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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1275 matches for " disability "
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Change in the Prevalence of Diseases Among Older Americans: 1984-1994
Crimmins Eileen M.,Saito Yasuhiko
Demographic Research , 2000,
Abstract: The prevalence of diseases increased among older Americans in recent years. The largest increases have been in the proportion of the population with heart disease and cancer. There has also been a decrease in the number of older persons with no disease and an increase in the proportion of people with multiple conditions. The severity of disability among women with most diseases has been reduced; among men there has been no reduction in disability.
Epidemiology and Sequelae of Workplace Hand Injuries at a Tertiary Trauma Care Centre  [PDF]
Rohini Prasad, Arivind Bhamidi, Arunkumar Rajeswaran, Subramaniam Muthukumar, Porkodi Kothandaraman, Meenatchi Sivaraj
Surgical Science (SS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2014.54027

Aims & Objectives: To study the epidemiology of workplace hand injuries, to understand relation between mode of injury and prognosis, to investigate into the possible contributing factors and to study the Socio-economic impact. Design of Study: For the prospective study there were 2 sources of data: 1) Proforma which was filled by the hand surgeon and 2) A questionnaire that was filled up by safety officer. For the retrospective study case, sheets were retrieved from the Medical Records section and a telephonic or personal interview was carried out by a single interviewer. Setting: Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Parvathy Hospital, Chennai, India. Patients: A total of 419 industrial injury patients treated from January 2008 to January 2013 were included in the study. Further follow-up regarding return to work and residual disability continues. Main Outcome Measures: Personal details (Age, Gender, Handedness, Work experience, Income). Type of injury, mode of injury, day and time of injury, treatment given, disability and number of working days lost were measured. Results: Those workers who were experienced less than 6 months had more workplace injuries and the commonest contributing factor was co-workers carelessness followed by long working hours and faulty machinery. Maximum injuries occurred on Monday and morning shift. Conclusions: Constant supervision of trainees for 2 years, shorter working hours with regular breaks, regular health checkups for personnel, regular servicing of machines can prevent occurrence of hand injuries. Corrective surgery within 6 hours, systematic and protocol based physiotherapy and rehabilitation can reduce the economic loss and disability arising out of work place injuries.

Disclosure of Disability by University Students: Development of a Study Protocol  [PDF]
Andrea De Cesarei
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.28012
Abstract: Within the life course of a person with disability, higher education represents an important step, and the disclosure of a disability is one of the first and most important choices that the person with disability has to take. Based on a review of the literature, it is described how a research protocol for investigating the effects of Self Efficacy and Metacognition on the Disclosure of Disability by university students is developed. These data would provide information concerning the predictive effects of the metacognitive skills, social support and self-efficacy on the attitudes towards the disclosure of a disability.
A Touch of Play  [PDF]
Marília T. de A. Gomes Gurgel, Márcia Oliveira Moraes
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.57071

The present paper presents data from an intervention-research, which is also a therapeutic experience, accomplished with a group of disabled children accompanied by the adults who take care of them, in an institution specialised in rehabilitation, located in Niterói/RJ, Brazil. The research departed from an interrogation about the possibilities opened up by a device, the Play Workshop, toward the interaction between the children and children and adults, away from the diagnostic categories attributed to the children. Based on authors such as Despret, Martins and others, the paper discusses the limits and reach of the notion of disability and points out that play is a creation and bond strengthening space between the children and between them and adults. Due to its inter-relational character, playing allowed the arousal of a welcoming field to the emotions involved. This way we stimulated participants’ self-knowledge about their actions, experiences and own bodies.

