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ESTUDIO TECNOLóGICO DE 13 COLLARES ETNOGRáFICOS PATAGóNICOS
SALAS ROSSENBACH,KAI;
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442007000100002
Abstract: ethnographic accounts often describe the long shell bead necklaces worn by patagonian canoe indians. numerous exemplars of these artefacts are curated in museums around the world. whilst the decorative function of these necklaces is generally taken for granted, little is known about the ways in which they were manufactured. in order to expand our knowledge of these techniques, twelve necklaces from the salesian museum in punta arenas and a further necklace from the regional museum of magallanes were studied focusing on the manufacturing techniques employed and the ways in which they were used. the beads evidence a careful selection of shells, their modification according to a particular aesthetic, and recurrently employed drilling techniques. also recorded are the types of fibres used for cordage and related twinning techniques. we also observe occasional painting/colouring of some of them. the study demonstrates outstanding technical complexity coupled with careful craftsmanship in the production of these ornaments, offering new insights to understand the technical systems of indigens
Una encrucijada de caminos: el poblamiento de la Isla Dawson (Estrecho de Magallanes)
LEGOUPIL,D; CHRISTENSEN,M; MORELLO,F;
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442011000200010
Abstract: a research about the role of prehistoric human peopling of dawson island, central magellan strait zone, is presented through the discussion of data collected in an extensive survey that included the eastern shoreline of the island and its comparison with other canoe core areas. the discovery of 29 archaeolo-gical sites permitted recording unknown evidence of human occupations dating between ca. 4200 and 1200 years bp. they could represent a step between the two southernmost maritime population cores of otway sound/ brunswick peninsula and beagle channel.
ESTUDIO TECNOLóGICO DE 13 COLLARES ETNOGRáFICOS PATAGóNICOS A TECHNOLOGICAL STUDY OF 13 ETHNOGRAPHIC NECKLACES FROM PATAGONIA
KAI SALAS ROSSENBACH
Magallania , 2007,
Abstract: Los relatos etnográficos describen a menudo los largos collares compuestos de peque as conchas que llevaban los canoeros de Patagonia. Se conservan numerosos ejemplares de éstos en varios museos del mundo. Si la función decorativa de estos collares se supone obviamente, pocos datos están disponibles en cuanto a su fabricación. Para enriquecer nuestro conocimiento de las técnicas de los canoeros modernos, emprendimos el estudio de 13 de estos collares. Doce están conservados en el Museo Salesiano de Punta Arenas y un collar en el Museo Regional de Magallanes en la misma ciudad. El estudio es tecnológico, interesándose en los métodos de fabricación y utilización de estos collares. Las perlas muestran una selección precisa de la concha, modificaciones estéticas de la concha y técnicas de perforación recurrentes. Se observaron también la materia de las fibras y las técnicas de trenzado. Los collares fueron a veces coloreados. El estudio muestra una gran complejidad técnica y todo el cuidado para la fabricación de estos objetos de adorno. Aporta un nuevo elemento a la comprensión de los sistemas técnicos de los indígenas Ethnographic accounts often describe the long shell bead necklaces worn by Patagonian canoe indians. Numerous exemplars of these artefacts are curated in museums around the world. Whilst the decorative function of these necklaces is generally taken for granted, little is known about the ways in which they were manufactured. In order to expand our knowledge of these techniques, twelve necklaces from the Salesian Museum in Punta Arenas and a further necklace from the Regional Museum of Magallanes were studied focusing on the manufacturing techniques employed and the ways in which they were used. The beads evidence a careful selection of shells, their modification according to a particular aesthetic, and recurrently employed drilling techniques. Also recorded are the types of fibres used for cordage and related twinning techniques. We also observe occasional painting/colouring of some of them. The study demonstrates outstanding technical complexity coupled with careful craftsmanship in the production of these ornaments, offering new insights to understand the technical systems of indigens
Una encrucijada de caminos: el poblamiento de la Isla Dawson (Estrecho de Magallanes) A crossroad: the peopling of Dawson Island (Magellan Strait)
D LEGOUPIL,M CHRISTENSEN,F MORELLO
Magallania , 2011,
Abstract: Se presenta un estudio sobre el rol del poblamiento humano prehistórico de isla Dawson, zona central del estrecho de Magallanes, a través de la discusión de los resultados recopilados en una extensa prospección que abarcó la costa este de la isla y su comparación con otros núcleos canoeros. El descubrimiento de 29 sitios arqueológicos permitió registrar evidencias inéditas de ocupaciones humanas datadas entre ca. 4200 y 1200 a os A P. Podrían representar un vínculo entre los dos núcleos de poblamiento canoero de la zona austral, el mar de Otway/península Brunswick y el canal Beagle. A research about the role of prehistoric human peopling of Dawson Island, central Magellan strait zone, is presented through the discussion of data collected in an extensive survey that included the eastern shoreline of the island and its comparison with other canoe core areas. The discovery of 29 archaeolo-gical sites permitted recording unknown evidence of human occupations dating between ca. 4200 and 1200 years BP. They could represent a step between the two southernmost maritime population cores of Otway Sound/ Brunswick Peninsula and Beagle Channel.
