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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2344 matches for " anxiety. "
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Evaluation of the mental problems of menopausal women referred to the health care centers of Ilam University of Medical Sciences
Rasooli,F. Haj Amiry,P. Mahmoudi,M. Shohani
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2004,
Abstract: Introduction: Menopause, the permanent cessation of menstruation, is an important event in the long process of climactrium, signaling a change from the years of fertility to infertility. Postmenopausal women have many physical and mental problems. Materials and Methods: The objective of this study was to determine the mental problems of menopausal women referred to the health care centers of Ilam University of Medical Sciences in 2003. The research tools in this analytical-descriptive study were a questionnaire, record sheet and standard tests composed of Beck and Cattle scales. The data were collected by interview. The samples consisted of 150 menopausal women who had been selected by random sampling method. The data analysis was done by SPSS software. Results: The results showed that short-term memory disorder (39.3%), mild depression (32%) and mild anxiety (27.7%) were the most common mental problems. There was a significant relationship between depression and marital status (p=0.029) and having knowledge about menopause (p = 0.04). Anxiety had no relationship with any variables (p>0.05) but there was an association between depression and anxiety (p = 0.002). Conclusion: The findings show that the menopausal women suffer from mental problems, which influence their quality of life and community health. Thus, planning educational and health care programs to help them overcome these obstacles is essential.
Antenatal anxiety in the first trimester: Risk factors and effects on anxiety and depression in the third trimester and 6-week postpartum  [PDF]
Chui Yi Chan, Antoinette Marie Lee, Siu Keung Lam, Chin Peng Lee, Kwok Yin Leung, Yee Woen Koh, Catherine So Kum Tang
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.33030
Abstract: Objective: Anxiety is common among pregnant women. However, research attention in the area of reproductive mental health has mainly focused on postpartum depression in past decades. Given adverse outcomes of antenatal anxiety, there is an urgent need to fill the research gaps. The objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence of antenatal anxiety symptoms and examine the risk factors and effects of anxiety symptoms in early pregnancy on anxiety and depressive symptoms in later pregnancy and early postpartum period. Methodology: A prospective longitudinal design with quantitative approach was adopted. A consecutive sample of 1470 Chinese pregnant women from hospitals in Hong Kong was invited to participate in the study and was assessed using standardized instruments on 3 time points including first and third trimesters of pregnancy and 6-week postpartum. Results: The results showed that 17.7% of pregnant women manifested anxiety symptoms in the first trimester of pregnancy. Single mothers, younger mothers, mothers who smoked before pregnancy and mothers who received low education level reported significantly higher levels of anxiety symptoms in the first trimester. Unwanted pregnancy, low self esteem, low marital satisfaction and perceived low social support were significant psychosocial risk factors for anxiety symptoms in the first trimester. Anxiety symptoms in the first trimester were independent predictors for anxiety symptoms in the third trimester ( QUOTE β = 0.26, t = 5.74, p < 0.001), however anxiety symptoms in the first trimester no longer significantly predicted anxiety and depressive symptoms in 6 weeks postpartum after adjusting for the
Psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Test Anxiety Inventory  [PDF]
Georgia Papantoniou, Despina Moraitou, Dimitra Filippidou
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.23038
Abstract: The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Greek version of Spielberger (1980) self-report measure of test anxiety, the Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI). The total sample consisted of 231 undergraduate stu-dents (124 male, 107 female). The results verified the well established two-factor structure for the TAI. The two factors represented the Worry (TAI-W) and Emotionality (TAI-E) subscales, respectively. Furthermore, on the bases of the confirmatory factor analyses, using either the set of 20 items or the set of 16 items, we found con-vincing support for the existing relationship between the two subscales of the Test Anxiety Inventory. The in-ternal consistency of the twenty-item TAI-T scale and for the eight-item Worry and Emotionality subscales ranged from Cronbach’s α = .81 to .94. The G-TAI and its subscales showed differential statistically significant relationships with a self-report measure of cognitive interference.
