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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 831 matches for " disabled persons "
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The Enjoyment of Physical Activity Determines Body Mass Index in Young People with Physical Disabilities  [PDF]
Shirley S. M. Fong, Amy S. C. Ha, Tina W. T. Chan, Mei K. Au
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.45030
Abstract:

Objective: This study aimed to 1) compare the body mass index (BMI) and patterns of out-of-school activity participation in young people with and without physical disabilities, and 2) examine the relationship between BMI and the activity participation patterns among young people with physical disabilities. Methods: Thirty-nine young persons with physical disabilities (mean age ± standard deviation: 18.79 ± 1.99 years) and 70 healthy individuals (mean age ± standard deviation: 18.64 ± 0.74 years) participated in the study. The diversity, intensity, companionship, location and enjoyment of participation in activities were evaluated using the Children’s Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) scale. Body height and weight were obtained and BMI was calculated. Results: People with physical disabilities, regardless of their gender, had significantly lower CAPE-derived scores in almost all types of activity than the control participants (p < 0.05). Moreover, BMI was significantly higher in the group with physical disabilities than in the control group (p < 0.001). Regression analysis further showed that the CAPE score for physical activity explained 17.2% of the variance in BMI (p = 0.021). Conclusion: Young people with physical disabilities generally had lower levels of activity participation and a higher BMI than their healthy counterparts. The perception of enjoyment during physical activities was an important determinant of BMI in this group of participants.

Socio-Economic Profile of People with Disabilities: A Health Impact  [PDF]
Paula Marciana Pinheiro de Oliveira, Monaliza Ribeiro Mariano, Lorita Marlena Freitag Pagliuca, Jacqueline Mota da Silva, Paulo Cesar de Almeida, Giselly Oseni Barbosa Oliveira
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.75075
Abstract: The objective was to compare the socioeconomic profile and the repercussions for effects on the health of people with physical, hearing and visual of the main Ceará state associations in Brazil. Quantitative study carried out from March to August 2012 through a structured questionnaire with 120 subjects. Variables were: gender, age, education, family income and marital status. Studies are necessary to examine the effects of sociodemographic characteristics on health. The results indicate that the three deficiencies have different distributions in all age groups (p = 0.001), and auditory and visual obtained the highest percentage in the age group of 18 - 29 years (67.5% and 40%, respectively), while motor in the range of 30 - 49 (60%), if no association between level of education and disability was found (p = 0.553). Family income showed a statistically significant difference between disability (p = 0.044), with lower income in hearing loss (45%) and higher in the visual (42.5%). Studies have demonstrated that people with disabilities are not homogeneous. It is important to examine socioeconomic indicators, and individual needs and characteristics to plan effective action.
Structural Accessibility of Gynecological Nursing Clinics for Users with Motor Disabilities in Basic Health Units  [PDF]
Ana Talyne Pessoa, Beatriz da Silva Lima, Lorita Marlena Freitag Pagliuca, Paula Marciana Pinheiro de Oliveira, Leilane Barbosa de Sousa, Paulo César de Almeida, Luciana Vieira de Carvalho, Aline Cruz Esmeraldo áfio
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.510095
Abstract: A quantitative descriptive study aimed to evaluate the physical structure accessibility of gynecological nursing clinics and their bathrooms in basic health units for users with motor disabilities. A checklist tool/instrument was applied for analyzing 16 items in the bathroom and four in the nursing clinic. 157 basic health units were evaluated. In the nursing clinic, counters and tables (79.6%) were accessible, but stretchers (93%), seats (93.6%) and doors (87.3%) were inaccessible; moreover, 17.8% of the units examined proved totally inaccessible. In the bathroom, the items with the best evaluation were the height of the toilet flusher (47%) with operation by slight pressure (44.6%) and the wall-mounted sink (42.7%). Bathroom doors and turning area/space for wheelchairs were inaccessible. No bathroom reached full accessibility, and 31.2% were entirely inaccessible. Non-compliance was evident of the standard 9050:2004 of the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards. Raising the awareness of health and engineering professionals is recommended to learn technical accessibility standards and implement them.
