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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13418 matches for " birth rate "
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Infant mortality rate in Al-Ramadi province from 2000 through 2010, retrospective study  [PDF]
Hammodi F. Aljumaily, Muhammed M. Al-Ani, Muhammed M. Hantush
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.52039
Abstract:

Objectives: To determine the IMR in Al-Ramadi province, the center of Al-Anbar Governorate, Western Iraq, from 2000-2010 with rate comparison of the three different stages of that period. Methods: Data collected from the birth and death certificate center in Al-Ramadi province, Western Iraq, included; name, age, sex, residence, date of birth and death, in three different stages (the first stage 2000-2002, the second stage 2003-2007, and the third stage 2008-2010) in a study period from July to December, 2010. The IMRs were analyzed and compared with other studies. Results: The IMR of the last 3 years of sanction was 54.3/1000, 55.7/1000 and 50.6/1000 respectively, this rate had been increased in the war and violence period to reach its maximum rate 58.6/1000 in 2006, then decreased to reach its minimum rate 44.5/1000 in 2008. Approximately two-third of deaths occurred during the neonatal period and one third in the post neonatal period. Males had higher IMR than females, and rural residence higher than urban. Conclusion: Infant mortality rate is still high in Al-Ramadi province, since the American invasion (2003-2007), when compared with other developing countries. This study found increase of IMR in Al-Ramadi province during that period more than other studied years.

Sub-registro de nascimentos vivos hospitalares em área urbana da regi?o sul do Brasil, em 1989
Souza,Regina K. Tanno de; Gotlieb,Sabina L.D.;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101993000300004
Abstract: with a view to evaluating the real situation of the vital statistics as regards their completeness in the city of maringá, paraná state, brazil, 4,876 hospital live births which occurred during 1989 were studied. the rate of under-registration was estimated as 9.1%, varying according to maternal age, parity and financial condition. the results lead to the hypothesis of an association between under registration and lower socioeconomical levels. the study also describes all the necessary steps to establish the link between the two sets of events, live birth and legal registration.
THE TREND OF BIRTH RATE AND SOME FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HIGH FERTILITY IN WEST AZERBAIJAN, IRAN
A. Nadim,Sh. Salarilak
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2000,
Abstract: In order to determine the exact birth rate and also percent of birth - orders in all births in the province of west Azerbaijan, all centres of birth registration in the province were asked to fill a questionnaire at the time of issuing identity document for children. In the questionnaire, parents were asked to mention the place of birth, sex and birth order of the children and also the occupation and education of the mother and the father. This study was carried out in 1996. During this year the population of the province was 2495343. The number of all registered birth was 43833. This study showed that the birth rate in the province has declined from 40.8 per thousand in 1986 to 17.6 per thousand in 1996. Male/Female ratio varied from 100 to 111 in different districts, the average was 108. The birth order of 401 male was higher in Kurds as compared to Azaris. This may be secondary to the effect of education because the study showed that the higher the education of mother or even father, the less is the probability of birth order of more than 3. The main recommendation is more emphasis on the female education to reduce the birth rate to the optimum level.
Age-Structured Population Projection of Bangladesh by Using a Partial Differential Model with Quadratic Polynomial Curve Fitting  [PDF]
Shirin Sultana, Mahmudul Hasan, Laek Sazzad Andallah
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2015.59052
Abstract: In this paper, the age-specific population of Bangladesh based on a linear first order (hyperbolic) partial differential equation which is known as Von-Foerster Equation is studied. Applying quadratic polynomial curve fitting, the total population and population density of Bangladesh are projected for the years 2001 to 2050 based on the explicit upwind finite difference scheme for the age-structured population model based on given data (source: BBS & ICDDR, B) for initial value in the year 2001. For each age-group, the future birth rates and death rates are estimated by using quadratic polynomial curve fitting of the data for the years 2001 to 2012. Quadratic polynomial curve fitting is also used for the boundary value as the (0 - 4) age-group population based on the population size of the age-group for the years 2001 to 2012.
Reducción de la fecundidad y envejecimiento de la población de mujeres chilenas en edad fértil: 1990-2004
Donoso S,Enrique; Carvajal C,Jorge; Domínguez de L,María Angélica;
Revista médica de Chile , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872009000600006
Abstract: background: chile is in the advanced stage of demographic transition with a low natural growth and a progressively aging population. aim: to analyze births by range of maternal age and to establish if population aging is expressed in the women's fertile age range. material and methods: trend analysis of births and age-specific birth rates in the period 1990-2004, in the chilean women population of reproductive age. raw data were obtained from the vital statistics yearbooks of the national institute of statistics. trends were studied by linear regression and generalized estimating equation (gee). results: the general trend of births descended significantly from 1999 to 2004 (r: -0.996; p <0.001). births significantly decreased in the range of ages from 20 to 34 years. there was an increase in the range of ages from 35 to 44 and from 10 to 14 years. the age-specific birth rate declined in all ranges, with the exception of women aged 10 to 14 years. the number of women increased significantly at all age ranges, except for the 20-24 year-old range where no significant change was observed and the 25-29 year-old range that experienced a significant reduction. conclusions: in the period from 1990 to 2004, there was a significant reduction of births and age-specific birth rates in chile. there was also an increased birth rate among women aged 35 to 44 years and an aging of the fertile women population.
