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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7843 matches for " communication divides "
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Media, Technologies and Human Rights: Competing Concepts. Canadian and International Cases
Normand LANDRY
Essachess : Journal for Communication Studies , 2012,
Abstract: This article discusses the conceptual issues and contemporary legal debates with regard to human rights and communication. It provides a historical analysis of the controversies that have accompanied the emergence of discourses calling for the adoption a universal right to communicate.
Olaniyi Alaba Sofowora
International Journal of Cyber Society and Education , 2012,
Abstract: This study is a critical overview of the efforts of the Nigerian government at integrating Information and Communication Technology (ICT) into education. It also assessed the availability of these facilities and infrastructure as stated in the strategic ICT objectives. The study in addition investigated whether the sample used have the skills needed for ICT utilization and factors/challenges that affects the diffusion of ICT in education. This is with the ultimate view of providing empirical information on the extent of achieving the vision and objectives of the National policy for ICT in Nigeria. The study employed exploratory research design. Three hundred participants constituted the sample for this study. The sample was selected from ten schools using simple random sampling technique. While the schools were selected using stratified sampling technique, based on the Local Education Authority Area, school type and location. The research instrument is made up of a self-designed questionnaire on five point Likert Scale. They were derived from relevant literature and the research objectives and were validated by exerts from the Departments of Educational Technology, Educational Foundations and Counseling and ICT teachers in public schools in Ife for content validity. The reliability of the instrument was also determined using Pearson Moment Correlation. A correlation of 0.87 was found. The data was analyzed using One way analysis of Variance (ANOVA) .The findings showed that ICT facilities are not universally available. It was also found that 10 years after the enactment of the Nigerian National ICT Policy, internet services are yet to be fully made available in all the government Institutions in Nigeria
We're the Same… but Different: Addressing Academic Divides in the Study of Brain and Behavior
Zoe R. Donaldson
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience , 2010, DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2010.00041
Abstract: How the brain mediates behavior is a question relevant to a broad range of disciplines including evolutionary biology, basic neuroscience, psychiatry, and population health. Experiments in animals have traditionally used two distinct approaches to explore brain–behavior relationships; one uses naturally existing behavioral models while the other focuses on the creation and investigation of medically oriented models using existing laboratory-amenable organisms. Scientists using the first approach are often referred to and self identify as “neuroethologists,” while the second category spans a variety of other sub-disciplines but is often referred to broadly as “behavioral neuroscience.” Despite an overall common scientific goal – the elucidation of the neural basis of behavior – members of these two groups often come from different scientific lineages, seek different sources of funding, and make their homes in different departments or colleges. The separation of these groups is also fostered by their attendance at different scientific conferences and publication records that reflect different journal preferences. Bridging this divide represents an opportunity to explore previously unanswerable questions and foster rapid scientific advances. This article explores the reasons for this divide and proposes measures that could help increase technology transfer and communication between these groups, potentially overcoming both physical and ideological gaps.
A Survey of Remote Internet Voting Vulnerabilities
Okediran O. O.,Olabiyisi S. O.,Omidiora E. O.,Ganiyu R. A.
World of Computer Science and Information Technology Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Majority of the conventional voting techniques have been employed over the years in elections. Each of these techniques had attendant short comings. The existing conventional voting systems have been subjected to gross abuse and irregularities. Electronic voting which is emerging as an alternative to these conventional voting systems, though highly promising is not free of flaws; remote internet voting systems still suffer from many security problems which rely on the clients, the servers, and the network connections. Denial-of service attacks and viruses still belong to the most challenging security issues. In this paper we discuss the security issues associated with remote internet voting. In particular, we examine the feasibility of running national elections over the Internet. The focus of this paper is on the limitations of the current deployed infrastructure in terms of the security of the hosts and the Internet itself. We conclude that without appropriate security measures, internet based elections can be a challenge.
The Right to Communicate: Past Mistakes and Future Possibilities
Deborah Hicks
Dalhousie Journal of Interdisciplinary Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5931/djim.v3i1.25
Abstract: The right to communicate is a difficult concept to define. The most concise definition is provided by Pomorski (2002): the right to "exchange information relating to a commonly experienced world." This article explores the history and development of the right to communicate as a Third generation human right and the failed past attempts to translate it into national and international policy. In addition, alternative policy paths for advocate of the right to communicate will be explored and suggestions for concrete activities will be made.
