oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 38 matches for " communitarianism "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /38
Display every page Item
Democracy as the Communitarian Ideal  [PDF]
Donald Poochigian
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2014.41005
Abstract:

Democracy is distinguished by optimal integration of diverse public values, identifying the most encompassing set of mutually accepted elements defining the contemporary circumstance. Individual orderings are integrated into a continuum by rearranging common elements into conformity with every other ordering. Sequencing common elements differently, translation from individual to individual occurs by reordering elements in an understanding according to sequencing of another understanding. Utilizing the reordering process, apparent contradiction between concepts is eliminated, each smoothly transitioning into its opposite, fusing all into a transmutative whole. By this function, an axiom system can be generated from its constituent axioms in any order.

Review: Matthias Grundmann, Thomas Dierschke, Stephan Drucks & Iris Kunze (Eds.) (2006). Soziale Gemeinschaften. Experimentierfelder für kollektive Lebensformen [Social Communities. Experiments in Collective Living] Rese a: Matthias Grundmann, Thomas Dierschke, Stephan Drucks & Iris Kunze (Eds.) (2006). Soziale Gemeinschaften. Experimentierfelder für kollektive Lebensformen [Comunidades Sociales.
Thorsten Berndt
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2008,
Abstract: The authors of this book call for enhanced scientific exploration of a basic sociological category: community. Theoretical preparation for further research in this area is provided by a focus on "intentional communities" and analysis of classical and anthropological definitions. The empirical analysis shows the experimental value of examining intentional communities in order to understand possibilities for sustainable social progress. The book's strengths would have been added to by the integration of existing empirical studies to emphasize the process of collectivization and by the provision of a clear definition of the authors' position on the question of value-free social science. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0901208 Los autores de este libro demandan una mejor exploración científica de una categoría sociológica básica: comunidad. Se brinda una preparación teórica para investigación adicional en esta área al enfocarse en "comunidades intencionales" y para el análisis de definiciones clásicas y antropológicas. El análisis empírico muestra el valor experimental de examinar comunidades intencionales a fin de comprender las posibilidades del progreso social sustentable. Las fortalezas del libro hubiesen mejorado al integrar estudios empíricos existentes para enfatizar el proceso de colectivización y al proporcionar una clara definición de la posición de los autores sobre el problema de la ciencia social libre de valores. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0901208 Die Autoren und Autorinnen des Sammelbandes pl dieren für eine verst rkte wissenschaftliche Erforschung einer wesentlichen Grundkategorie der Soziologie: der Gemeinschaft. Mit einer treffenden Begriffsbildung, die der "intentionalen Gemeinschaft", und differenzierenden Analysen klassischer und anthropologischer Begriffskonzeptionen wird das anspruchsvolle Forschungsfeld theoretisch erfasst und für weitere Untersuchungen vorbereitet. In den empirischen Analysen wird der experimentelle Wert intentionaler Gemeinschaften für eine nachhaltige Entwicklung der Gesellschaft charakterisiert. Eine st rkere Einbindung bestehender Forschung zu Prozessen gemeinschaftlicher Verbindung sowie eine klarere Stellungnahme zum Problem der Wertfreiheit von sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschung h tten den insgesamt guten Eindruck des Sammelbandes verst rkt. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0901208
The Political Conception of Person and the Constitutive Visions of the Good
Luis Villavicencio
Ideas y Valores , 2007,
Abstract: This article analyzes whether the strategy displayed by Rawls startingwith the Dewey Lectures makes it possible to overcome the comprehensive character that some critics attribute to his political conception of person. After describing said conception, the paper reviews the objection that it is incompatible with those conceptions of the good that attribute a constitutive character to attachments and ends. Finally, it is concluded that although the distinction between political and comprehensive liberalism is unstable, it is compatible with constitutive conceptions of the good.
Well-Being East and West  [PDF]
Ferdinand Fellmann
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.67008
Abstract: In this paper, I will give the concept of well-being its broadest meaning possible. First, the external conditions of well-being will be listed. In a next step I shall analyze the internal presuppositions of a good life. Then ethical principles are considered in light of the natural pursuit of happiness. Finally I shall discuss how positive psychology will have to proceed to secure well-being for people even in difficult situations. The topic will be considered from two perspectives: from that of western philosophy, relying on Aristotle, and from that of eastern thinking, relying on Confucius. In Aristotle’s theory of virtue ethics, mesotes or golden mean is the desirable middle way between two extremes, that of excess and that of deficiency. Confucius taught a way of living in the middle that he called Zhongyong. Zhong means “bent neither one way nor the other”; yong means “unchanging.”