Association between Aphasia and Acalculia: Analytical Cross-Sectional Study  [PDF]
Gabriela De Luccia, Karin Zazo Ortiz
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2016.71001
Abstract: Acalculia in aphasic patients should be better investigated in order to understand if it is a simple comorbid or if it is influenced by language disorders. This study aimed to compare the performance on EC301 battery calculation tasks between aphasic and normal subjects and sought to verify a possible association between number processing and calculation skills and linguistic changes in aphasic patients, in order to investigate if language disorders interfere with number processing and calculation. Analytical cross-sectional study with a control group, performed of the Department of Speech and Hearing Disorders of a public university, conducted in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. First, to analyze the specific difficulties encountered in numerical processing and calculation tasks among the aphasic group, aphasic and healthy adult’s performance in specific calculation tasks were compared. The calculation tasks, which had been badly performed by aphasic patients, were selected. Aphasic patients were also submitted to the language tasks from Montreal-Toulouse Protocol: oral and written comprehension, repetition, reading aloud, naming and dictation. We observed that aphasic individuals showed changes in numerical processing and calculation tasks that were not observed in the healthy population. The most important finding of this study was that aphasic individuals showed changes in numerical processing and calculation that were positively associated to their linguistic performance. The strong associations between battery EC301 and linguistic tasks suggest that language disorders interfere with number processing and calculation.
Psychoactive Substance Use and Disabled People: An Integrative Review  [PDF]
Fernanda Jorge Guimar?es, Monaliza Ribeiro Mariano, Lorita Marlena Freitag Pagliuca
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.814142
Abstract: This study aimed to analyze the evidence available in the literature about psychoactive substance use by persons with disabilities. We used integrative review of literature in SciELO, PubMed, SCOPUS, BDENF, and PsychINFO databases, with the descriptors: pessoas com deficiência; transtornos relacionados a uso de substancias; disabled persons; and substance-related disorders. Twelve articles were included in the sample. Data were analyzed and discussed descriptively. The studies’ results, with scientific evidence, were synthesized on two main themes: substance use by people with disabilities, and access of people with disabilities to treatment for substance-related disorders. The scientific evidences identified in studies reported disability as a risk factor for substance abuse, and also reported that disabled persons did not have access to treatment and rehabilitation services for substance abuse. Finally, the studies analyzed pointed to the need for scientific research on this topic.
Physical Accessibility for Disabled People: Analysis of Toilet Facilities in Primary Health Care Units  [PDF]
Aline Cruz Esmeraldo áfio, Luciana Vieira de Carvalho, Juliana Freitas Marques, Paula Marciana Pinheiro de Oliveira, Paulo Cesar de Almeida, Lorita Marlena Freitag Pagliuca
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2016.611091
Abstract: Background: Accessibility enables the effective participation of disabled persons in public and private areas and the use of urban equipment and street furniture. Objective: This study aimed to analyze the physical accessibility of toilet facilities in urban and rural primary health care units. Methods: It was a quantitative descriptive study conducted in 157 Primary Health Care Units of 16 municipalities in the Baturité Massif region, Ceará, Brazil. The study took place from August 2014 to May 2015, with a checklist type form, designed from the Technical Standard 9050 of the Brazilian National Standards Organization, specifying the ideal access conditions established by law to allow mobility of persons with physical disabilities. Data were processed through the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software and organized into tables. Results: Toilets designed for physically disabled people were accessible as the location and signs (59.9%), identified with symbols for males and females (57.3%); however, the doorway width was smaller than needed to accommodate a wheelchair (77.7%). Inside the bathroom, only the forward approach was possible (59.9%). Grab bars positioned on the side and rear walls were inadequate or nonexistent (67.6%); toilet seats (91.1%) and toilet paper dispensers (96.2%) were mostly in inaccessible heights; flush controls in appropriate height (59.2%) and activated by light pressure (58%). Sinks without pedestal (51%), but higher than recommended (80.3%) and without single handle faucets (95.6%). It was verified that the toilets of basic health units located in urban areas had better accessibility conditions compared to those in rural areas. Conclusion: Results showed that the analyzed units presented physical inaccessibility in some toilet facilities, making it difficult or even impossible the accessibility for the disabled. The inclusion of accessibility features in health services for this clientele provides equal opportunities and social inclusion.
