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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 14 matches for " creolization "
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Revista Colombiana de Antropología , 2008,
Abstract: based on a participatory ethnographic study, conducted between 2003 and 2004 in tampa, florida, with colombian boys and girls ages 7 to 12 years old, this article explores the relationship among migration, childhood, agency, food and culture. the main idea is that children are agents and actors building identities that are expressed in their food practices and preferences. like in a creolization phenomenon, immigrants mix cultural elements from their original region in colombia with those encountered in the us context, producing new and different cultural meanings and symbols. i highlight the importance of developing anthropological studies that enable us to recognize the subtleties of the experiences of the immigrants, as well as recognize and value children as agents building cultures and identities
O trabalho da criouliza??o: as práticas de nomea??o na Guiné colonial
Filho,Wilson Trajano;
Etnográfica , 2008,
Abstract: this paper analyses the naming practices in the creolized villages of guinea-bissau during the colonial period. based on a corpus of 496 names presented in a series of lists of deceased persons published by the health service between 1892 and 1900, this article describes the process of creolization in colonial society from the perspective of the naming practices. comparing the naming patterns prevailing in portugal and in the indigenous societies of guinea, this paper shows how creole naming practices were unstable, creative and multidirectional.
Entre la lengua Francesa y los creoles: Poética Caribe?a
Núcleo , 2010,
Abstract: the issue of language and its decentralizing implications in the literary field represent the great challenge theoreticians and writers from the french-speaking antilles have faced. how has the linguistic issue moved into their discourse, and what position have writers adopted in the face of french-metropolitan literary models? in this paper i adopt édouard glissant?s work as my theoretical framework. he proposes, among other things, that the linguistic concept of creolization be transferred from the cultural to the literary field, as a metaphor for appropriation. he also updates the debate around the aesthetic debt to european models. starting from an understanding of creolization as a métissage, conceived as a process, with results that are essentially unpredictable and whose symbol is the creole language, glissantian poetics build the concept of relation around the region?s multilingualism, the dialectics between oral and written works, and the questioning of literary genres. to illustrate this in the literary field, we will take examples from a corpus consisting of works written and published at the end of the 1980s in guadalupe and martinique.
Moorings: Indian Ocean Creolizations
Francoise Verges,Carpanin Marimoutou
PORTAL : Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies , 2012,
Abstract: In this essay written in 2004, Fran oise Vergès and Carpanin Marimoutou explore the ways in which processes and practices of creolization occurred in Réunion Island. They argue that creolization must be analyzed within the historical, political and cultural context in which they emerge. Vergès and Marimoutou reflect on these processes -- frictions, conflicts, and exchanges among slaves, settlers, migrants, and indentured workers from Madagascar, Mozambique, Gujarat, Bengal, France, Tamil Nadu, Southern China, Malaysia, Vietnam..., who were brought or came on the uninhabited island, colonized by the French in the 17th century. The authors also looked at the post-colonial moment, the French policies of assimilation and repression in the 1960s-1970s. For them, vernacular cultural practices and memories of struggle continue to work as counter strategies against local and national reactionary politics. In their conclusion, Vergès and Marimoutou look at the current form of globalization and its consequences on processes of creolization.
Ossa Santa Cruz,Juan Luis;
Historia (Santiago) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-71942010000200003
Abstract: the aim of this article is to analyze some of the most important characteristics of chile's colonial army at the turn of the eighteenth and nineteenth century. stressing the repercussions of the so-called 'imperial rivalry' in a peripheral colony like chile, i conclude that many decisions taken by local governors and military officers were influenced -yet not moulded- by the principal military conflicts of the period between 1780-1800. on the other hand, i emphasize with the unexpected consequences in chile of the economic crisis in which the spanish empire became involved in after participating in both american and european wars during the final decades of the eighteen century, among which i highlight the inefficacy of the metropolis to keep sending military and economic help to its most distant colonies. this provoked that the defense of the chilean colony had passed into the hands of spanish american-born ("blood creóles") or, at least, into the hands of individuals with a long experience of spanish america ("life creóles"). the creolization of the chilean army led to an incipient defensive autonomy, thus enhancing the administrative autonomy achieved by the local colons through the establishments of the intendancies and commercial institutions like the consulate.