Is coping strategies predictor of anxiety and depression in couple infertile?  [PDF]
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Hajar Pasha, Seddigheh Esmaelzadeh, Gholamali Jorsarai, Mohamad Reza Aghajani Mir, Sharareh Abedi
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.53A085

Background: Infertility is a complex crisis of life and increases psychological difficulties such as anxiety and depression. Identification of copy strategies for stressful events like infertility is important. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between coping strategies with anxiety and depression symptoms in men and women’s infertile. Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was conducted from 2011-2012 on 168 Iranian infertile couples referred to the Fatemeh Zahra infertility and reproductive health research center of Babol university of medical science to initiate assistant reproductive technologies and completed the Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ), The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).The results were analyzed using t-test, the Pearson correlation and the stepwise model of multiple regression analysis. P < 0.05 was considered for level of significant. Results: Escape/ avoidance contributed the greatest amount of unique variance to the model for anxiety/de-pression of infertile women (P < 0.0001, P < 0.001) and followed by distancing (P < 0.0001, P < 0.01), accepting responsibility(P < 0.0001, P < 0.01). Seeking social support was the negative significantly predictor for both anxiety and depression in infertile women (P < 0.01, P < 0.01), but planful problem solving was the inversely predictor for only depression in infertile women (P < 0.01). Escape/avoidance was the only predictor factor of the model anxiety for infertile men (P < 0.01). Escape/avoidance and self controlling were the positive predictor (P < 0.001) and planful problem solving was the negative predictor for men depression (P < 0.05). Conclusion: men and women infertile who use disproportionally maladaptive coping strategies such as escape/avoidance are predisposed to anxiety and depression symptoms. How using the coping strategies is very important in expressing anxiety and depression in infertile couples and training the adaptive coping

The Effect of Anxiety State on the Visual Search Efficiency of Athletes  [PDF]
Shangli Liu, Wenfang Zhou
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.36014
Abstract: High-efficient visual search ability is the key for the athletes to win their games. Visual search is an important way for the athletes to catch effective information on site within complicated environment as well as the manifestation of their regulating and controlling their mental status and skill abilities within complicated environment. Maintaining an appropriate level of anxiety during exercises and contests could ensure higher visual search efficiency and is helpful for better bringing the skills of the athletes into play. Excessive anxiety will have larger interferences on the visual search efficiency of the athletes and the visual research efficiency will be reduced, resulting in the abnormal performance of the skill levels of the athletes. To optimize and regulate the visual search efficiency of the athletes could ensure the athletes to bring their competitive skills into best play.
The Stability of Dispositional Optimism in Relation to Receiving or Not Receiving a Cancer Diagnosis  [PDF]
Inger Schou Bredal, ?ivind Ekeberg
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.76083

We used the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) as a unidimensional scale to investigate the stability of dispositional optimism and compared the results with the stability of anxiety and depression. Five hundred and twelve women completed the LOT-R and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale before follow-up mammography and 4 weeks after receiving the result (breast cancer or not). This study shows that dispositional optimism is relatively stable and is not influenced by receiving a cancer diagnosis.

Anxiety and Depression among Guardian Grandparents: A Proposal for a Psychoeducational Intervention  [PDF]
Cristina Maria de Souza Brito Dias, Celia Maria Souto Maior de Souza Fonseca, Cirlene Francisca Sales da Silva, Emily Schuler, Jhérsyka Evelin Mendes Lins
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.713146
Abstract: It is known that raising children is the responsibility of parents. However, several factors of an economic, relational and work have led grandparents to actively participate in the creation of grandchildren. Research has shown that for many grandparents, the fact of raising their grandchildren causes several difficulties to physical and psychological level, among which we highlight increased anxiety and depression. This study therefore aimed to design, implement and evaluate the effects of a psycho-educational intervention aimed at alleviating anxiety and depression of grandparents caring for grandchildren. 55 grandparents with an average age of 64 years participated in this research. They underwent a sociodemographic questionnaire, application BAI and BDI, before and after a psychoeducational intervention, and an interview to evaluate the intervention. This comprised eight sessions held weekly in groups, lasting two and a half hours. After analyzing the results, it can be seen that the grandparents reduced the level of depression and anxiety. This experience led to observe, through appearance, ease and own lines of grandparents; the intervention consisted in beneficial space so that they can better deal with the raising of grandchildren.