LA CONCEPCIóN POLíTICA DE LA PERSONA Y LAS VISIONES CONSTITUTIVAS DEL BIEN
VILLAVICENCIO,LUIS;
Ideas y Valores , 2007,
Abstract: this article analyzes whether the strategy displayed by rawls starting with the dewey lectures makes it possible to overcome the comprehensive character that some critics attribute to his political conception of person. after describing said conception, the paper reviews the objection that it is incompatible with those conceptions of the good that attribute a constitutive character to attachments and ends. finally, it is concluded that although the distinction between political and comprehensive liberalism is unstable, it is compatible with constitutive conceptions of the good.
La relevancia moral de la identidad cultural
Villavicencio Miranda,Luis;
Polis (Santiago) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-65682010000200019
Abstract: this article presents arguments in favor of designing public policies sensitive to multicultural challenge, especially taking into account that culture is a crucial element for individual identity. first, it reviews the dispute between liberals and communitarians as the source of the current debate. second, it analyzes the rawls's response to communitarian critique. third, it exposes critically the three most important model-conceptions that pronounce about cultural pluralism. and finally, it outlines a possible response to the demands of ethnic minorities.
Macintyre on identity of ethics and politics
Sláde?ek Michal
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/fid0631029s
Abstract: In first chapters of this article MacIntyre’s view of ethics is analyzed, together with his critics of liberalism as philosophical and political theory, as well as dominant ideological conception. In last chapters MacIntyre’s view of the relation between politics and ethics is considered, along with the critical review of his theoretical positions. Macintyre’s conception is regarded on the one hand as very broad, because the entire morality is identified with ethical life, while on the other hand it is regarded as too narrow since it excludes certain essential aspects of deliberation which refers to the sphere of individual rights, the relations between communities, as well as distribution of goods within the state.
Bioethics and the Challenges to Its Growth in Africa  [PDF]
Cletus T. Andoh
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2011.12012
Abstract: Bioethics has now become a burgeoning interdisciplinary field of scholarly investigation which has in the past decades migrated from bedside consultations to public policy debates and wider cultural and social consultations that privilege all discourse about everyday life issues. It has made exponential progress in addressing moral issues in science, technology and medicine in the world. In spite of this progress, core bioethics issues, approaches and values are still exclusively Western dominated and largely foreign to most African societies. Although medical ethics has existed since the time of Hippocrates, in Africa, there is a noted sluggish growth and low prestige of ethics education as bioethics is not taught in most higher educational systems of learning, low understanding of its processes as researchers manifest a general lack of appreciation for bioethics and general ignorance characterize those involved in research about ethical practices. This is unfortunate, considering that various research that aim at finding solutions to the multiple problems affecting African societies and the need to address and assess these problems in ethical terms are of crucial importance to Africans. In this work, I argue that Africa lacks human, institutional, infrastructural capacities and a real African authenticity in bioethics. Additionally, African views on bioethics are neither sufficiently developed nor heard. Africans need to confront these current challenges of bioethics to their lives and communities and to develop African conceptions to incorporate African specificities and approaches.
Sociedad civil y capital social
Fernández Santillán, José;
Convergencia , 2009,
Abstract: this document gives an insight to democracy from an opposite perspective of what is called neoinstitutionalism, which means it is oriented to analyze the process of democratization from the base of civil society, especially from what is known as social capital. since the mid 80's, the theme of democracy from the perspective of civil society started to have more and more relevance. this tendency was reinforced by the fall of berlin's wall in 1989 when it was said that the key factor for the liberation of countries in eastern europe, was precisely civil society. what is done here is an approach to democracy from a theoretical perspective that includes some classics like hegel, toqueville, marx, and gramsci and some contemporary authors like jean cohen, andrew arato, marc warren, and axel honneth. regarding the subject of social capital we use particularly the ideas of robert d. putnam who affirms that the base of democracy and economical development is the fortification of circles of trust in civil society. this essay criticizes the so-called neoinstitutionalism as well as communitarianism and patronage.
Las funciones de la toleranci en la resocialización política de lá ciudadanía
Fondevila, Gustavo;
Trans/Form/A??o , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31732001000100013
Abstract: this papers analyzes the communitarian project of social integration exposed in the walzer and etzioni's work as a possible answer to the disintegration of social bonds in the advanced societies (family breakdown, unchecked criminality and social disorder). it deals with the notions of tolerance, solidarity and moral resocialization of the citizenship. in this sense, some considerations are made about the functional character deduced of this communitarian model of social integration and show the extent and limits of this model (solidarity and tolerance).
Page 1 /38
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.