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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16972 matches for " human rights "
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The accession of the European Union to the ECHR
Martin Kuijer
Amsterdam Law Forum , 2012,
Abstract: This article outlines the European Union’s gradual progression towards a legal obligation to observe human rights: a series of stops and starts from Brussels to Strasbourg with a starring role for Luxembourg and significant supporting roles for Berlin and Karlsruhe. This commitment towards human rights will acquire a new dimension. The Lisbon Treaty requires the European Union to accede to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). With the entry into force of the 14th Protocol to the ECHR, Strasbourg too is now ready to accept the EU as a party to the Convention. But the real work is still to come: the negotiations about the modalities of the accession are underway. This article looks at the main subjects for discussion. Is the EU, as a new party to the ECHR, the ultimate anniversary gift for Strasbourg, or is it a potentially troublesome guest at the party?
Os direitos s?o do homem ou do estado?
Müller,Maria Cristina; Giro,Miriam;
EPISTEME , 2009,
Abstract: the barbarities perpetrated in the first half of the xx century in europe reveal the capacity of man to destroy, subdue and humiliate those of his own kind. one of the cruelest events that rose during the inter-war period was the appearance of millions of stateless people, persons who had lost their national status. hannah arendt, german thinker, decided to study the phenomenon of totalitarism from a philosophical rather than a historical point of view and used statelessness as one of the essential concepts to understand the problem created by the liberal revolutions of the xviii century, which connected the human rights proclaimed at that time to the existence of a state-nation constituted by those revolutions. when, at the collapse of europe intertwined by world wars i and ii, the stateless became an impossible to be ignored ?problem?, a solution was sought through the creation of the society of nations and its successor, the united nations (un), without taking into account its counterpart - the state-nation - as the original power of the attribution of rights to citizens. this article seeks to resume the perspective taken by arendt through the introduction of some of her reflections, enlaced by comments evidenced by contemporaneity. acknowledging the impossibility to find a definitive answer to the question in the title, we seek to highlight the importance of the problem and thus contribute to keeping the debate fresh.
Unipolar World in Crisis as Russia Challenges US and Allies, Dragging Other Disgruntled Countries Along  [PDF]
Fatai Ayisa Olasupo
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2014.43013

For more than two decades after the collapse of Soviet Union and concomitantly, cold war, United States of America became dominant world power, with western powers queuing behind her. Preoccupied by domestic political and economic problems that led, in the first instance, to the collapse of the octopus (Soviet empire), the old rival and foe receded from international politics and other engagements. United States and her western allies, thus, had field days in most part of Europe, South America, Asia, Middle East and Africa. However, having gathered sufficient political and economic stability, Russia, in the last one year, is not only making foray into international politics but actually challenging US socially, politically and militarily. This paper is out to examine how Russia is doing these dragging along some disgruntled continents against United States of America and her allies.

Are the Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights the Way for Development? A Precedence Investigation between Human Development Index and Index of Patent Rights  [PDF]
Christian Carvalho Ganzert, Beatriz Selan, Leonardo Augusto Amaral Terra
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.57069

The main question, which leads this analysis, interrogates the existence of a causality relation between the human development index and Index of Patent Rights. It was decided to use a database whereas all units of the cross section have the same periods of time for human development index and Index of Patent Rights. This database covers 84 countries with the two indicators between 1975 and 2005. By the use of the Granger test, it was found that Index of Patent Rights does not temporally precede human development index, which indicates the veracity and, consequently, the corroboration of the idea of Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights should represent the interests of the richer countries’ great corporations, and not the underdeveloped nations, as said in the statement of World Trade Organization.

