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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7464 matches for " efficacy of law "
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Reformulando la sociología jurídica: transformaciones del derecho en la mundialización y nueva ciudadanía
Estudios Socio-Jurídicos , 2009,
Abstract: this article seeks to demonstrate how law inter-related with economy, constitutes in modern societies one of the main instruments for the construction of citizen consensus or the construction of political hegemony in modern societies. if we consider this affirmation -as is argued here- the transformations suffered in recent decades by law as a consequence of the new phase of capitalistic globalization, have played an important role in the constitution of a new subjectivity ("single thought") in the population.
A Personnel Selection Model Based on TOPSIS
Fengru XI,Lili ZHANG
Management Science and Engineering , 2011, DOI: 10.3968/j.mse.1913035x20110503.4z681
Abstract: In order to establish mutual-support team, resolve the problem of new team members choosing, this paper puts forward the selection model into two parts: preliminary evaluation and the second time evaluation, based on the team-efficacy.The charater of the model is the that: ①make the efficiency of the team as the starting point, set the evaluation index system; Applying the Fuzzy TOPSIS law, with the positive and negative ideal point to close to the ideal personnel to determine the degree of primary staff. ②set up a mathematical model which make team members have the greatest benefit from the selective personnel based on synergy, complementing each other's ideas, considered the team members and selected members of the interaction between members of the selection of decision-making, the choice of judges and different from previous studies. Finally, the case illustrates the effectiveness and feasibility. Key words: Team-efficacy; Personnel Seletion; Fuzzy TOPSIS law; Mathematical model
The Efficacy Of Low-Dose Oral Corticosteroids In The Treatment Of Vitiligo Patients
Mirshams-Shahshahani M,Halaji Z,Ehsani AH,Toosi S
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Background: Vitiligo is an acquired pigmentary disorder that affects 1% of population. It presents as depigmented patches. One of the most probable theories regarding the pathogenesis of vitiligo is autoimmunity. Systemic corticosteroids may arrest the progression of vitiligo and lead to repigmentation by suppressing immune system. The objective of this study is to assess the clinical efficacy of low-dose oral corticosteroids in actively progressing vitiligo. Materials and Methods: Seventy four patients with vitiligo were evaluated. The patients took daily doses of oral prednisolone (0.3 mg/kg) initially for 2 months. Then the dosage was halved monthly, for the five subsequent months of treatment. The effects of treatment were evaluated using photography's before and after the study. Side effects were assessed at the first, second, third and fourth month of the treatment. Results: Arrested progression of vitiligo and repigmentation were noted in 74.3% and 62.1% of patients respectively. The mean pigmentation was 26.8%. The localized form, lower age of disease onset, no hair whiteness on the lesions and less affliction percent showed increased repigmentation with statistical significance. There was no significant difference between sexes and positive family history of vitiligo in patients. The best therapeutic results were obtained for facial lesions and the worst for mucosal lesions. The side effects of treatment were minimal and did not affect the course of the treatment. Conclusion: Low-dose oral corticosteroids are effective and have few serious side effects in preventing the progression of actively progressing vitiligo but regimentation is not significant and this regimen is effective in patients who are refractory to topical corticosteroids or phototherapy.
Emil B?LAN,Drago? Teodor TROAN?? REBELES
Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: From our perspective, the administrativeprocedure represents in a simple way the rulesthat apply to the activities of public administrationstructures (even if it concerns the drafting, theexecution or the control of administrative acts orthe realization of administrative operations).In the context represented by the need forreform and modernization in the public sector,the administrative procedure has to systemize,simplify and unify public administration activityeliminating the contradictions between theadministrative actions.The reform and modernization of publicadministration needs in our opinion to state andestablish in a clear and prescriptive way the rulesconcerning the general administrative procedure,in other words – the rules that guide the decisionmaking process, that assures openness andtransparency, the respect of citizens’ rights andinterests, the ef ciency of public administration.Our paper – “General principles of publicadministration procedure. The Romanianperspective” analyzes some of the generalprinciples that apply to the administrativeprocedure as they are formulated in the internallegal order, principles governing the administrativeprocedures that are not yet systemized and uni edin the form of one complex law, representing the rst stage of our project.Taking into consideration the internalexperience, our future research in this projectwill continue this study, in order to realize thecomparative dimension in two directions – onerepresenting the level and experience of theEuropean Union Member States and the otherrepresenting the European Union dimension
A Threat- and Efficacy-Based Framework to Understand Confidence in Vaccines among the Public Health Workforce
Daniel J. Barnett,Nicole A. Errett,Lainie Rutkow
Vaccines , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/vaccines1020077
Abstract: The Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM) is an established threat- and efficacy-based behavioral framework for understanding health behaviors in the face of uncertain risk. A growing body of research has applied this model to understand these behaviors among the public health workforce. In this manuscript, we aim to explore the application of this framework to the public health workforce, with a novel focus on their confidence in vaccines and perceptions of vaccine injury compensation mechanisms. We characterize specific connections between EPPM’s threat and efficacy dimensions and relevant vaccine policy frameworks and highlight how these connections can usefully inform training interventions for public health workers to enhance their confidence in these vaccine policy measures.
Ineficacia crónica del derecho andino: uno de los factores importantes para el ocaso de la Comunidad Andina de Naciones (CAN)
Arroyave-Quintero,Mario Andrés;
Papel Politico , 2008,
Abstract: andean integration is characterized by the absence of a political will on the part of member countries to abide by what has been consented upon, which precludes the fulfillment of the objectives and goals set in the cartagena agreement. political discord among governments, as well as constant breaches, weaken the institutions and the community law that sustain integration. this article approaches the juridical problems of the process of integration arising from the states’ policy to give primacy to the position of governments instead of contributing to the development and consolidation of a supranational organization capable of stabilizing the region and bringing closer the possibility of establishing a common market in which full respect for and the efficacy of community law prevail.
On the Development Trend in Macro-Evolution and Micro-Progress of Law  [PDF]
Linghan Zheng
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2015.62016
Abstract: Law evolution is prior to law progress. Once law progress began, both of them changed simultaneously. When law takes as a collective conception, it makes inner macro-evolution spontaneously. To a large extent, the law itself changes with the social changes. On the contrary, when law is regarded as a unit conception, it proceeds external micro-progress passively. It is depending on the social reason to promote and carefully constructed. The development of traditional law to modern law is development trend in macro-evolution of law. And the independent development from department law to field law is development trend in micro-progress of law.
The Role of Teachers’ Self- and Collective-Efficacy Beliefs on Their Job Satisfaction and Experienced Emotions in School  [PDF]
Georgia Stephanou, Georgios Gkavras, Maria Doulkeridou
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.43A040

