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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4483 matches for " fetal death "
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Conditions Associated with Intrauterine Fetal Demise (IUFD) in Pregnant Women at King Abdulaziz University (KAUH). A Five-Year Experience  [PDF]
Abdullah M. Kafy, Ayman Oraif
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2017.713129
Abstract: Background: Intrauterine fetal demise is the death of the fetus after twenty week of gestation but before the onset of labor. In more than 50% of cases, the etiology of antepartum fetal death is not known or cannot be determined. Several factors attributed to the risk of IUFD. This study aimed to determine the incidence of IUFD, as well as associated conditions. Method: This retrospective study enrolled all pregnant women who attending at KAUH between 2011 and 2015. Results: During the last five years 248 verified IUFD cases were reported, the mean age was 30.59. Saudi nationality represented by 27 %. PET was represented 17.7% and congenital malformation was represented by 7.3% as risk factors. Regarding the mode of delivery SVD was 58.9% followed by CS 28.6. Conclusion: Stillbirth is an unfavorable event, there are several factors (maternal, fetal & placenta) associated with IUFD. Providing good level of antenatal care helped in reducing IUFD incidence.
Fœtal Death in Utero: Maternal Epidemiological and Prognostic Aspects at Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital in Lomé  [PDF]
Baguilane Douaguibe, A. S. Aboubakari, A. Bassowa, D. Ajavon, T. Ketevi, K. E. Logbo-Akey, B. Baramna, K. Fiagnon, K. Akpadza
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2019.94050
Abstract: The fetal death In Uterus is relatively a common problem in developing countries. In Africa, the rate of deaths varies from one hospital to another. We wanted to evaluate the prevalence, to describe the epidemiological aspects, etiologies and maternal prognosis associated with fetal deaths in Uterus in 2017 at Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital in Lomé. Patients and methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study conducted from January 1st to December 31st, 2017. We have included all pregnant cases received and treated on the spot for in uterus deaths as defined by the World Health Organization. Medical termination of pregnancy records, intrapartum deaths, less than 22 amenorrhea weeks’ pregnancies and complications of abortion were not included. Results
Does caffeine consumption during pregnancy increase the risk of fetal mortality? A literature review
Matijasevich, Alicia;Santos, Iná S.;Barros, Fernando C.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000600014
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate the available epidemiological evidence of the effect of caffeine consumption during pregnancy on fetal mortality. a systematic qualitative review of observational studies that referred to any source of exposure to caffeine from food in pregnancy and to fetal mortality as the outcome was conducted in the databases medline and lilacs. studies published between january 1966 and september 2004 were searched. the following descriptors were used: "caffeine", "coffee", "tea", "cola", and "cacao" to define the exposure and "fetal death", "stillbirth", "fetal demise", and "fetal loss" to define the outcome. the search strategy retrieved 32 publications, but only six met the inclusion criteria and three were included. one more article was found using "see related articles" feature in pubmed. a total of four publications were included in the review. the small number of publications addressing this subject, methodological limitations, inaccurate exposure assessment in all the studies, overall risks only marginally significant in most cases, and the possibility of publication bias preclude stating with certainty that caffeine consumption is actually associated with fetal death.
Practical appraisal to ethics in fetal death: a case of anasarca
Menegaki,M.; Pavlidis,P.; Tamiolakis,D.;
Oncología (Barcelona) , 2006, DOI: 10.4321/S0378-48352006000200006
Abstract: human response to the death of a loved one varies among different societies, religions, cultures, and races through a series of ceremonies and observances. since postmortem examination may be offensive to some of these groups, the determination of the need for autopsy should be based on ethical as well as legal principles. ethics is the "science which treats of human nature and the grounds of moral obligation; the science of human duty". although it is the responsibility of society and the duty of a medical examiner/coroner to provide medicolegal death investigation, establishing dogmatic policy is apt to create confrontation rather than fulfillment of statutory obligations. the approach to an objection to autopsy should stress values of "respect, compassion, kindness and courtesy beyond the minimum required by any policy or guideline".
