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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3921 matches for " early Christianity "
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Apontamentos sobre o Enigma Gnóstico
Marilia Fiorillo
REVER : Revista de Estudos da Religi?o , 2008,
Abstract: Since the publication of The Nag Hammadi Library (NHL) in the late 1970s, there has been an increased interest in academic studies on Gnosticism, especially the Christian variant. This article, based on the theoretical approaches of Hans Jonas and E. R. Dodds, addresses the Gnostic vision of Creation, as well as the unique and exaggerated rhetoric to which the Gnostic imagination must resort in order to shape its excessive syncretism.
Heidegger y la reforma protestante
Ginzo Fernández,Arsenio;
Revista de Filosofía , 2009,
Abstract: since the enlightenment, the reference to the protestant reformation is an important trait of german philosophy, specially of german idealism. heidegger too joins this tradition, specially during his youth. the article analyzes the main aspects of heidegger′s confrontation with the protestant reformation, emphatizing as well his insertion in the german philosophy as his significance in the making of the heideggerian philosophy.
Using ‘messiah’ as a title
Gerda de Villiers
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v67i3.1136
Abstract: How to cite this book review: De Villiers, G., 2011, ‘Using “messiah” as a title’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 67(3), Art. #1136, 2 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v67i3.1136
Documents on early Christian and Byzantine architecture
Milo?evi? Predrag
Facta Universitatis Series : Architecture and Civil Engineering , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/fuace1003277m
Abstract: There are many models in the entire history of architecture which have travelled across the world, from one to another part of the big world. For various reasons, very frequently not at all scientific or professional, in our part of the world, be it Serbian or Yugoslav, or south Slav, some like to remain silent, when it comes to the transition of a Byzantine model, which by nature is rooted in the Orthodox Christian faith at the south east of Europe and the outmost west of Asia, to their areas, pervaded to a great extent by the Roman Catholic Christian belief, or Islam. There are numerous evidences of the transition of a model, one of many which found their new home on the west-European soil after the fall of Byzantium, mostly after the Crusades, when looters, but also scientists and artists in Italy, came by new wealth, and new knowledge, in the capital of the fallen Empire, observing its magnificent edifices, and taking its parts to their boats and shipping them to Venice and other cities in Italy and placing them on their buildings and squares, as they have done with the columns of the Augusteion of Constantinople, the square dedicated to Justinian's mother Augusta, which now decorate the square near the famous Venetian church of Saint Marco. Some other, also numerous accounts, explain how the Ottoman Turkish architecture in almost the same way, adopted its mosque construction model at the same place, in the same manner, retaining the actual structures but changing the religious insignia, or by copying this Byzantine model in building the new mosques.
La Apología y el Diálogo en los primeros apologistas latinos: Tertuliano y Minucio Félix
Ames,Cecilia;
Circe de cl??sicos y modernos , 2008,
Abstract: the paper analyzes the literary genre and classic authors used by the first latin apologists tertullian and minucius felix to deepen the question of the classic latin reception for the construction, consolidation and diffusion of christianity. this look tries to understand the choice of literary genre and the use and appropriation of argumentations and elements of classical authors like moments of a practice and, therefore, of a process, which become understandable and explainable as a strategy, having in account the place from where they are produced. understood as a strategy, the literary genre is linked to the construction of the power to set itself up as speaker authorized. from this perspective we will approach the reception and use of latin authors.
Los orígenes del cristianismo hispano. Algunas claves sociológicas
Fernández Ubi?a, José
Hispania Sacra : Revista de Historia Eclesiástica , 2007,
Abstract: From the third century on Christianity became rooted in Hispania as a syncretic religion that appealed mainly to urban oligarchy and high social strata. Because they were the main Christian disseminators and leaders, the Spanish churches lived in perfect harmony with their social environment and that made it possible for them to assume, without traumatic breaks, the political role and policy of integration previously played by the Roman religion. The first Christian communities’ fervent and free spirituality was shared in Hispania especially throughout the fourth century, above all among heretic aristocrats who were relentlessly harassed both by the Roman State and the orthodox Church. El cristianismo se implantó en Hispania a partir del siglo III, con contenidos y formas de carácter sincretista y entre las oligarquías y capas altas sociales. Por ser estos sectores sus principales difusores y dirigentes, las iglesias hispanas vivieron en plena armonía con su entorno social y asumieron paulatinamente, sin rupturas traumáticas, el papel integrador y político antes desempe ado por la religión romana. La espiritualidad ferviente y libre de las primeras comunidades cristianas sólo se conoció en el siglo IV, entre aristócratas heréticos, perseguidos y marginados por el Estado romano y por la Iglesia ortodoxa.
