity in Nigeria.

Religion and African Identity: A Reflection on Nigerian Situation  [PDF]
Chizaram Onyekwere Oliver Uche, Paul Ikechukwu Ogugua
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31A040
Abstract:

The thrust of this paper is to take a reflection on Nigerian situation of religion and African identity. This systematic and functional position has become necessary in view of rich and deep insight into social functions of religion in building African cultural identity in a globalized world. This exploratory survey makes use of literary, sociological and historical methods and analyzed through culture centred approach. The result shows that religion has rich social functions and if fully tapped will build a cohesive society and progressive African identity based on African cultural values. This will be achieved through collaborative effort of all sundry.

Identity in Sport Teams  [PDF]
Cristina Zucchermaglio, Francesca Alby
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.23031
Abstract: In this paper we analyze identity in a soccer team using a discursive perspective, in which individual psycho-logical functioning is considered to be built in and through social interactions within groups. Analysis is based on naturally-occurring interactions that were audio recorded during technical meetings before and after the match. The data were collected within an ethnographic investigation of an Italian soccer tam carried out over a two-month period. The results show that the team’s members made rhetorical use of a complex repertoire of their own and others’ social identities, and that two main variables influenced the use of social identity markers: a) the role of the speakers (in particular the “power” role of the coach); b) the result of the match around which the interactive discourse revolved. Against this background, we discuss how narratives and identity positionings were used to achieve specific goals and to perform specific actions, such as the planning of future matches and the interpretation of victories and defeats.
Negotiating work identity
Tamsen Saayman,Anne Crafford
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v37i1.963
Abstract: Orientation: The study explored the dynamics of work identity negotiation and construction. Research purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate identity tensions and demands that mobilise identity work in the work environment. Motivation for the study: The study hoped to improve the understanding of the dynamics of identity construction and negotiation. Research design, approach and method: Using grounded theory methodology in the context of qualitative field research, the researchers conducted two unstructured interviews with 28 employees of a South African manufacturing company. Main findings: The five primary dimensions the data yielded were personal identity, individual agency, social identity, social practice and job. Practical/managerial implications: This study has implications for organisations that want to improve productivity through understanding work identity. Contribution/value-add: The article presents a conceptual model of the demands and tensions that influence work identity. How to cite this article: Saayman, T., & Crafford, A.(2011). Negotiating work identity. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology/SA Tydskrif vir Bedryfsielkunde, 37(1), Art. #963,12 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.410/sajip.v37i1.963
Forensic odontostomatology  [PDF]
Geoffrey H. Sperber
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2013.14019
Abstract: Teeth are the most durable and enduring structures of human anatomy, surviving fragmentation, partial incineration and severe decomposition. The role of teeth in identification is manifested as significant specifiers of deceased or living individuals. The characteristics of dentalmorphology are genetically-inherited and ascribable to racial or familial ancestry. Dental age identification is attributable to young individuals. The chemical composition of teeth identifies diets during life, as attritional wear patterns do. Bite marks transiently relate to the perpetrator of attacks. Dental restorations and prostheses are evidence of economic, cultural and social status of deceased individuals. Palatal rugae patterns are unique to individuals. The DNA identification of postmortem dental pulp tissue relating to a deceased individual or a living relative is the ultimate criterion of positive association of forensic recognition, as other means of identification become less effective, forensic dental identification increases in importance.
Brazilian Indigenous People’s Struggle for an Intercultural, Specific, Differentiated School  [PDF]
José Licínio Backes
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.71002
Abstract: This paper analyzes the Indigenous people’s struggle for an intercultural, specific, differentiated school intended for the valorization of their culture and identity. Aiming to catechize and adapt Indigenous peoples to the western culture, settlers introduced school education as a means to make the Indians give up their identities and integrate them into the national culture. This paper evidences that the Indians have opposed the colonial school right from the start, and by means of struggle and organization, they obtained the right to an intercultural, specific, differentiated Indigenous school. However, obtaining this right had not put an end to their struggle, as the end of colonial school did not mean the end of coloniality.
Nheengatu Language and Its Role in the Tactics of Construction of Indigenous Identity  [PDF]
Maria Sílvia Cintra
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2018.84012
Abstract: Nheengatu is one of the co-official languages of São Gabriel da Cachoeira in the Amazon region (AM/Brazil). About 8000 people in the Upper Rio Negro region speak it, and there exists a contemporary movement for its revitalization in the state of Pará (PA/Brazil). Based upon field research in both these regions, this paper bears reflections on the inter-relations existing between language and identity including references in the areas of Applied Linguistics, Culture Semiotics and Anthropology. I propose a discussion on Nheengatu language, which is often considered in a dysphoric way, i.e., as if it had been imposed on the natives, resulting only from the colonizers’ strategies. I propose we can instead envisage it from the perspective concerning the tactics constructed by the aboriginals in order to preserve and reconquer their identity, i.e., from the point of view of a Poetics of Relation within a complex, contradictory and hybrid linguistic approach.
The New Components of Catalan Nationalism  [PDF]
Erika Jaráiz, ángel Cazorla, José Manuel Rivera
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2019.91009
Abstract: In this paper we identify four fundamental factors in the construction of the nation-preconditions, political opportunity structure, mobilization and speech-, integrated by a series of elements that serve as indicators for the approach to our explanatory model. With our analysis we demonstrate that in Catalonia nationalism is explained by contextual elements, elements of mobilisation, fundamentally the leadership, and by the “process” itself. These findings allow us to talk about a Catalan nationalism constructed on the bases of reasons that have to do with unjust treatment by Spanish governments, trust and expectations.
Identidade sexual e identidade de gênero: subvers?es e permanências
Anjos, Gabriele dos;
Sociologias , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-45222000000200011
Abstract: this article approaches the gender problem as it appears in groups which stand for sexual equality and not discrimination. since they are groups which have equality as one of their main goals, at first glance we could assume that the gender problem is not present among them. however, examining more closely the tensions and conflicts established in an organized homosexual group made up of both women and men, it is possible to demonstrate that, under those tensions and conflicts, there are different views of sexuality and action, established according to perceived attributes by the very actors involved as male or female. in the situation which was studied, the intensity of this problem was such that it resulted in the dissidence of some members and the formation of another group. a dichotomy was established between a group that claims for citizenship (seen as universal) and the other, dealing with issues that were seen as specific and "female", with a (re)position of gender hierarchies by both groups.
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