Gesta??o múltipla com óbito de um gêmeo
Novais, Diva de Amorim;Cunha, Sérgio Pereira da;Duarte, Geraldo;Ferriani, Rui Alberto;Nogueira, Antonio Alberto;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72031999000400007
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate retrospectively the obstetrical and perinatal aspects of multiple pregnancies with the death of one fetus. methods: a retrospective study on 26 pregnant women with multiple pregnancies and death of one twin. a conservative approach was followed and the patients were followed-up clinically with blood clotting tests. results: in 50% of the cases fetal death occurred between 20 and 32 weeks of pregnancy. the time between death and resolution of pregnancy ranged from 6 to 148 h. death of the other twin occurred in two cases. in 15 cases, the surviving twin had a good course, with two of them presenting slight neurological sequelae. in the other nine cases the other twin died after birth. no pregnant woman developed coagulation disorders.
Diferenciales de mortalidad infantil por malformaciones congénitas con datos pareados: Chile (1993-1995)
Taucher S,Erica; Icaza N,Gloria;
Revista médica de Chile , 2001, DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872001000400009
Abstract: background: the analysis of infant mortality from congenital malformations, which at present is the main group of causes of this mortality in chile, suggests that it could be decreased with a good knowledge of its conditioning factors. aim: to study infant mortality differentials from congenital malformations with linked records, in the 1993 to 1995 chilean birth cohorts. material and methods: analysis of mortality differentials in 1993,1994 and 1995 birth cohorts. multivariate logistic regression of mortality from congenital diseases. results: univariate analysis showed that mortality is highest in the southern regions of the country (vii to xii) and in rural areas. it is also higher in children from older and from very young mothers, it increases along with the birth order of the child and decreases with increasing educational level of the mother. multiple logistic regression analysis, confirmed the higher mortality in the southern regions, aged mothers, high birth order of the child and low educational level of the mother. however no significant influence of rurality nor greater mortality in children of very young mothers was found. conclusions: these results can be attributed to the fact that this type of analysis permits the control with other variables. although the mortality data showed interesting relationships with the independent variables, a registry of all live births and stillbirths with congenital anomalies, that would provide greater numbers and data on non fatal anomalies, would be desirable to better study their causal factors. (rev méd chile 2001; 129: 405-12)
Diferenciales de mortalidad infantil por malformaciones congénitas con datos pareados: Chile (1993-1995) Infant mortality differentials from congenital malformations with linked records: Chile (1993-1995)
Erica Taucher S,Gloria Icaza N
Revista médica de Chile , 2001,
Abstract: Background: The analysis of infant mortality from congenital malformations, which at present is the main group of causes of this mortality in Chile, suggests that it could be decreased with a good knowledge of its conditioning factors. Aim: To study infant mortality differentials from congenital malformations with linked records, in the 1993 to 1995 Chilean birth cohorts. Material and methods: Analysis of mortality differentials in 1993,1994 and 1995 birth cohorts. Multivariate logistic regression of mortality from congenital diseases. Results: Univariate analysis showed that mortality is highest in the Southern regions of the country (VII to XII) and in rural areas. It is also higher in children from older and from very young mothers, it increases along with the birth order of the child and decreases with increasing educational level of the mother. Multiple logistic regression analysis, confirmed the higher mortality in the Southern regions, aged mothers, high birth order of the child and low educational level of the mother. However no significant influence of rurality nor greater mortality in children of very young mothers was found. Conclusions: These results can be attributed to the fact that this type of analysis permits the control with other variables. Although the mortality data showed interesting relationships with the independent variables, a registry of all live births and stillbirths with congenital anomalies, that would provide greater numbers and data on non fatal anomalies, would be desirable to better study their causal factors. (Rev Méd Chile 2001; 129: 405-12)
