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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 46873 matches for " human health "
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Contamination Levels of Some Selected Wells in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area, Nigeria and the Implications on Human Health  [PDF]
Samson O. Ojoawo, T. Lateef Kolade
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2013.57066
Abstract:

Incident of water-borne diseases is becoming more rampant in developing countries in the 21st century. This paper examines the contamination levels of some selected wells in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area (LGA), Oyo State, Nigeria. Methodology includes administering of structured questionnaire, field survey/sampling and laboratory analysis. The first set of questionnaires sought information on water sources, quality, supply and treatment. These were administered in 10 selected major locations which included: Ajegunle, Arinkinkin, Arowomole, Caretaker, Esanu-Aje, Ita-Olola, Malete, Oke-Alapata, Ora-Gada and Sunsun. The other set which was administered in 6 randomly selected Health Institutions viz: Oyo State General Hospital, Alaafia Tayo, Oore-Ofe, Bethel, Favour, and Grace Hospitals had questions on health-related issues. Ten (10) wells were randomly selected for sampling, one in each location. Results were compared with WHO’s Drinking Water Standards. Questionnaires revealed that residents depended mostly on wells for water supply; the water quality was low; supply was irregular; quantity was inadequate and boiling was the commonest treatment method. Health Officials established that some residents consumed improperly treated well water and there were some incidences of water-related diseases. Laboratory analyses showed that samples from Ajegumle and Esanu-Aje had colour values above the standard. Also, the pH was observed to vary from slightly acidic to slightly alkaline with values ranging between 6.0 and 8.1. Only Arinkinkin and Ita-Olola areas had

Education, Work and Reproductive Health among Adolescents in Latin America and the Caribbean  [PDF]
Cristina Gomes
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.32019
Abstract:

Investments in education, work, and the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and youth contribute to their human development and autonomy, and guarantee that they will have their own resources and pensions for old age. In Latin America and the Caribbean 100 million adolescents aged 10 to 19 years demand schools and teachers in secondary education, employment and health services. This work describes and analyses the situation of adolescents and youths in these three areas of interest, as a basis for defining priorities and the integration of policies oriented to take advantage of the demographic bonus and to enhance the sustainability of future dignified ageing for youth generations. Since Latin America and the Caribbean is the region with the highest inequality rates in the world, investing in demographic dividend can also contribute to decreasing inequalities in the long term. Secondary data from censuses, surveys and international organizations are analysed to relate to the three relevant issues of interest. Most than half of teens in Central America, and between 20% and 40% of adolescents in South America leave school before completing secondary level education and most of them receive poor quality education, 20% of them do not study or work and some are trapped in a triad of problems: the secondary school dropout, unemployment, informal and unprotected work and adolescent pregnancy. Despite the decline in adolescent fertility rates, they continue to be up to seven times higher among the less educated. Unemployment rates are three times higher for young people than for adults, half of them work in informal and low skilled jobs. The relationship between health, education, employment, poverty and inequalities demonstrates the need to strengthen and integrate policies of inclusion at school and at work, as well as special protection and social security for adolescents and youth.

Study of the Influence of Subtle Energetic Changes in Environment on the Productivity of the Process of Sleep  [PDF]
Edward V. Krizhanovsky, Lim Kwong Choong
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2014.411059
Abstract:

An experiment was conducted to study human activity after sleeping using two types of mattresses. One was ordinary mattress with a basis of cotton eco-friendly materials. Another one was an analog which was exposed to activation in the area of natural energy fields in Malaysia. The results reveal a significant effect of activated mattresses on the human psychophysiological and energy states.

