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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6357 matches for " eating disorders "
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The association between ADHD and eating disorders/pathology in adolescents: A systematic review  [PDF]
Carol Curtin, Sherry L. Pagoto, Eric Mick
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2013.34028
Abstract: Background: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), one of the most common neurodevelopmental conditions of childhood, is associated with high rates of mood and behavioral disorders. Preliminary evidence suggests that ADHD may also be associated with eating disorders (ED) or eating pathology (EP). This systematic review synthesizes the extant published literature on this association among youth ages 12-21 years. Methods: Literature searches were performed using Medline, Ovid/Psych Info, Google Scholar, and via manual inspection of bibliographies. Cross-sectional, case-control, and prospective studies published in English with sample sizes larger than 50, participant ages 12-21 years, and assessed ADHD and ED or EP, were considered for review. Case reports, feeding, and drug studies were excluded. Results: Preliminary searches yielded 337 articles; eight articles met inclusion/exclusion criteria. Two studies documented an association between ADHD and ED, and three studies found an association between ADHD and EP. Youth with ADHD were nearly 3 to 6 times more likely to develop an ED than youth without ADHD, and were also more likely to have higher rates of EP, body dissatisfaction, and desire to lose weight/ drive for thinness. Impulsivity was predictive of EP, and ADHD youth with co-occurring mood/behavioral disorders and punitive parental relationships were at higher risk. Conclusions: Five of eight studies documented an association between ADHD and ED or EP in adolescents. Future research is needed to confirm and refine further these findings. The findings have clinical implications, including the inclusion of ED/EP in screening and anticipatory guidance efforts. Evaluating whether medical management of ADHD may be efficacious in preventing and/or treating ED/EP is also warranted.
Eating disorders and pregnancy: Proposed treatment guidelines for obstetricians and gynecologists  [PDF]
Victor Fornari, Ida Dancyger, Jessica Renz, Rebecca Skolnick, Burton Rochelson
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.42016
Abstract:

Pregnant women with eating disorders are at risk for multiple complications to both the woman and the fetus. Eating disorders are particularly prevalent among adolescent girls and young women. This paper suggests a road map for the obstetrician gynecologist caring for women who either have an active eating disorder, report a history of a prior eating disorder, or when the clinician suspects that the woman may have an eating disorder which has not been previously identified. Proposed treatment guidelines are outlined.

A Qualitative Study of Males’ Perceptions about Causes of Eating Disorder  [PDF]
Karin Wallin, Gunn Pettersen, Tabita Bj?rk, Maria R?stam
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.515187
Abstract: Our knowledge about males’ perceptions about causes of eating disorder is very limited, but can be useful in the treatment planning for males. The aim of this study was to describe how male former patients perceived causes of onset of their eating disorder. Fifteen males previously treated for eating disorders and now considering themselves as recovered where interviewed at ages 19 - 52. All interviews were recorded and analyzed qualitatively using a phenomenographic approach. Three categories of perceived causes of onset of eating disorders were found. The first category: self-dissatisfaction, was presented with three conceptions: “High achievements and demands”, “Body-dissatisfaction” and “Low self-esteem”. The second category: family environment, comprised the two conceptions: “Difficulty in family interaction and communication” and “Excessive expectations from family members”. The third category was stressful events outside the family, and consisted of the three conceptions: “Bullying, bad situation at school”, “Moving to new places/separation from friends” and “Societal ideals”. Males’ perceptions of causes of onset of their eating disorder were in many aspects similar to those earlier described for women. In treatment, it is important that the clinicians show a sincere interest in perceived causes, since it may facilitate a good working alliance with the patient.