A heran?a musical da escravid?o
Martin, Denis-Constant;
Tempo , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-77042010000200002
Abstract: slavery brought into contact people from different origins in radically new situations which were characterised by intense violence and absolute domination. yet these contacts, in spite of the environment of brutality and oppression in which they took place, generated dynamics of blending and creation the outcome of which was the emergence of new expressive forms, especially in music. this article aims at providing a comparative analysis of the social and musical processes which, within the context of slave and post-slavery societies, underpinned the invention of original musics in the united states and south africa.
South Carolina’s Edgefield District: An Early International Crossroads of Clay
John A. Burrison
American Studies Journal , 2012,
Abstract: This paper examines the antebellum stoneware of Edgefield District, South Carolina as an example of creolization, in which ceramic ideas from three different Old World sources came together to create a distinctly regional pottery tradition still being practiced in Georgia. For those interested in the history of the American South, a promising research pursuit is the formation of a distinctly regional culture and the role in that development played by creolization—the mix of ideas from different groups to create new features.
Regional Models of Urbanization and National Identity Development (Case Study of Belarus)
Siarhei Danskikh
Limes. Cultural Regionalistics , 2008, DOI: 10.3846/2029-0187.2008.1.88-98
Abstract: The article discusses the influence of the process of urbanization on the Belarusian nationality. Due to some historical conditions the Western cities-communes have not formed in Belarus. At the beginning of the New Ages the Belarusian city has had Magdeburgian law and the trading relations, it has been the centre of the political life, the residence of the State officials and the provinces. Through the social-economical backwardness of the Russian empire the peasants of Belarus could not move into the towns from the country. The towns and the cities in Belarus were not Belarusian but Jewish and Polish ones. Due to the World War II there have emerged the Polish Holocaust, repatriation and the Soviet industrialization which have made some auspicious conditions for the overtaking modernization in Belarus. During only one generation the peasant Belarusian nation has become the urban one. Such overtaking process of the urbanization has been preventing the formation of the standards and the traditions of the Belarusian city. The basis of the social and cultural life of Belarusians has been forming the traditions of the Soviet culture. That is why we can come to the conclusion that the overtaking modernization is closely related to the radical changes of the national identity. The more overtaking is modernization of the cities and the whole State, the more dangerous is the deprivation of the national peculiarity. The nation whose spiritual life is not utterly formed can hardly successfully adapt itself to the social and economical changes, which are determined by the overtaking modernization. These alterations do absolutely not correspond to its spiritual way of life.
O trabalho da criouliza o: as práticas de nomea o na Guiné colonial The workings of Creolization: naming practices in colonial Guinea-Bissau
Wilson Trajano Filho
Etnográfica , 2008,
Abstract: Este trabalho analisa as práticas de nomea o nos aglomerados urbanos crioulizados da Guiné-Bissau no período colonial. Partindo de um corpus de 496 nomes colhidos nas listas de falecimentos publicadas pela Junta de Saúde do governo colonial entre 1892 e 1900, o trabalho descreve o processo de criouliza o da sociedade colonial a partir da análise dos nomes das pessoas. Tendo como ponto de partida os padr es de nomea o em voga em Portugal e nas sociedades indígenas da Guiné colonial, a análise realizada mostra a dinamica das práticas crioulas de nomea o, revelando sua instabilidade, criatividade e multidirecionalidade. This paper analyses the naming practices in the creolized villages of Guinea-Bissau during the colonial period. Based on a corpus of 496 names presented in a series of lists of deceased persons published by the Health Service between 1892 and 1900, this article describes the process of creolization in colonial society from the perspective of the naming practices. Comparing the naming patterns prevailing in Portugal and in the indigenous societies of Guinea, this paper shows how Creole naming practices were unstable, creative and multidirectional.
American Studies in Austria
Susanne Mettauer
European Journal of American Studies , 2006, DOI: 10.4000/ejas.212
Abstract: American Studies in Austria in an institutionalized form, as a distinct entity within higher education, is about to celebrate its 50th anniversary. The Amerika-Institut in Innsbruck was founded in 1956, an effort that was greatly supported by the official United States. The local Amerika-Haus, a United States Information Center, was closed and the complete reference section of its library, including scholarly journals, was handed over to the university and the new institute. The latter did no...
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