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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9332 matches for " child abuse "
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Child maltreatment, abuse and neglect in a Nigerian adolescent boy, the common but unheard menace: A case report form Southwest, Nigeria  [PDF]
Chinyere C. Uzodimma, Morufat M. Ogundeyi, Florence I. Dedeke, Olasunkanmi Owolabi
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2013.34068

Child abuse is a global problem. It includes all forms of physical and emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect, and exploitation that result in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, development or dignity. Child abuse and neglect are common in Nigeria, yet poorly reported. We herein report a case of child abuse and neglect in a 14-year-old boy, complicated by severe malnutrition, human immunodeficiency virus infection and gross under achievement of educational goal. The social and economic factors that play major roles are highlighted with the aim of sensitizing health care professionals, child advocacy groups, policy makers and other stakeholders on the impact of child abuse. We also hope that this would remind all concerned organisations and individuals of child protection which is integrated in the child right act 2003 adopted by Nigeria.

El Maltrato Infantil desde la bioética: El sistema de salud y su labor asistencial ante el maltrato infantil, ?qué hacer?
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0370-41062007000600007
Abstract: the bioethics thoughts of this article are guided to child abuse in general, not only to severe abuse and sexual abuse; it is directed to the most frequent form of abuse that occurs inside the family. in the first part of this article, an analysis of facts is performed, checking over epidemiologic and clinical relevant information of child abuse. in the second part, the analysis is based on values, difficulties in defining child abuse and the reasons why it should be managed as a health problem. in the last part, the discussion is maintained from an ethics perspective, regarding the problems in the attention of abused children and their families. the committee of child abuse presents a proposal for organization of health work in this subject
Maltrato infantil físico en pacientes diagnosticados en el Hospital Pediátrico “Juan M. Márquez”, 1996-1998
Fernández Couce,Gladys; Perea Corral,Jesús;
Revista Cubana de Pediatr?-a , 2004,
Abstract: a descriptive study was conducted from october 1996 to october 1998 at “juan m. márquez” pediatric hospital aimed at identifying the behavior of child abuse in a sample of 81 children with diagnosis of intentional or not physical abuse. child abuse predominated in children under one year old (38.2 %) and the mother was related to abuse in infants in 71.0 % of the cases. head injuries were observed in 49.4 % and they were severe in 27patients (33.3 %). the explanation of how the injury occurred was not consistent with the signs detected in 21 cases (25.9 %). abuse was reported by 15 children (18.5 %). ecchymosis was present in 33 children, accounting for 40.7 %. 60.4 % required hospitalization and 4 children died (1.4 per 10 000 admitted children). in this study, the infants were vulnerable to physical abuse by the mother and when the clinical injuries are not in the foreseeable range according to age, abuse is suspected and that's why an adequate cross-examination is important.
Small and Safe  [PDF]
Rathna N. Koman
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2017.84030
Abstract: This paper seeks to address issues relating to the management of child protection in Singapore context. Currently the system provides an institutionalized multi-disciplinary approach to protecting children. The current integrated system of handling child abuse is comprehensive and thorough and seeks to serve the best interests of the child. However given socio economic and legal ramifications of child abuse, this paper proposes the following enhancements in the management of child protection. First reporting of child abuse should be made mandatory similar to the American model. Failure to do so should constitute an offence under the Children and Young Persons Act and to be punished appropriately. Second, educators, preschoolers or otherwise should undergo compulsory and centralized training in the management of child protection, since the state