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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4945 matches for " autobiographical memory "
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Links Between Future Thinking and Autobiographical Memory Specificity in Major Depression  [PDF]
Ali Sarkohi, Jonas Bj?rehed, Gerhard Andersson
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.23041
Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the association between autobiographical memory specificity and future thinking in a depressed sample. A total of 88 individuals who meet the DSM-IV criteria of major depression were included and completed the autobiographical memory test (AMT) and the future thinking task (FTT). The FTT was an index of number of future plausible events, rating of likelihood and emotional valence. The results showed that positive future thinking was significantly correlated with retrieval of specific positive autobio-graphical memories (r = 0.23). Moreover, correlational analyses showed that positive autobiographical memo-ries were negatively correlated with extended autobiographical memories, repeated autobiographical memories, semantic associations and non-responses on the AMT. Self-report measures of depression and anxiety were not correlated with either the FTT or the AMT. The results of this cross-sectional study only give weak support for an association between autobiographical memory specificity and future thinking.
Meaning Making, Uncertainty Reduction, and Autobiographical Memory: A Replication and Reinterpretation of the TALE Questionnaire  [PDF]
Orlando J. Olivares
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.32028
Abstract: The present research was guided by two primary goals: 1) replicate the empirical structure of the Thinking about Life Experiences (TALE) questionnaire (Bluck, Alea, Habermas, & Rubin, 2005); and 2) explore how the functions of autobiographical memory may interact and support one another. Toward the second goal, it is suggested that the potential functions of autobiographical memory may be understood from an existential framework that is grounded by two principles: humans are driven by a need for meaning and meaning is found in relation to others and other things in the world. In this pursuit of meaning making, and a desire to know what to expect from the world, humans seek to create a coherent set of relations among the various existential elements in their lives (Heine, Proulx, & Vohs, 2006); accordingly, humans strive to reduce uncertainty about the world and their place in it. As such, the TALE was reinterpreted using a relational framework and a 28-item self-report measure was developed. Participants completed the TALE and the reinterpreted TALE (RTALE). The results provide some support for the 3-factor structure of the TALE. The proposed 4-factor structure of the RTALE was supported.
Recorda??o de eventos pessoais: memória autobiográfica, consciência e julgamento
Gauer, Gustavo;Gomes, William Barbosa;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722008000400014
Abstract: the recollection of remarkable autobiographical events is accompanied by judgments about the recovered event (reflexive) and about the act of recollecting itself (heuristic). this study aimed at exploring relations and distinctions between these kinds of judgments in the process of conveying personal relevance to autobiographical events. for such, 208 college students (170 women) were required to recollect a remarkable event of their lives and to fill a 16-item autobiographical memory questionnaire. based on a main components analysis, the first grouped 10 variables related to phenomenal qualities and imagery modalities. a second component comprised six variables related to reflexive judgments. the rated importance of the event was more closely related to reflexive judgments by which an individual retroactively ascribes properties to the event than to phenomenal qualities of the immediate recollection experience.
Memoria autobiográfica y entrenamiento en revisión de vida como método de mejora del estado de ánimo en la vejez
Navarro Bravo,Beatriz; Latorre Postigo,Jose Miguel; López-Torres Hidalgo,Jesús; Andrés Pretel,Fernando;
Revista Clínica de Medicina de Familia , 2008, DOI: 10.4321/S1699-695X2008000200007
Abstract: this article presents a review of some of the latest studies published on autobiographical memory, life review therapy and its possible relation to mood. it begins by explaining the meaning of autobiographical memory and explaining "overgeneralization" of the autobiographical memory to then describe the articles reviewed. two types of articles have been selected: those that study possible associations between the tendency to overgeneralize in the recovery of autobiographical memory and psychopathological processes, and those that demonstrate the value of life review to modify the tendency to overgeneralize and to reduce depressive symptoms. finally, the life review therapy is explained on the basis of the recovery of specific positive events (revisep) as a method for mood improvement. the articles were obtained from the web page of the american psychological association (apa), www.apa.org and from the archives of the psychology department of the medicine faculty of castilla la mancha university.
A supergeneraliza??o da memória autobiográfica nos transtornos depressivos
Dutra, Tarcísio Gomes;Kurtinaitis, Laila da Camara Lima;Cantilino, Amaury;Vasconcelos, Maria Carolina Souto de;Hazin, Izabel;Sougey, Everton Botelho;
Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S2237-60892012000200005
Abstract: this article aims to review studies focusing on the relationship between overgeneral autobiographical memory and depressive disorders. such characteristic has attracted attention because of its relationship with a poor ability to solve problems and to imagine the future, as well as with the maintenance and a poor prognosis of depression. data were collected through a systematic search on lilacs, scielo, medline, and ibecs databases, and also on the health sciences records of portal de periódicos da coordena??o de aperfei?oamento de pessoal de nível superior (capes), a brazilian journal database, focusing on articles published between 2000 and 2010. the following keywords were used: memória autobiográfica, supergeneraliza??o da memória autobiográfica, and memória autobiográfica e depress?o in portuguese; and autobiographical memory, overgeneral autobiographical memory, and autobiographical memory and depression in english. following application of exclusion criteria, a total of 27 studies were reviewed. overgeneral autobiographical memory has been investigated in several depressive disorders. however, further longitudinal studies are required to confirm the relevant role of this cognitive characteristic in anamnesis and in the treatment of mood disorders.
