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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 29378 matches for " environmental management. "
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The Advantages of Using a Computer-Based Integrated Assessment to Promote Cooperative Behavior in Groundwater Management  [PDF]
Oliver López Corona, Pablo Padilla, Octavio Pérez Maqueo, Oscar Escolero
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2012.24044

The ultimate goal of environmental impact assessment is to guarantee that benefits generated by a development project will not cause highly negative effects on the environment or public health. The fulfillment of this goal depends on the willingness of proponents and society to cooperate. The information management, its accessibility to community and the educational level of participants are of great relevancy too. Cooperation is not always attainable due to conflicts between individual and community interests. Conflict leads to a variety of cooperative and non-cooperative responses, depending on the information available to the actors. In order to capture the tendency in which a community perceives the proposals, we introduced an information index. We prove that computer models have a direct impact on this information index. This computer-based approach, leads the EIA to the paradigm of adaptive environmental assessment and management. To implement this, a system based on artificial intelligence and game theory was used to resolve a study case of conflict in groundwater management.

Good Practices in Strategic Environmental Assessment Processes under the Brazilian Practitioners’ Vision  [PDF]
Antonio W. L. da Silva, Marinilse Netto, Paulo Selig, Alexandre Lerípio
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2018.96045
Abstract: The use of good practices (GP) can improve the technical quality and, as a consequence, the outcome of the Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) process, increasing its effectiveness. This study aimed to present GP pointed out by Brazilian practitioners (members of the SEA development teams) from the perspective afforded by their participation in processes of this tool. The data were collected through personal interviews with 11 professionals responsible for preparing a total of 17 SEAs, who were asked about what measures adopted in the SEA could be considered BP. The responses were audio-recorded, transcribed, and had their content assessed by Content Analysis technique. Nine GP were highlighted by practitioners. The GP indicated represent a valuable contribution to the improvement of future use of SEA, either in Brazil or in other countries, because they are the result of consolidated experience in real cases of application of the tool.
Does Deming’s “System of Profound Knowledge” Apply to Leaders of Biodiversity Conservation?  [PDF]
Simon A. Black, Jamieson A. Copsey
Open Journal of Leadership (OJL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojl.2014.32006

The challenges of ecological and environmental change are significant and solutions remain largely under the influence of people and the decisions of governments, interest groups, national and local communities and individuals. Evidence suggests that despite 20 years of effort, conservation initiatives have failed to achieve the targets set for protecting biodiversity in the UN Convention on Biological Diversity 2010. A common factor influencing effectiveness of conservation work undertaken by the diverse mix of government, non-government and civil organisations is leadership. A command-and-control approach to leadership is commonly encountered in conservation and previous reviews suggest this as a major factor in ineffective conservation initiatives. This suggests that conservation leaders should consider a fundamentally different approach to leadership. We examine whether an alternative paradigm, Deming’s System of Profound Knowledge, offers a suitable new basis for leadership in biodiversity conservation. This “Systems Thinking” approach should encompass (i) an understanding of natural systems, (ii) a sense of how human behaviour is influenced, (iii) an understanding of how knowledge should inform decision-making and problem solving, and (iv) an understanding of variation in natural systems. Current paradigms of conservation management fail to address these four fundamentals and therefore do not represent the most effective way to manage conservation. Conversely, challenges and opportunities encountered in biodiversity conservation are well-aligned to a Systems Thinking approach. Leadership approaches defined in Deming’s “System of Profound Knowledge” offer significant positive impacts on biodiversity conservation achievement and provide lessons for leaders in other areas of human activity.

Implanta??o de programas de manejo e plano de gest?o ambiental em pequenas comunidades
Cavalcanti, Agostinho Paula Brito;
Sociedade & Natureza , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1982-45132010000300010
Abstract: the present work has for objective the development of a proposal for the implantation of handling programs and plan of environmental administration in small communities, composing a group of resulting procedures of methods and techniques of researches. the handling programs include topics relative production sections, to know: infrastructure energy, road, sanitary and communication; forestry, vegetation, agriculture and livestock; aquaculture; mining, you elaborate and activities inform, cultural, sporting, tourist, recreational services. regarding the plan of environmental administration, this should promote the urban development and ordainment of the services, including the education sections; health; sanitation; transport; energy and urbanization, besides the actions addressed to the natural potential, including the protection of the patrimony historical, cultural and natural; ecotourism; researches; administration and supervision. as conclusive stage is noticed the lack of a character politics integrated that it guides the rational use and the protection of the natural resources and the not obedience of environmental legislation.
Analysis of the Problems and Countermeasures of China’s Green Credit  [PDF]
Xiaojie Wu, Xuehua Zhang
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2018.66009
Abstract: At present, China’s green credit market is the most important channel for green financing and has a great influence on the development of China’s green finance. Based on the collection and arrangement of the related data and information, the paper points out the main problems which is existing in China’s green credit by figures and examples from aspects of detail standards of policies, the matching level between deposits and loans and the management ability of avoiding environmental risk. Furthermore, the paper puts forward corresponding countermeasures of the problems.
Spatial and Temporal Quality of Water in the Itupararanga Reservoir, Alto Sorocaba Basin (SP), Brazil  [PDF]
Felipe José de Moraes Pedrazzi, Fabiano Tomazini da Concei??o, Diego de Souza Sardinha, Viviane Moschini-Carlos, Marcelo Pompêo
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2013.51008