has undertaken responsibility in protecting children from abuse. Given the complexities of recognizing the varying degrees of signs and symptoms of child abuse, practical training is recommended for educators in addition to the sector specific screening guide currently used. Third, such training can be conducted by specialists in Singapore, Ministry of Social and Family Development, (MSF) and the training can be calibrated according to different levels of educators. Fourth, it is important to have continuous training and refresher courses to ensure that educators are up to date. Fifth, curriculum of preschoolers must include education/awareness of child abuse so that the young can act as the first line of defense for child abuse. Additionally the curriculum should also focus on programs that cultivate openness in children, and the ability to express emotions or not to suppress them as a sign of embarrassment or shame in cases of child abuse. Last but not least, a National Registry for Child Abuse should be set up. This should be accessible to designated individuals of seniority in MSF, police, healthcare professionals and principals of schools or senior designated educators/administrators etc. A registry with such accessibility will amongst others facilitate safe recruitment practices in schools, enhance response time for protection, enable informed reporting etc.
Conhecimentos e percep??o de professores sobre maus-tratos em crian?as e adolescentes
Granville-Garcia, Ana Flávia;Souza, Maria Gleice Carvalho de;Menezes, Valdenice Aparecida de;Barbosa, Roberta Granville de;Cavalcanti, Alessandro Leite;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902009000100013
Abstract: violence against children and adolescents affects our society, being present in all social groups. education professionals play an important role in the identification and notification of child abuse in the school environment. therefore, this research study had the objective of verifying the knowledge and perception of the teachers of municipal schools of caruaru (state of pernambuco, brazil) concerning child abuse. the sample was non-probabilistic, in which 73 professionals were interviewed. the research technique used in the study was the extensive direct observation, and a specific structured form was employed. the studied variables were: frequency of child abuse, signs of violence, sex and age of the victim, adopted attitude, teachers' knowledge of protection institutions, information received on the subject and its importance. according to the teachers, the frequency of child abuse is low (16.4%), and hematoma (44.8%) and marks of objects and hands (20%) are the most frequent signs. the most mentioned age and sex were school-age (64.4%) and male (56.2%). in 87.3% of the cases the teachers mentioned the child guardianship council as the protection institution for the child. a high percentage of teachers did not have contact with the subject during their education (60.3%). most of them had some basic knowledge on the subject and all of them stated that it was important to have knowledge about it and would like to receive training.
Resiliência e maus-tratos à crian?a
Junqueira, Maria de Fátima Pinheiro da Silva;Deslandes, Suely Ferreira;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2003000100025
Abstract: the article discusses the resilience concept from a critical review. it prioritizes texts produced by organizations with leading roles in the field of child and adolescent health (paho, pan-american health organization; asbra, the brazilian association for adolescence). the main definitions of resilience are discussed, along with a debate on the contributions and limitations of the current literature. furthermore, the conceptual and operative possibilities of resilience when confronted with child abuse are discussed, specifically using intra-familial sexual abuse as an example. the authors conclude that the concept of resilience presents polarization around certain axes: "adaptation/overcoming process", "innate/acquired", "permanent/circumstantial". however, they all point to a common ground: the singularity and delicacy of micro-social health-promoting relationships.
The Perception of Children on Child Sexual Abuse:The Case of Children in Some Selected Schools in the Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana  [PDF]
Solomon Sika-Bright, Chinyere C. P. Nnorom
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.36033

