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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4310 matches for " case estudies "
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Londo?o-Toro,Beatriz; Cortés-Nieto,Johanna del Pilar; Lombana-Rodríguez,Mónica Alexandra; Maya-Lucero,Carlos Andrés; Aguilar-Ariza,Julián; Palacios-Sanabria,óscar Gabriel;
Vniversitas , 2009,
Abstract: this paper presents the results of the research project "the effectiveness of judicial contempt power in writ of protection cases. a case study, bogotá (2007)". its purpose is to identify and analyze the variables that influence the effectiveness of contempt requests in terms of the satisfaction of fundamental rights. in order to do so, the research intended to have a quantitative approach with exploratory boundaries. the project examined a total of 431 files in criminal, civil, administrative, labor and family courts in bogota in 2007. the study shows an overview of ineffectiveness of the legal instrument and the need for its reform, together with the development of new tools to promote compliance based on different theoretical perspectives.
Beatriz Londo?o-Toro,Johanna del Pilar Cortés-Nieto,Mónica Alexandra Lombana-Rodríguez,Carlos Andrés Maya-Lucero
Vniversitas , 2009,
Abstract: Este artículo presenta el resultado del proyecto de investigación "Eficacia del incidente de desacato. Estudio de caso, Bogotá (2007)", cuyo propósito era identificar y analizar las variables que inciden en la eficacia de los incidentes de desacato que se interponen en búsqueda del cumplimiento de las sentencias de tutela. Se trata de una investigación cuantitativa de alcance exploratorio, en la que se examinaron 431 expedientes de desacato de juzgados penales, civiles, administrativos, laborales y de familia en la ciudad de Bogotá del a o 2007. El estudio muestra un panorama de ineficacia del incidente de desacato y la necesidad no solo de repensar el incidente de desacato, sino de desarrollar otras herramientas para promover el cumplimiento desde otras perspectivas teóricas. This paper presents the results of the research project "The Effectiveness of Judicial Contempt Power in Writ of Protection Cases. A Case Study, Bogotá (2007)". Its purpose is to identify and analyze the variables that influence the effectiveness of contempt requests in terms of the satisfaction of fundamental rights. In order to do so, the research intended to have a quantitative approach with exploratory boundaries. The project examined a total of 431 files in criminal, civil, administrative, labor and family courts in Bogota in 2007. The study shows an overview of ineffectiveness of the legal instrument and the need for its reform, together with the development of new tools to promote compliance based on different theoretical perspectives.
Resultados del conocimiento sobre factores de riesgo del cáncer de mama y autoexamen
Virella Trujillo,María Elena; Salazar Matos,Yodelaisi; Chávez Roque,Mavel; Vi?as Sifontes,Leida Nilda; Pe?a Fuente,Niurka;
Revista Archivo M??dico de Camag??ey , 2010,
Abstract: background: breast cancer still continues the most frequent neoplasia in cuba and worldwide. objective: to modify the knowledge about risk factors and breast autoexam technique. method: an educational intervention study in two doctor's offices of camalote, in guáimaro, from 2007 to 2008 was performed. the study universe was constituted by two-hundred eighty three women, between thirty and fifty years old, the sample remain conformed by sixty patients. a survey was applied that contains the selected variables. the obtained results were processed by automated methods, being used the statistical package microstat. results: the bad dietetic habits with (31,67%) and hormonal factors (21,66%) were the risk factors found, the 28,33% considered it important and carried out the mammary autoexam the 8,3%. after the educational intervention 53,33% began to carry out the technique taught starting from interiorize its importance. conclusions: the intervention program was effective when being able to increase in a significant way the level of knowledge of all the analyzed variables.
Una aproximación a la imagen de la mujer en el arte espa ol.