Year 2008 whitewater injury survey
VASILIOS DIAFAS,KONSTANTINOS CHRYSIKOPOULOS,VASILIKI DIAMANTI,PARASKEVI KOUSTOURAKI
Biology of Exercise , 2010,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to gather retrospective data on paddling style, equipment, and acute and chronic/overuseinjuries in hard shell whitewater canoe and kayak paddlers, to compare injury rates and patterns in different groups of paddlers, and to evaluate the incidence in paddlers of self-reported giardia infection. During summer and fall of 2008, a surveywasdistributed at riverside, through paddle club bulletins, andwas posted on the Internet. Three hundred nineteen useablesurveys were returned reporting 388 acute and 285 chronic in-juries. Shoulder, wrist/hand, and elbow/forearm were the mostcommon sites of injury. Sprain/strain was the most common(26%) known acute injury, followed by laceration and contusion(each 17%). Tendinitis was the most common (44%) knownchronic injury diagnosis, followed by sprain/strain (27%). Forty-seven percent of acute and 36% of chronically injured paddlers sought medical attention. Giardia infection was reported in14%. It is concluded that shoulder and wrist/hand areas were the most common injured sites in this survey. Sprains, tendinitis, lacerations, and contusions were the most common known injury diagnoses. Injuries due to portage were common. Giardia infection may be common in whitewater paddlers.
Controller Area Network for Automobile Application Using ASIC Based on PSoC and Analysing Through Vector CANoe
DivyaSharma,Mayank Gupta
International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering , 2013,
Abstract: In the automotive industry, embedded control has grown from stand-alone systems to highly integrated and networked control systems. By networking electro-mechanical subsystems, it becomes possible to modularize functionalities and hardware, which facilitates reuse and adds capabilities. With the increasing number of distributed microcontrollers and intelligent peripherals used in today’s electronic systems, such as vehicle controls, networking protocols between the units have become extremely important. A wide range of these applications are using CAN (Controller Area Network) for network communication. The CAN bus was developed by BOSCH as a multi-master, message broadcast system that specifies a maximum signaling rate of 1M bit per second (bps). Unlike a traditional network such as USB or Ethernet, CAN does not send large blocks of data point-to-point from node A to node B under the supervision of a central bus master. In a CAN network many short messages like temperature or RPM are broadcast to the entire network, which allows for data consistency in every node of the system [1].
The value of didactic-pedagogical skills of canoe-polo technical
RODOLFO VASTOLA,ROSA SGAMBELLURI,STEFANO DI TORE,ANTONIO BUGLIONE
Journal of Human Sport and Exercise , 2012,
Abstract: Canoe-polo is a team sport. It is played in over 50 countries around the world. The role of coach concerns not only the technical – tactics skills but also the managerial, organizational and logistical skills of the players. From the point of view of teaching methodology, the canoe polo coach must be aware of the fact that his role always involves the role of teacher, and to excel in the performance of this function, must possess a number of characteristics that define the area of his specifically pedagogical jurisdiction The aim of the research is to define the elements characterizing the performance model in canoe polo that are the most important in developing a technique, tactics and conditional plan in order to provide the coach the most appropriate knowledge to organize a didactically coherent process to the requires of the group – team. The experimental research was carried out on two subjects of the 2010 Italian champions (CN Posillipo in Naples), during eight matches of the Italian Canoe Polo Championship. The research project provided for the monitoring of the heart rate (HR) during the races by teams polar heart rate monitors system, with a sampling rate of 5s per subject. The acquisitions were subsequently analyzed with a dedicated software Polar Pro Trainer 5.2. The results in this pilot study show, canoe-polo like many other team games where you use a ball, it is an intermittent sport with a high metabolic intensity (4.8).
Ethnicity, Labor and Indigenous Populations in the Ecuadorian Amazon, 1822-2010  [PDF]
Robert Wasserstrom, Teodoro Bustamante
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2015.51001
Abstract: According to most recent research, Indians in Ecuador’s Amazonian region (the Oriente) lived outside of modern markets and political systems until around 40 years ago. But this view obscures the essential role of indigenous labor in earlier cycles of extractivism and exploitation. Beginning in the 18th century, lowland Quichua and other ethnic groups were defined as much by their place within long-distance economic networks as they were by their languages or cultures. Using newly discovered historical records and other sources, we can now reconstruct the ebb and flow of commodity booms in Amazonian Ecuador and their impact on indigenous populations.
Huichol Ethnography and Archaeological Interpretation
Eduardo Williams
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 1990, DOI: 10.5334/pia.359
Abstract: The Huichol Indians of western Mexico inhabit one of the most isolated and inaccessible areas of Middle America. This isolation has meant that their aboriginal culture has survived with relatively few major modifications since the period of first contact with Western culture. This situation offers a unique opportunity to the anthropologist searching for ways to better understand native culture in the area of Mesoamerica.
Aspectos culturales de la reproducción: el caso de los Suruí de Rondonia y Mato Grosso, Brasil
Arias Valencia,María Mercedes; Ventura Santos,Ricardo; Coimbra,Carlos; Escobar,Ana Lucia;
Investigación y Educación en Enfermería , 2008,
Abstract: this article communicates results of a demographic study on the cultural aspects related to reproduction in suruí natives, in rond?nia and mato grosso, brazil. objective: to raise the cultural aspects linked to fecundity in relation to the demographic conscience of the above mentioned natives. methodology: with ethnographic approach, we visited the totality of the domiciliary units of the villages known as linha 14 and placa, in the indigenous land "sete de setembro" in 2004. one hundred and fifteen women participated. results: there are two practices of marital union, polygyny and the interethnic marriage. the ritual imprisonment of the women in their first menstruation and the prohibition of sexual relations during pregnancy, postpartum and a year after birth still continue. breast milk production is highly valued and children are breastfed up to two years of age. the ideal is having many children and producing a lot of milk. the most important thing for the suruí is a reproductive strategy that allows the society to continue as an ethnically differentiated entity. discussion: we analyzed the consistencies and the changes in the sphere of reproduction; we compared them with the results of other studies related to suruí ethnology and the performance of health services in this community. conclusion: cultural aspects are the essential elements for new health policies and to give ethnical specificity to their programs and projects.
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