Risk factors of intrapartal fetal death in a low-resource setting  [PDF]
Pascal Foumane, Aicha Chumbe Mounton, Julius Dohbit Sama, Séraphin Nguefack, Walter Dobgima Pisoh, Emile Telesphore Mboudou
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.43018
Abstract:

Objective: To identify the risk factors of intrapartal fetal death in a tertiary hospital in Yaoundé. Methods: It was a case-control study comparing 53 women who delivered with intrapartal fetal death to 106 women who delivered without intrapartal fetal death, carried out at the Yaoundé Gyneco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital, Cameroon. Results: The risk factors of intrapartal fetal death identified at bivariate analysis were: maternal age <20 years (OR = 3.1; CI = 1.1 - 8.3), absence of regular income (OR = 2.4; CI = 1.2 - 4.7), single motherhood (OR = 2.9; CI = 1.5 - 5.7), illiteracy and primary level of education (OR = 4.7; CI = 1.9 - 11.5), referral (OR = 5.0; CI = 2.5 - 9.9), parity 0 and 1 (OR = 2.3; CI = 1.1 - 4.5), no antenatal care (OR = 9.2; CI = 2.4 - 35.6), number of antenatal visits <4 (OR = 4.2; CI = 2.1 - 8.6), antenatal care in a health center (OR = 3.8; CI = 1.9 - 7.5), antenatal care by a midwife (OR = 2.5; CI = 1.3 - 4.9) or a nurse (OR = 5.2; CI = 1.4 - 18.7), absence of malaria prophylaxis (OR = 10.6; CI = 2.9 - 39.5), absence of obstetrical ultrasound (OR = 4.7; CI = 1.9 - 10.9), prematurity (OR = 3.4; CI = 1.5 - 7.3), abnormal presentation (OR = 2.6; CI = 1.1 - 5.9), ruptured membranes at admission (OR = 2.7; CI = 1.3 - 5.4), ruptured membranes >12 hours at admission (OR = 5.1; CI = 2.5 - 10.3), stained amniotic fluid (OR = 4.8; CI = 2.4 - 9.7), labor lasting more than 12 hours (OR = 18.1; CI = 8.0 - 41.0), presence of maternal complications (OR = 4.7; CI = 2.2 - 10.3), and presence of fetal complications (OR = 48.6; CI = 18.3 - 129), particularly acute fetal distress (OR = 52.3; CI = (14.6 - 186), cord prolapse (OR = 12.1; CI = 3.3 - 43.4), and birth weight <2500 g (OR = 2.8; CI = 1.2 - 6.6). Conclusion: Close attention should be offered to pregnant women, so as to identify these risk factors and promptly provide an appropriate management.

Diagnóstico pré-natal de um gêmeo hemiacárdico: relato de caso
Alves, Júlio A. G.;Brasileiro, José M. F.;Campos, Afonsina P. de Aquino;Ferreira, Márcia Valéria Pitombeira;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72031998000200009
Abstract: the acardius syndrome is a rare complication of monozygotic twin pregnancies, occurring once in 35.000 births. the outcome is invariably fatal for the acardiac twin and for 50-75% of the normal twins. we report a case of partial (pseudo)acardia in twin pregnancy. the diagnosis was made using ultrasonography, fetal echocardiography and confirmed after delivery.
óbito fetal em microrregi?o de Minas Gerais: causas e fatores associados
Nurdan, Nestor;Mattar, Rosiane;Camano, Luiz;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032003000200005
Abstract: purpose: to study the causes and associated factors of fetal death. methods: epidemiological descriptive study, composed of 190 cases of fetal loss amongst 11,825 pregnant women that gave birth at the two only hospitals (casa de saúde divino espírito santo and hospital nossa senhora auxiliadora) of caratinga city, in the state of minas gerais, brazil, in the period from january 1, 1995 to april 30, 2000. the variables were the number of pregnancies, the timing of the pregnant women at the time of hospitalization, the occurrence of fetal death in relation to delivery and the cause of fetal death. since there were no comparative groups, tables, percentages and arithmetical means were applied, following the guidelines of the course of statistics, of the "universidade federal de s?o paulo". results: among the 189 pregnant women with fetal death, 77 were primigravidal and 76 had already been pregnant 2 to 5 times. the gestational age in 113 women was from 20 to 37 weeks. in relation to parturition, the fetal loss occurred during the antepartum period in 164 of 190 dead fetuses. the most frequently noticed death causes were: abruptio placentae in 35 cases, fetal anomaly in 12 cases, and hypertension syndrome in 8 cases. nervertheless, there was no explanation for the etiology of 117 cases of fetal death. conclusion: stillbirth has frequently been observed among the primigravidae (40.74%), in preterm period (59.79%), and in the antepartum period (86.31%). among fetal death causes, the most frequent was a abruptio placentae (18.42%), and in 61.57% of the cases the fetal death could not be explained.
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