Trastornos de la conducta alimentaria y trastornos afectivos: Un estudio comparativo
Behar A,Rosa; Arriagada S,María Inés; Casanova Z,Dunny;
Revista médica de Chile , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872005001200001
Abstract: background: the relationship between eating disorders and affective disorders still remains unclear. eating disordered patients may have affective disorders and vice versa, depressed and maniac patients may experience eating problems. aim: to compare eating symptoms, attitudes and behaviors in patients with affective disorders and normal subjects. subjects and methods: a structured clinical interview, the eating attitudes test (eat-40) and the eating disorder inventory (edi) were administered to 194 patients that fulfilled the dsm-iv diagnostic criteria for eating disorders, to 45 patients with affective disorders and to 82 normal female students. results: patients with eating disorders ranked significantly higher on the eat-40 and on the edi and its factors (p <0.001). patients with affective disorders ranked between eating disordered patients and the students (p <0.001). compulsive-purgative type of anorectics and purgative type of bulimics showed the highest scores on these measures (p <0.001). restrictive type of anorectics scored significantly highest on edi maturity fears item (p <0.001). not significant difference was observed on the edi ineffectiveness item, between purgative bulimics and depressive patients and between the latter and compulsive-purgative anorexics, on the edi interpersonal distrust item. conclusions: compulsive-purgative type of anorectics and purgative type of bulimics showed the more severe psychological and behavioral disturbances. restrictive types of anorectics were the most immature. both purgative bulimics and depressive patients showed feelings of general inadequacy, and both compulsive-purgative anorexics and depressive patients displayed an interpersonal distrust. as a whole, patients with affective disorders did not show the core eating disordered behaviors and attitudes as seen in patients suffering from eating problems (rev méd chile 2005; 133: 1407-14)
Estrés y trastornos de la conducta alimentaria
Behar A,Rosa; Valdés W,Claudia;
Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-92272009000300002
Abstract: background: stress and psychosocial adversity are main factors involved atthe onset and development of eating disorders (ed). objective: to compare qualitative and quantitatively the exposure to vital stressing events, psychological and behavioral characteristics among women with and without eating disorders. to correlate stress, eating disordered symptoms and socio demographic variables in both groups. method: self-evaluation scale of stress (srrs), eating attitudes test (eat-40), eating disorders inventory (edi) and the body shape questionnaire (bsq), were applied to 50 eating disordered patients and to 50 university students without these pathologies. results: patients exhibited higher levels of stress accumulated during the year before the diagnosis, where family conflicts and habit changes stood out among the stressors. the srrs (p = < 0,05), edi (p = < 0,05), eat- 40(p = < 0,05), and bsq (p = < 0,05) showed statistically meaningful differences between patients and controls. in patients stress was positively correlated mainly to perfectionism (r = 0.255) and bsq (r= 0.112); in controls, edi (r = 0.282), bmi (r= 0.282), inefectiveness (r = 0.26), eat-40 (r=0.188), maturity fears (r = 0.139), interoceptive awareness (r = 0.14) and body dissatisfaction (r = 0.116). perfectionism, drive for thinness, bulimia, maturity fears, ideal weight and bmi increase the risk to develop stress (or= > 1). it was confirmed the predictive capacity of eat-40 for ed (p = 0,046). the bsq ranged the highest scores within bulimics (148.72 (± 32.75); p < 0.05). conclusions: these results emphasize the importance of vital stress events in eating disordered patients, especially within family dynamics, in the context of primary care, and they provide guidance for future researches.
Hábitos y Trastornos Alimenticios asociados a factores Socio-demográficos, Físicos y Conductuales en Universitarios de Cartagena, Colombia
Sáenz Duran,Shirly; González Martínez,Farith; Díaz Cárdenas,Shyrley;
Revista Clínica de Medicina de Familia , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1699-695X2011000300003
Abstract: objective. to describe the prevalence of eating habits and disorders in university students and their relationship with socio-demographic, physical and behavioural factors. design. cross-sectional study setting. municipality of cartagena de indias, colombia. participants. 1040 students in day and evening programmes at the university of cartagena. main measurements. a structured questionnaire was used to assess eating habits and socio-demographic factors; eat-26 and scoff for eating disorders and the holmes and rahe scale for the susceptibility to disease. occurrence was estimated by prevalence, assuming confidence 95% intervals. relationships between variables were evaluated using odds ratios and multivariate analysis using nominal logistic regression. results. the most common reason for not eating well was the lack of habit and time. susceptibility to disease was 23.1% and the risk of anorexia and bulimia 14.2%. the best model for logistic regression with scoff showed statistical significance with age (or: 1.86), susceptibility to disease (or: 1.77), diet (or: 2.81), colon problems (or: 1.8), and lack of physical activity (or: 3.04). conclusions. eating habits and disorders in university students are influenced by factors related to university life. this behavior should be considered as a serious problem that one that interferes with the smooth running of academic activities.
