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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3922 matches for " depression "
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Prevalencia del trastorno depresivo en pacientes que consultan un servicio de urgencias en Bogotá
Gómez-Restrepo,Carlos; Ospina,Laura; Castro-Díaz,Sergio; Gil,Fabián; Arango Villegas,Carlos Alberto;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2011,
Abstract: background: depression is a public health problem worldwide due to its high prevalence. in emergency departments it is often underdetected and undertreated. it is important to be informed about the prevalence of this disorder in emergency departments in bogotá. objective: to determine the prevalence of clinically significant depressive symptoms in the last week among adult patients visiting the emergency department (ed) with non-psychiatric complaints, in a teaching hospital in bogotá. method: cross-sectional study in adult patients who visit the ed. data collected included sociodemographical data, chief complaint, diagnosis, and results of the center for epidemiologic studies depression scale (ces-d). results: of the 470 patients visiting the ed, 27.7% had clinically significant depressive symptoms. the presence of depressive symptoms was associated with female sex, low education level, visits to the ed in the afternoon, and the diagnosis of a central nervous system disease. conclusions: this study identified a high frequency of clinically significant depressive symptoms among ed patients in bogotá. more studies are needed to determine risk factors associated to this disorder in this kind of population.
Auf einen Blick: Die Serotonin-Wiederaufnahmegeschwindigkeit reguliert die Aktivit t des zingul ren Kortex
Rabl U,Hartinger B,Pezawas L
Journal für Neurologie, Neurochirurgie und Psychiatrie , 2010,
Depression and Brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor Levels in Alzheimer's Disease  [PDF]
James R. Hall, Sid E. O'Bryant, Leigh Johnson, Robert C. Barber
Neuroscience & Medicine (NM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/nm.2011.21006
Abstract: Background: Depression is often viewed as a risk factor for the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD), however little is known regarding the underlying biological mechanisms linking these two diseases. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been linked to both cognitive impairment and depression in past research; however few studies have ex-amined this relation in a sample of Alzheimer's patients. The present study sought to address this gap in the literature by examining the relation between serum BDNF levels and depression assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) in a group of patients diagnosed with probable Alzheimer's disease. Methods: Participants included 169 individuals diagnosed with Probable AD enrolled in the TARC Longitudinal Research Cohort with available BDNF levels and GDS scores. The participants were divided into Depressed (N = 20) and Not Depressed (N = 149) based on GDS scores. Re-sults: BDNF levels significantly predicted level (High vs. Low) of depression (β = 0.066, SE = 0.031, p = 0.034). BDNF levels for the Depressed group were significantly higher than those observed in the Not Depressed group (p. > 0.036). Conclusions: These findings suggest that an upregulation of BDNF possibly exists among depressed AD patients as a response to the chronic inflammatory processes that occur in depression. This upregulation of BDNF appears to persist at least into early stages of Alzheimer's.
The Agreement Rate about Unintended Pregnancy and Its Relationship with Postpartum Depression in Parents of Preterm and Term Infants  [PDF]
Maryam Ghorbani, Mahrokh Dolatian, Jamal Shams, Hamid Alavi-Majd
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.59084
Abstract: Introduction: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects women’s health and self-confidence, and infant’s social, emotional, cognitive and even physical development. Studies show that parents of preterm infants frequently experience symptoms of depression and anxiety. Women with unintended pregnancy are subjected to more risk of depression than women with planned pregnancy. Unintended pregnancy may lead to increased maternal exposure to psychosocial stressors, reduced social support by the spouse, increased levels of depressive symptoms and decreased life satisfaction. Findings: No significant difference was observed between term and preterm infants’ mothers (p = 0.85) in terms of postpartum depression. However, two groups of fathers in terms of depression showed a significant difference (p = 0.045). McNemar’s test showed that parents of term infants (K = 0.322, p = 0.077), and parents of preterm infants (k = 0.17, p = 0.144) agreed with each other on unintended pregnancy. Conclusion: Fathers of preterm infants are at higher risk for mental disorders than fathers of term infants and they need more attention in future studies.
Pilot Study on an Integrated Pilates and Yoga Program for Decreasing Postpartum Depression in Women  [PDF]
Yi-Li Ko, Pi-Chu Lin, Chi-Li Yang, Chie-Pein Chen, Huai-Jung Shih
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.510093
Abstract: Objective: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 10-week exercise intervention in reducing depression and fatigue in women with postpartum depression. Design: A one-group pretest/ posttest quasi-experiment was conducted. Setting: A postpartum ward in a medical center in Taipei city was used. Participants: Nineteen women at 7 - 12 weeks postpartum with an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score ≥ 9 were recruited. Methods: The women participated in a postpartum exercise support program 1 hour per week for 10 weeks. The program was led by a professional coach; it integrated yoga, Pilates, elastic band exercise, low-intensity aerobics, and motherhood role experience sharing. Results: After the postpartum exercise support program intervention, depression scores decreased from 10.4 ± 3.29 to 7.80 ± 2.73 (t = 3.632, P = 0.003); fatigue scores decreased from 8.73 ± 5.02 to 5.40 ± 3.89 (t = 2.988, P = 0.010). Conclusion: PESP administered to women with postpartum depression appeared to benefit their psychological wellbeing.
