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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 32446 matches for " health "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
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Can Provision of Health Information Lead to Healthier, Longer Lives?  [PDF]
Carl E. Bartecchi, Robert W. Schrier, Christine Nevin-Woods, Lin Chang, Anne Hill, Cathy Dehn
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.25088
Abstract: As health promoters, we seek ways to direct our patients and the public to those activities that will lead to a healthier and longer life. Many programs have been tried with relatively small groups of individuals, with limited or unsustained success. This study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of providing free, quality, unbiased, frequently updated, untainted, easily accessible information to an entire community (Pueblo, Colorado) of 60,000 households. The study showed that certain groups, namely the better educated, health care workers and females benefitted most from the health information provided them. Whether the population most in need of such information was effectively reached remained unanswered due to lack of feedback from this targeted group. This study provided some valuable insights into the various challenges that one faces in trying to develop a better health-informed, participating population. It also suggests the need to continue to search for an effective way to produce the desired changes in health outcomes.
Educational interventions aimed at improving the oral health conditions of workers: A critical review  [PDF]
Luísa Silva Lima, S?nia Cristina Lima Chaves, Paloma Perez Castro
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.46056
Abstract: The aim of this research was to identify studies describing the educational and/or health-promoting interventions and strategies used in various programs of oral healthcare conducted in populations of industrial workers. A review of the Science, MEDLINE, LILACS and SCIELO databases was performed for the period between 1980 and 2009. The criteria for a publication to be in- cluded were: 1) the population had to consist of adult workers; and 2) the educational and/or health-promoting interventions had to have been described. A great variety of educational strategies was found, ranging from individual counseling to small-group discussions and instructions on oral hygiene with supervised tooth brushing. The presence of plaque and gingivitis were the most commonly used indicators of the effect of these interventions. Cost evaluation was also an important topic. In general, the indicators analyzed reflected positive results that included a reduction in the indicators themselves (plaque and gingivitis) and in the cost of the programs, suggesting a certain effect of the educational programs developed. Nevertheless, differences in forms of exposure according to the type of occupation are not discussed and neither are specific social determinants such as income and education level. The quality of the studies is limited, which reduces the robustness of the evidence on the effect of educational programs on the work population. Studies should be carried out using mixed approaches to evaluate the efficacy of these programs and propose improvements.
Environmental health in public health community practice: An integrative review of the literature  [PDF]
Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz, Clarice Alves Bonow, Cynthia Fontella Sant’ Anna, Laurelize Pereira Rocha, Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida, Mara Regina Santos da Silva
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.59194
Abstract:

It is understood that the performance of Public Health Nursing is indispensable for the development of sustainable health communities, with regard to sub-standard living conditions in environments that include physical, chemical and biological factors influencing these conditions. This work is in an integrative review which aims to characterize how Environmental Health appears in scientific Public Health Nursing production, for the development of community health. Out of 442 articles, 30 met the search criteria. The publications covered contamination and exposure to environmental risks; strengthening of community groups for environmental health and workforce development of public health nursing for community practice in environmental health. The results summarized in the present study support the growing trend of interest in Environmental Health as knowledge which is essential to Public Health Nursing practice in the community.

