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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11709 matches for " breast feeding [psychology] "
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Tra?o e estado de ansiedade de nutrizes com indicadores de hipogalactia e nutrizes com galactia normal
Aragaki, Ilva Marico Mizumoto;Silva, Isília Aparecida;Santos, Jair Lício Ferreira dos;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342006000300012
Abstract: the objective of this study was to identify and compare the trace and the anxiety state on the 10th day postpartum and the anxiety state on the 30th day postpartum of primiparous and multiparous nursing mothers who present insufficient breast feeding indicators and nursing mothers with normal breast feeding, in order to verify the possible relationships between the anxiety state of the nursing mothers in those two moments with the insufficient breast feeding indicators presented. this is an exploratory and descriptive study, whose data has been gotten from 168 nursing mothers and their children by means of interviews in nursing consultations in the 10th and 30th day postpartum. the results obtained showed that primiparous and multiparous with insufficient breast feeding and primiparous with normal lactation presented higher anxiety state trace than the anxiety state on the 10th and 30th day postpartum. there was remission of the maternal signals of anxiety with the passing of time, which may be caused by the correction of the breast feeding technique and support to the nursing mothers.
Experiência do cuidado materno e amamenta??o sob a ótica de mulheres vítimas de violência conjugal
Louren?o,Márcia Aguiar; Deslandes,Suely Ferreira;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102008005000040
Abstract: objective: to describe maternal care and breastfeeding experience of women suffering intimate partner violence. methodogical procedures: a qualitative study was conducted in 11 women suffering intimate partner violence during pregnancy. women aged 16-41 years were recruited in a hospital in the city of rio de janeiro between january and march 2005. data were collected through in-depth interviews using a life history approach and complemented by a semi-structured guide. analysis of the results: women expressed mixed feelings of loneliness and good moments regarding maternal care and breastfeeding experience. most had early cessation of breastfeeding and the reasons reported included: the need to resume their working activities, lack of information on breastfeeding and the violence experienced by these women. conclusions: the study shows a need to approach women as key actors of a nursing model, offering opportunities to listen to their concerns as well as to provide care to intimate partner violence victims and differentiated support.
Lactancia materna: su reproducción en los juegos de roles
Naranjo Arroyo,Migdalia; Guillot Montes,Guillermo E.; Uribazo Odio,Deysi; Robert Hechavarría,Elena; Mustelier Despaigne,René;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1998,
Abstract: an intervention study of 58 preschool girls in the "alegre amanecer" day-care center located in josé martí health area, santiago de cuba province was carried out from march to july, 1995, for the purpose of determining the representation of breast feeding in child's games, applying educational techniques and comparing their effectiveness. methods like observations, initial and final interviews story-telling, demonstrations and guided role-taking games were used. the educational techniques were employed in 97 % of the cases and they were really effective since at the end of the interventions, the results favoured breast feedings and milk, the girls nursed their dolls and learned the importance of breast feeding. therefore, it would be useful to continue this type of work with preschool girls who do not attend day-care centers, and to give advisory to educational staff working in these centers on the implementation of these techniques in child's games program
Factores psicosociales que influyen en el abandono de la lactancia materna
Durán Menéndez,Raisa; Villegas Cruz,Déborah; Sobrado Rosales,Zeida; Almanza Mas,Manuel;
Revista Cubana de Pediatr?-a , 1999,
Abstract: a prospective study on the giving up of breast feeding in 144 mothers was conducted at the follow-up department of the neonatology service of the "enrique cabrera" general teaching hospital, in havana city, from june, 1994, to december, 1996. the educational level of the parents, occupation, family support, and the anxiety level of the mother were assessed, among others. 59.1 % of the neonates nursed until the first 4 months of life. the objetive of this paper was to determine the psychosocial factors that influenced on the giving up of breast feeding in these mothers. 55.5 % of the studied mothers were 20-29. the giving up of breast feeding was more frequent in the group under 20 and in that over 35. neither the age nor the educational level of the mother and her husband influenced on the giving up of breast feeding. although the marital status did not influence on it, it was observed that a greater percentage of nursing mothers were married. those mothers that did not receive family support gave up breast feeding more frequently, as well as those with a high level of anxiety. these differences were significant between both groups with a p < 0.05 in the first case and a p < 0.01 in the second. the level anxiety as a trait and the sexual life of the mother did not influence on the giving up of breast feeding, either. it was concluded that the lack of family support and the high level of anxiety as a status influenced on the giving up of breast feeding.
