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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16720 matches for " basal cell "
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Pigmented Basal Cell Carcinoma: A Rare Case Report  [PDF]
Anita Moraskar, Shema Shirodkar, Dheeraj Lambor, Surender Kumar
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2016.53020
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer mainly caused by prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays. It is also known as rodent ulcer or basal cell epithelioma. The main mechanism suggested is prolonged exposure to high intensity ultraviolet rays, which causes DNA damage. Pigmented basal cell carcinoma is a rare variety of basal cell carcinoma. Usually, it presents as pigmented nodular mass over the nose or malar region. Other differential diagnoses of this mass, are malignant melanoma and seborrheic keratosis. Treatment of choice is surgical excision with 2 mm of margins.
Keratotic and Pigmented Basal Cell Carcinoma  [PDF]
Arcot Rekha, R. Parimuthukumar, Apoorva Pratap, Jayanth X. Leo, V. M. Pai
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2015.41005
Background: Basal cell carcinomas or rodent ulcers are commonly seen in the tear zone of the face. It rarely mimics melanomas when pigmented. Aim: We review literature of this uncommon condition and discuss the therapeutic modalities. Case Report: An elderly lady sought attention for a pigmented lesion on her forehead. The case is presented because pigmented lesions and verrucous appearing lesions can also be due to basal cell carcinoma. Typically basal cell carcinoma appears in the tear zone of the face and it mostly affects sun exposed areas. Conclusion: While surgery remains the gold standard in treatment, other modalities can be offered in areas where vital structures cannot be sacrificed and in recurrent lesions.
Basal Cell Carcinoma: Experience in a Teaching Hospital, Calabar-South Nigeria  [PDF]
Asuquo Maurice, Otei Otei, Nwagbara Victor, Ebughe Godwin, Omotoso Joshua
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.22019
Abstract: Background: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the commonest malignancy among Caucasians in Europe, North America, and Australia. This study attempted to identify the prevalence, risk factors, and outcome of management of this problem in our region. Methods: All the patients with histologic diagnosis of BCC presenting to the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar during the study period January 2000 to December 2009 were evaluated. Results: One hundred and fifty two patients (136 blacks, 16 albinos) were afflicted with skin malignancy, squamous cell carcinoma and BCC totaled 70 [SCC – 62, BCC – 8], and malignant melanoma (MM) – 16. Of the 8 patients, (3 males and 5 females, mean age 43 years, range 21-65 years) observed with BCC lesions, 2 (25%) were darkly pigmented and 6 (75%) were albinos. Most of the albinos who presented 3 decades before the darkly pigmented ranged in age from 21-60 years (mean 35.7 years). The lesions afflicted the head and neck region, 9 (82%), while 2 (18%) were observed on the upper limb. All the patients had excision with satisfactory results during the period of follow up that ranged from 6 months to 3 years (mean 13 months). Conclusion: BCC is an uncommon lesion in our region. Albinism and solar radiation were identified risk factors. Most of the albinos presented 3 decades earlier than the darkly pigmented. Early institution of preventive measures, early diagnosis, and treatment would result in better outcome.
Nevoid basal cell carcinoma: Case report  [PDF]
Zana Agani, Mergime Prekazi Loxha, Vjosa Hamiti Krasniqi, Jehona Ahmedi, Aida Namani, Arben Murtezani
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2014.41006

Nevoid basal cell carcinoma, known as Gorlin Goltz Syndrome, is a rare hereditary condition, characterized by a wide range of developmental abnormalities and a predisposition to neoplasms. In this report, we discuss a case of a patient with Gorlin Goltz Syndrome, who was 16 years old when first admitted for an initial appointment. The patient was diagnosed, treated and followed up for 7 years to present day. This syndrome is associated with a broad spectrum of anomalies and neoplasms as basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic keratocysts, palmar and/or plantar pits, and ectopic calcifications of the falx cerebri. It affects multiple organ systems, which include skeletal, teeth, jaw, skin, eyes, reproductive organs, and neural system. All the features however, are rarely observed in a single patient. The following paper presents the significance of early diagnosis of Gorlin Goltz Syndrome and the importance of a multidisciplinary approach in providing proper treatment for the patient.

Clinicopathological evaluation of radiation induced basal cell carcinoma
Meibodi Naser,Maleki Masood,Javidi Zari,Nahidi Yalda
Indian Journal of Dermatology , 2008,
Abstract: Background: Development of skin neoplasms is one of the most important chronic complications of radiation therapy. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent carcinoma occurring at the region of the body to which radiotherapy was delivered. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and histological aspects of basal cell carcinoma in patients with a history of radiotherapy. Materials and Methods: Medical records and microscopic slides of 80 patients with basal cell carcinoma who had received radiotherapy (1996-2006) were reviewed in pathology department of Imam Reza hospital of Mashhad, Iran. Collected data were analyzed statistically using descriptive test. Results: 60 men and 20 women were included, majority of them in their sixties. Plaque was the most common clinical pattern of basal cell carcinoma. Fifty one percent of the patients had pigmented and 42.5% had multiple lesions. Scalp was the most common site of involvement. Histologically, macronodular and pigmented carcinoma were the most predominant forms of basal cell carcinoma. Discussion: Majority of patients had scalp involvement and multiple lesions. Nodular and pigmented forms were the most common histological findings. We suggest the need for close supervision in patients with a history of radio therapy in the past.
