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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8697 matches for " antisocial behavior "
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Estilos de Personalidad y Desadaptación Social Durante la Adolescencia
Alarcón,Paula; Vinet,Eugenia; Salvo,Sonia;
Psykhe (Santiago) , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22282005000100001
Abstract: the present study was aimed at identifying personality traits in adolescent offenders. with this purpose, millon's adolescent clinical inventory (maci) was administered to a sample of 86 chilean male adolescents who had broken de law. data obtained were analyzed by a combination of an hj-biplot multivariate analysis and an analysis by conglomerates. these analyses yielded five groupings of personality profiles: (a) transgressor-delictual type "t-d", (b) the opossitionistic-selfdestructive type "o-a", (c) the inhibited-avoiding type "i-e", (d) the anxious-dependent type "d-a", and (e) the subclinical type "sub". these results are discussed in terms of the tentative importance that personality profiles may have as predictors of a greater probability of recursiveness and harmfulness of crimes committed by adolescents, as well as in terms of the relevance gained by personality assessment in adolescents, particularly in the context of judicial work.
Relación entre rasgos de personalidad y conducta antisocial en función de variables sociodemográficas de un grupo de barristas de fútbol
Clara Gutiérrez,Vivian Hernández Bencardino,Joan Sebastián Rodríguez,Andrea Suárez Salamanca
Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos de Psicología , 2012,
Abstract: This is a descriptive and correlational study, whose main objective was to relate personality traits to antisocial behavior. For doing so, socio-demographic variables of a group of soccer fans were takeninto account. The sample was constituted by 70 soccer fans of Millonarios, Santa Fe and Nacional–Colombian soccer teams-. The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire for children (J) and adults (A),The Seisdedos Criminal and Antisocial Behavior Questionnaire and the socio-demographic variables survey- developed by the researchers-, were the instruments applied. The results showed correlationsbetween personality traits, socio-demographic variables and antisocial behavior. So, it could be concluded that psychoticism and extraversion have a high positive correlation with antisocialbehavior. In terms of socio-demographic variables, age was the only one which presented significant differences between the groups. In fact, youth from 16 to 17 years old presented more antisocialbehaviors. For further research, it is recommended to use a larger sample and a comparison group.
Diagnostic procedures and classification of antisocial behavior in Norwegian inmates in preventive detention  [PDF]
Henning Vaeroy
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2012.23027
Abstract: In official Norwegian government reports’ prison statistics, it is claimed that the prevalence of Dissocial Personality Disorder (DPD) or Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD) among inmates in preventive detention is approximately 50%. Furthermore, previous findings have described a practice in which forensic examiners use the DSM SCID axis II for APD to confirm an ICD 10 diagnosis of DPD. Clinical investigation supported by the use of SCID Axis II for quality assurance was performed on almost half the population of inmates (46.4%) in preventive detention at a high security prison. The inmates had all committed severe violent acts including murder. All the information obtained by applying the DSM IV-TR criteria was tested against the ICD-10 Research Criteria (ICD-10-RC) for Dissocial Personality Disorder (ICD-10, DPD). It was found that all inmates met the ICD-10-RC for (DPD) and the DSM-IV-TR definition for Adult Antisocial Behavior (AAB). On the other hand, none met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for (APD). The SCID Axis II failed to identify inmates with APD because the DSM-IV-TR C-criteria, referring to symptoms of childhood Conduct Disorder (CD), were not met. These findings raise important questions since the choice of diagnostic system may influence whether a person’s clinically described antisocial behaviour should be classified as a personality disorder or not. For the inmates, a diagnosis of APD or DPD may compromise their legal rights and affect decisions on prolongation of the preventive detention. Studies have shown that combining the DSM and the ICD diagnostic systems may have consequences for the reliability of the diagnosis.
A Selective Review of the Risk Factors for Antisocial Behavior across the Transition to Adulthood  [PDF]
Joanne Savage, Stephanie K. Ellis, Kathryn Kozey
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.46A2001
Abstract:

In this paper, we discuss the theory and research on a select set of risk factors for continuity in antisocial behavior across the transition to adulthood. Several risk factors (e.g., early onset, intelligence, marriage, employment) are based on Moffitt’s dual taxonomy and the age-graded theory of social control. In addition, we also review studies of impulsivity, school enrollment, educational attainment, academic achievement, abuse victimization, social support, poverty, deviant peers, drug and alcohol abuse, and criminal justice intervention.

Programas preventivos de comportamentos anti-sociais: dificuldades na pesquisa e na implementa??o
Silveira, Jocelaine Martins da;Silvares, Edwiges Ferreira de Mattos;Marton, Simone Aparecida;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2003000300005
Abstract: the preventive programs of antisocial behavior of children and adolescents are prevailingly characterized by two kinds of difficulties: the first one is methodological and refers to the empirical evidence of its effectiveness; on the other hand, the second one is practical and deals with the obstacles the psychologist uses to find in order to introduce the above mentioned programs at public psychological clinics. the purpose of this paper is to suggest some well-known correlated risk and protection factors to the development of antisocial behaviors. such factors may guide proximal measures of the effect of preventive programs of those behaviors by devising research methodology on the matter. to what concerns the introduction of preventive programs at school-clinics, some alternatives are raised to avoid the most frequent obstacles. the offer of services to the population at more convenient places and the delivery of information through short term events carried out at training clinics are examples of these alternatives.