Caracterización de la lactancia materna en un área urbana
Ovies Carballo,Gisel; Santana Pérez,Felipe; Padrón Durán,Rubén S;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1999,
Abstract: a descriptive and cross-sectional study of 872 women who lived in an urban area and had given birth from 1 to 12 months before was conducted in order to know the duration, pattern of breast feeding, and the causes to abandon it. 1.1 % of these women never started breast feeding due to agalactia. women began to breast feed their children in an average time between 1 and 15 days. among those who had abandoned breast feeding at the time of the study the mean time of duration was 108.5 days. the life table technique was applied to the group that was not breast feeding so as to determine the continuity rate and the risk of leaving breast feeding. in the first case there is only 51 % of probability to continue lactating from 4 to 5 months, and in the same period the weaning risk is 0.83 %. the most frequent reason to leave this practice was the complete loss of milk. only 32.6 % of the studied population used breast feeding exclusively. it is concluded that there is a high trend to abandon breast feeding early and, mainly, the exclusive one
Investigating the effective factors on the duration of breast feeding
Jamshidi Evanaki,F. Golyan Tehrani,Sh. Babaie,Gh. Hadyan
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2004,
Abstract: Introduction: A balanced and proper diet is an essential factor in maintaining individual’s health. The improvement of feeding in different age groups, especially children, is considered a significant step in primary health care. Materials and Methods: This research is a descriptive and analytic study. A sample of 225 mothers whose babies were between 0-24 months and who were referred to selected centers were chosen, using random sampling. The tool was a questionnaire. To analyze the data, the descriptive statistical, frequency distribution charts, the mean and central tendency as well as inferential statistics ( 2 test and Pearson correlation) were applied. Results: The findings of the research showed that there is a meaningful relation between variables of age, occupation, the method of the last delivery, inclination of mother to the breast feeding, age of fetus at the time of birth, hospitalization of the neonate, the time of first breast feeding after the childbirth, the quality of baby’s nutrition while he is hospitalized, the quality of the baby’s first nutrition, the time of starting aid-feeding, using the aid-milk and using the pacifier by the baby with the duration of breast feeding. Such a relationship was also found between husband’s idea about the breast feeding, examination of the breast during the pregnancy, teaching the advantages of the breast feeding and its correct method during the pregnancy, the place of the last childbirth, teaching the importance and the correct method of breast feeding after the childbirth, an encouraging and supporting husband concerning breast feeding, presence of the mother and the baby in a same-room after the childbirth, manner of arranging the intervals and times of the breast feeding, breast feeding during the night, renewed pregnancy and the duration of breast feeding in each session with the duration of breast feeding. Conclusion: According to the findings of the research, different factors affect duration of the breast feeding. Necessity of the midwife’s attempt to instruct mothers during pregnancy and after childbirth was affirmed. The necessity of instruction of the medical groups about breast feeding is also made clear more than before.
