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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 50 matches for " anthropometrics "
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Physical parameters and performance values in starters and non-starters volleyball players: A brief research note
Marques,M.C.; Marinho,D.A.;
Motricidade , 2009,
Abstract: the aim of this paper was to investigate the anthropometric and strength characteristics of elite male volleyball athletes and determines if differences exist in these characteristics between starters (s) and non-starters players (ns). a group of 22 professional male team volleyball players participated in the study and the players were categorized as s (n= 13) and ns (n= 9). anthropometric characteristics, countermovement jump, overhead medicine ball throwing and maximal dynamic strength were evaluated in all the subjects. significant diferences in age, hight and weight were noticed between s and ns. there were no significant differences between the two groups in strength and power values, except for squat performance, where s were significant strong than ns. these findings provide normative data for elite male volleyball players competing in specific playing status. from a practical perspective, sport scientists and conditioning professionals should take specicif lower body strength characteristics of volleyball players into account when designing individualized training stauts specific training programmes.
Influencia de los criterios de clasificación sobre la valoración nutricional de enfermería mediante parámetros antropométricos
Manzano Angua,Juan Manuel; Nieto Granados,María Dolores;
Revista de la Sociedad Espa?ola de Enfermería Nefrológica , 2005, DOI: 10.4321/S1139-13752005000100002
Abstract: with anthropometrics it is possible to indirectly estimate the reserves of somatic fats and proteins by measuring and interpreting certain anthropometric parameters with different nutritional classification criteria. the objective of the study is to know whether the use of different classification criteria affects the results of the nutritional evaluation of nursing by the anthropometric method. the study sample comprised 53 patients with terminal chronic renal insufficiency in haemodialysis and a stable clinical situation. the following were recorded: height, post-haemodialysis weight, cutaneous folding of the triceps, arm circumference and arm muscular circumference. the anthropometric parameters were measured with seven different classification criteria. the prevalence of calorie-protein malnutrition according to criteria “a”, “b”, and “e” were identical, that is, 47.2% and 13.2%. the “f” and “g” criteria respectively classified 15.1% and 39.6% as calorie malnourished and 7.5% and 5.7% as protein malnourished. finally, the “c” and “d” criteria provided similar prevalences of calorie and protein malnourished. the use of different classification criteria gave very different malnutrition prevalences. the prevalence of calorie malnutrition was more varied and higher than the protein.
Physical parameters and performance values in starters and non-starters volleyball players: A brief research note
M.C. Marques,D.A. Marinho
Motricidade , 2009,
Abstract: The aim of this paper was to investigate the anthropometric and strength characteristics of elite male volleyball athletes and determines if differences exist in these characteristics between starters (S) and non-starters players (NS). A group of 22 professional male team volleyball players participated in the study and the players were categorized as S (n= 13) and NS (n= 9). Anthropometric characteristics, countermovement jump, overhead medicine ball throwing and maximal dynamic strength were evaluated in all the subjects. Significant diferences in age, hight and weight were noticed between S and NS. There were no significant differences between the two groups in strength and power values, except for squat performance, where S were significant strong than NS. These findings provide normative data for elite male volleyball players competing in specific playing status. From a practical perspective, sport scientists and conditioning professionals should take specicif lower body strength characteristics of volleyball players into account when designing individualized training stauts specific training programmes.
