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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10107 matches for " ethnographic case study "
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The portrait of an Iranian as an English Language Learner: A case of identity reconstruction
Khatib, Mohammad,Rezaei, Saeed
International Journal of Research Studies in Language Learning , 2013,
Abstract: This is a case study exploring an Iranian English language learner’s identity within the Iranian EFL context and its potential relation with the success/failure and age of the learner. Also the learner’s inclination to his Persian identity, cultural norms, values and pronunciation patterns is investigated. In order to do so, in-depth interviewing and ethnographic observation were employed. The data collection and analysis procedure occurred between February and April, 2011 in Tehran. After the data were collected through interviewing and field notes in the ethnographic observation, they were transcribed and later turned into the participant’s life story. Important themes were dug out of the data using narrative analysis. The emerging themes from the current study were revealing about the participant’s identity and gave a portrait of the participant as an Iranian English language learner and his identity. Finally, the implications, limitations and future directions for this study are discussed.
Use of Qualitative Research Methods in Natural Resources Management Studies: Sharing of Some Anthropological Experiences from the Ethnographic Study of Two Indigenous Irrigation Systems from Western Terai
Laya Prasad Uprety
Nepalese Journal of Qualitative Research Methods , 2007, DOI: 10.3126/njqrm.v1i0.1969
Abstract: doi: 10.3126/njqrm.v1i0.1969 Keywords: Ethnographic Study; Natural Resources Management Nepalese Journal of Qualitative Research Methods Vol.1 2007 pp.1-20
Instantiation of complexity of students and teachers' learnings in an EFL classroom Instancia o da complexidade da aprendizagem de alunos e professores na sala de aula de inglês como língua estrangeira
Nayibe Rosado
Revista Brasileira de Linguística Aplicada , 2013,
Abstract: This article reports on some of the results of a study whose objective was to interpret students' and teachers' learning as it emerged out of the interactions generated in and beyond the context of their EFL class in a state school in Barranquilla, Colombia. In this study I use principles of complex systems (MORIN, 1994) to make sense of the learning systems of students and teachers in an EFL class in Barranquilla, Colombia. The data for this ethnographic case-study include classroom observations, interviews, learning journals and documents (students' notebooks, worksheets, quizzes, and syllabus). A qualitative software program (Atlas.ti 6.0) was used to process data. Results from this study contribute to understand learning as a complex system by approaching students' learning from a complex perspective recursively connected to teachers' learning. Este artigo relata alguns dos resultados de um estudo cujo objetivo foi interpretar a aprendizagem de alunos e professores que emergiram das intera es geradas no e além do contexto de suas salas de aula inglês como língua estrangeira em uma escola estadual em Barranquilla, Col mbia. Neste estudo, uso princípios dos sistemas complexos (MORIN, 1994) para compreender os sistemas de aprendizagem de alunos e de professores. Os dados para este estudo de caso etnográfico incluem observa es de sala de aula, entrevistas, diários de aprendizagem e documentos (cadernos dos alunos, folhas de exercícios, quizzes, e o currículo). Um software para análise qualitativa (Atlas.ti 6.0) foi usado para a análise dos dados. Os resultados deste estudo contribuem para compreender a aprendizagem como um sistema complexo ao abordar a aprendizagem dos alunos por meio de uma perspectiva complexa, recursivamente associada à aprendizagem dos professores.
Intractable Headache in a Glioblastoma Patient
Wohlgenannt V,Oberndorfer S,Grisold W
European Association of NeuroOncology Magazine , 2012,
"De reunión en reunión": la observación participante en el conocimiento etnográfico de procesos políticos 'urbanos'
Frederic, Sabina;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832000000100010
Abstract: as a result of a research on the consequences of the factional politics in the production of the actions on and the representations of the municipal politics, i discuss the reliability of the participant observation of reunions. fieldwork experience of long and frequent "reunions" between rulers and subordinates refutes the assumption that they should represent the global universe of agents they invoked, and that they should be part of a larger totality: the urban political community -the barrio or the city. to transcend this assumption, and to demonstrate the constituent character of the "reunions", i remark the importance of giving priority to: the indexical meaning of actions, denaturalising the concept of society, and specifying the anthropological holism in the study of contemporary worlds. this argument will allow us a to discuss some studies of urban anthropology that have avoided the reflection on the consequences of the ethnographic study of researcher's "native worlds".
Relevance as process: judgements in the context of scholarly research
Theresa D. Anderson
Information Research: an international electronic journal , 2005,
Abstract: Introduction. This paper discusses how exploring the research process in-depth and over time contributes to a fuller understanding of interactions with various representations of information. Method. A longitudinal ethnographic study explored decisions made by two informants involved in scholarly research. Relevance assessment and information seeking were observed as part of informants' own ongoing research projects. Fieldwork used methods of discovery that allowed informants to shape the exploration of the practices surrounding the evolving understandings of their topics. Analysis. Inductive analysis was carried out on the qualitative data collected over a two-year period of judgements observed on a document-by-document basis. The paper introduces broad categories that point to the variability and richness of the ways that informants used representations of information resources to make relevance judgements. Results. Relevance judgements appear to be drivers of the search and research processes informants moved through during the observations. Focusing on research goals rather than on retrieval tasks brings us to a fuller understanding of the relationship between ultimate research goals and the articulation of those goals in interactions with information systems. Conclusion. Relevance assessment is a process that unfolds in the doing of a search, the making of judgements and the using of texts and representations of information.
