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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3117 matches for " consumer shopping choice "
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HESITANCY TOWARDS ONLINE SHOPPING, A STUDY OF PAKISTANI CONSUMERS
Usman YOUSAF,Mohsin ALTAF,Noman SARWAR,Syed Ali Hassan SHAH
Management & Marketing , 2012,
Abstract: To study the influence of Perceived cost, risk, convenience and enjoyment on online consumer purchases. Being more convenient online shopping seems painless compared to in store shopping, why consumers are still reluctant to shop online?.A sample of 220 questionnaires was filled from different departments at University of Sargodha. Respondents were asked to fill the questionnaire based on four factors (Perceived cost, Perceived risk, Perceived convenience, Perceived enjoyment), there were 2 general questions. Out of 220, 207 questionnaires were returned. One sample test is applied in this study to check the reliability of independent variables. Analysis was also done on basis of gender and their ages. The most important factor out of four, which can persuade the customer's online buying decision, is delivery cost for purchased items and it has negative relationship with dependent variable, moreover perceived risk has also negative relationship with dependent one. Perceived convenience and Perceived enjoyment has positive relationship with online shopping preference. As online shopping is easier to do but due to extra delivery cost and risk factors consumers do not adopt online shopping and these factors should be minimized to promote online shopping. Online shopping should be promoted and to gain the consumer confidence, delivery cost and risk factor should be minimized. As online shopping is easier to do as compared to offline shopping but people still reluctant to use internet for online shopping, so to promote online shopping delivery cost and risk factor should be minimized to gain consumers attraction and confidence. People want to experience online shopping but it won’t be promoted until delivery cost and perceived risk factors be reduced. A little work has been done on exploring the factors that influence the online buying decision. These factors are called situational factors and include delivery charges, risk factors, convenience factors and enjoyment factors. In Pakistan consumers are not too much affiliated to online shopping as compared to European countries and not too much researches have been done related to online shopping in Pakistan , so this research been conducted to promote online shopping.
The Paradoxical Nature of Electronic Decision Aids on Comparison-Shopping: The Experiments and Analysis
Wan,Yun; Menon,Satya; Ramaprasad,Arkalgud;
Journal of theoretical and applied electronic commerce research , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-18762009000300008
Abstract: consumers who use electronic decision aids such as comparison-shopping agents may be overwhelmed by the amount of choice information available to them, leading to an inability to choose or dissatisfaction with the ultimate choice, a state of "choice overload." two experiments were designed to test the choice overload hypothesis. eight choice tasks of different sizes were presented to subjects. by observing the decision quality, decision time, and decision confidence, we confirmed our hypothesis that choice overload exists when the comparison matrix exceeds a certain size (24 choices and 10 attributes for each choice in this research). subjects were then given different combinations of decision-making tools (sorting and short-listing) and conditions (refreshing of information) to deal with the same choice task within the choice overload range obtained from the initial experiment. the use of both decision-making tools unexpectedly required more decision-making effort and resulted in less decision satisfaction than when only one decision-making tool was provided. we believe these findings are relevant to the future development of electronic decision aids. further research is needed in this direction to extend our understanding of decision-making in electronic decision aids mediated environment.
The construction and evaluation of a scale of consumer shopping experience
B. A. Gillham,F. Crous,J. M. Schepers
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 2003, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v29i3.110
Abstract: Generally speaking consumer psychology have focused primarily on the problem solving and decision making processes underlying buying behaviour. As a result, the experience of consumers engaging in the activity of shopping has been neglected. The purpose of this study was to construct and evaluate a scale of consumer shopping experience. The instrument indicated that shopping experience is not merely a means to an end, but in many cases an end in itself. The Shopping Experience Survey consisting of 54 items was developed and administered to 426 respondents consisting of students at a large tertiary institution. The study indicated that the Shopping Experience Survey is highly reliable (rxx=0,965) and sensitive to group differences. Opsomming Benaderings tot verbruikersielkunde fokus in die algemeen hoofsaaklik op die probleemoplossings- en besluitnemingsprosesse onderliggend aan aankoopgedrag. Gevolglik het die ervarings wat verbruikers tydens die aankoopproses beleef, nie veel aandag geniet nie. Die doel van die onderhawige studie was om ’n skaal van verbruikeraankoopbelewenisse te konstrueer en te evalueer. Die instrument het aangedui dat die aankoopbelewenis nie ’n middel tot ’n doel is nie, maar ‘n doel insigself is. Die Shopping Experience Survey, bestaande uit 54 items, is ontwikkel en geadministreer aan 426 respondente van ’n groot residensi le tersiêre instelling. Met die studie is bevind dat die Shopping Experience Survey hoogs betroubaar is (rxx=0,965) en sensitief is vir groepverskille.
The Intertemporal State Adjustment Model  [PDF]
Michael K. Wohlgenant
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.73043
Abstract: The implications of the intertemporal state adjustment model (ISAM) are evaluated. The ISAM accounts for the effect of current purchases on future utility through a state variable that can either reflect habit formation or inventory holding. The model is shown to be forward looking with purchases depending upon beginning-of-the period state variable as well as the present discounted value of future user costs of the state variable. In this way, the model accounts for the speculative motive for inventory holding. The myopic state adjustment model, which depends on the beginning-of-the period state variable and current price, is a special case of ISAM when the discount rate is zero. Other special cases of the ISAM are identified and alternative representations of it for empirical analysis are presented.
