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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9710 matches for " history "
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V. Strat,,A. Vasilescu
Jurnalul de Chirurgie , 2011,
Патриарх Русской хирургии (RUS)
Glybochko P.V.,Bluvshtein G.A.,Solomonov V.A.,Katz V.I.
Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research , 2007,
Abstract: .
A.I. Zavjalov,V.F. Orkin,I.A. Jacupov
Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research , 2007,
Abstract: In this article you will find N.S. Efron,s bibliographic data and his scientific contribution in the development of native dermatology and venerology in the period of his working in the Nicolas Imperial University and State Venerology Institution (Moscow).
The Lexis diagram, a misnomer
Vandeschrick Christophe
Demographic Research , 2001,
Abstract: Around 1870, demographers felt the need for a simple chart to present population dynamics. This chart is known as the Lexis diagram, but it is a misnomer. To be useful, this chart must allow for the systematic location on one plane of the three classical demographic co-ordinates, namely: the date, the age and the moment of birth. There are three solutions for this problem. In 1869, Zeuner worked out a first solution. In 1870, Brasche proposed a second one with networks of parallels; it is the version most currently used now. In 1874, Becker proposed the third one. In 1875, certainly after Verwey, Lexis took back the Zeuner's diagram and just added networks of parallels. In spite of all this, the name "Lexis diagram" has imposed itself in a seemingly invincible way.
Circumcision: History, Philosophy and Facts  [PDF]
M. Amin El-Gohary
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2015.58018
Abstract: Introduction: Circumcision (from Latin “circumcidere” meaning to cut around) is one of the most ancient and common surgical procedures?worldwide. Every male who undergoes this procedure has to experience severe pain and vulnerable to serious complications including, but not limited to, infection, hemorrhage, accidental injury, ethical concerns, as well as death. Methods: A retrospective review of the factual, therapeutic, and rational aspects of circumcision from its believed conception to the present. Conclusion: Though the origins of this procedure are still sketchy, it is an age-old belief that, dating to the early civilizations, circumcision could be synonymous as a penance in context to humanity’s sexual awakening.
Peculiarities of Evolution of Machine Technology and Its Industrialization in Italy during 19th Century  [PDF]
Yibing Fang, Marco Ceccarelli
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2015.44024
Abstract: This paper deals with peculiarities of Italian Industrial Revolution on machinery by looking at aspects on enterprise developments and university frames. The outline showed a historical evolution that started in South Italy and after national reunification strong development was experienced mainly in North Italy with the still today character of few big enterprises and several small-medium companies. Examples are discussed with emblematic figures from University frames and cases of study on typical enterprises of the time. The Italian peculiarities are due both to political situations connected to Italy reunification and Italian attitudes to Science and Technology as combined with a strong individualism and creativity.
Historical Perception of Architecture and Cultural History Approach  [PDF]
Azin Ehteshami
Art and Design Review (ADR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/adr.2018.62008
Abstract: The experts and specialists in the field of architecture have had different viewpoints and approaches in defining the concepts of “history” and “the history of architecture”, all through the compiled history of architecture. Analysis of these viewpoints that are sometimes in contrast and sometimes similar to each other brings forward some questions in the minds of the addressees in the field of history of architecture regarding whether or not there is a comprehensive approach or definition about the history of architecture among the existing approaches! And, in case of a positive response, what are the approaches and what can be their specification? The present article, which is a qualitative study with descriptive-analytical approach, is organized with the aim and motivation to respond to the above questions, and it is done by collecting, interpretation, and analyzing the required data. This study has three main parts, the first of which deals with the redefinition of the concept of “history”, the advantages and applications of the history. The second part analyzes the concept of “history of architecture” and searching in the most important viewpoints about that concept; according to these analyses, “the approach towards the cultural history” is introduced and determined as the most comprehensive approach in defining the history of architecture. The third part, which is indeed the complementary part of the descriptions in the second part, is allocated to the explanation of the components of architectural historical perception based on the cultural historical theory, clarifying that the cultural historical approach is the approach that represents “architectural historical perception” as the comprehensive perception of architecture and its history.
Children and the History of Architecture
—(A Reflecting Consideration towards the Quality of Children’s Familiarity with the Instructions of the History of Architecture)

Azin Ehteshami
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.99096
Abstract: The present article is an introduction on identifying the quality of children’s confrontation with the history of architecture, in which is planned to respond to the question regarding the type of knowledge in the field of the history of architecture that children can learn. Thus, the viewpoints of the scholars in the field of child growth have primarily been dealt with regards to the mental ability of children in learning various subjects. By analyzing the viewpoints for different ages of the children, it has been tried to identify and extract the capacities that are related to the instructions of the architectural history. Thus, 11 cases of the related capabilities are introduced in this paper. The compatibility of each capacity with the perception of the history of architecture for the children is discussed for each case. Moreover, the other considered point for each section is the use of each one of the capacities for the children or the community.
Theoretical Reconstruction of Galileo’s Two-Bucket Experiment  [PDF]
Sylvio R. Bistafa
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2018.73009
Abstract: In the present work, the theoretical solution of a problem extracted from a historical context is addressed, in which Galileo supposedly conducted an experiment to measure the percussion force of a water jet. The experimental apparatus consists of a balance, in which a counterweight hangs on to one of its extremities, and two buckets hang on to the other extremity. The water jet from the bottom of the upper bucket strikes the lower bucket. The objective is to find the jet percussion force on the lower bucket. The result of the analysis revealed that the method proposed by Galileo for the calculation of the jet percussion force is incorrect. The analysis also revealed that the resultant force during the process is practically null, which would make Galileo’s account of the major movements of the balance credible, despite his having not identified all the forces acting on the system.
Historia de ideas e historia de lenguajes políticas: acerca del debate en torno a los usos de los términos "pueblo" y "pueblos"
Palti, Elías J.;
Varia Historia , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-87752005000200005
Abstract: the last twenty years witnessed a radical transformation in our ways of conceiving of the process leading to the break of the colonial tie with spain. classical dichotomous perspectives that opposed latin american liberalism to spanish despotism have proven untenable. as many authors, following fran?ois-xavier guerra, have showed, the crisis that resulted in independence was a single process, which comprised the empire as a whole, and had its center, precisely, in the spanish peninsula, which was more directly affected by the fall of the monarchy. such a perspective opened the doors to a much richer and more replete view of the revolutionary process of independence in latin america. however, the break of the classical opposition between latin america liberalism and spanish american despotism would ultimately resolve itself into the emergence of a converse dichotomy now opposing spanish liberalism to latin american traditionalism. the persistence of organic social patterns, inherited from the colony, which made the pueblos (in the plural) of the ancient regime to become, after the fall of the monarchical system, the natural recipients of sovereignty, would prevent in the region the emergence of a modern concept of nationality as an abstract, homogeneous and unified entity. as the present essay intends to show, this view should be, in turn, revised in order to unfold all the potentialities for historical research implicit in the theoretical revolution that these very authors introduced in the field.
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