Jesús Félix Pascual Molina
Ogigia. Revista Electrónica de Estudios Hispánicos , 2007,
Abstract: ENGLISH:The present article is an approach to the treatment of the femenine figure as an artistic object, specially the nude and the daily images. Beyond the iconographic treatment we pretend a cultural study through the context in which the works appeared. Well known examples, both of artists and pieces, are used for studying the topics. SPANISH: El presente artículo supone un acercamiento al tratamiento de la figura de la mujer como objeto artístico, especialmente el desnudo y las escenas cotidianas. Más allá deltratamiento iconográfico se pretende un estudio cultural a través del contexto en el que las obras surgieron. Se emplean ejemplos conocidos, tanto de autores y obras, para tratar el tema expuesto.
Refining Use/Misuse/Mitigation Use Cases for Security Requirements  [PDF]
Joshua J. Pauli
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2014.78058

We investigate security at the same time as the functional requirements by refining and integrating use, misuse, and mitigation use cases. Security requirements rely on the interactions among normal system execution (use cases), attacks (misuse cases), and necessary security strategies (mitigation use cases), but previous approaches only use a high-level of abstraction. We use refinement to uncover details of each case and the relationships among them before integrating them. We identify and model “includes” and “extends” relationships within each refined case type, and use a condition-driven process that maintains these relationships as refinement continues. We then systematically identify and model “threatens” and “mitigates” relationships to integrate the cases at a detailed level.

Disability: A Case Screening Program Approach  [PDF]
Sudarshan Paudel, Lilanath Bhandari, Dil Bahadur Bhandari
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2017.52002
Abstract: Disability is an accident waiting to happen in population. Large numbers of population in world are disabled and its prevalence is on the rise. Disabled people have to face two additional challenges namely, limitation in body and social stigmatization on top of other social happening to general public. The stipulation of disability will be subjective because social and physical condition is directly related to it. The study was also envisioned to develop a disability screening approach. The objective was to focus on how disabled has been included in the government’s health plans in Nepal. The study has presented data of 894 disabled people from randomly selected seven VDCs of Makwanpur district. The total population in studied VDCs was 87,502. The study was conducted in coordination with local governing bodies and health development partners during August-October in 2012. The study revealed 1.02 percent prevalence of disability among study population. The majority were suffering physical disability (60.6 percent) followed by deaf (19.7 percent). Based on age group, young adults (15 - 19 years) group was more (31 percent) vulnerable. Out of total, the number of male was higher due to their high exposure in external environment and risk taking behaviour.
Factors affecting TB case detection and treatment in the Sissala East District, Ghana  [PDF]
Collins K. Ahorlu, Frank Bonsu
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2013.13006
Abstract: Background: Tuberculosis remains a major heal- th problem affecting about a third of the world population despite a number of preventive and control measures taken in the past few decades. Eighty-five percent of all tuberculosis cases are concentrated in Asia and Africa due to lack of education and health care infrastructure. Objective: To determine factors affecting low tuberculosis case detection in the Sissala East district in the Upper West Region of Ghana. Methods: This was a descriptive study where semi-structured questionnaire was administered to 61 respondents; six focus group discussions and 20 in-depth interviews were conducted to generate both qualitative and quantitative data for analysis. Results: Tuberculosis, known locally as Kesibine was identified as a major problem in the district. The two most frequently reported TB related dis-tresses were coughing (96.7%) and chest pains (95.0%). However, these distresses were reported more after probing for them. The most frequently spontaneously reported distress was reduced income (60.7%) for patients. The most prominent cause reported was sexual pollution (72.2%). Suspected tuberculosis patients are stigmatized and are denied sex by their partners as shown in the following narrative; I will not eat or have sex with her or eat any leftover from her plate (male local healer, In-depth interview). Case detection and treatment is hampered by lack of communication between sub-district facilities and the district hospital to aid laboratory diagnosis. Conclusion: There is therefore the need for vigorous health education to inform the people about the biomedical causes of TB and the availability of appropriate treatment for the disease at health facilities. However, the education should not aim at changing the “wrong beliefs” but focus on making people aware of the biomedical causes and see TB as treatable infection, which could be controlled.
Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia: A case report and review of the literature  [PDF]
Yunjie Ge, Xiudi Han, Xuedong Liu
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2013.34027

Objective: We introduce one case of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) and review the literature nearly 10 years in order to improve the understanding of this rare disease. Methods: A case of CEP diagnosed by transbronchial lung biopsy with clinical and follow-up data was analyzed and its clinical features, diagnosis and treatment combined with the literature were discussed. Result: CEP is a chronic pulmonary eosinophilic inflammation with unknown etiology, characterized by history of allergic disease, cough, sputum, but often breathlessness and wheezing; eosinophil in peripheral blood and/or sputum and/or bronchoalveolar lavage fluid significantly increased; chest X-ray showed progressively peripheral non-segment distribution of high-density infiltrates, often called “reversed pulmonary edema sign”; Pathology showed eosinophil infiltration in lung interstitial, bronchial submucosal and excessive eosinophil exudation in alveolar. Oral corticosteroids had a good response, but easy to relapse. Conclusions: Eosinophil count of bronchoalveolar lavage or lung biopsy can confirm the diagnosis of CEP timely in suspected patients. Bronchoscope can play an important role in assisting diagnosis and improving symptoms. 

SC Hemoglobinopathy (HbSC) with Osteoarticular Complications: Case Report  [PDF]
Filipe Bezerra Macedo, Jucier Gon?alves Júnior, Fabiana Gouveia Guimar?es, Raphael Cisne Tomaz, Débora Valentim Monte Alto, Paula Pessoa Pinheiro, Jácia Maria Neves Coelho
Health (Health) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/health.2017.97078
Background: Among hemoglobinopathies, the most prevalent in our population are hemoglobins S and C, which are capable of producing disease when homozygous. In cases of double heterozygotes with sickle hemoglobin C (SC), the disease is less expressive in its clinical condition and rarer. Case report: Patient has a previous hospitalization with pain in the joints in knee and hip and several febrile peaks. Upon physical examination, the patient had difficulty in walking, without edema, pedal and tibial posterior pulses present, with no signs of compartment syndrome. Complementary exams revealed anemia, leukocytosis and lymphopenia. The hemoglobin electrophoresis showed the SC Hemoglobinopathy. The treatment with antibiotic therapy according to the protocol (Oxacillin and Ceftriaxone) was restarted and submitted to joint drainage in affected limb. Conclusion: Osteomyelitis and septic arthritis in patients in the pediatric age group should be considered as serious infections that deserve hospitalization and more expressive treatment.
Mesenteric Adenitis as a Differential Appendicitis Diagnosis: Case Report  [PDF]
Vinícius Moreira Paladino, Thiago Sande Miguel, Bruna Sande Miguel, Marcia Machado Galv?o Pereira, Fernando Antonio Galv?o Pereira Junior, Carolina Galv?o Teixeira, Caroline Guida Babinski, Naryrton Kalys Cruz dos Anjos, Daniel Almeida da Costa, Débora Trindade Martins, Bruno Fonseca dos Santos
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2018.63003
Abstract: Mesenteric adenitis consists of an important differential diagnosis of potentially serious diseases such as acute appendicitis, since they manifest themselves with a similar clinical picture. Case report: A 17-year-old male patient presented with periumbilical abdominal pain for 2 days, of abrupt onset and moderate intensity, who gave away with a common analgesic, which progressed to the right iliac fossa (RIF) and increased of intensity. He also reported liquid diarrhea, with several episodes a day, without mucus and/or blood, 38°C fever, anorexia and vomiting. He was hospitalized for investigating a possible diagnostic of Acute Appendicitis. In the exams, it was considered mesenteric adenitis, and antibiotic therapy was prescribed. The patient had complete improvement at the end of treatment. Conclusions: Given its importance as a differential diagnosis of numerous pathologies, as well as controversial before the therapeutic and diagnostic conduct, it is essential to report these cases in order to elucidate the specificities of this disease.
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