Optimal portfolio and consumption decisions under exchange rate and interest rate risks: A jump-diffusion approach
Venegas Martínez, Francisco;Rodríguez Nava, Abigail;
Contaduría y administración , 2010,
Abstract: this research develops a stochastic model of the consumer's decision making under an environment of risk and uncertainty. in the proposed model agents perceive that a mixed diffusion-jump process drives the exchange rate depreciation and a diffusion process governs the real interest rate, these processes are supposed to be correlated. we generalize the proposals from giuliano and turnovsky (2003), grinols and turnovsky (1993) and merton (1969 and 1971) by including sudden and unexpected jumps in the stochastic dynamics of relevant variables in the intended model. we examine portfolio, consumption and wealth equilibrium dynamics under the optimal decisions. we also assess the effects on portfolio, consumption and welfare of sudden and permanent changes in the parameters determining the expectations of the exchange rate depreciation.
Lealdade em compras online versus offline: reflex?es sobre os fatores relevantes
Gouvêa, Maria Aparecida;Oliveira, Braulio;Nakagawa, Sandra Sayuri Yamashita;
Organiza??es & Sociedade , 2013, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-92302013000100004
Abstract: the aim of this study was to identify the aspects relating to customer loyalty to the supplier and to the channel, specifically the possible differences between those who buy and those who do not buy on the internet. as well as a review of the literature, a qualitative survey with 30 buyers of books, cds and dvds was carried out. the results indicate that the main attraction of purchasing on the internet is practicality and convenience while discouraging factors included reliability and financial aspects. as regards loyalty to the supplier, with offline shopping shop assistant help, store location / ease of access and satisfaction with previous experience of purchase and price competitiveness were mentioned. online, the most important aspects were satisfaction with previous experience of purchase, the availability of information about products and price competitiveness.
The Protection of Cruise Passengers and the Athens Convention  [PDF]
Erxiu Zeng
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2018.95039
Abstract: The partly application of the Athens Convention 1974 by Shanghai Maritime Court in Miss Yang v Cruise PLC reflected some problems relating to the application of the Athens Convention 1974 in China and its protection for the cruise passengers. With the popularization of cruise vacation and the development of cruise industry, issues relating to the protection of cruise passengers gain growing attentions. Law application and jurisdiction is essential for the protection of cruise passengers. This paper will discuss the need for legal protection of cruise passengers versus carriers, and explore the application of the Athens Convention 1974 to cruise passengers, in particular, the relations between its application and choice of law, its protection for passengers in choosing the court. This paper will carry out a comparative study on the issue of the application of the Athens Convention 1974 to cruise passengers and the issue of its direct effect and supremacy in China and UK. It concludes that the Athens Convention 1974 is applicable to cruise passengers, it shall have direct effect and supremacy in Chinese court, and China should accede to the 2002 Protocol to the Athens Convention 1974 for better protection of the cruise passengers.
Determinates That Influence Food Comsumption among Older Members of a Midwest Community  [PDF]
Deanna Pucciarelli, Adrienne Thomas
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.29136
Abstract: The goal of this study was to record Muncie, Indiana residents’ change in eating habits over time. Objectives: 1) Identify key determinants that influence a change in participants’ eating habits; 2) Analyze the data for convergent themes among participants and draw patterns; and 3) Compare patterns found in this study population with existing literature and/or accepted theories within the field. Hypotheses on changes in food patterns included: 1) Socio-economic status in the middle-class population maintained daily food production to remain inside the home; 2) Women working outside the home reduced labor hours allotted to home cooking; and 3) Social norms valued home cooking resulting in home prepared meals. Methods: The study used a cross-sectional, oral-history, interview format. The study sample consisted of 25 seniors (65y - 100y old) from a convenience sample taken from one, medium-sized, mid-western town, Muncie, Indiana. The study involved use of a semi-structured, questionnaire/interview script, (approved by Ball State University’s IRB committee). Results: Economics greatly influenced, and continues to influence, food consumption patterns for depression-era born adults. Women who grew up on home-only cooked meals, but entered the workforce adjusted traditional meals in favor of convenience. Implications: Health care providers trying to change dietary habits of older residents residing in the Midwest will need to consider foods and food preparatory methods introduced in childhood; these remained key components of the diet later in life and removing them may be met with resistance.
Consumer Ideology Determines Shopping Preferences at Farmers Markets in Two US Geographical Regions  [PDF]
Deanna Pucciarelli, Stacey Faith
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.519205
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify if there were differences that existed in the behaviors, attitudes, awareness, and motivating factors that influenced people to shop at farmers’ markets and purchase USDA certified organic food in two geographic regions: Corvallis, Oregon and Muncie, Indiana. A survey was administered to consumers who shopped at the Minnetrista Farmers’ Market (MFM) and the Corvallis-Albany Farmers’ Market (CAFM) in the summer of 2012 to measure the shoppers’ purchasing perceptions. Specific areas of interest in this study included consumer values towards supporting local farmers and consuming USDA certified organic food. A comparison of responses between regions was analyzed. Results of the study provide insights on consumers’ purchasing attitudes and behaviors regarding USDA certified organic products, and why they chose to shop at Farmers’ Markets. Ideology was the strongest predictor for consumer purchasing behaviors. Understanding how regional differences affect food choice has implications for wellness programs and industry marketing materials.
Motivation Factors of Consumers’ Food Choice  [PDF]
Iraz Haspolat Kaya
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2016.73016
Abstract: Consumer perception of food products is a very complex phenomenon that is influenced by a wide range of characteristics. The major motivation for food science and nutrition should be sensual features, cost/price balance, and consumer health (sufficient/balanced nutrition). However, there are important differences between theory and reality. Food choice is a complex process influenced by a number of factors related to the product, the consumer, and the consumption context. The role of the consumer in determining the market success of a product is of maximum relevance. Consumer perceptions and preferences are in motion and in change. Understanding and analyzing consumers’ motivation factors, perception and preferences are important both food industry and also governments. In this study, some of these factors were discussed and aimed to identify them with reasons.
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