Human Trafficking in the Emergency Department
Patel, Ronak B,Ahn, Roy,Burke, Thomas
Western Journal of Emergency Medicine : Integrating Emergency Care with Population Health , 2010,
Abstract: Human trafficking continues to persist, affecting up to 200 million people worldwide. As clinicians in emergency departments commonly encounter victims of intimate partner violence, some of these encounters will be with trafficking victims. These encounters provide a rare opportunity for healthcare providers to intervene and help. This case report of a human trafficking patient from a teaching hospital illustrates the complexity in identifying these victims. Clinicians can better identify potential trafficking cases by increasing their awareness of this phenomenon, using qualified interpreters, isolating potential victims by providing privacy and using simple clear reassuring statements ensuring security. A multidisciplinary approach can then be mobilized to help these patients. [West J Emerg Med. 2010;11(5); 402-404.]
The Mutuality of Challenges Facing Human Rights and Human Security: A New Framework of Analysis  [PDF]
Emmanuel Ome, Ani Casimir
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2015.52007
Abstract: The interrelationship between Human Rights and “related fields” such as Human Security, Development, Democracy and Good Governance was emphasised at the United Nations Millennium Summit, which resulted in a declaration that affirmed global commitments to the protection of the vulnerable, the alleviation of poverty, and the rectification of corrupt structures and processes— particularly in those countries in which there is a lack of “rule of law” and good governance. The world’s leaders resolved to spare no effort to promote democracy and strengthen the rule of law, as well as respect for all internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to Human Security. This paper intends to analytically discuss Human Rights and Human Security with a focus on the interrelationship between human rights and concepts such as the right to development, conflict prevention, peace-making and peace-building, poverty reduction and good govcernance.
Forced Marriage in Bangladesh: A Quantitative Study to Identify Key Factors  [PDF]
Mohammad Romel Bhuia, Khalidur Rahman, Khurshid Alam, Lipi Akter Smrity, Md Kabir Hossain
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2015.58045
Abstract: In this article, a study on the status of forced marriages in Sylhet division of Bangladesh has been done to determine the prevailing state of it and to identify the key factors that needed to be emphasized. A survey was conducted and a total of 1369 respondents were interviewed. This study mainly deals with 146 respondents who were found to be forced to marriage and some of them were victims of it. Cross-table and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the data. Results show that forced marriages and victims of such incidents are greatly affected by people’s education and their income levels. The family types, age of participants, spouse selection approach, and desired time to marry are also significant factors. The concerned human rights workers should emphasize on the findings of this study to improve the human rights practice in Bangladesh.
Education and Ethnic-Racial Relations: Altering Encounters between University and Community  [PDF]
Renata Orlandi, Pamela Tais Clein Capelin, Ronaldo Aurélio Gimenes Garcia, Aldo Sena de Oliveira
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.612008
Abstract: Problematizing issues involving education for ethnic-racial relations has been of great importance in the context of Brazilian education in recent years. In this article, will be presented three actions that resulted from the extension project titled Cine Debate: commented exhibitions of films and documentarie. The objective of this work is to problematize an extension project aimed at provoking debates between university and external community on ethnic-racial relations in the perspective of the relations of otherness. This project was developed at the Federal University of the Southern Frontier (UFFS) located in the city of Realeza, in the state of Paraná-Brazil, and included a series of other phenomena related to human rights enforcement/violation. Through these cultural interventions, it was possible to access and contemplate complete film, as well as clippings articulated with other activities, such as: debates open to the outside community, round tables, talk, capoeira and samba talk, musical performances and culinary tasting, provided at different times, making it possible to enhance the dialogue on the proposed themes. The actions took place on the Campus of UFFS, as well as in the house culture of another city. The dissemination of the interventions took place via radio, print and electronic media. The collaborators of the project in partnership with the community, both internal and external to the university, provoked debates with the intention of allowing reflections on plurality and deconstructing the cultural discourses that reveal a super valorization of the white culture. The subjects involved in the activities developed were provoked regarding the opportunity of re-signification of violence and privileges, since they were by various paths and misdemeanors touched by the notion of alterity. These interventions promoted supplementation in the initial training of graduates, as well as the continuing training of teachers and citizens in general, as active individuals in the processes of affirmation of human rights.
Fundamentos internacionales en torno a los derechos sexuales de jóvenes
Perinatología y reproducción humana , 2004,
Abstract: objective: to analyze the process and development of sexual rights (sr) of young in the international mark of the human rights for the definition of eleven sr. material and methods: it was analyzed the content and process of development of sexual rights starting from the revision of the treaties of the united nations (un), the international labour organization (ilo) and the organization of american states (oas), advisory opinions of the interamerican court of human rights, the declarations and action programs of the international conference on population and development (1994) and the fourth world conference on woman (1995) as well as proposals of sexual rights on the part of civil organizations as the net democracy and sexuality and the youth's inter american organization and government institutions as the national commission of human rights. results: they were eleven young's sexual rights, since the right to the equality and respect for age, sexual orientation and gender, the freedom of conscience and sexual expression, the right of sexual education and sexual and reproductive health, until, the right to benefit of the scientific progress to improve the health and sexual well-being. conclusions: finally you the sexual rights discuss of young starting from treaties and international conferences, as well as the reflections proposed by the national commission of human rights and mexican and international civil organizations. the exposed sr is human rights that synthesize some proposals that they have been of the international and national dialogue on the rights of adolescents and young.
Angulo,Carolina; Luque,José Manuel;
Revista de Derecho , 2008,
Abstract: gender studies give a perspective of the status of women, that usually differs from the rights recognized in international law as well as in domestic law. gender equity and women's human rights originate permanent debates that question the capacity to offer an effective protection for women. the traditional concepts of human rights have been developed from an androcentric perspective, that in many cases ignores the differences between men and women. under this circumstances, it is necesary to study women's human rights applying gender perspectives, which imposes duties to the states as guarantors of the well-being of the individuals. to analyze women's human rights in colombia implies to understand why, in spite of the efforts that have been made and the reached profits, persists the incapacity to offer an effective protection to the women, especially native women, colored women and farmer women as much in peaceful times as during armed conflicts.
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