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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1642 matches for " arguments from ambiguity "
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On Ambiguity and Two Arguments from Ambiguity
Drazen Pehar
Prolegomena , 2005,
Abstract: The author explores and criticises two arguments from ambiguity: S. Pinker’s argument from ambiguity in support of the ‘Language of Thought’ hypothesis, and the argument from ambiguity proposed by K. P. Parsons against Davidsonian ‘semantics of truth-conditions’. Leaning primarily on G. Harman and D. Davidson he aims to demonstrate that the Pinker/Parsons arguments share a common strategy, on the one hand, and imply and/or suggest, as he claims, an implausible view of ambiguity, on the other. Discussing Pinker’s argument he further attempts to elucidate the ways in which the modifications of public and inter-subjectively accessible aspects of the use of language reflect the differences in interpretations of an ambiguity. His exploration of the argument against ‘semantics of truth-conditions’ then aims to explain, contra Parsons, the sense in which talk about the truth conditions for ambiguity does not implicate a threat to Davidson’s perspective on the theory of meaning. Finally, the author argues for the view of ambiguity as a kind of ignorance/undecidability that, as he contends, represents both more realistic and more plausible theoretical option than the one on which both Pinker and Parsons found their arguments and which also comes out in Aristotle (under an interpretation), K. Bach and W. Lycan.
Skeptical Theism and Moral Skepticism
Trakakis, Nick,Nagasawa, Yujin
Ars Disputandi : the Online Journal for Philosophy of Religion , 2004,
Abstract: Skeptical theists purport to undermine evidential arguments from evil by appealing to the fact that our knowledge of goods, evils, and their interconnections is significantly limited. Michael J. Almeida and Graham Oppy have recently argued that skeptical theism is unacceptable because it results in a form of moral skepticism which rejects inferences that play an important role in our ordinary moral reasoning. In this reply to Almeida and Oppy ¢ € s argument we offer some reasons for thinking that skeptical theism need not lead to any such objectionable form of moral skepticism.
Tolerance of Ambiguity: A Review of the Recent Literature  [PDF]
Adrian Furnham, Joseph Marks
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.49102

This review paper attempts to update the literature on tolerance of ambiguity (TA) and related concepts since a previous review (Furnham & Ribchester, 1995). Various related concepts like Uncertainly Avoidance and In/Tolerance of Uncertainly are reviewed. Both correlational and experimental studies of TA are reviewed and tabulated. Further, an attempt was made to identify and critique various different questionnaires design to measure TA. Recommendations for the use of these tests in research are made. The reasons for progress and lack of progress in this field are highlighted.

Generalized Spectrum of Steklov-Robin Type Problem for Elliptic Systems  [PDF]
Alzaki Fadlallah, Kwadwo Antwi-Fordjour, Marius N. Nkashama
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.62039
Abstract: We will study the generalized Steklov-Robin eigenproblem (with possibly matrix weights) in which the spectral parameter is both in the system and on the boundary. The weights may be singular on subsets of positive measure. We prove the existence of an increasing unbounded sequence of eigenvalues. The method of proof makes use of variational arguments.
Annals of the University of Petrosani : Economics , 2011,
Abstract: This paper contains a theoretical analysis of the term distribution”, indicating the area to which it belongs, the usability domain and the strategies of distribution used by the consumer goods manufacturers. It also provides specific information about the way in which is made the distribution of the products of the Delaco Company on the retail market of Brasov District. The practice part of the paper consists of a marketing research which studies the opinion and the behaviour of the Brasov population regarding the places where cheese products are commercialized and also the accessibility of the Delaco products.
Analytical Approach to Differential Equations with Piecewise Continuous Arguments via Modified Piecewise Variational Iteration Method  [PDF]
Qi Wang
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2014.21005

In the present article, we apply the modified piecewise variational iteration method to obtain the approximate analytical solutions of the differential equations with piecewise continuous arguments. This technique provides a sequence of functions which converges to the exact solution of the problem. Moreover, this method reduces the volume of calculations because it does not need discretization of the variables, linearization or small perturbations. The results seem to show that the method is very reliable and convenient for solving such equations.

La Noción de Posesión y su Relación con el Dativo en Espa?ol
Matera,Masiel; Medina,Raimundo;
Boletin de Linguistica , 2008,
Abstract: in recent studies in generative grammar, it is assumed that the verb describes the events in the world and the verbal arguments name the participants who are in some important relation with these events, and that the introductory elements of nonessential participants in the argument structure must be syntactic heads. the aim in this paper is, on the one hand, to relate the occurrence of the complements of the verb to the notion of transference of possession, and intention of transference of possession in spanish; and, on the other hand, to determine the distinctive features of the strict and the ample dative. the results support the following assumptions: i) in the strict dative, the presence of the dative clitic is obligatory; whereas in the ample dative, its phonetic realization is optional, ii) the preposition para in spanish introduces a new participant called coparticipant.
Figueroa G-H,Rodolfo;
Revista chilena de derecho , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-34372009000300006
Abstract: in chile, as well as in other countries, there is a discussion as to whether it is appropriate for courts to make economic, social and cultural rights (esr) justiciable. several reasons have been given to oppose to such justiciability. basically, those objections could be reduced to two. in the first place, it has been said that judges are not institutionally capable of addressing those issues embedded in esr, which are essentially public policies, which by its own nature involve complex administrative issues. in second place, it has been claimed that courts do not have legitimacy to review, and eventually to overrule or even to modify public policies of the state, under the excuse that esr are at stake. the objective of this article is to explain both objections and to challenge their merit and reach. the latter is attempted through an analysis of anglo-american literature, with the purpose of demonstrating that the aforementioned objections do not represent an insurmountable barrier for judges for providing esr some justiciability, under certain limits.
’n Teksgesentreerde retoriese analise van 1 Korinti rs 4
A.H. Snyman
In die Skriflig , 2011, DOI: 10.4102/ids.v45i2&3.23
Abstract: A text-centred rhetorical analysis of 1 Corinthians 4 The traditional approach in rhetorical analyses of Paul’s letters is to apply categories derived from the Greek-Roman rhetorical system to make sense of his persuasive strategy. The problem with this approach is that the categories were intended for the production of speeches and not for the analysis of letters. In order to address the problem, scholars have developed alternative approaches to the analysis of his letters – one of them is the so-called text-centred approach. By analysing 1 Corinthians 4 through a text-centred approach, I intend to provide additional evidence that it is unnecessary to force ancient rhetorical categories (from outside) on the chapter to make sense of Paul’s persuasive strategy. It can be reconstructed fairly accurately from the text itself, provided that the chapter is studied carefully and systematically.
Central Bank Communication, Ambiguity and Market Interest Rates: A Case Study  [PDF]
Carlo Di Giorgio, Enzo Rossi
Modern Economy (ME) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/me.2012.33039
Abstract: We asked a representative sample of European banks to judge messages released by ECB members (from February 1999 to February 2000) in terms of their ambiguity. In this paper, we use our survey to derive a definition of ambiguity and to evaluate ECB communication. A Structural Vector Autoregression model is estimated and the results show that ambiguous messages were able to affect agents’ expectations for a limited period after a speech by ECB members; moreover, they show that ambiguity had temporary effects also on volatility and moved rates away from the policy rate.
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