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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9841 matches for " history of psycholgy "
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Possíveis rela??es entre o contexto histórico e a recep??o do behaviorismo radical
Cruz, Robson Nascimento da;
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-98932010000300004
Abstract: this article discusses the reception of radical behaviorism, especially in the 70’s, and tries to link the controversy around some of skinner’s concepts disclosed in his book beyond freedom and dignity. the debate has been guided by three sets of issues: a) the incompatibility between the historical moment and the proposal of radical behaviorist notions of freedom and dignity that explain ways to control the behavior which are not traditionally assumed; b) the problems in identifying the radical behaviorism as compatible with the assumptions of liberalism; c) the language used by skinner as a source of distortions. finally, we discuss the limitations and problems involved in the attempts to clarify the possible misunderstandings about radical behaviorism. at the same time, it is shown that the reception of radical behaviorism is pervaded by issues beyond those related to the internal validity of the skinnerian explanatory system, and disagreement about this approach can not always be explained as ignorance and misconceptions about it.
V. Strat,,A. Vasilescu
Jurnalul de Chirurgie , 2011,
Патриарх Русской хирургии (RUS)
Glybochko P.V.,Bluvshtein G.A.,Solomonov V.A.,Katz V.I.
Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research , 2007,
Abstract: .
A.I. Zavjalov,V.F. Orkin,I.A. Jacupov
Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research , 2007,
Abstract: In this article you will find N.S. Efron,s bibliographic data and his scientific contribution in the development of native dermatology and venerology in the period of his working in the Nicolas Imperial University and State Venerology Institution (Moscow).
The Lexis diagram, a misnomer
Vandeschrick Christophe
Demographic Research , 2001,
Abstract: Around 1870, demographers felt the need for a simple chart to present population dynamics. This chart is known as the Lexis diagram, but it is a misnomer. To be useful, this chart must allow for the systematic location on one plane of the three classical demographic co-ordinates, namely: the date, the age and the moment of birth. There are three solutions for this problem. In 1869, Zeuner worked out a first solution. In 1870, Brasche proposed a second one with networks of parallels; it is the version most currently used now. In 1874, Becker proposed the third one. In 1875, certainly after Verwey, Lexis took back the Zeuner's diagram and just added networks of parallels. In spite of all this, the name "Lexis diagram" has imposed itself in a seemingly invincible way.
Circumcision: History, Philosophy and Facts  [PDF]
M. Amin El-Gohary
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2015.58018
Abstract: Introduction: Circumcision (from Latin “circumcidere” meaning to cut around) is one of the most ancient and common surgical procedures?worldwide. Every male who undergoes this procedure has to experience severe pain and vulnerable to serious complications including, but not limited to, infection, hemorrhage, accidental injury, ethical concerns, as well as death. Methods: A retrospective review of the factual, therapeutic, and rational aspects of circumcision from its believed conception to the present. Conclusion: Though the origins of this procedure are still sketchy, it is an age-old belief that, dating to the early civilizations, circumcision could be synonymous as a penance in context to humanity’s sexual awakening.
Charles-Augustin Coulomb—The Founder of Physiology and Ergonomics  [PDF]
Agamenon R. E. Oliveira
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2016.55017
Abstract: The memoir Sur la force des Hommes was published by Coulomb in 1778. It is an attempt to understand human work mechanically and is the first publication on physiology and ergonomics. The question introduced by Coulomb appears from a pragmatic point of view. He proposed to measure the quantity of action (mechanical work) that a man can expend in a day of work by different ways of applying force. To do this, Coulomb studied the old problem of human mechanical capacity, also studied by Theophilus Desagulliers (1683-1744) and Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782). In this paper we examine and discuss Coulomb’s above-mentioned publication showing his pioneering approach (Coulomb, 2002).
Peculiarities of Evolution of Machine Technology and Its Industrialization in Italy during 19th Century  [PDF]
Yibing Fang, Marco Ceccarelli
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2015.44024
Abstract: This paper deals with peculiarities of Italian Industrial Revolution on machinery by looking at aspects on enterprise developments and university frames. The outline showed a historical evolution that started in South Italy and after national reunification strong development was experienced mainly in North Italy with the still today character of few big enterprises and several small-medium companies. Examples are discussed with emblematic figures from University frames and cases of study on typical enterprises of the time. The Italian peculiarities are due both to political situations connected to Italy reunification and Italian attitudes to Science and Technology as combined with a strong individualism and creativity.
Historical Perception of Architecture and Cultural History Approach  [PDF]
Azin Ehteshami
Art and Design Review (ADR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/adr.2018.62008
Abstract: The experts and specialists in the field of architecture have had different viewpoints and approaches in defining the concepts of “history” and “the history of architecture”, all through the compiled history of architecture. Analysis of these viewpoints that are sometimes in contrast and sometimes similar to each other brings forward some questions in the minds of the addressees in the field of history of architecture regarding whether or not there is a comprehensive approach or definition about the history of architecture among the existing approaches! And, in case of a positive response, what are the approaches and what can be their specification? The present article, which is a qualitative study with descriptive-analytical approach, is organized with the aim and motivation to respond to the above questions, and it is done by collecting, interpretation, and analyzing the required data. This study has three main parts, the first of which deals with the redefinition of the concept of “history”, the advantages and applications of the history. The second part analyzes the concept of “history of architecture” and searching in the most important viewpoints about that concept; according to these analyses, “the approach towards the cultural history” is introduced and determined as the most comprehensive approach in defining the history of architecture. The third part, which is indeed the complementary part of the descriptions in the second part, is allocated to the explanation of the components of architectural historical perception based on the cultural historical theory, clarifying that the cultural historical approach is the approach that represents “architectural historical perception” as the comprehensive perception of architecture and its history.
Children and the History of Architecture
—(A Reflecting Consideration towards the Quality of Children’s Familiarity with the Instructions of the History of Architecture)

Azin Ehteshami
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.99096
Abstract: The present article is an introduction on identifying the quality of children’s confrontation with the history of architecture, in which is planned to respond to the question regarding the type of knowledge in the field of the history of architecture that children can learn. Thus, the viewpoints of the scholars in the field of child growth have primarily been dealt with regards to the mental ability of children in learning various subjects. By analyzing the viewpoints for different ages of the children, it has been tried to identify and extract the capacities that are related to the instructions of the architectural history. Thus, 11 cases of the related capabilities are introduced in this paper. The compatibility of each capacity with the perception of the history of architecture for the children is discussed for each case. Moreover, the other considered point for each section is the use of each one of the capacities for the children or the community.
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