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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 501 matches for " empowerment "
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Demystifying empowerment
Q. E. Bekker,F. Crous
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 1998, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v24i2.651
Abstract: It would appear that the concept of empowerment has become popular and is so widely used that it has become a fad. It is also generally poorly understood and this results in a degree of mistrust and cynicism. There is often a lack of clarity as to the role and contribution of empowerment in organisations, and how empowerment differs from concepts such as employee involvement and participation. The key dimensions, benefits and paradigm of empowerment are also misunderstood areas. To overcome these problems this literature and theory assessment attempts to define empowerment, to provide a basis for a healthy empowerment paradigm and to stimulate further theoretical and empirical research. Opsomming Dit blyk dat bemagtiging as konsep so populer en wyd gebruik word dat dit 'n gier geword het. Die konsep word maklik misverstaan en word, in 'n mate, met wantroue en sinisme bejeen. Dit ontbreek dikwels aan duidelikheid oor die rol en bydrae van bemagtiging in organisasics en hoedanig bemagtiging van konsepte soos werknemerbetrokkenheid en -deelname verskil. Die sleuteldimensies, voordele en paradigma van bemagtiging is areas waaroor onduidclikheid bcstaan. Ten einde hierdie probleme te oorkom is daar aan die hand van 'n literatuur- en teorieverkenning gepoog om bemagtiging te definieer, 'n basis vir 'n gesonde bemagtigingsparadigma te bewerkstellig en vcrdcrc teoretiese en empiricsc navorsing te stimuleer.
Hypothyroidism—A Question towards Quality and Patient Centricity  [PDF]
Hina Rehman, Syed Junaid Rehan, Humera Ishaq, Sadia Shakeel, Faraz Hashmi, Safila Naveed
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2015.52003
Abstract: The metabolic and endocrine disorders are either increasing across the globe or may have been observed with more focus in recent years. It is not uncommon now to find out neither patients of endocrine and metabolic disorders nor a physician of the associated diseases. There were 42 million people who had thyroid disorders including hypothyroidism according to the survey of endocrine society of India. Hypothyroidism is said when less activity of thyroid glands is observed then the normal. So, to evaluate the quality standard, empowerment and patient centricity in Pakistan with present prevalence of hypothyroidism in different age groups, gender along with the prescribed medication against pre diagnosed disease and associated co-morbidities, the study is designed with a questionnaire development including both qualitative and quantitative variables. Study was conducted on various OPD’s, profit and not for profit secondary and tertiary care hospitals and consultant clinics during July 2013 to Jan 2014 and it was given consideration to include people from all areas of life with minimization of any unforeseen biasness and comprehensive data. After full filling the inclusion criteria, 102 patients were selected as study participants. After completion and reviewing the questionnaire, data were analyzed by 21.00 SPSS version. Chi square/ fisher test, spearmen’s rank correlation were applied for categorical quantitative variable. Paired t test before and after were applied for qualitative variable. Highly significant reliability of items in the questionnaire was found along with inter item correlation (P < 0.05). Out of 102 patients of the study, 80 patients fell into the inclusion criteria, while 22 were excluded. A total of 80 patients were registered in the incorporate duration. Among the total samples 36 (42.9%) were males and 44 (52.4%) were females. Mean age males and females included in the study were 34.89 ± 17.73 and 33.36 ± 13.73 years respectively. The systolic and diastolic blood pressure (120/80 mg Hg) was observed in 18 (40.9%) females’ and 13 (36.1%) males’ patients. Quality, patient centricity and empowerment were the poor areas which need additional consultations and counseling for crutches free environment.
Shifting the Canon: An Analysis of Achebe’s Women in Things Fall Apart and Anthills of the Savannah  [PDF]
Maina Ouarodima
Advances in Literary Study (ALS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/als.2018.63009
Abstract: This paper analyses the image of women in Chinua Achebes Things Fall Apart and Anthills of the Savannah to bring into focus on the shifting of the canon through Achebe’s depiction of female characters in the two novels. The study focuses on some of the evil practices against the freedom of women, in the Igbo society, as reflected in Things Fall Apart and then contrasts with the positive image of women as reflected in Anthills of the Savannah. While the citizens, in general, and women, in particular, are ignorant in Things Fall Apart, written in the colonial period; they are, both, educated in Anthills of the Savannah, written in the postcolonial period. As findings, this study foregrounds the dynamism of the Igbo society, which allows Achebe, as a writer, to overcome prejudice and make obvious his quest for a once lost female identity. For instance, In Anthills of the Savannah and through Beatrice, Achebe presents the rise of new Nigerian women who are truly as active as men. Thus, for any meaningful development in
Research on the Influencing Factors and Mechanism to Innovation Performance of Team Psychological Empowerment  [PDF]
Caihong Zhang, Canqiu Zhong
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.212007
Abstract: Team psychological empowerment refers to the collective cognition which team members emerge from the state that how their teams have been empowered. More empowered teams tend to perform better than the less empowered teams, especially on the innovation behavior and creative outcome. This paper presents the connotation and measurement methods of team psychological empowerment, and then summarizes and discusses the influencing factors and mechanism to innovation performance of organizations. Finally, a brief outlook for the future research has been conducted.