Sarcopenic Obesity: Correlation with Clinical, Functional, and Psychological Status in a Rehabilitation Setting  [PDF]
Lorenzo M. Donini, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Silvia Migliaccio, Alessandro Pinto, Carla Lubrano, Andrea Lenzi
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.520213
Abstract: Obesity and sarcopenia combination, appropriately defined as sarcopenic obesity (SO), due to disproportionally reduced/low lean body mass compared to excess fat mass, may lead to disability. Aims: The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship among sarcopenic obesity, physical performance, disability, and quality of life in a rehabilitation setting. Methods: Participants were recruited among obese patients (BMI > 30 kg/m2) admitted to the rehabilitation facility at the Department of Experimental Medicine, Medical Physiopatology, Food Science and Endocrinology Section during a 1-year period. A multidimensional evaluation was performed through bioelectrical impedance analysis and anthropometry, handgrip strength test, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and blood chemistry parameters. Psychological status (SCL-90 questionnaire), quality of life, and comorbidity (Charlson comorbidity index score) were also evaluated. Obesity was diagnosed as increased fat mass by 35% in women and by 25% in men. Sarcopenia was defined if lean body mass (LBM) was <90% of the subject’s ideal LBM. Results: 79 patients (48 women and 31 men; mean age: 60.1 ± 11.5 years, and 58.6 ± 10.8 years, respectively) were enrolled. Results showed a high prevalence of SO (54.4%) in our samples of obese subjects. Sarcopenia was present not only among older obese adults but also among younger obese subjects, and was related to reduced functional performance, to inflammatory status and to worse psychological status and quality of life.
Assessment of Migraine Disability Using the Migraine Disability Assessment Questionnaire in Young Nigerians  [PDF]
Birinus Adikaibe Ezeala-Adikaibe, Chinwe Onyekonwu, Uchenna Ijoma, Nkeiru Mbadiwe, Oluchi Stella Ekenze, Casmir Orjioke, Ekenechukwu Young, Peter Chime, Obinna Onodugo, Obumneme Anyim, Chidimma Brenda Nwatu, Celestine Okwara, Ikenna Obinwanne Onwuekwe
World Journal of Neuroscience (WJNS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2018.84032
Abstract: Background and purpose: Migraine is a common debilitating condition with variable prevalence in young Nigerians with significant deterioration in normal daily functioning and in the quality of life. Few data exist on the disability of migraine in Nigeria. The aim of this study was to measure the headache related disability of patients with migraine using the MIDAS among young Nigerians. Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted in Enugu South East Nigeria. The questionnaire was designed to assess headache profiles according to ICHD-III beta and disability using the Migraine Disability Assessment Questionnaire. Results: About 40.6% of migraineurs were concerned about headache attacks and 39.1% consulted a doctor because of migraine. Most students were affected due to reduced effectiveness at school and number of days missed from housework—18.8% and 20.3% respectively. Overall, 47.8% had at least one day affected by headache in the last three months. The mean number of days disabled by headache was 14.3 days. The mean headache frequency was 5.7 days and the mean pain intensity was 4.2. About 27.5% of the migraineurs had moderate to severe disability due to migraine. There were no significant differences between males and females.
Disease, Not Death, Is the Real Enemy  [PDF]
Sonia Vieira
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.85039
Abstract: No matter our age or how healthy we are, anyone can be diagnosed with a severe illness or experience a major trauma. Over the years, experts have proposed many ways to help people understand what they’re going through when they receive a shocking diagnosis. Experts want to help and can help, but they will never experience another person’s feelings. Adversity is always a miserable thing. In this article, it is argued that we don’t find any reason or any justice in a serious chronic illness or severe disability.
Cancer and disability in children
Turkish Journal of Oncology , 2012,
Abstract: Cancer and its treatment affect a child’s body functions and structures, physical function and quality of life to varying degrees. Disability refers to a situation in which partial or complete losses are observed in the functions of mental, physical, behavioral, and sensory organs due to injuries. Of the cancer patients who suffer severe symptoms, while some carry out their roles/normal lives again, others experience temporary or permanent disability. It has been determined that cancer patients whose treatment is completed develop a permanent disability, and that this ratio was higher than the general permanent disability rate in society. It is reported that children diagnosed with cancer at a young age are at greater risk of disability. Identification and classification of disability is very complicated. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), one of the best-known methods, can be used for the identification of disability in children with cancer.
Disability Work among Argentinean Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis  [PDF]
Tamborenea Maria Natalia, Silvia Moyano Caturelli, Jackeline Spengler, Grisel Olivera Roulet
Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases (OJRA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojra.2012.23014
Abstract: Objective: 1) To analyze the prevalence of Work Disability (WD) in RA Argentinian patients who are attending at the National Rehabilitation Service (NRS); 2) To measure general, socioeconomics and disease characteristics in this population; 3) To characterize the associated factors of work disability in this group. Methods: Design: cross section observational study. RA patients attending the NRS were included in consecutive form. Clinical, demographic and ra-diological data were collected. All patients answered about their employment status. WD was defined if the work status was unemployed due to RA, retirement prior to the normal age, or disabled pension. Comparing analysis among pa-tients with and without paid work was done. Housewives, retired patients and students were excluded from the compar-ing analysis. Results: Three hundred and eleven patients were included (n = 311). The prevalence of WD was 44.05% (n = 137). During the study eighty 5 (27.3%) patients were in paid employment, 48 (15.3%) were retired, 39 (12.5%) were housewives, and 2 (0.6%) patients were students. Factor associated to WD were female sex, more than 5 years of disease duration, have health insurance, education beyond high school, and greater functional limitation : HAQ > 1 and function class 3 - 4. In the multivariable logistic regression model female sex was a significant and independent predictor of WD. Have health insurance; and more than high school education were protector factors of WD in this model. Conclusion: WD prevalence in this sample was higher than other countries. Socioeconomics factors more than diseases factors were significant predictors of productivity loss in this sample.
Exercises and sports participation in healthy older adults with intellectual disability—A pilot study  [PDF]
Eli Carmeli, Joav Merrick, Bita Imam, Ran Levy
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.429119
Abstract: Background: Many adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) have low physical activity (PA). Lack of PA is a risk factor for metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, and some types of cancer. The objective of this study was to investigate the rate of PA in healthy older adults with ID. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of baseline data. Participants were caregivers of persons with ID who were over 50 years old and living in a residential care center. A PA questionnaire and a daily rapport form were used to gather information about the type and rate of daily PA of persons with ID for 12 consecutive days. The Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) was used to assess functional dependency. Results: Healthy older adults with ID do not engage in adequate regular PA as recommended by the US Department of Health and Human Services. Conclusion: The low participation in PA for persons with ID may be related to lack of appreciation of the benefits of PA, lack of support from their caregivers and difficulty finding experienced personnel to train them.
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