Conseqüências do uso da mamadeira para o desenvolvimento orofacial em crian?as inicialmente amamentadas ao peito
Carrascoza, Karina Camillo;Possobon, Rosana de Fátima;Tomita, Laura Mendes;Moraes, Ant?nio Bento Alves de;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572006000600015
Abstract: objective: to identify and assess the possible consequences of bottle-feeding on the oral facial development of children who were breastfed up to at least six months of age. methods: two hundred and two children (4 years of age) enrolled in an early health attention program participated in the study. the sample was divided into two groups: g1 (children who used only a cup to drink) and g2 (those who used a bottle). results: lip closure was observed in 82% of the children in g1 and in 65% of those in g2 (p = 0.0065). the tongue coming to rest in the maxillary arch was found in 73% of the children in g1 and in 47% of those in g2 (p = 0.0001). nasal breathing was observed in 69% of g1 and in 37% of g2 (p = 0.0001). the maxilla was shown to be normal in 90% of g1 and in 78% of g2 (p = 0.0206). conclusions: use of the bottle, even among breastfed children interferes negatively with oral facial development.
Perspectiva de alimenta??o infantil obtida com gestantes atendidas em centros de saúde na cidade de S?o Paulo
Takushi, Sueli Aparecida Moreira;Tanaka, Ana Cristina d'Andretta;Gallo, Paulo Rogério;Bresolin, Ana Maria Bara;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292006000100014
Abstract: objectives: to obtain information from pregnant women on how they planned to feed their infants during the first year of life. methods: cross sectional study of the data obtained through structured questionnaires, filled by means of individual interviews with 164 pregnant women assisted by prenatal clinics in outpatient centers in the city of s?o paulo. statistical chi- square test was used to determine association between age, school level, parity and knowledge on the variety of fruits, vegetables and meats available. results: all women knew at least one type of fruit and vegetable while 20% of the women did not intend to offer vegetables. significant statistical results between age, school level, parity and knowledge on the variety of fruits and vegetables available were not determined. the most rejected food, according to the mothers were fish (85.4%) and liver (82.3%). many myths were determined related to the iron content of food. conclusions: the intention of offering food to children under six months old was frequent. the value of discussing the transition of infant feeding during prenatal care was determined as well.
Alimenta??o de crian?as no primeiro semestre de vida: enfoque no aleitamento materno exclusivo
Santos, Vera Lúcia Fugita dos;Soler, Zaida Aurora Sperli Geraldes;Azoubel, Reinaldo;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292005000300004
Abstract: objectives: describe the type of diet offered to 205 children in the first six months of life. method: descriptive exploratory study, focusing on exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months of life. survey was performed in the city of votuporanga, interior of s?o paulo, during the national day of multiple vaccination. results: the majority of mothers breastfed their children, but less than half of them exclusively in their first six months of life. the majority of respondents were between 15 and 31 years old; were married or lived with their companions; had incomplete elementary education level and family income ranged from one to six minimum salaries. 62.6% of the women were oriented on breastfeeding during prenatal care. conclusions: research results determined the value of surveying the diet offered to newborn children in their first semester of life; as well as the need to orient women throughout all of their reproductive cycle to have them adhere to exclusive breastfeeding.
Complementary feeding practices to children during their first year of life
Parada, Cristina Maria Garcia de Lima;Carvalhaes, Maria Antonieta de Barros Leite;Jamas, Milena Temer;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692007000200014
Abstract: this study aimed to investigate complementary feeding practices during children's first year of life in botucatu, sp, brazil. practices were described according to the age range and the breastfeeding (bf) practice. data were collected during a multi-vaccination campaign through the interview of 1,238 individuals who accompanied children younger than one year old being vaccinated. differences associated with the bf situation were identified by the chi-square test and fisher's exact test. the early introduction of complementary food was observed, which led to the low frequency of exclusive breastfeeding (36.9% <4 months). children younger than 4 months old consumed tea (30.7%); children between 4 and 6 months old consumed fruits (54.1%), soups (39.9%) and home-made food (19.2%). juice was offered only to 15.2% of children younger than 4 months old who were completed weaned, 60% of the children was offered water. data show that the consistence of the food consumed was inappropriate: children between 6 and 8 months old were offered the family's regular food (48.8%) and children older than 8 months (71.6%) were offered soup. therefore, interventions focused on complementary feeding are justified on the city.
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