Carcinomas basocelulares: estudo clínico e anatomopatológico de 704 tumores
Bandeira, Aurilene Monteiro;Bandeira, Valdir;Silva, José Figueredo da;Mazza, Edmilson;
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0365-05962003000100003
Abstract: background: a retrospective and anatomopathological study was performed on 704 basal carcinomas of 623 patients, diagnosed from 1991 to 1996, at the dermatopathology section of the dermatology clinic of the hospital das clinicas, ufpe and at a private dermatopathology laboratory in the city of recife. objective: to characterize the clinical and anatomopathological aspects of the basal cell carcinomas diagnosed by the two services of pernambuco region. methods: for the clinical study, the data were collected from the patient files and for the anatomopathological, macro and microscopic study a revision was made of the histological specimens. for determination of vertical growth, methods were used based on clark and breslow's histoprognostic techniques applied to malignant melanoma. results: clinical: the highest incidence was in the feminine sex (55.7%) and in the 55 to 72-year-old age group. disease duration was highly variable, ranging from one month to 40 years, and the head was the most frequent topographical area (73.8%), mainly nasal (21.1%) and zygomatic (18.5%). the nodular pigmented form (47.4%) was found most frequently and the size of the lesions did not depend on the disease duration. histologically the patterns considered based only on the parenchymal arrangements, were the adenoid, compact, plexiform pinkus fibroepithelioma, pseudocystic, reticulated, superficial and trichoepithelioid, though predominantly the adenoid form (28.3%). the mean growth involved 2/3 of the reticular dermis (32.4%), and the deepest tumors presented intense fibroplasia. there was concomitance of several cellular types within a single tumor and melanin pigment was found mostly in the trichoepithelioid type. conclusion: the clinical and anatomopathological characterization of the basal cell carcinomas is of fundamental importance at these services, where there is no major difference between groups, calling attention to behavioral definitions and propositions for the histopathologi
Basal cell carcinomas in elderly patients treated by cryotherapy
Chiriac A, Mihaila D, Foia L, Solovan C
Clinical Interventions in Aging , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S42174
Abstract: asal cell carcinomas in elderly patients treated by cryotherapy Rapid Communication (71) Total Article Views Authors: Chiriac A, Mihaila D, Foia L, Solovan C Published Date March 2013 Volume 2013:8 Pages 341 - 345 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S42174 Received: 30 December 2012 Accepted: 18 February 2013 Published: 26 March 2013 Anca Chiriac,1 Doina Mihaila,2 Liliana Foia,3, Caius Solovan4 1Department of Dermatology, Nicolina Medical Center, 2Department of Pathology, St Maria Children's Hospital, 3Surgical Department, Grigore T Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ia i, Romania; 4Victor Babe University of Medicine, Timi oara, Romania Abstract: Basal cell carcinoma is a malignant skin tumor with high incidence in our country, especially in rural areas, on sun-exposed skin (particularly on the face) in elderly patients. We present three cases of basal cell carcinoma with good results with cryotherapy. This report aims to outline and to prove that in some difficult situations, a simple, inexpensive, easy-to-perform procedure with no contraindications and with minimal side effects (erythema, mild pain) can be applied and resolve such cases.
Basal cell carcinoma-treatment with cryosurgery
Kaur S,Thami G,Kanwar A
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2003,
Abstract: Basal cell carcinoma is a common cutaneous malignancy, frequently occurring over the face in elderly individuals. Various therapeutic modalities are available to treat these tumors. We describe three patients with basal cell carcinoma successfully treated with cryosurgery and discuss the indications and the use of this treatment modality for basal cell carcinomas.
Cryotherapy in basal cell carcinoma
Sandra A,Balachandran C,Shenoi S,Sabitha L
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1999,
Abstract: Cryotherapy has proved to be an effective tool in the management of various dermatoses. We report 6 patients with histopathologically proven basal cell carcinoma of variable sizes treated with liquid nitrogen cryotherapy by the open spray technique. Lesions tended to heal with depigmentation and scar formation. However depigmented areas often repigmented over a period of time.
Vulvar basal cell carcinoma: report of a case involving the mucosa and review of the literature
Marie Caucanas,Gebhard Müller,Olivier Vanhooteghemv
Dermatology Reports , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/dr.2011.e37
Abstract: We report the case of woman who presented a vulvar basal cell carcinoma (BCC) on the inner part of the labium majus, treated with local resection. Vulvar BCC is a rare cancer but can be long misdiagnosed due to a non-specific presentation. Though even rarer, BCC involving the mucosal side of the labium majus has to be considered in the differential diagnosis of the vulvar tumors. A complete excision with free margins is the treatment most recommended. Other recommendations include the early identification of aggressive subtypes, which carry a greater risk of recurrence and spreading potential as well as a long-term follow-up with exhaustive muco-cutaneous examination.
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