An Epidemiologic Study of Depressive Symptoms among Cardiometabolic Department Patients in México  [PDF]
Jaime Carranza-Madrigal, Sonia M. López-Correa, Jesús Alveano-Hernández
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.22020
Abstract: Background. This study estimated the prevalence of depressive symptoms among cardiometabolic department patients in México. Methods. To identify patients with depressive symptoms, we used the Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI). We analyzed data from consecutive adult patients who attended during a year to a Cardiometabolic Department in México and described the demographic, metabolic and vascular status differences between depressive and non-depressive patients. The estimates are based on a total of 180 patients aged 22 to 83 years. Results. There was a depressive symptoms prevalence rate of 60.5%. Compared with non-depressive patients, depressive patients were more likely to be obese, and to have dysglucemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypoalphalipoproteinemia, microalbuminuria, high uric acid levels, carotid atherosclerosis, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. Conclusions. Our data suggest that prevalence of depression is elevated among cardiometabolic patients in México. Depression probably plays a role in cardiometabolic physiopathogenic, and must be intentionally assessed in cardiometabolic patients in order to treat it and to improve the cardiometabolic treatment response and adherence.
Biomarkers and Depressive Symptoms in a Sample of Cognitively Intact and Alzheimer’s Disease Elderly Males  [PDF]
James R. Hall, Hoa T. Vo, Leigh A. Johnson, Scott Winter, Robert C. Barber, Sid E. O’Bryant
Neuroscience & Medicine (NM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/nm.2011.24040
Abstract: Serum-based biomarkers and GDS-30 score and subscales of depressive symptoms were examined in a cross-sectional sample of 81 elderly men drawn from the TARCC cohort. Measurements included neuropsychological assessment and serum. Thirty three patients met consensus diagnosis for probable AD and forty eight were cognitively intact. Although initial regression analysis of all subjects showed significant relationships between depression and specific biomarkers, analyses based on diagnosis indicated that none of the biomarkers were significantly associated with depression among the controls. Among AD males MIF was significantly associated with total GDS scores and subscales of dysphoria, meaninglessness, and cognitive impairment. TNF-α was significantly associated with the apathy in AD males. Higher levels of MIF were associated with less depression in AD men. TNF-α was positively associated with degree of apathy. This study suggests the importance of cognitive status, gender and subtypes of depression when investigating biomarkers and depression in the elderly.
The Importance of Recognising Depression in Adolescents Affected by Parental Illness  [PDF]
David Morley, Crispin Jenkinson
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.329114
Abstract: Research focusing on the impact of parental illness has increased rapidly in recent years, with studies on a range of both chronic and acute illnesses having now been reported. A key and consistent finding is the elevated risk of depression that young people face when adjusting to and living with a parent experiencing such a condition. Examples from the literature include studies focusing on parental multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, cancer, affective disorder and traumatic brain injury. Such a body of literature emphasises the need to recognise and manage the increased risk of depression that young people face when confronted with such parental conditions and that a more family centred approach to parental illness is required. Additionally, it is important that the potential threat parental illness poses to young people’s mental well-being is reflected in relevant clinical guidelines.
Seasonal Mood and Behavioral Changes for Japanese Residents in the United Kingdom  [PDF]
Yumiko Kurata, Shinobu Nomura
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.329128
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate seasonal changes in mood and behavior for Japanese residents in UK A questionnaire survey was conducted with Japanese residents in the UK (n = 100) who participated both a combination winter and summer research. First, a longitudinal study comparing two surveys—one in summer and another in winter—was carried out to determine how the level of seasonal changes influenced depression among Japanese living in the UK. Then, we examined seasonal changes in mood and behavior over a 12-month period based on the degree of seasonal dependence. Paired t-tests on Global Seasonality Score (GSS score) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) scores by winter and summer demonstrated that each score had a significant seasonal difference; individual scores were higher in winter than in summer. We examined the difference between high seasonality group, medium seasonal group, and non-seasonal group, regarding to the winter CES-D and summer CES-D scores. The ANOVA revealed a significant difference on the winter score (Winter: F(2,97) = 4.62, p < .01, Summer: F(2,97) = 3.24, p < .05). Although we did not find any interaction between seasonal change and season, the main effect was significant for season. The results showed fluctuations in which mood, social activity, and sleep all declined during the winter and then improved during the summer. It indicated that depressive symptoms among Japanese living in the UK fluctuate due to seasonality; over a period of 12 months, their mood and behavior declined during winter and improved during summer. As described, Japanese living in the UK experience environmental changes due to seasonality. This suggests that the environmental factor called seasonal change can partly explain why Japanese living in the UK suffer from mental and physical disorders. Mental health measures specific to the local environment are necessary to support individuals to adapt to and live under an environment different from home country.
Yoga Reduces Prenatal Depression Symptoms  [PDF]
Jennifer Mitchell, Tiffany Field, Miguel Diego, Debra Bendell, Rae Newton, Martha Pelaez
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.329118
Abstract: This research assessed the effects of yoga on prenatal depression symptoms using archival data. Depressed pregnant women were randomly assigned to either a yoga treatment group (n = 12) or a parenting education control group (n = 12). Women in the yoga group participated in classes two times a week for a period of 12 weeks. The attention control group received 12 parenting education sessions on the same schedule. The yoga versus control group showed greater decreases on the depressed affect and somatic/ vegetative subscales and the summary score of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Thus, yoga appears to reduce depression symptoms in pregnant women.
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