The Impairing Role of Stress on Autobiographical Memory Reconsolidation
Zeinab Azimi,Abbas Bakhshipour-Roudsari
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Despite some studies indicating improving role of stress on memory consolidation, very few animal and human studies show that stress impairs reconsolidation of memories. This study aimed to determine the effect of stress on autobiographical memory reconsolidation.Materials and Methods: The present study was done with an experimental method (Solomon Four-Group design). The statistical society of this study was all undergraduate female students in 2009-2010 academic year at Tabriz University. Forty students were selected using random cluster sampling, and we ensure about their physical and mental health by GHQ-28 and interview. Tools for this study were cueing autobiographical memory test, SECPT (for raising blood pressure and stress induction), autobiographical memory test, PANAS and general health questionnaire (GHQ-28). MANOVA was used for data analysis by SPSS-17.Results: The results show that stress after activation of memory impairs memory for neutral events (p<0.001), while there was no such effect on the memory for emotional events (p>0.05). None of stress and memory activation alone had effect on memory performance (p>0.05).Conclusion: These findings indicate that stress impairs autobiographical memory reconsolidation, which is opposite to its effects on memory consolidation, so it supports the view that consolidation and reconsolidation are separate process.
Physiological and Psychological Effects of Scent of Soil on Human Beings  [PDF]
Tateyuki Morisawa, Kazuyo Hanyu, Hidetoshi Mori, Kenji Tamura
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2017.79017
Abstract: This study examines heart rate and heart rate fluctuation when subjects are presented with the scent of soil and their psychological changes as expressed by scores of the Profile of Mood States (POMS) and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) as indexes. In the experiment, we directed the subjects to rest in a sitting position for 5 min. (Pre.), to smell the scent for 1 min. (No Stim., Stim.), and to rest in a sitting position for 15 min. (Post 5, Post 10, Post 15). Psychological evaluation was performed before and after the experiment (Pre., Post). The scent stimulation was made by opening/closing a bottle with screw-on cap that contained the soil. In the control group, the bottle is always closed. In the stimulus group, the bottle was opened only at the time of Stim. For the physiological evaluation, although we could observe no change in the control group, in the stimulation group, the subjects’ heart rates decreased at Stim. and Post 15. For the psychological evaluation, VAS scores of “Feel relaxed” and “Feel soothed” increased and POMS scores of “Strain-Uneasiness”, “Anger-Hostility”, and “Confusion” decreased. In open-ended questions, some of the subjects recalled memories of insect-collecting, horticulture, forests and parks. There was a negative correlation between heart rate decrease (Stim.) and increase in the VAS scores of “Feel relaxed” (r = -0.896, p < 0.001) and “Feel soothed” (r = -0.684, p = 0.014). The healing effects from the scent of soil included subjects’ memories that were considered to have influenced the heart rate.
Habilidades verbais e recursos imagéticos na coerência narrativa de eventos autobiográficos
Alencastro, Luciano da Silva;Piccoli, Luciano Ferreira;Gomes, William Barbosa;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2011000300002
Abstract: the quality of an autobiographical narrative seems to depend on both verbal skills (style and coherence) and imagistic resources. however, the impact of cognitive verbal and/or visual styles on the evocation of memories that produce the narrative is still unclear. a total of 82 college students from different fields (psychology, languages, biomedicine and dentistry), aged between 17 and 54 years old (mean = 22.66 years, sd = 6.2) wrote an autobiographical event and answered to three questionnaires: autobiographical memory, verbalizer-visualizer, and imagination. the results did not indicate the presence of visual cues in the autobiographical narrative, but showed differences between two groups of students (psychology and language versus dentistry and biomedicine) for verbal style, number of words and narrative coherence. the interaction among these three variables was supported by both the correlation between narrative coherence and number of words (r = 0.769, p = 0.001), and by the narrative profiles among college groups.
Bases neuropsicológicas de la memoria autobiográfica
José T. Boyano
Revista Chilena de Neuropsicologia , 2012, DOI: 10.5839/rcnp.2012.0703.01
Abstract: This paper identifies the main characteristics attributed by recent models of autobiographical memory, framed in a reconstructive view of memory. Here we review the neuroimaging studies that have explored the neural substrates that participate in the autobiographical retrieval processes, identifying regions associated with the access and processing of memories and recollective experience, traditionally associated with visual components, and sensory and contextual details, emotional experience and feel yourself moving in time, autonoetic feature of con- sciousness. All the studies reviewed points to the involvement of a wide network of subsystems that show a joint coactivation during the retrieval process, including cortical structures and temporal lobe regions.
Investiga??o da memória autobiográfica em idosos com Demência de Alzheimer nas fases leve e moderada
Lemos, Caroline Araújo;Hazin, Izabel;Falc?o, Jorge Tarcísio da Rocha;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2012000100017
Abstract: this research investigated autobiographical memory (am) in elderly individuals having alzheimer's disease (ad) in mild and moderate stages. 44 aged persons participated in this research, divided in three sub-samples: ad in mild stage (n = 15), ad in moderate stage (n = 15) and subjects without morbid indication of ad (control group). a short version of autobiographical memory test (amt) and autobiographical memory questionnaire were used for memory evaluation. data showed significant differences between ad (mild and moderate) and control groups, the former being able to recall a greater number of specific memories, along with elevated emotional intensity in phenomenal qualities of these memories, when compared to the other two ad groups. these findings allow the main conclusion that changes in autobiographic memory among ad patients can be observed since early stages of this disease, in terms of both capacity of recalling and emotional quality of remembered content.
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