Report on the Educational Process for the Promotion of Health of Women Attended in a Reference Center of Social Assistance  [PDF]
Daiane Pontes Bezerra, Jéssica Raissa Carlos Gomes, Maria Izabel Ludovico de Souza, Ana Hortência de Azevedo Medeiros, Daísy Vieira de Araújo, Fábia Barbosa de Andrade
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.713196
Abstract: This article discusses one experienced by students and preceptors of Programs Pro-Pet-Health and Health of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte/Faculty of Health Sciences of Trairí in the Reference Center for Social Assistance (CRAS) in the municipality of experience Santa Cruz/RN, with a view to the relationship between preventive health activities and social assistance. The proposed work of Pro-Pet in the assistance unit sought to unravel the lifestyle of the target audience in order to know the risk factors and suggest the adoption of health measures for disease prevention. Work to guide the educational process for health promotion with socioeconomic and cultural contextualization built on scientific papers surveyed in Lilacs and Scielo data was used. On average, 12 women aged between 35 and 60 years participated in the group. Eight group sessions occurred in the period from March to May 2014. Regarding work methodologies, we used dynamic integration and self-knowledge; dialogued lectures; lectures; reports of experiences; thematic workshops; educational videos; wheels conversation complemented by the use of texts and poems; as well as application of the checklist in conducting health and anthropometry. The experience helped identify the characteristics of the group and plan understandable and meaningful guidance for women, facilitating the understanding of the importance of self-care in preventing disease.
Status of Health Promotion Established after the Family Health Strategy  [PDF]
Vanessa Dayanny de Medeiros, Jovanka Bittencourt Leite de Carvalho, Gracimary Alves Teixeira, Flávio César Bezerra da Silva
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2016.612101
Abstract: Objective: To summarize the scientific knowledge concerning the promotion of health after establishing the Family Health Strategy. Method: This is an integrative review conducted in databases: LILACS, MEDLINE/PubMed, SciELO and Cochrane, using following key words: Family Health Strategy; Health Promotion and Health Personnel. Results: After the criteria established 23 articles were selected, identifying strengths, weaknesses and challenges of health promotion after establishing the Family Health Strategy. Conclusion: Despite the effectiveness of health promotion practices in many health units of the family still persist the curative care model.
Performance of the health system in China and Asia as measured by responsiveness  [PDF]
Paul Kowal, Nirmala Naidoo, Sharon Renee Williams, Somnath Chatterji
Health (Health) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/health.2011.310108
Abstract: Objectives: To examine differences in health system responsiveness across different sectors in China and to compare to other Asian countries. Methods: The World Health Survey was implemented in a nationally representative sample in China and 10 additional Asian countries from 2002-2003. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to gather health care utilization and health systems responsiveness data. Results: Overall health system responsiveness in China was better for the inpatient than the outpatient health system. Differences were seen by domain, with prompt attention and respectful treatment performing better than the other domains. Differences in responsiveness were seen by socio- demographic characteristics, with women and younger respondents rating inpatient systems, whereas men and higher educated respondents rated outpatient systems, more responsive. Conclusions: As populations age, health care systems will come under more pressures – responsiveness can be used by governments to guide policy and system improvement efforts when resources are limited. In China, reforms might prioritize outpatient system responsiveness.
Lifestyle Management Practice of 40 - 59 Years Cohort in Hong Kong  [PDF]
Frank H. Fu, An Nan, Sandy C. Li
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2013.32009
Abstract:

The role of the parents in influencing children is very important, in terms of the value system, attitude and behaviour. The importance and values of health are recognized by Hong Kong people, the development of an active lifestyle and exercise habit is relatively unsatisfactory. In Hong Kong, the Sport for All movement has been implemented by the SAR Government of Hong Kong for 40 years, but recent researches showed that more than 60% of the population didn’t exercise adequately. This suggested that alternative means to promote the sport for all were desirable. The health practices namely, exercise frequency, snack habit, breakfast habit, regular meals, sleeping hours, drinking habit, smoking habit, medication taking, exercise and medical expenditures of 919 randomly and systemically selected subjects aged 40 - 59 years were assessed. For each health practice, gender differences were analyzed using Cramer’s V and Ward Linkage method (cluster) was used to assess their cluster membership.