Disability and Related Factors among Road Traffic Accident Victims in Benin: Study from Five Public and Faith-Based Hospitals in Urban and Suburban Areas  [PDF]
Yolaine Glèlè-Ahanhanzo, Alphonse Kpozèhouen, No?l Moussiliou Para?so, Patrick Makoutodé, Chabi O. Alphonse Biaou, Eric Remacle, Edgard-Marius Ouendo, Alain Levêque
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2018.84018
Abstract: Introduction: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a major public health issue in developing countries, where roads tend to be built haphazardly and accidents take a heavy toll on victims—including leaving them disabled. This study seeks to identify those factors that cause RTA victims to become disabled as a result of their injuries. Methods: This retrospective community-based study looked at RTA victims treated in five public and faith-based hospitals in Benin. Disability was evaluated using the Washington Group on Disabilities Statistics questionnaire. The independent variables were related to the victim’s socio-demographic traits, the circumstances of the accident, and post-crash response mechanisms. The proportions were compared using the chi-squared test, with a threshold of 5%. Results: The prevalence of disability among road traffic accident victims is 9.59% (CI 95%: 6.86% - 13.20%). The occurrence of disability is associated with age (p = 0.002), occupational group (p = 0.0077), the mode of transport used to transfer the victim (p < 0.001) and the location of the injuries (p = 0.0035). The study also found that people fail to make sufficient use of post-crash response mechanisms. Conclusion: Public policy-makers should therefore focus on stepping up interventions to get more people using both protective equipment and post-crash response services.
A constru??o do ídolo no fen?meno futebol
Morato, Márcio Pereira;Giglio, Sérgio Settani;Gomes, Mariana Sim?es Pimentel;
Motriz: Revista de Educa??o Física , 2011, DOI: 10.5016/1980-6574.2011v17n1p1
Abstract: this paper objectives to investigate the idol role in the construction of the football phenomenon in brazil. for that, ex-football players, professional football players and football 5-a-side players were interviewed. the data analysis emphasized four categories: creation, diffusion, idolatry and roles. to analyze and make inferences from the data, the enunciation analysis, one of the contend analysis technique was used. the construction of idols was dependent on the appreciation of great achievements and creating bonds. the achievements are dependent on the categories time and space, giving an "expiration date" to idolatry and providing a cyclic renewal of idols. the stronger the relationship of the triad player-club-fan, the deeper the bonds will be. the achievements are "shown" in the media and if the bonds are well established, the image of the idol will be exalted and valued, nurturing and motivating the passion of the fans and cultivating the dream of being a football player in the social imaginary.
Breast Health to Blind Woman: Validation of Accessible Online Course  [PDF]
Aline Tomaz de Carvalho, Lorita Marlena Freitag Pagliuca, Ana Fátima Carvalho Fernandes
Advances in Internet of Things (AIT) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ait.2015.51002
Abstract: This study aimed to build an accessible online course about breast cancer, focusing on early detection. It is a methodological development study based on the construction of the Health Breast Online Course, accessible for blind women. Content assessment with three health professionals was carried out, in a public university of Ceará, in September 2012. Three blind people educators evaluated pedagogical aspects at a specialized school in Fortaleza, Ceará, in October 2012. The content was modified according to the experts’ suggestions to simple language, logical sequence and emphasis on breast self-exam. After three stages of evaluation, it was considered fully adequate. Appearance was evaluated as fully adequate, able to arouse interest and to promote inclusive education. Stages of content and pedagogical aspects assessment have been addressed satisfactorily. There are new steps that must be performed for the validation. This study expands horizons for researches in this subject and generates reflection on accessible online health education.
Ejercicio de la autonomía en discapacitados mentales
Ayala Serret,Sandra;
Revista Cubana de Pediatr?-a , 2001,
Abstract: the exercise of autonomy adquires particular characteristics in those individuals with some mental discapacity and it depends on the level or severity of such affection. a number of criteria in this regard are addressed in this paper so as to promote discussions on this issue.
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