This study aimed at investigating a) teachers’ job satisfaction, experienced emotions at school, self-efficacy and school collective-efficacy beliefs; b) the influential role of self-efficacy in the school collective-efficacy beliefs, and in the impact of the school collective-efficacy beliefs on job satisfaction and emotions; and c) the effect of self- and collective-efficacy beliefs on the impact of job satisfaction on emotions. The sample comprised 268 elementary school teachers (113 male, 155 female), who completed the scales at the middle of a school year. The results showed that a) the teachers experienced form moderate negative emotions to moderate positive emotions at school, particularly in the context-task- and self-related emotions; b) teachers’ self-efficacy had positive effect on school collective-efficacy beliefs and job satisfaction, and on the impact of collective efficacy on job satisfaction; c) self-efficacy, collective efficacy and job satisfaction, as a group, explained from a small to moderate amount of the variance of the emotions, while the impact of job satisfaction on the emotions was to a significant

Efficacy of Different Concentrations of Aloe chabaudii Leaf Gel as a Substitute for a Sulfonamide for the Control of Avian Coccidiosis  [PDF]
Marvelous Sungirai, Moses Mucheni, Lawrence Masaka
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.37053

The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Aloe chabaudii schonland juice as a potential substitute of sulphonamide drugs and to measure its effects when administered at different concentrations in the control of avian coccidiosis. 30 cobb and 500 broiler chickens were used for the experiment. The broilers were randomised into six groups of five birds each and the groups were assigned to six treatments in a Complete Randomised Design (CRD). Four of the groups were given any one of the following treatments, different concentrations of Aloe (weight/volume: 10%, 20% and 30%) and a sulphonamide. There was a control group which was not given a treatment and one cohort group which was neither infected nor treated. At two weeks of age, 25 of the birds were infected with coccidia via drinking water using infected chicken fecal matter, while the remaining five birds were left uninfected. Infection proceeded for 1 week and after the infection period, fecal oocysts were counted from each individual bird using the McMaster technique. Treatments started one day after the infection and continued for one week after 20 gram samples of fecal matter were taken from each bird per treatment and oocysts were counted. After oocyst counting, all birds were slaughtered and lesion scoring was done on the intestines using the Johnson and Reid technique. Data was analysed for oocysts count in different treatments, fecal egg count reduction, relative risk of coccidiosis and the effectiveness of Aloe concentrations as a substitute for a commercial sulphonamide. The results showed that the concentrations of Aloe used in the experiment were not effective as compared to the sulphonamide in controlling coccidiosis as the fecal egg reduction was below 90% for all concentrations. The relative risk of coccidiosis infection in the farm was found to be 100%, meaning that coccidiosis is a disease of economic importance at the farm. However, there was a reduction in the fecal oocyst count with increase in Aloe juice concentration to control coccidiosis, though this could not be compared to

Comparison of the Efficacy of Two Commercial Coccidicidal Compounds on Experimentally Infected Dogs  [PDF]
Froylán Ibarra-Velarde, Yolanda Vera-Montenegro, Nelyda Salda?a-Hernández, Pedro Ochoa-Galván
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.513127
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to compare the coccidicidal efficacy of two commercial compounds for artificially infected dogs. Eighteen cocccidia-free dogs, male and female aged between 2 and 4 months old, were infected each with 20,000 Cystoisospora oocists cultured under laboratory conditions. When the poppies showed high counts of oocysts per gramm (OPG) (McMaster method), they were divided into 3 groups (G). G1 was treated with a compound named One® (Lab. Bio Zoo) containing 150 mg of toltrazuril/tablet, administered daily/5days dosing 1 tablet per 10 kg b.w. G2 received Giacoccide® (Pet’s Pharma) containing 250 mg of sulfadimetoxine and 165 mg of dimetridazole dosing 1 tablet per 10 kg b.w. twice a day for 10 days. G3 served as an untreated control. The puppies were coprologically monitored on Days 0, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 to determine the percentage of OPG. Efficacy was measured based on the OPG reduction on treated animals relative to the untreated control. The results indicated an efficacy for compound One of 78.4%, 100%, 100%, 100%, 100% and 100%, for Days 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25, respectively and for Giacoccide 40.6%, 45.5%, 47.4%, 65.9%, 90.4% and 92.7%, for Days 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25, respectively. No statistical difference was observed on the weight of the treated puppies (p < 0.764), but the control group was statistically different to the treated ones (p < 0.014). It was concluded that compound One showed greater efficacy than Giacoccide for the treatment of canine coccidiosis in artificially infected dogs.
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