Validación del cuestionario de auto-reporte de comportamiento antisocial en adolescentes: CACSA
Ba?ares, Paula Alarcón;Pérez-Luco, Ricardo;Salvo, Sonia;Roa, Gloria;Jaramillo, Katherine;Sanhueza, Carla;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2010000300002
Abstract: this paper reports the validation of a rationally built self-report instrument to assess social behavior in chilean adolescents (cacsa) and presents the findings on social behavior from two samples: school attending adolescents (n=1914) and juvenile offenders (n=264). the questionnaire consists of 56 items, which explore three general behavioral dimensions: prosocial (cpro) and antisocial (cat) behavior, and victims of abuse of power (vap); cat contains six specific dimensions: crimes (d), transgressions against property (tpro), transgressions against persons (tper); abusive behavior with peers (cap), substance abuse (ohd); and minor social transgressions (tsl). the study also includes a social desirability scale and an attitudinal scale. results revealed the questionnaire has important psychometric strengths, as well as discriminative properties between the school attending adolescents and the juvenile offenders. the importance and reliability of self-report data for building indices of antisocial behavior is discussed, as well as the relationship between prosocial and antisocial behavior among chilean adolescents.
Questionário de comportamentos anti-sociais e delitivos: evidências psicométricas de uma vers?o reduzida
Gouveia, Valdiney Veloso;Santos, Walberto Silva;Pimentel, Carlos Eduardo;Diniz, Pollyane K. C.;Fonseca, Patrícia Nunes da;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722009000100004
Abstract: this study aimed at knowing the psychometric parameters of the antisocial and delictive behaviors questionnaire (adq). specifically, it tried to join evidences of its factor validity and reliability in the milieu of paraíba-brazil, as well as to know the adequacy of a briefed version of this measure. two studies were accomplished. in study 1, the participants were 480 students from high school, with a mean age of 16.2 years old (sd = 1.60), most of them were women (55.1%). in study 2, 1,463 students of elementary school, high school, and university; with ages ranging from 10 to 36 years old (m = 16; sd = 4.41) participated in research, 59.9% were female. they answered the antisocial and delictive behaviors questionnaire and to demographic questions. results supported the psychometric adequacy of this measure, which showed the theorized bi-factor structure. moreover, the purpose of the adq briefed version revealed itself adequate, jointing evidences of factor validity and reliability similar to those of the original version. these findings were discussed based on literature and future researches are suggested as well.
Antisocial and delictive behaviors questionnaire: psychometric evidences of a briefed version / Questionário de comportamentos anti-sociais e delitivos: evidências psicométricas de uma vers o reduzida
Valdiney Veloso Gouveia,Walberto Silva Santos,Carlos Eduardo Pimentel,Pollyane K. C. Diniz
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2009,
Abstract: This study aimed at knowing the psychometric parameters of the Antisocial and Delictive Behaviors Questionnaire (ADQ). Specifically, it tried to join evidences of its factor validity and reliability in the milieu of Paraíba-Brazil, as well as to know the adequacy of a briefed version of this measure. Two studies were accomplished. In Study 1, the participants were 480 students from high school, with a mean age of 16.2 years old (SD = 1.60), most of them were women (55.1%). In Study 2, 1,463 students of elementary school, high school, and university; with ages ranging from 10 to 36 years old (m = 16; SD = 4.41) participated in research, 59.9% were female. They answered the Antisocial and Delictive Behaviors Questionnaire and to demographic questions. Results supported the psychometric adequacy of this measure, which showed the theorized bi-factor structure. Moreover, the purpose of the ADQ briefed version revealed itself adequate, jointing evidences of factor validity and reliability similar to those of the original version. These findings were discussed based on literature and future researches are suggested as well.
Irrational evaluations and antisocial behavior of adolescents
Vukosavljevi?-Gvozden Tatjana,Opa?i? Goran,Mari? Zorica
Zbornik Instituta za Pedago?ka Istra?ivanja , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/zipi1002263v
Abstract: The principles of the Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy point out to the role of irrational beliefs in the occurrence of aggressive and antisocial behavior. The goal of this research is to determine whether there are links between irrational beliefs and self-assessment of antisocial behavior and whether there are differences with respect to irrational beliefs between the young who were sentenced by juvenile court judges compared to the control group. The research was conducted on two subsamples - the first consisted of male adolescents (N=116), aged 16 to 19, and the second comprised male adolescents 50 out of whom were sentenced by juvenile court judges, aged averagely 17 and a half, and 50 members of the control group. The modified version of the General Attitude and Belief Scale (GABS) (Mari , 2002, 2003) and Antisocial Behavior Scale (ABS) (Opa i , 2010, in print) were used. Multiple regression analysis showed that the best predictor of the score on antisocial behavior scale was “the demand for absolute correctness of others and their devaluation”, followed by the aspiration towards perfectionism and success which acts as the factor that reduces the probability of antisocial behavior. Almost identical results were obtained by group comparison. The obtained results provide guidelines for designing preventive programs (sketched in the discussion) that would be able to reduce the frequency of aggressive and antisocial behavior at adolescent age.
Behavior disorders in children and adolescent experience in health primary attention service
Marcia Raquel Horowitz, Mariana Campos, Priscila Espínola, Thaís Valéria da Silva
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2008,
Abstract: Based on referencial of the Holistic Pediatrics, that encloses organic questions, of the familiar relationary field, the cognitive performance and the social one, is intended with this study to analyze the patients taken care at a primary health attention service, regards to psychosocial questions. This is about a descriptive, transversal study, from quantitative boarding, considering the partner-demographic profile and the prevalence of disorders behavior presumptions in the first consultation. The data will be gotten from handbooks, considering changeable partner-demographic, structure and familiar dynamics, reasons of the consultation, disgnostic hypotheses and adopted behaviors. The results will be analyzed with the statistical studies presented in tables and figures, with quarrel that will contemplate pertinent literature. The project was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Health Sciences Center of the Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.
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