Education, Human Capital and Economic Growth: Empirical Research on 55 Countries and Regions (1960-2009)  [PDF]
Ying Wang, Shasha Liu
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2016.62039
Abstract: This article constructed a panel data model to investigate the effect of education human capital on economic growth, using the latest education data of 55 countries and regions from 1960 to 2009. Meantime, by subdividing education human capital into higher education, secondary education and primary education, it also examines the effect of different education level on economic growth. Furthermore, while introducing health human capital into the model, we explored the influence of different economic development level and some important historical events. The result shows that in general, education human capital has a significant positive impact on economic growth. The positive impact of higher education on economic growth is especially significant, however, the primary education and secondary education does not have a significant impact on economic growth; as for human capital, life expectancy and per capita GDP growth also showed a significant positive correlation.
A qualifica??o de trabalhadores de saúde e as mudan?as tecnológicas
Martins, Maria Inês Carsalade;Dal Poz, Mario Roberto;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73311998000200006
Abstract: this article examines the qualifications of people who work in the health area, within the context of the technological changes occurring in production restructuring and work organization processes. in the first part, the authors discuss the changes in the field of work organization and their impact on the work process in the area of health, starting from the various studies made. in the second part, the authors analyze the contradiction within the technology paradigm, from the perspective of qualifications and new skills. in concluding, the article seeks to highlight the implications of this process in the field of human resources in health.
O comportamento do metilmercúrio (metilHg) no ambiente
Bisinoti, Márcia Cristina;Jardim, Wilson F.;
Química Nova , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-40422004000400014
Abstract: methylmercury is the most hazardous mercury species known. due to its high stability, lipid solubility, and ionic properties, this compound shows a high ability to cross membranes in living organisms, damaging the central nervous system, mainly the brain, and the effects of chronic poisoning are progressive. in this paper some aspects related to the toxicity and the cases of methylmercury poisoning are described. other aspects related to the behavior of methylmercury and the environmental factors that influence the transformation of mercury in the water and sediment, with emphasis on the methylation/demethylation reactions and the mercury cycle are discussed.
Educa??o em saúde como estratégia para garantir a dignidade da pessoa humana
Shiratori, Kaneji;Costa, Tadeu Lessa da;Formozo, Gláucia Alexandre;Silva, Simone de Aguiar da;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672004000500021
Abstract: it is a theoretical, reflexive study linked to the institutional research project named "nursing social responsibility: from the meaning of person to bioethical paradigms." objective: discussing health education as a strategy to ensure the human being's dignity. methodology: it was based on a qualitative approach, in view of the identification and analysis of the theoretical elements obtained in the bibliographic surveys for the foundations of the study constituted as one of the preliminary aspects of the research. results: the following were identified as theoretical elements: human dignity, its relation with humanization, fundamental human rights, and the international declarations to ensure them; human action; preliminary strategy for ensuring the dignity of the person. conclusion: while health is being furthered through nursing by means of dialogical strategies on health education, the person is being respected as a dignified, free and autonomous human being, fundamental human rights are being taken into account and ensured, therefore contributing to the humanization of the areas where health services are developed.
Algumas reflex?es sobre a forma??o de recursos humanos para a saúde pública
Krausz,Rosa Rosemberg;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1977, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101977000100014
Abstract: this paper analyzes the relations and functions of the university to society underlining the problem of human resources for public health. emphasising the present brazilian situation, the aspects to be considered by health services in their expectations on the quantity and quality of human resources trained by the university are pointed out.
Pronósticos biometeorológicos: vía para reducir la ocurrencia de crisis de salud. Caso Sagua La Grande
Lecha Estela,Luis Bartolomé; Ciómina de Carvajal,Elena; Estrada Moreno,Alejandro; Gómez Acosta,Elba Caridad;
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0864-34662008000100009
Abstract: there has been a rise of medical service provision in cuba and the country shows health indicators comparable to those of the most developed nations. a new procedure that will be useful for continuos improvement of the cuban population′s health is being worked out. it refers to the biometeorological forecast method aimed at providing health institutions and emergency services with early and timely information about the prevention and treatment of some non-communicable chronic diseases with high incidence in the country. such a method can alert to favorable conditions for unleashing health crisis up to 180 hours in advance on the basis of the changes of partial air oxygen density within 24 hours, the type of prevailing synoptic situation and the local effects of the environmental pollution. in order to validate the results of these forecsts, a pilot study is being conducted from december 1st, 2006 in health centers located in sagua la grande municipality, which monitors daily occurence of several diseases and their association to sudden weather changes. the diseases under study were bronchial asthma, cardiovascular diseases, strokes, hypertension, headaches and some types of acute respiratory diseases. the preliminary satisfactory results of the operation of this biometeorological forecast service in health centers located in sagua la grande municipality during the little rain period (winter) from 2006 to 2007 were shown.
Forma??o de recursos humanos na área da saúde do idoso
Diogo, Maria José D'Elboux;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692004000200020
Abstract: this paper deals with issues related to specialized and informal human resource training programs in the area of elderly's health, based on the national elderly's health policy. it points out the obstacles and recommendations made by the second world assembly on aging.
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