New tendencies in demographic processes in Uzbekistan
Zulhumor Tadjieva
Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business , 2009,
Abstract: Decreasing of birth rate and mortality characterize the current demographic trends in the country.
Reducción de la fecundidad y envejecimiento de la población de mujeres chilenas en edad fértil: 1990-2004 Fecundity reduction and aging in fertile women population in the period 1990-2004 in Chile
Enrique Donoso S,Jorge Carvajal C,María Angélica Domínguez de L
Revista médica de Chile , 2009,
Abstract: Background: Chile is in the advanced stage of demographic transition with a low natural growth and a progressively aging population. Aim: To analyze births by range of maternal age and to establish if population aging is expressed in the women's fertile age range. Material and methods: Trend analysis of births and age-specific birth rates in the period 1990-2004, in the Chilean women population of reproductive age. Raw data were obtained from the Vital Statistics Yearbooks of the National Institute of Statistics. Trends were studied by linear regression and Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE). Results: The general trend of births descended significantly from 1999 to 2004 (r: -0.996; p <0.001). Births significantly decreased in the range of ages from 20 to 34 years. There was an increase in the range of ages from 35 to 44 and from 10 to 14 years. The age-specific birth rate declined in all ranges, with the exception of women aged 10 to 14 years. The number of women increased significantly at all age ranges, except for the 20-24 year-old range where no significant change was observed and the 25-29 year-old range that experienced a significant reduction. Conclusions: In the period from 1990 to 2004, there was a significant reduction of births and age-specific birth rates in Chile. There was also an increased birth rate among women aged 35 to 44 years and an aging of the fertile women population.
The impact of individual and aggregate unemployment on fertility in Norway
Kravdal ?ystein
Demographic Research , 2002,
Abstract: Continuous-time hazard models are estimated from register-based birth, migration, education and unemployment histories for the complete Norwegian population, linked with aggregate data for municipalities. The analysis covers the period 1992-98. First-birth rates are slightly higher among women who had been unemployed twelve months before than among others, whereas higher-order birth rates are slightly lower. Although men's unemployment has a more pronounced negative effect, according to paternity rate models, the overall conclusion is that unemployment in Norway has had a negligible impact on fertility through individual-level effects. Aggregate-level effects are more important. Higher-order birth rates are lower in municipalities where men's or women's unemployment is high than elsewhere. All in all, the peak unemployment level of 6% experienced in 1993 is found to be associated with a reduction of about 0.08 in total fertility. The results accord well with economic theories for first and higher-order births that are based on the assumption that women are still the primary caretakers.
The Need for a Family Policy That Fosters Family as an Institution  [PDF]
Josu Ahedo Ruiz
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2015.51001
Abstract: The 20th anniversary of the international year of the family has led to the General Assembly of the United Nations to ask for a review of family policies adopted by each country to achieve three objectives: eradication of poverty, full employment and social integration. However, an X-ray of the situation of the family according to the data provided by The Word Family Map (2013) says that it has decreased the rate of birth and marriage, while it has increased the cohabitation and births in other than the traditional family forms such as single-parent families. This article advocates the need to institutionalize family policies focused on promoting a family culture to achieve the replacement birth rate. In addition, the current trends reveal that the future family models require the women integration in the working world and therefore family policies should focus on supporting a model that includes working women, as Sweden has been adopting since 1984. At the same time, family policies should solve the risk of new trends which leads to poverty situations that affects children development. Therefore, it is also necessary to determine measures to improve the understanding of a working family life.
Effect of 7 and 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines Different Number of Doses for Pneumonia Control in 2008 and 2010 Birth Cohort Children  [PDF]
María Hortal, Miguel Meny, Miguel Estevan, Fernando Arrieta, Hilda Laurani
World Journal of Vaccines (WJV) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjv.2015.51005
Abstract: The 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) was introduced in Uruguay in March 2008. In April 2010, it was replaced by PCV13. Surveillance of both vaccines was performed on hospitalized children with consolidated pneumonia. The effect of different number of vaccine doses was evaluated in 2008 and 2010 birth cohorts vaccinated with PCV7 and PCV13 respectively. The study aims to estimate the effects of PCV7 and PCV13 different number of doses on consolidated pneumonia, through the study of hospitalized children from 2008 and 2010 birth cohorts. Vaccination records of every child were available providing precise vaccination data; therefore a new approach was used to estimate PCVs effect. Incidence rate was calculated for each year of the study and for the different number of vaccine doses used each year. Exposure was calculated as person per year and rate ratio values determined the decrease of consolidated pneumonias. This decrease in percentage was estimated as the difference between the incidence with no vaccine and the incidence of every one of the doses. Incidence rate ratio revealed significant values for the three vaccine doses of PCVs for both cohorts. Upon comparing incidences, significant reduction percentages of consolidated pneumonia admissions were found. The reduction percentage of consolidated pneumonia for fully vaccinated (3 doses) patients was 69.3% and 84.6 % for PCV7 and PCV13, respectively. These results confirm that PCV7 and PCV13 are highly effective for reducing pediatric hospitalizations due to consolidated pneumonia, as reported by other national publications and demonstrated by international researchers.
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