Pain Assessment as a Tool in Back-to-Work Rehabilitation  [PDF]
Aud Moe, Aud Evensen, Karin Torvik, Hildfrid V. Brataas
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.59087
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to elucidate participant experiences with a way to use pain assessment as a tool in vocational rehabilitation and see if the process is perceived to be important for the rehabilitation process in a four-week lasting rehabilitation back to work program for people with chronic pain, mental illness and fatigue symptoms. Design: A qualitative study. Purposeful typical case sampling. Semi-structured qualitative interviews with rehabilitation back to work participants were thematic content analyzed. Setting: Interviews at the end of the 4th week of rehabilitation took place at a Rehabilitation Center in Central Norway. Subjects: Six women and four men aged 23 to 57 years, suffering from chronic pain and mild mental illness symptoms. Main outcome measure: This paper describes the participants’ experiences with pain mapping in back-to-work rehabilitation, used as a tool in a rehabilitation model for people suffering from chronic pain and mild mental illness. Results: The main topic was “empowered to insights”. The results illustrate a process where mapping tools were experienced relevant in the process of growing discovery of pain and ways of pain management. Pain assessment as a joint aid for both themselves and the staff provided a clearer pain understanding. Conclusion: Mapping as own activity, and cooperation with supportive personnel showing respect for patients’ own experiences, may promote empowerment, and further motivate own efforts and progress of the rehabilitation process.
Ms. Beena [Research Scholar],Dr. Madhu Mathur [Dean , Faculty of Education ]
International Journal of Economics and Research , 2012,
Abstract: Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. Information and communications are closely linked to power and the ability to affect change. ICT is an umbrella term that includes any communication device or application, encompassing: radio, television, cellular phones, computer etc. Socially the majorities of Indian women are still tradition bound and are in disadvantageous position. ICTs are emerging as a powerful tool for women empowerment in a developing country like India. The sample size of the research was 200 by no. of trainees and 30 by no of instructors of different Governmental and Nongovernmental Organizations of Jaipur district. Researcher used random sampling technique to select the sample for the study. The data was collected with the help of self constructed questionnaire. The analysis of mean and graphical representation used for the analysis of data indicated that the Age group, Marital status, Educational level had significant effect on different variable of women empowerment like Self confidence, Self awareness, Independence and Feeling of freedom. The study can be used to create awareness among women for betterment of their live. This research concluded that the information and communication technology empower a women in various areas like social, educational, personal, psychological, political, technological and economical.
The Effect of Family-Centered Empowerment Model on the Mothers’ Knowledge and Attitudes about Thalassemia Disorder
Kargar Najafi M,Borhani F,Dortaj Rabari E,Sabzevari S
Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology , 2011,
Abstract: Background Thalassemia is one of the most common human genetic diseases in the world and it provides many problems for patients, families and health care system. This model helped the family with sick children to empower to face disease and its complications. To reach this aim, the knowledge and attitude of patients and their families about the disease should be increased. This study was aimed at determine the effectiveness of family-centered empowerment model on the mothers’ knowledge and attitudes about thalassemia disorder. Objective To assess the effect of family-centered empowerment model on the mothers knowledge and attitudes about thalassemia disorder in children with thalassemia. Materials and methods This semi-experimental study was performed on 86 children with thalassemia that were randomly divided into two groups. A questionnaire was filled with demographic information and knowledge and attitude of the mothers about the disease. These questionnaires were tested for content validity and reliability (internal correlation). Information was given to first group and second group did not receive any more information. After intervention final evaluation was performed one and half month later. Results Data analysis showed that before intervention, the average awareness and attitude of the mothers in test group were no significantly different with control group (p>0.05). However, after performing model in the test group, this averages were significantly higher in test group than control (p<0.05). Conclusions The results of this study indicated that implementation of the family-centered empowerment model are effective on knowledge and attitudes of mothers of children with thalassemia.
Empowerment through Participation in Afforestation Programme among Toshia Community in Nigeria
Alhaji Abdu Geidam,Marof Redzuan,Asnarulkhadi Abu-Samah
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Desert encroachment is a universal phenomenon that affects the developed and developing nations as well. This has become an impediment in Africa and particularly among Toshia community in Nigeria. This makes it necessary to adopt a measure through participation in afforestation programme to fight desert encroachment. This present, study attempts to determined level of perception, participation and empowerment among the participants in afforestation programme in Toshia, Nigeria. Self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 150 participants who were purposively selected. The data was analyzed using multiple linear regressions to determine the factors that significantly contributed toward empowerment of the participants of the afforestation programme. Finding of this study shows that participation is the most significant variable that predicts the level of empowerment (R2= .349, p = 0.000). The study concluded that for conservation programme to succeed, empowerment benefits must be tangible to the participants.
Partnership, empowerment and local development
Vasconcellos, Mário;Vasconcellos, Ana Maria;
Intera??es (Campo Grande) , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1518-70122009000200002
Abstract: this paper tries to understand how partnership between local organisations (associations, cooperatives, worker's unions and others) and government affects local development. it explores to what extent partnership is an effective strategy for local development in areas of historical conflict between local government and the local organisations that defend the interests of family-based, small-scale rural producers. particularly, this paper concentrates on debate of partnership as a mechanism of power sharing and empowerment of the people that historically have been excluded from the development process. empirically, the paper is based on data collected in the municípios of ourém and igarapé-miri, northeast of para state, amazonia, brazil.
Acta Colombiana de Psicología , 2005,
Abstract: empowerment is a complex construc with various meanings, steps and actions. duns, trivette and lapointe (1992) propose a theoretical framework integrating three empowerment components: ideology, process and results. they also propose that each one has at least two meanings: as an ideology the empowerment includes philosophy and paradigm whose process involves faciliting activities and alliances. as a process it includeschanges in power perception and in performance. the article examines the conceptual model usefulness for development, implementation and assessing of empowerment interventions. for this, a case study is presented describing a empowerment intervention with a service organization for ethnic minorities with discapacities. the information was obtained through activities and semi-strucutred interview scoring. results indicate that the empowerment concept including multiple meanings is useful for analyzing empowerment interventions. discussion explores the theoretical implications for developing alliances among universities and communities to promote empowerment.
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