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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 38 matches for " eurocentrism "
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Music, Eurocentrism and Identity: The Myth of the Discovery of America in Chilean Music History  [PDF]
Alejandro Vera
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2014.35024
Abstract: During the past century, Edmundo O’Gorman, Tzvetan Todorov, Enrique Dussel and other scholars pointed out the Eurocentric perspective implied in traditional narratives about the discovery of America, most of which intended to confirm Europe as the center of world history and culture. At the same time, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Hayden White and others argued for the mythical character of history. According to them, even though historians attempted to assemble documentary evidence objectively, they constructed their narratives incorporating such evidence in preexisting stories, characters and categories with a mythical origin. This paper uses these viewpoints to analyze and criticize the way in which Chilean music history has been constructed, particularly during the republican era. The main hypothesis is that traditional discourses about that history have constantly recycled narratives on the discovery of America, which thus operates as a kind of founding myth for historical and musicological interpretations, especially when dealing with turning points such as the change of dynasty (1700), the beginning of independence (c. 1810) and the centenary of the republic (1910). A corollary would be that documentary evidence about music has been frequently hidden or distorted precisely in order to fit such a myth. That is why the present paper examines both bibliography and original documents found in different archives.
Africa and Afrocentric Historicism: A Critique  [PDF]
Tunde Adeleke
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2015.43016
Abstract: Since the dawn of slavery in America, black activists have used Africa to construct a countervailing frame of resistance to oppression. Africa had functioned both as the justification for enslavement and racial discrimination for the dominant white society, and as the counter-hegemonic weapon of resistance and empowerment for blacks. Reacting to subordination and marginalization, modern black intellectuals, borrowing from the past, have equally invoked Africa in their quest for a useable and instrumental historical past with which to counteract the Eurocentric constructions of their heritage and experiences. However, the resultant Afrocentric historicist framing of Africa, as well as its racialized and essentialist character, had only replicated precisely the negative shortcomings of the Eurocentric historiography and black intellectuals were attempting to debunk.
A defini??o e os tipos de discursos alternativos
Alatas, Syed Farid;
Estudos Históricos (Rio de Janeiro) , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21862010000200001
Abstract: the article departs from the problem of academic dependency and how does it affect social sciences globally. farid alatas suggests that scholars cannot do much at the structural or material level of academic dependency as they are neither in charge of institutions nor the state. however, there is more that can be done at the intellectual or theoretical level. the article presents the concept of alternative discourses as source for a creative and autonomous social science. these are discourses that present themselves as alternatives to what they regard as the orientalist or eurocentric social sciences of the north on which the southern social sciences are dependent. examples of what may be considered as alternative discourses are provided, taking into account other types of narrative and imagination of social life.
Filosofía de (para) la Conquista: Eurocentrismo y colonialismo en la disputa por el Nuevo Mundo
Santos Herceg,José;
Atenea (Concepción) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-04622011000100009
Abstract: this paper aims to demonstrate that the discussion "about" the conquest of america -known as the philosophy of the conquest- as well as the reflections of the most famous thinkers who participated in the debate -juan ginés de sepúlveda, francisco de vitoria and bartolomé de las casas- can be characterized as being eurocentric and colonialist. this is the reason why it would be preferable to speak of a philosophy "for" the conquest instead of a philosophy "of" or "about" the conquest.
As ciências sociais e a diversidade dos sotaques
Ortiz, Renato;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092012000100001
Abstract: this article takes a classic theme in the social sciences in latin america: the relationship between domestic development (national) and external influences. it is, however, a recommencement that introduces the problem of the sociological thinking in the context of the globalization of culture. in this sense, to escape the dichotomy between national thinking and cosmopolitan thinking, the author proposes that the social sciences are a language with different accents. there is not, therefore, a universal core (thus identified with theories produced in europe or the united states) and a regional knowledge, identified with the so-called peripheral countries.
TELLING TALES, PRINT AND THE EXTENSION OF MEDIA: MALAY MEDIA STUDIES BEGINNING WITH ABDULLAH MUNSYI THROUGH SYED SHAYKH AL-HADY AND MAHATHIR MOHAMAD
Ahmad Murad Merican
Kajian Malaysia , 2006,
Abstract: The representation and embodiment of Malay identity are certainly complex. How we know ourselves and how we have selected that knowledge determine the facts accumulated about us. What do the Malays make out of media? One assumption says that the Malays are averse to print and more attuned to orality and aurality. There is nevertheless also the category of baca, membaca and cerita which may not fit within the understanding of the European mind. Locating the categories of communication and media in the contexts of meaning, culture and thought may illustrate that the Malays do not share Euro-American presuppositions; at the same time, however, efforts to localise and indigenise the minda, concepts and practices only reattach them to the matrix of globalised modernity. Who represents what? Who represents media to Malay thought? What is being represented and at what levels?
Critical Theory after the Rise of the Global South
Boike Rehbein
Transcience : a Journal of Global Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The end of Eurocentrism in reality and theory leads to the dilemma of relativism and universalism. As an answer to this dilemma, this paper proposes in epistemology a kaleidoscopic dialectic that focuses on relations and family resemblances and in ethics a doubled understanding.
CIENCIA, IMPERIO, MODERNIDAD Y EUROCENTRISMO: EL MUNDO ATLáNTICO DEL SIGLO XVI Y LA COMPRENSIóN DEL NUEVO MUNDO
Nieto Olarte,Mauricio;
Historia Crítica , 2009,
Abstract: this article discusses a number of key issues in the history of sixteenth-century iberian science: the role of sixteenth-century spanish science in the construction of modern science; the encounter of western science with other forms of knowledge; the relationship between science and empire; and the construction of a eurocentric world order. the author concludes by suggesting that the idea of "comprehension" -as both a form of appropriation and a process of self-construction- can help explain the political character of science and its role in the iberian conquest of the new world.
HISTORIOGRAFíA, EUROCENTRISMO Y UNIVERSALIDAD EN ENRIQUE DUSSEL
PACHóN SOTO,DAMIáN;
Ideas y Valores , 2012,
Abstract: the article examines enrique dussel's critique of the traditional historiography of philosophy and of the hegemonic, eurocentric view of modernity, both of which have served to conceal the participation of other peoples in the constitution of europe. this critique makes possible a new understanding of the present, in which european philosophy can enter into dialogue with other philosophical traditions in order to build what dussel calls a "philosophical transmodernity". this is precisely the critical objective pursued in france by michel onfray.
EPISTEMOLOGíA DE LA INVESTIGACIóN SOCIAL EN AMéRICA LATINA: DESARROLLOS EN EL SIGLO XXI
Mejia,Julio;
Cinta de moebio , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-554X2008000100001
Abstract: this article aims at giving an account of the emergence of new epistemological proposals of social sciences in latin america. particularly, it reflects the progress of the prospect of complexity in social research in our continent. it also discusses the nature of the social knowledge that has been built in latin america.
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