Correlates of Anxiety Disorder among Patients with Seizure Disorders in a Neuropsychiatric Hospital in Nigeria  [PDF]
Nasiru Olamide Madandola, Shehu Sale, Adebayo Sunday Adebisi, Ayodele Obembe, Abdulfatai Tomori Bakare, Ishak Abioda Danjuma
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2019.92006
Abstract: Background: Anxiety may complicate epilepsy as is often the case out of the various psychiatric comorbidities patients can suffer from when they are suffering from epilepsy. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of anxiety among patients that had epilepsy and also to examine the associated socio-demographic and clinical factors that are associated with and eventually predictive of this psychiatric comorbidity. Materials and Method: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study that involved the use of General Health Questionnaire, version 28 (GHQ-28) and the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), which were used independently to investigate each of the 400 consecutive participants in this study over a period of 24 weeks. The diagnosis of epilepsy was based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD10) diagnostic criteria and all participants with anxiety were diagnosed using CIDI. A proforma Questionnaire was used to assess the socio-demographic and some clinical variables among patients. Logistic regression was done to determine the predictors of anxiety in the study participants. Results: When screened with GHQ-28, 71 people (17.8%) met criteria for caseness. When all the participants were examined using CIDI, 12 (3%) were diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder. The variables found to be the predictors of anxiety were family history of psychiatric disorders (p = 0.045), fear of having seizure (p = 0.036) and GHQ caseness (p = 0.002). Conclusion: The study showed the existence of anxiety disorders among patients with seizure disorder. This is an important association with seizure disorders which is often overlooked. It will be beneficial to these patients if this co-morbidity is actively looked out for. Patients suffering from seizure disorder that have a family history of mental illness should be considered for an assessment of anxiety disorder. Psychological intervention for anticipatory fear of seizure should be employed by mental health professionals.
Evaluation of Anxiety Levels and Anger Styles of University Students  [PDF]
Leyla Tavac?o?lu, Osman Kaan Kora, Emel Y?lmaz, Evren Hergüner
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.39111
Abstract: Anger is an emotion, which is useful if it is short-lived and of medium intensity, and which may be detrimental when it is continuous or severe. The aim of this study is to statistically evaluate the attitudes of university students towards anger and anxiety, and consequently towards violence. 150 subjects were randomly selected from among university students. Their anxiety levels were measured and evaluated pursuant to state and trait anxiety scale; trait anger levels and anger styles were measured and evaluated pursuant to trait anger and anger attitude scale, socio-demographic nature was measured and evaluated pursuant to structured scale, and all the data were evaluated by using the statistics programs spss 18.0. 15 girls (10%) and 135 boys (90%) formed the sample group. When the responses to the questionnaire are reviewed, it is observed that 30.7% of the students expressed that they witnessed violence in their families and among relatives, 47.3% expressed that they have been punished by their families, and only 4 out of 105 students who were involved in fight to date have expressed that they received legal penalty. The data that have been gathered suggest that there is a positive correlation between outward anger scores and higher level of anxiety amongst the students. This finding indicates that expression of anger may cause interpersonal conflicts, negative self-perception, and decreased self-esteem. There also exists positive correlation among responses to the effect that those who were involved in fight in the past were witnessed more severe reactions than punishment. Violence severely influences an individual physically, emotionally and socially.
Frequency of Depression and Anxiety among Tuberculosis Patients  [PDF]
  Amreen, Nadeem Rizvi
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2016.44021
Abstract: Objective: The aim of present study was to determine the frequency of depression and anxiety among tuberculosis patients. Methods: It was a descriptive study that had investigated the co-morbidity of depression and anxiety among tuberculosis patients with reference to gender. This study was conducted in Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Centre—Chest ward (TB clinic) from July 2014 to September 2014. Hundred diagnosed patients of tuberculosis (50 males and 50 females) were randomly selected. Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire (GAD-7) were used to assess the level of anxiety and depression. Results: Findings indicated that 56% tuberculosis (TB) patients had moderate to severe level of depression, whereas 65% TB patients had moderate to severe level of anxiety. Female patients had significantly high prevalence of depression as compared to males (t = 2.173, P < 0.05). Similarly, prevalence of anxiety was also significantly higher in female patients (t = 3.468, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Likelihood of depression and anxiety was frequent in tuberculosis patients. However, better management of these psychiatric morbidities may improve treatment adherence, illness perception and patient coping skills.
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