Threats to Global Health and Opportunities for Change: A New Global Health
Laaser Ulrich,Epstein Leon
Public Health Reviews , 2010,
Abstract: The most recent phase of internationalization and globalization is characterized by the growing infl uence of non-governmental organizations that have had an impact on health. Key threats of strategic relevance for health, in addition to global warming, are the global divides in terms of demographic development and the burden of disease, social inequity, migration of populations, migration of health professionals, the inequitable terms of trade, and the consequences of the recent global monetary crisis. This paper addresses opportunities as set forth in the Millennium Development Goals, a revival of primary health care, and the necessary resetting of global aid in terms of international donor harmonization and national coordination, e.g., through a Sector Wide Approach (SWAp). We recommend: (1) A Global Code of Conduct for NGOs; (2) A renewed major effort of the United Nations community to achieve the Millennium Development Goals as planned; (3) Further development of the concept of SWAp’s to put the receiving governments into the “driver’s seat”. To this end, the achievement of the Paris/Accra criteria is essential, i.e., (4) To strengthen the linkage between governments and donors with a priority for primary health care services; and (5) To compensate the “sending” countries for basic investments in the upbringing and education of migrating professionals.
Improving High-Tech Product Development through Communication Audits  [PDF]
Mirja Vaananen, Pekka Belt, Janne Harkonen, Matti Mottonen
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2012.31004
Abstract: Functional communication is a necessity to succeed in high technology product development where projects typically are multi-site, multi-cultural, multi-technical, and products are complex. The aim of this study is to clarify what kind of process is suitable for assessing the effectiveness of communication in high-tech product development. Based on the literature analysis, a communication audit process is constructed and tested in five product development projects of different information and communication technology (ICT) companies. Based on test case experiences and analyses, this study proposes a streamlined communication audit process. An outcome of this paper is a streamlined communi-cation audit process that provides benefits for companies, but does not burden the organisation unnecessarily. Man-agers of high-tech companies can utilise the developed process for enhancing communication in their product devel-opment.
The Importance of Communication among the Members of the Nursing Team  [PDF]
Lucas Warmling, Patricia Alves de Souza
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.96073
Abstract: In 2013, the Brazilian Ministry of Health instituted the National Patient Safety Program (“PNSP”). One of the priorities of the Program is to propose and validate protocols, guides and manuals aimed at patient safety in different areas, one of which is communication concerning the health services environment. The hospital performs actions in tertiary care and the interpersonal communication of the nursing team demands a lot of attention and care, since it is a fundamental instrument in order to help the recovery of the patient. With a basis in this, the present work aims to identify the perceptions regarding the forms of communication of the members of the nursing team, the elements that interfere in this communication and to discuss the importance of the communication process among the nursing teams. This is a qualitative and descriptive research carried out from a questionnaire applied to nursing professionals of a small hospital in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina. There is a lack of communication and we noticed that the interaction among the members of the nursing team and the participation of the health institution must be improved in order to achieve a better teamwork. This improvement can be applied not only during the work process, but also through lectures, meetings and fellowship encounters. The communication occurs through an active participation of two or more individuals in the relevant process and such relationship may facilitate the practice of humanization. Communication subsidizes interpersonal relationships that, in turn, interact with nursing art, which is the process of science and care.
Acerca da instabilidade da condi o da sociologia económica On the instability of economic sociology’s condition
Jo?o Carlos Gra?a
Análise Social , 2012,
Abstract: O mapeamento conceptual e académico da sociologia e da ciência económica, incluindo a identifica o de um lugar para a sociologia económica, constituiu um problema relevante para vários autores do século xix, os quais produziram teoriza es que foram submetidas a uma severa crítica por Parsons, nos anos 30 do século xx. Parsons reformulou mais tarde várias das suas ideias quanto a estes assuntos, nunca tendo chegado a uma solu o satisfatória. Este problema é mais ampliado do que resolvido, considerando autores dos finais do século xx, como os do “individualismo metodológico” e da “nova sociologia económica”. As flutua es conceptuais e a incoerência teórica s o ainda mais aprofundadas se tomarmos em considera o também o problema das fronteiras daquelas disciplinas com a história The academic and conceptual mappings of economics and sociology, including the identification of a locus for economic sociology, was an important problem for various nineteenth century authors, who formulated theories that received harsh criticism in the 1930s by Parsons, who in his turn later carried on with considerable reformulation of his early group of theses, never settling matters in a completely satisfactory way. These problems were exacerbated, rather than resolved, by late twentieth century authors, namely those associated with “rational choice theory” and “new economic sociology”. The conceptual fluctuations and theoretical incoherence are further aggravated if we include the problem of academic divisions, not just between economics and sociology, but also considering historiography.
Societal Perception of Communication Strategies among Married Couples in Nsukka, South-Eastern, Nigeria  [PDF]
Christian Iyiani, Christopher Ngwu
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.24053
Abstract: When communication between couples becomes strained or even non-existent, the entire foundation of the relationship is affected. The purpose of this study therefore was to examine communication strategies that will improve couple’s relationships. Data were gathered from 197 couples of Igbo ethnic group using a 20-item scale measuring societal perception of married couples. Results showed that about half of the respondents (51.1%) were able to identify strategies couples can take to reduce misunderstanding in marriage relationship. The study also revealed that 53.2% of the respondents were of the opinion that culture has an influence on effective communication among couples. A major implication of the findings is the need to focus mainly on improving marital relationship through application of effective communication strategies by couples.
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