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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 144 matches for " hunger "
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Politics of Hunger and Development: A Sociological Review of India’s Developmental Discourse  [PDF]
M. Ashok Kumar
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.24050
Abstract: This paper attempts to address the problem of hunger from the viewpoint of its social face against the backdrop of fast growing economy of India. Current sad state of affairs in the domain of poverty and hunger are nothing but the cumulative result of what happens in the Indian development planning since Independence, or at least in the name of development planning. This paper sociologically examines three most critical events in the history of Indian development planning, which are introduced to mitigate hunger and poverty, in both urban and rural India. The central focus of this paper is to highlight politics of those development initiatives and liquidation of public planning at the level of implementation, which eventually increased the gap between rich and poor, and left the Indian poor to their own fate. This paper also examines the most significant aspect of delinking power relations from the development discourse of India by providing more room for populist ideas with an aim to gain political mileage by the ruling elite. The present state of affairs with respect to poverty and hunger coupled with low standards of health, literacy and social awareness in India call for serious introspection. This paper, therefore, critically looks at Indian development discourse from the perspective of power relations, both established and emerging, which could alter our views on India and its growth story.
New Sustainable Market Opportunities for Surplus Food: A Food System-Sensitive Methodology (FSSM)  [PDF]
Thomas H. O’Donnell, Jonathan Deutsch, Cathy Yungmann, Alexandra Zeitz, Solomon H. Katz
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.610093
Abstract: An important way to address global food security is to make better use of the food already produced. Since at least one third of global food is wasted before consumption, there are enormous incentives to cut this waste and create a more sustainable food system. This paper focuses upon saving food loss at the supermarket level in the US and channeling this food stream in new and efficient ways to those in hunger. A more comprehensive Food System-Sensitive Methodology has been used to pilot and evaluate a surplus food management program that diverts culled fresh fruits and vegetables from grocery stores that would otherwise be disposed of in landfills. Instead, produce is processed for donation or for new businesses. Nearly 35,000 pounds of produce was culled from a grocery store chain in Philadelphia. Twenty-five percent of this was not suitable for culinary uses, ten percent consisted of relatively small quantities of food that did not warrant further research, and about 33 percent is suitable for use at area food shelters and pantries. An experimental sample taken from the remaining 15,000 pounds was used for recipe research and development for diversion to new commercial enterprises. We analyzed a scenario where a supermarket receives $0.25 per pound for culled produce, generating about $8700 dollars in average monthly revenue while eliminating disposal costs. New commercial possibilities for the unused food were then explored. The scenario included community-based enterprises that could process the produce into value-added products that could be wholesaled back to the store at sufficient profits to support 2 - 4 community employees. Extrapolating these results to the approximately 38,000 large supermarkets in the United States suggests that much of the 1,100,000,000 pounds of produce that is currently sent to landfills can be repurposed. If diverted to new foods each of the 46.1 million SNAP recipients could figuratively receive an equivalent of 24 pounds of fruit and vegetable products per annum. This initial analysis suggests that repurposing surplus produce from supermarket discards can have significant beneficial outcomes for new food markets and the environment.
Uma abordagem fenomenológica da fome
FREITAS, Maria do Carmo Soares de;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732002000100007
Abstract: this study collects some elements to deepen the understanding of health and nutrition. its epistemological dimension refers to the hermeneutics of paul ricoeur and the phenomenology, and seeks to interpret the phenomenon of hunger, which is felt and expressed by different individuals in their specific social contexts. the approach is based on an ethnographical study of hunger carried out in a poor district in salvador, state of bahia; objectively, this work emphasizes an approach to the understanding of the phenomenon of hunger, from the point of view of social actors who live under conditions of extreme poverty.
Hambre individual, subjetivo y social (reflexiones alrededor de las aristas límite del cuerpo)
Adrián Scribano,Martín Eynard
Boletín Científico Sapiens Research , 2011,
Abstract: We conceive in this paper hunger as a social and geopolitical problem. In this regard, it is theoretically possible to connect the (lack of) nutrients, with social conflict, through a complexification of the concept of hunger. Thus, we rebuild the notion of hunger in three different and interconnec-ted levels: individual hunger, subjective hunger and social hunger. From this transaction, it is possible to understand the passage from individual hunger to the social conflict created by it and which is linked to social and subjective hunger, since it makes visible the plot that structures nutrient deficiency as further evidence of the various mechanisms of body energy appropriation and their paths in the current phase of neocolonial capita-lism.