Considering the great importance of the Itupararanga Reservoir, Upper Alto Sorocaba basin/SP, this study aimed to report the variations of some parameters of water quality in the spatial and temporal gradients in this multipurpose reservoir. The eutrophication of this reservoir was checked using the Carlson Index Modified and the results indicate that the surface water were classified as eutrophic and mesotrophic in wet and dry periods, being characterized the better quality of water in wet period. In the vertical gradient the results showed a stratiphication in all parameters analyzed, except for the electrical conductivity, with good correlation between total phosphorous and chlorophyll-a, indicating that eutrophication of the reservoir changes the conditions of algal growth, mainly in its initial area. Immediate interventions are needed, which must be directed to planning of land use, domestic effluents treatment, taking to an integrated management of this important watershed located in the Sao Paulo State.

GIS Database Template for Environmental Management of Mining in Indonesia  [PDF]
Sri Maryati, Hideki Shimada, Takashi Sasaoka, Akihiro Hamanaka, Kikuo Matsui, Hideaki Nagawa
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2012.41009
Abstract: Mining sector in Indonesia faces many challenges including needed to support national economy, compliance to central and local government regulations, local community empowerment and environmental impact management. Mining companies are mandatory to perform the environmental management efforts to minimize the negative impact to the environment and pursue sustainability of post-mining land use and as much as possible to restore land to the initial conditions. There are many challenges on management multi parameter and multi temporal spatial data of environmental management. The aim of this research is to design the GIS database template for environmental management in Indonesia’s mining operation. This GIS database is designed using ArcCatalog ArcGIS 9.3 software, through following steps: inventory and assessment government regulations, inventory and assessment environmental quality standards, sorting and grouping parameters, design feature class and attribute, create GIS database, create GIS database dictionary. According to research result, GIS database template has many advantages for environmental management include integrated into a single database, avoid redundancy data, reduce volume data, uniformity data, easy to find and track data, integrated spatial and attribute data, can be used as an input for GIS analysis for decision-making and development strategies.
Collective Finance Models for Sustainable Water Projects  [PDF]
Douglas Crawford-Brown, Jean-Baptiste Gossé
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2015.65046
Abstract: Waterbasin management is an exemplar problem of collective action, since many actors influence and are influenced by changes in a waterbasin. The present paper uses the example of finance of control of surface water run-off as an instance of (potential) collective action involving finance. Five innovative financing schemes for new waterbasin management infrastructures are assessed with respect to the actors who provide the finance and how the projects are governed: 1) financing through taxes; 2) third-party financing; 3) financing by stakeholders; 4) financing through fullcost pricing; and 5) financing by developers and/or landowners.
Programa de Gestión Ambiental del Instituto Nacional de Higiene, Epidemiología y Microbiología
del Puerto Rodríguez,Asela; García Melián,Maricel; Romero Pláceres,Manuel;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2008,
Abstract: in the framework of the environmental management system of the national institute of hygiene, epidemiology and microbiology, an environmental management program was formulated to solve the problems detected in the initial diagnosis, considering as the fundamental principle the planning of all actions in a gradual way and with a priority level determined by the real possibilities of fulfillment on a short, medium, and long term. 11 objectives, 14 goals, and 40 actions, which are part of the environmental management program, were defined. the experience acquired in the development of this program may be transferred to other science and technique units of the health sector.
O uso de indicadores ambientais no acompanhamento de sistemas de gerenciamento ambiental
Figueiredo, Marco Antonio Gaya de;
Produ??o , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65131996000100002
Abstract: process environmental performance evaluation is practiced by many industries, aiming to establish adequate environmental conditions, and to create a methodology for eliminating critical points from the productive process. this work describes the follow-up of environmental management through a selection of environmental performance indicators. a general review of environmental manegement systems is presented together with the most common used indicators. in conclusion, a future view of environmental manegement is discussed.
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