Children are mostly the victims of child sexual abuse however, most children have little or no idea about what child sexual abuse entails and the forms it takes. In addition, the opinions of children have mostly been neglected in cases of child sexual abuse. The study therefore was carried out to explore how much children know about child sexual abuse and to suggest ways of publicising the phenomenon among children. A proportional sample of 256 children was selected from five public basic schools in the Cape Coast Metropolis to participate in the study. From interviews with the children, varied ideas were obtained. Parenting styles, child’s age, child’s educational level and sex of the child were found to influence the perception of the child on child sexual abuse. The cultural belief of “sex as a secret” was also found to be integrally related to child’s perception on sexual abuse in Cape Coast. Recommendations are made and the most important thing that the Ghana Education Service should intensify is sex education in the basic schools’ curriculum to enable them to identify and report such cases whenever experienced.

Which Are the Factors Associated to Child Mistreatment? Use of a Routinely Collected Specific Dataset for Surveillance in a Belgian Pediatric Unit  [PDF]
Christelle Senterre, Brigitte Vanthournout
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.612171
Abstract: Introduction: Child abuse is a serious health problem with compelling evidence that the phenomenon is common throughout the world. The Center “SOS enfants ULB” is a specialized team, established in a pediatric ward, which had mission to prevent and to treat the situations of children victims of physical, sexual, psychological abuse or of neglect. Our objectives were to describe the characteristics of 439 children hospitalized for (suspicion of) maltreatment and to investigate different factors potentially associated with the children at risk of neglect or maltreatment, the children victims of neglect and the physically maltreated children. Methods: Chi square test and multinomial logistic regression models with clustered robust standard error were applied to assess the relationship between the three types of mistreatment and the potential associated factors. Results: Maltreatment was observed for almost one in two children (48.7%) and approximately four on ten (41.5%) were considered at risk. Physical abuse was the most prevalent (57.9%) among the maltreated children and neglect was the second most prevalent (37.4%) form of maltreatment. Regarding the criteria leading to hospitalisation, at least one protective criterion was observed for a little more than eight children on ten. The parental criteria have shown that social problems and conjugal conflicts were the most prevalent for this category of hospitalisation criteria. Conclusion: These data, concerning the hospitalized children for which there is (suspicion of) mistreatment, collected by this team make important contribution to describing child maltreatment and its associated factors. Despite the fact that these hospitalized cases may be probably more serious than those who were not reported, every event, however small it may be, should be known for better organizing each level of prevention.
In Their Own Words: Young Peoples’ Vulnerabilities to Being Groomed and Sexually Abused Online  [PDF]
Helen C. Whittle, Catherine E. Hamilton-Giachritsis, Anthony R. Beech
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.510131

Little is known about why some children and young people are vulnerable to being groomed online, yet this has important implications for policy, practice and prevention. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify factors contributing to a young person’s vulnerability towards online grooming. Thematic Analysis was conducted on eight interviews with young people (six females and two males) who had experienced online grooming, resulting in sexual abuse online and/or offline. The reasons why participants engaged with the offenders varied on most levels of the Bron-fenbrenner (1979) ecological model (including individual, family, community and society). The loss of family protection was found to be central in contributing to vulnerability, as is online risk taking behavior. Three victim vulnerability scenarios emerged: 1) multiple long-term risk factors, 2) trigger events and 3) online behavioral risks. In each of these scenarios, parental and family factors were very important. It is suggested that further research is needed to investigate the applicability of these scenarios to other samples. Recommendations include parent and carer communication and involvement with their children’s internet use, as well as consistent, early onset internet safety education.

The Inter Relationship of Mental State between Antepartum and Postpartum Assessed by Depression and Bonding Scales in Mothers  [PDF]
Kafumi Sugishita, Kiyoko Kamibeppu, Hiroya Matsuo
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.812126
Abstract: The number of deaths caused by child abuse is increasing, which is one of social concerns. The mental health of mothers might be related to child abuse. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the mental state of mothers in both the antepartum and postpartum period assessed by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Mother-Infant-Bonding-Scale (MIBS), and compare the results. Participants (n = 134) were recruited twice in antepartum medical checkups (20 to 36 weeks of gestation) and postpartum medical checkups (1 month after birth). Information on characteristics of participants was collected from medical records in both periods. Family function and ante-postpartum mental health were assessed by Family APGAR, EPDS, and MIBS. Antepartum depressive state was related to postpartum depressive state (p = 0.015), antepartum bonding was related to bonding in postpartum bonding (p = 0.0001), and antepartum bonding disorder was related to postpartum depressive state (relative risk = 11.7). Worries about costs and poor of family function were related to the mental health of mothers in both the antepartum and postpartum periods. Antepartum depressive state is an indicator of postpartum depression. We suggested that health professionals conduct an evaluation of mother’s mental health and related factors in the antepartum period. The present findings emphasize the importance of antepartum mental health as a predictor of postpartum depression and bonding disorder.
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