Characteristics of Depressed Patients Treated in Rural Areas of Chile  [PDF]
Ariel Castro-Lara, Viviana Guajardo, Rosemarie Fritsch, Ruben Alvarado, Graciela Rojas
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.411A003
Abstract:

Objective: To describe a group of depressed patients that participated in a clinical intervention to improve depression treatment in rural areas. Materials and Methods: It is a clinical intervention for depressed patients from 15 rural hospitals. The principal outcome is depressive symptomatology measured with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the secondary outcome is quality of life. The intervention consists of a collaborative program between primary care teams and specialized teams, with support from an electronic platform and a call center. Results: 254 subjects—13.8% men and 86.2% women—were recruited, with an age range between 18 and 65 years. The majority had a stable partner and attended high school. Homemakers made up 47.4% of the sample, and 38.7% were employed. The average BDI score was 29.8 (s. d. = 9.2). There was a history of previous depressive episodes in 42.9% of the cases, 37.4% presented severe suicide risk, and 59.1% had a comorbid anxiety disorder. Conclusion: It is a clinical sample of patients with severe depressive symptoms who are treated by primary care physicians in rural zones. The sample had comorbid anxiety and poor quality of life associated with their mental illness.

Brazil’s Unified Health System (SUS) and Its Treatment for Transgender People  [PDF]
Juliana Perucchi, Brune Coelho Brand?o, Cláudio Magno Gomes Berto, Fernanda Deotti Rodrigues, Junior Augusto da Silva
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.59121
Abstract:

This present article was constructed from an empirical work of intervention-research in a support group for transgender people which worked at the Clínica de Psicologia Aplicada (CPA) [Applied Psychology Clinic] of the Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF), in Minas Gerais, Brazil. It aimed at analyzing psychosocial aspects of the interventions that such people made to their bodies, investigating process of health and sickness involved in these contexts. The analysis of the participants’ reports of the support group identified itself with a deep relation between the construction of the bodies and subjectivities of travesty and transgender people belonging to the lower classes and the utilization of the Brazilian public health system, called Unified Health System (SUS). As results, it found that in Brazil, the travesty and transgender population is neglected when accessing the public health services, which causes many damages and, in some cases, irretrievable consequences to the health of these people. The treatment model in the public health system in Brazil concerning the travesty and transgender population is reductionist and precarious, considering health only under the biological view and disregarding the complexity of this phenomenon. This way, SUS neglects the psychic losses that transgender brings related to their bodies, something which contradicts the broad health concept defined by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Pregnant Women’s Perceptions of Patient-Provider Communication for Health Behavior Change during Pregnancy  [PDF]
Jenn Leiferman, Elizabeth Sinatra, Jennifer Huberty
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.411094
Abstract:

Aim: The primary aim of the project was to conduct focus groups with pregnant women to examine their perceptions on patient and health care provider (HCP) communication during prenatal visits pertaining to health behavioral change. In particular, to determine what types of communication facilitate or prevent patient engagement and adherence to certain health behaviors related to smoking cessation, engagement in physical activity, healthy eating and healthy weight gain, and stress management. Methods: Participants were recruited from the obstetric and midwifery clinics at the University of Colorado Hospital. Twenty-four pregnant, English-speaking women between the ages of 18 and 46 years old, the majority of which had full health insurance coverage, participated in one of three focus groups that were conducted. The transcripts were coded for themes and patterns. Results identified numerous current practices of HCPs, facilitators and barriers in care, and patient recommendations related to effective patient-provider communication. Results: Overall many women received basic information about most health behaviors (i.e. healthy eating, physical activity, and smoking cessation) with the exception of stress management from their HCPs via their introductory information packet. However, typically there was no follow-up beyond receipt of the packet. As a result, women sought information online from numerous sources. Unfortunately, this information often conflicted with HCP provided information, as did the information provided from multiple HCPs in group care settings. A major facilitator of behavioral change pertained to building trust and rapport as it directly enhanced the perceived quality of patient-provider communication on prenatal health behaviors. Across all behaviors, women voiced the need for available resources that were credible and referenced by their HCPs. Conclusions: These findings provide a better understanding of what facilitates and prevents women from engaging in healthy behaviors during their pregnancy, in addition to improving patient and provider communication.

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