Reliability-Centered Maintenance Methodology and Application: A Case Study  [PDF]
Islam H. Afefy
Engineering (ENG) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2010.211109
Abstract: This paper describes the application of reliability-centered maintenance methodology to the development of maintenance plan for a steam-process plant. The main objective of reliability-centered maintenance is the cost-effective maintenance of the plant components inherent reliability value. The process-steam plant consists of fire-tube boiler, steam distribution, dryer, feed-water pump and process heater. Within this context, a maintenance program for the plant is carried out based on this reliability-centered maintenance concept. Applying of the reliability-centered maintenance methodology showed that the main time between failures for the plant equipments and the probability of sudden equipment failures are decreased. The proposed labor program is carried out. The results show that the labor cost decreases from 295200 $/year to 220800 $/year (about 25.8% of the total labor cost) for the proposed preventive maintenance planning. Moreover, the downtime cost of the plant components is investigated. The proposed PM planning results indicate a saving of about 80% of the total downtime cost as compared with that of current maintenance. In addition, the proposed spare parts programs for the plant components are generated. The results show that about 22.17% of the annual spare parts cost are saved when proposed preventive maintenance planning other current maintenance once. Based on these results, the application of the predictive maintenance should be applied.
Flexible Manufacturing of Continuous Process Enterprises with Large Scale and Multiple Products  [PDF]
Yigang Xu, Yifei Du, Yong Zeng, Shiming Li
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2013.41006

Compared with modularized enterprises, continuous Process (CP) enterprises exhibit differing characteristics in manufacturing flexibility. Relative to the vast literature on the flexibility of modularized enterprises, the manufacturing flexibility of CP enterprises has aroused little attention in current literature. In this paper, we develop a new theory to give a reasonable explanation for the flexible manufacturing problem of CP enterprises with multiple products. Based on the analysis of flexible manufacturing process of Jiahua enterprise, we find that CP enterprises can create product diversity through component flexibility, control flexibility and mixed flexibility. The discussion on the permutoid, arising from the product production transformation process of CP enterprises, further reveals the possibility of cost reduction in production transformation and thus efficiency enhancement of manufacturing flexibility. The cost-efficient flexibility of CP enterprises is realized by properly scheduling the production process, shortening the continuous transforming time of the permutoid and reverse development of the permutoid, with exploiting the characteristics of compatibility, continuity and reversibility of the permutoid. Finally, we conclude that the study on the manufacturing flexibility of CP enterprises will contribute to the flexible production transformation in the industries with CP.

Chlamydia prevention in Sweden—A case study of potential key factors in successful response  [PDF]
Charlotte Deogan, Cecilia Moberg, Lene Lindberg, Anna M?nsdotter
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2013.31009
Abstract: Background: After a continuous increase of Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) in Sweden, a general reduction in reported cases was seen in 2009. However, the number and decrease of chlamydia cases varied largely between geographical regions. Aim: The aim of the present study was to identify potential key factors of successful regional prevention of chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Methods: A multiple case study was performed including seven Swedish counties. Data was collected via surveys and interviews with key informants, county council registry data, survey data on condom use, and surveillance data on reported cases of chlamydia. In a case comparison, factors of prevention structure and prevention activities were identified and rated as strengths or weaknesses compared to standard preventive measures. Potential key factors were identified by examining prevention strengths corresponding to high condom use and decrease of chlamydia cases. Results: Differences were found in prevention structure and activities across counties. Identified potential key factors were; adequate investments in STI prevention, suitable organizational structure, strong leadership, managing regional STI-networks, research connection, multiple local collaborations with health care and community, high testing coverage and strategic risk approach.
Inventory Management and Logistics Cost Reduction: A Case of a Malaysia Herbal Medicine Company  [PDF]
Fadilah Siali, Liu Yao, Cheng Jack Kie
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2013.43024
Abstract: Nowadays many studies have stressed the diagnosing inventory systems. This article examined problems encountered on logistics in a Malaysia herbal medicine company. The diagnosis was conducted using the fish bone diagram for the whole supply chain process from the production, hub warehouse, freight forwarders, zone warehouse to customers. The derived results highlight the inventory level management as the root reason, which leads to a set of initial recommendations, including: 1) install the computer-based software system to control inventory level which is to be integrated with the supply chain; and 2) meanwhile implement aggressive marketing approaches to minimize the rate of the returned products.
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