Biofeedback Enhanced Lifestyle Intervention: Exploring the Experience of Participants in a Novel Intervention for Disinhibited Eating and Obesity  [PDF]
Tracey Ledoux, Martina R. Gallagher, Mario Ciampolini, McClain Sampson
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.410088
Abstract: Obesity increases risks for heart disease, diabetes, and some cancers. Disinhibited Eating (DE) is an inconsistent ability to control overeating in the absence of hunger and is related to obesity and failed weight loss attempts. However, there are no effective interventions for simultaneously treating DE and obesity, so the Biofeedback Enhanced Lifestyle Intervention (BELI) was developed. BELI included novel techniques and some that could be considered burdensome and uncomfortable. Evidence of acceptability and feasibility of BELI should be established before resources are devoted to an efficacy study. This study aimed to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of BELI. Overweight/obese (OW/Ob) women with a tendency toward DE were recruited. BELI consisted of five counseling sessions, hunger biofeedback, child role modeling, and self-monitoring. Focus group data, process evaluation data, a satisfaction survey, and objective measures of weight and eating behaviors were collected. In exit focus groups participants reported BELI facilitated positive changes. Process evaluation data showed modest attrition (20%), good compliance, and feasibility of delivery. 100% of BELI completers reported high satisfaction. There were trends in improvements in weight status, eating behaviors, mood, and stress. Implications of this study are to conduct a pilot study of BELI to establish efficacy.
Reshaping Agriculture Using the Nuclear Techniques: The Pakistan Case  [PDF]
Mukhtar Ahmed Rana
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/as.2018.99081
Abstract: The field of nuclear agriculture is introduced very briefly. Nuclear agriculture research/development system in Pakistan is described highlighting the achievements of the system partners. Description and discussion are generalized in concluding remarks at the end of the article. This article is an experimental guide for a developing nuclear agriculture system.
Quantidade, qualidade, harmonia e adequa??o: princípios-guia da sociedade sem fome em Josué de Castro
Lima, Eronides da Silva;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702009000100011
Abstract: this article analyzes the links between the biological and social spheres established by josué de castro in his studies of alimentation. first it looks at how the author introduced modern dietary principles at the same time that hunger and malnutrition were unveiled in parts of brazil, aiming at the configuration of a national alimentation policy. second, at it examines how he expanded the debate, giving visibility to the dynamics of states and the political direction of a world that was being dismantled in which hunger and alimentation were an intrinsic part of the spatial distribution of power. in the postwar scenario the dietary principles of quantity, quality, harmony and adequacy were transposed as the guiding principles for a society without hunger at the global scale.
La sequía de 1937 en Santiago del Estero: Antecedentes y consecuencias de un acontecimiento ambiental
Trabajo y sociedad , 2011,
Abstract: during the years 1935 to 1937 there was a significant drought that hit the arid and semiarid regions of northwestern argentina, as well as from mexico and the united states. this note discusses the impact of this environmental event on the economy and society of santiago del estero, which marks a before and an after in its agricultural history. until that year was consolidated on agroforestry model emerged between 1880-1900, which combined obraje", la finca and peasant economy. the great drought was followed two failed crops and cattle stock decreased cattle and goats by 80%. this had catastrophic consequences in a rural society, whose diet depended heavily on their own production, most notably triggering famine in the contemporary history of this province. among the many consequences of this drought, we study their effects on population, economics and public policy. state initiatives were sparse and late, and could not contain the problems of thousands of families facing hunger and social deprivation. this regional drama became a national dimension through the print and broadcast media, which in the last months of 1937 initiated a large-scale solidarity campaign. the exodus has opened a path of migration to the industrial zones of berisso, ensenada and buenos aires. the drought has also spurred the construction of levees los quiroga (1949) and the dam reservoir of rio hondo (1968). the literature also included this issue as a symbol of peasant drama in the collective imagination.
Fórum. Centenário de Josué de Castro: li??es do passado, reflex?es para o futuro. Introdu??o
Batista Filho, Malaquias;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2008001100024
Abstract: this article presents the main contributions by josué de castro (1908-1973), coinciding with the centennial of the birth of this outstanding thinker, researcher, and public figure dedicated to the struggle against hunger in brazil and the world. his holistic view of the problem is highlighted, along with its historical roots and respective solutions. the reference is human development with a sustainable economic, social, and ecological basis and participatory process. lessons from the past can and should be included on the current agenda of major issues faced by humankind.
Geografia da Fome: clínica de paisagens ou epidemiologia crítica?
Melo Filho, Djalma Agripino de;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2008001100025
Abstract: this article provides a new interpretation of geografia da fome [the geography of hunger], by josué de castro, focusing on the convergence of three fields of knowledge: geography, clinical science, and epidemiology. although there is a certain commonality in the methodological procedures, the book offers multiple configurations of objects and a cross-disciplinary theoretical framework for explaining the phenomenon of hunger.
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