Exploring similarities between the German and the Dutch ‘ethical’ traditions: Possibilities of the history of religion for a theological approach to Old Testament studies in South Africa
Jan H. Vorster
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2010, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v66i1.428
Abstract: This article shows how dialectic theology caused a loss of interest in the history of religion, which was seen as out of touch with the current world. The distinction between theology and the history of religion became increasingly vague. The article focuses on the contribution of Rainier Albertz in his two-volume Religionsgeschichte Israels in alttestamentlicher Zeit (History of Israelite religion in the Old Testament period), 1992. Albertz proposed that the history of religion should be restored to serve as the ‘more sensible discipline for abridging the Old Testament’. This article points out several advantages to this approach, namely a different kind of Old Testament theology, starting from current theological problems and searching through the thematic segments of Israel’s religious history and that of early Christianity for analogous insights relevant to the problems in question. This article develops the argument that Albertz’s suggestions open up possibilities for establishing a vibrant theological environment in South Africa, where theologians from a diverse society can start from different perspectives on current problems, consider the Bible as part of a uniquely defined set of relevant factors and present a kaleidoscope of cross-balancing ‘African’ theological perspectives. The aim of this approach is to enhance the possibilities of Albertz’s suggestions by relating them, in context, to insights from ethical theology in the hope of reviving the debate regarding repositioning the history of religion in a different kind of theological approach. This debate is long in coming: it may already have lost close to 20 years in deserved attention. How to cite this article: Vorster, J.H., 2010, ‘Exploring similarities between the German and the Dutch ‘ethical’ traditions: Possibilities of the history of religion for a theological approach to Old Testament studies in South Africa’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 66(1), Art. #428, 12 pages. DOI: 10.4102/hts.v66i1.428
Gen(de)red power: Die Macht des Genres im Streit um die Frauenrolle in Pastoralbriefen und Paulusakten
Annette Merz
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v68i1.1185
Abstract: Gen(de)red power: The power of genre in the debate about women’s roles in the Pastoral Letters and the Acts of Paul. Two texts that contributed to the discussion on gender roles in formative Christianity, 1 Timothy and the Acts of Paul, are investigated. In both cases the emphasis is on the much-disputed role of women. Power plays a role on different levels. On the one hand power relations between the sexes are depicted or directly addressed by the text (‘gendered’ power), while on the other hand the power of persuasion is brought to bear on both male and female readers to legitimize the patriarchal, videlicet the encratitic model of gender. This is done by rhetorical means that are text-specific, but also make use of genre-specific persuasion strategies. This ‘genred power’ is still mostly unchartered territory in exegetical discussions and is therefore the focus of my investigation. Especially important in both genres are intertextual allusions to authoritative texts. Fictive self-references which enable the author (’Paul’) to correct himself are one focus of interest. Narrative strategies (i.e. character and plot development) which also have an intertextual dimension are a second focal point. The take-over of the role of Peter who denies Jesus and repents by Paul in the Acts of Thecla turns out to be of major rhetorical significance. How to cite this article: Merz, A., 2012, ‘Gen(de)red power: Die Macht des Genres im Streit um die Frauenrolle in Pastoralbriefen und Paulusakten‘, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 68(1), #Art. 1185, 9 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v68i1.1185
La Apología y el Diálogo en los primeros apologistas latinos: Tertuliano y Minucio Félix The Apology and the Dialog in the first Latin apologists: Tertullian and Minucius Felix
Cecilia Ames
Circe de Clásicos y Modernos , 2008,
Abstract: El trabajo se propone analizar la cuestión del género y de los autores clásicos utilizados por los primeros padres apologistas latinos Tertuliano y Minucio Félix para, a partir de allí, profundizar en la cuestión de la recepción clásica latina para la construcción, consolidación y difusión del cristianismo. Esta mirada crítica radica en tratar de comprender la elección del género y la utilización y apropiación de argumentaciones y elementos de autores clásicos en general como momentos de una práctica y, por lo tanto, de un proceso, los cuales se hacen comprensibles y explicables como estrategia, habida cuenta del lugar desde donde son producidas. Entendido como estrategia, el género literario está ligado a la construcción de la competencia para erigirse como enunciador autorizado y válido. Desde esta perspectiva también abordaremos la cuestión de la recepción y utilización de autores latinos. The paper analyzes the literary genre and classic authors used by the first Latin apologists Tertullian and Minucius Felix to deepen the question of the classic Latin reception for the construction, consolidation and diffusion of Christianity. This look tries to understand the choice of literary genre and the use and appropriation of argumentations and elements of classical authors like moments of a practice and, therefore, of a process, which become understandable and explainable as a strategy, having in account the place from where they are produced. Understood as a strategy, the literary genre is linked to the construction of the power to set itself up as speaker authorized. From this perspective we will approach the reception and use of Latin authors.
Buddhism, Christianity, Actuality  [PDF]
Kuang-Ming Wu
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2017.72010
Abstract: We here proceed in five steps, Buddhism in bits, Christianity in bits, their disasters, our disasters in existence, and then concrete actuality mysterious. Firstly, Buddhism takes things as mere collections of elements and thereby tries to convey the transcendent truth of Nirvana in this mundane-samsara world. Secondly, Christianity is based on ambiguous facts and elusive history, and is thereby undermined. Thirdly, Buddhist dissolution and Christianity in vain devastate their sheer existence. Fourthly, our own existence itself is devastated due to their disasters. Fifthly, such mess is caused by trying to definitely express the inexpressible but definite actuality. Still, both features of actuality—definite and inexpressible—tell of its monstrous objectivity (definite and indefinable) and monstrous subjectivity (lost and not-lost). All such twists show the fascinating time logic dancing alive in history. All this concludes with dreams caught by our viscera to resolve our monsters.
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