Prevalência de compuls?o alimentar entre universitárias de diferentes áreas de estudo
Vitolo, Márcia Regina;Bortolini, Gisele Ane;Horta, Rogério Lessa;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082006000100004
Abstract: introduction: binge eating (be) among women has been regarded as a risk factor for the diagnosis of more severe eating disorders. the present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of be among female university students and its association with body mass index (bmi) and age. material and methods: the study evaluated 491 female university students aged between 17 and 55 years in three fields of knowledge (exact sciences, health and humanities) at the universidade do vale do rio dos sinos (unisinos), located in s?o leopoldo (brazil). a self-administered questionnaire was used to evaluate be frequency on the binge eating scale (bes). height and weight data were provided by study subjects. results: prevalence of be among the students was 18.1%. frequency of bmi > 25 kg/m2 was 11.4%, of which 75.8% were over 20 years old. significant association was found between bmi and be in the general group, since 54.5% of the overweight and obese students presented be (p < 0.001). age was not associated with be. students in the health field with age < 20 years showed greater frequency of be (p < 0.05), whereas this result was reversed in the humanities (p < 0.05). conclusion: the self-administered questionnaire revealed a high prevalence of be among female university students and an association with overweight. further investigations are necessary to confirm the results and evaluate the presence of other eating disorders.
Deportes y trastornos de la conducta alimentaria
Behar A,Rosa; Hernández T,Patricia;
Revista médica de Chile , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872002000300007
Abstract: background: people who work out could have an excessive concern for diet and body weight and thus be more prone to have eating disorders. aim: to compare psychological and behavioral traits between subjects with clinically relevant eating disorders and subjects that work out regularly. subjects and methods: the eating attitudes test (eat-40) and the eight items of the eating disorders inventory were administered to 151 patients that fulfilled the dsm-iv diagnostic criteria for eating disorders and to 396 subjects who work out regularly in gymnasiums (136 males). results: eighteen percent of subjects that worked out (5 males and 67 females) scored within the pathological range in the eat-40. these subjects were classified as having a subclinical eating disorder. when comparing the edi scores of these subjects with those of patients with clinically relevant eating disorders, they had a similar drive for thinness (p= 0.413), body dissatisfaction (p= 0.365), maturity fears (p= 0.190) and perfectionism (p= 0.907). females had similar interpersonal distrust (p= 0.709) scores. males had similar maturity fears (p= o.119), perfectionism (p= 0.253) and interpersonal distrust (p= 0.767) scores. conclusions: subjects that work out regularly and have subclinical eating disorders, display similar drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction, immaturity and perfectionism traits, than patients suffering from clinically relevant eating disorders (rev méd chile 2002; 130: 287-94)
Deportes y trastornos de la conducta alimentaria Eating disorders among gymnasium users
Rosa Behar A,Patricia Hernández T
Revista médica de Chile , 2002,
Abstract: Background: People who work out could have an excessive concern for diet and body weight and thus be more prone to have eating disorders. Aim: To compare psychological and behavioral traits between subjects with clinically relevant eating disorders and subjects that work out regularly. Subjects and methods: The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-40) and the eight items of the Eating Disorders Inventory were administered to 151 patients that fulfilled the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for eating disorders and to 396 subjects who work out regularly in gymnasiums (136 males). Results: Eighteen percent of subjects that worked out (5 males and 67 females) scored within the pathological range in the EAT-40. These subjects were classified as having a subclinical eating disorder. When comparing the EDI scores of these subjects with those of patients with clinically relevant eating disorders, they had a similar Drive for thinness (p= 0.413), Body dissatisfaction (p= 0.365), Maturity fears (p= 0.190) and Perfectionism (p= 0.907). Females had similar Interpersonal distrust (p= 0.709) scores. Males had similar Maturity fears (p= O.119), Perfectionism (p= 0.253) and Interpersonal distrust (p= 0.767) scores. Conclusions: Subjects that work out regularly and have subclinical eating disorders, display similar drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction, immaturity and perfectionism traits, than patients suffering from clinically relevant eating disorders (Rev Méd Chile 2002; 130: 287-94)
Depresión y trastornos de la conducta alimentaria en una muestra no clínica de adolescentes mujeres
Vega,Verónica C.; Piccini,Marta; Barrionuevo,José A.; Tocci,Romina F.;
Anuario de investigaciones , 2009,
Abstract: the aim of the work was to research of the association between depression and eating disorders in a non clinical female sample of 700 adolescents between 12 and 21 years old. during 2008, 2 questionnaires were self-administered: the beck depression inventory-bdi (beck, 1972) and the eating attitude test-eat-26 (garner, olmsted, bohr& garfinkel, 1982) in state schools of a suburb of buenos aires. results show a high correlation between the test of beck and the eating attitude test. the relation between both variables (depression and tca) in each phase of the adolescence (early, middle and late) was also analyzed; confirming the correlations in the 3 segments. finally it was tracked which items of the test of beck were the best predictors of each scale of the eat-26 and the total of this questionnaire. conclusions: results confirm association between both disorders. suggestion of studying comorbidity is been made.
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