Nutritional Status of Patients with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis from a Tropical Area of Bolivia, and Implications for Zinc Bioavailability  [PDF]
Claudia E. Lazarte, Claudia Alegre, Ernesto Rojas, Yvonne Granfeldt
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.410A009
Abstract:

Macro and micronutrient deficiencies are a significant problem among people in rural areas in developing countries. Deficiencies may lead to an impaired immune system making the organism vulnerable to infections and diseases. In this paper, the dietary intake, anthropometric measurements, zinc and copper levels in serum, of patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) are compared with a group of healthy controls and reference values. Results showed no significant differences in most nutrient intake or anthropometrics between patients and controls. However, serum zinc level of patients (80 μg/dl) was significantly lower (P < 0.001) than in controls (85 μg/dl), likely explained by the presence of leishmaniasis. The median serum zinc level in both groups was below the reference values, even though their median zinc intake met the zinc recommendations from WHO. Consequently, besides the presence of leishmaniasis, serum zinc levels may be compromised by inhibitory components in their diet, such as phytates, as it is shown by the molar ratio phytate:zinc (Phy:Zn) that was between 11 and 19, while 15 is the level said to compromise zinc status. There were significant (P < 0.05) negative correlations between serum zinc and Phy:Zn, for patients (r = - 0.413) and controls (r = - 0.410). In conclusion this study shows that patients with CL in Chapare, Bolivia had low serum zinc levels due to the leishmaniasis per se and the decreased zinc bioavailability in their diet. CL infection was not in direct association with the nutritional status indicated by the anthropometric or dietary assessments. However, dietary intake showed 5 essential nutrients below the nutrient recommendation in both groups.

A Quantitative Assessment of the Morphology of the Piriform Aperture as an Indicator of Race  [PDF]
Seth Gardner
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2015.31002
Abstract: Piriform apertures from skulls in the Bass Collection at the University of Tennessee were examined. The morphology of the perform aperture from digital images was captured using Adobe Measuring Tool 9.0 and data analyzed with SPSS 17.0. Twenty-four linear measurements from a central point of the aperture as well as the perimeter were evaluated to quantify a difference between Black and White populations. The statistical analyses employed Discriminate Functional Analysis followed by Stepwise analysis. Discriminate functions were generated to predict to which group a skull belonged. A discriminate function produced an accuracy of 77.4%. Step-wise discriminate function analysis, using only three variables, produced an accuracy of 79.0%.
Caracteriza??o socioecon?mica, antropométrica e alimentar de obesos graves
Lima,Laydiane Pereira de; Sampaio,Helena Alves de Carvalho;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232007000400022
Abstract: the purpose of this study is to characterize morbid obese patients treated at bariatric surgery clinics in fortaleza, ceará state, brazil, analyzed by socioeconomic, anthropometric and food intake aspects. based on an exploratory, transversal and analytical design, this survey interviewed fifty patients being treated at one private and two public bariatric surgery clinics; 74% were female and 26% male. their average age was 35 ± 8.6 years old, with an average family income of 9.32 ± 14.14 minimum wages; with an average family income of 4.69 ± 3.78 minimum wages for the group treated at public clinics, and an 15.18 ± 12.63 minimum wages for the obese patients seen at the private clinic; at least 70% of the participants held high school diplomas. the average body mass index (bmi) was 47.5 ± 7.2 kg/m2, with their food intake standard characterized largely by the consumption of high-energy, high-fat, low carbohydrate items, high in cholesterol and dietary staple fibers. it is concluded that the patients have a food intake standard that offers the risk of worsening their weight situation, requiring more intensive educational actions in preparation for bariatric surgery.
Avalia??o antropométrica de trabalhadores em indústrias do polo moveleiro de Ubá, MG
Silva, Kátia Regina;Souza, Amaury Paulo de;Minette, Luciano José;Costa, Fernanda Freitas;Fialho, Patrícia Bhering;
Revista árvore , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-67622006000400014
Abstract: the objective of this work was to carry out the survey of anthropometric variables of furniture industry workers, from the ubá industrial furniture pole in the state of minas gerais, brazil, in order to check the adequacy of the workplaces to anthropometric characteristics of workers. the evaluated population consisted of 148 workers who were directly involved on the furniture manufacturing. anthropometric data were obtained through direct measurement of the workers in the standing position, and analyzed by percentile calculations. the data variability coefficients indicate a uniform distribution of the values obtained, except for de maximum holding diameter that presented a medium dispersion distribution. the height of evaluated workbenches were on average 15.6cm below the recommended in most work places, yet in the painting and packaging lines these heights were on average 28.7cm and 24.0cm above the recommended respectively. it was found that the anthropometric data studied had uniform distribution for almost all variables, and all the work place heights were outside of recommended limits for the 95% percentile, forcing the workers into inappropriate postures. for the control panels in the painting lines, the mean height found was 175.0cm, with 9.0cm above the 95%percentil (166.0cm), for the variable eye height which determines the line of sight to the control panel.
DEVELOPING CHARACTERISTICS AND STATE OF NUTRITION OF TOP MALE AND FEMALE HANDBALL PLAYERS MEMBERS OF NATIONAL COMPETITION
Ivana Mladenovi?,Ivana Boji?
Acta Medica Medianae , 2004,
Abstract: Handball is a very popular game all over the world and in SCG as well. Popularity of this game stems from successful play of our male and female handball national team on European, World Competition and on Olympic games.Technically and tactically this game more and more resembles the male handball. The process of training is close to the very edge of female abilities, so we have dynamic game full of duel, long shots and spectacular goals.The aim of this research is to confirm differences of developing characteristics and state of nutrition of male and female handball players at our national competition. The research encircled 20 male and 20 female handball players, members of handball club RK elezni ar" and RK DIN" from Ni .The results show that the average height of male handball players is 190,64 cm and that body mass comes to 96,60 kg. Average height of female handball players is 173, 53 cm, and body mass is 64,81 kg. The difference between male and female height is 17 cm, and difference in body mass between male and female team is 32 kg.
Morphologic Bilateral Differences of Top Level Gymnasts
Cuk,Ivan; Pajek,Maja Bucar; Jakse,Barbara; Pajek,Jernej; Pecek,Mojca;
International Journal of Morphology , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022012000100019
Abstract: gymnastics is a basic sport, which was developed under a philosophic idea "mens sana in corpore sano". such an idea supposes harmonized body and soul. we can also understand under such a terminus the symmetricity of the athletic body. aim of our investigation was to determine whether gymnast's body is symmetric. on the sample of 40 top level gymnasts (average age of 23 years) who were attending world cup competition in ljubljana in the year 2000 we measured 13 anthropometric characteristics - joint diameters, circumferences and skinfold thicknesses on the left and right side. while there were no differences between the left and right leg parameters, there were some significant differences between the left and right arm measures. we found significant differences in elbow diameter, circumference of forearm, and skin fold thicknesses of triceps and biceps brachii. it is beneficial for coaches to control the symmetry of their athletes as the differences may be a sign of single-sided arm overload and predict acute or chronic injuries.
Caracterización Nutricional Antropométrica de Ancianos Institucionalizados y no Institucionalizados
Díaz,Nayka; Meertens,Lesbia; Solano,Liseti; Pe?a,Evelyn;
Investigación Clínica , 2005,
Abstract: in order to evaluate nutritional status by anthropometry, a group of elderly (60 to 83 years old) was studied: 63 institutionalized and 37 non-institutionalized elderly from valencia city, venezuela. weight, height, triceps skinfold and mid-arm circumference were measured and the body mass index (weight/height2) was calculated. the average age for the institutionalized group was 77,3 ± 7,5 years old and 69,5 ± 7,6 years old for the free-living elderly group. tricipital skinfold (tsf) and mid-arm circumference (mac) means were within the normal reference range for both groups, without significant differences by sex. body mass index (bmi) was higher in the institutionalized group. lower bmi and mac were found in older elderly (3 80 y). according to the nutritional classification by bmi, 16% of nutritional deficit, 45% of normal status and 39.7% with of excess weight were found in institutionalized elderly; while in free-living elderly, prevalences were 8%, 62% and 29,7% respectively. even though normal nutritional status was highly prevalent, institutionalized elderly showed higher prevalences of nutritional alterations (underweight and overweight).
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