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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3672 matches for " alcohol abuse "
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Toward an integrative model for alcohol use and dependence  [PDF]
Serge Combaluzier
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2012.24044
Abstract: Background: If the alcohol use and dependence disorders are differentiated by the pharmaco-dependence, they share complex relationships with other clinical disorders and personality disorders. The purpose of this paper is to produce a model that reflects its relations both among users than among addicts. Method: Data from questionnaires measuring key variables selected for this study have been collected from people with alcohol misuse (n = 83) and alcohol-dependent (n = 81) in rehab. A model of drug dependence has been produced from these data that gives complete satisfaction to the criteria of SEM. Discussion: This model reflects the shift from abuse to a dependent consumption by the presence of feedbacks involving pharmaco-dependence, disturbance of the alcohol consumption by psychological distress and depressive traits. To further guarantee its validity, however it should be tested by collecting data from other surveys.
Alcoolismo feminino: subsídios para a prática profissional da enfermagem
Souza, Jurema Gouvêa de;Lima, José Mauro Braz de;Santos, Rosangela da Silva;
Escola Anna Nery , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452008000400003
Abstract: the present is a qualitative research. it has taken the life history method and aimed to assess the consequences of alcohol abuse and discuss necessary and accessible health care. the 30 deponents were in a band age of 20 to 60 years old. the study showed that the women abuse alcohol in order to forget or minimize the consequences of financial difficulties; differences in marital relationships; physical violence and; exhausting work journeys. outcomes of alcohol abuse are health problems; deprivation; maltreatment; difficulties in family life and in marital relations; physical and psychological problems; suicide attempts and; abandoning of children and husband. the study followed to conclude that the women have not mentioned any health care offer, and affirm that any governmental initiative has to be inclusive, valuing and encouraging community and civil society organizations engagement, so as to congregate technological, human and medical actions and know-how.
Incidência de stress e fontes estressoras em esposas de portadores da síndrome de dependência do álcool
Lima, Raitza Araújo dos Santos;Amazonas, Maria Cristina Lopes de Almeida;Motta, Juliana Amazonas Gouveia;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2007000400003
Abstract: this research investigated the incidence of stress and its sources in alcoholics' wives by applying lipp's stress symptoms inventory and a semi-structured interview in 31 women whose husbands were attended by a chemical dependents' clinic located inland of pernambuco state, brazil. it was concluded that 93.53% of the wives presented stress diagnosis, with psychological (70.96%), physical (19.35%) and both psychological and physical symptoms (3.22%). the following external sources of stress were identified: overload feeling due to the assumption of the whole family responsibility; lack of support concerning to their husband's addiction; and verbal aggressions suffered from their husbands. in regard to internal sources: inability to identify alternatives that can be helpful to their husband's recovery; angry feeling when they are drunk; and tension and worry when they leave home. therefore, it has become clear the need to develop stress programs for this population which are focused on prevention and handling abilities.
Predictores de abuso de alcohol en adolescentes: Mitos versus evidencia empírica
Anuario de investigaciones , 2007,
Abstract: since 2003, due to a conicet research project "family and personality factors. their relationship with alcohol abuse among adolescents", we have worked with 900 adolescents from different socio-economic level schools in buenos aires province. the aim of the present study is to analyze the results achieved up to present, which contradict some myths and prejudices widely shared among society, including health professionals. the relevance of this project is shown on the data analyzed on the first part of the investigation, in which 591 teenagers participated voluntarily and in an anonymous way. the data obtained was analyzed with descriptive statistics, chi square, correlation analysis (r pearson), anova and logistic regression. limitations and achievements of this study are introduced.
Uso de álcool entre adolescentes escolares: um estudo-piloto
Dallo, Luana;Martins, Raul Arag?o;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2011000300005
Abstract: the consumption of alcohol among adolescents is an issue that concerns health professionals given the harm it causes and the indifference of the society regarding its use in this age range. this study analyzed the use of alcohol among high school students in three schools in cascavel, pr, brazil. the alcohol use disorders identification test (audit) was used and data concerning socioeconomic information, religion, and whether there was abusive consumption of alcohol in the family were also collected. the results revealed that 34.7% of the students present abusive consumption. no statistically significant differences were found concerning schools, gender, and socioeconomic conditions. having a family member who consumes alcohol was considered a risk factor and having a religion was considered a protection factor. this study shows the need of further studies to warn the society in paraná aiming the development of public policies including prevention and intervention projects directed to adolescents.
Technology-Assisted Addiction Treatment for Key Populations  [PDF]
Thomas F. Kresina, Robert Lubran, H. Westley Clark
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.59117

Innovations in health information technology have resulted in patient-centered and provider-centered applications that can enhance access to care and treatment and retention in care. Provider-based applications in addiction treatment include the use of electronic medical records, electronic computer-based medication dispensing, and state prescription monitoring plans as well as new drug formulations and novel drug therapies in development. Patient-based applications include technology-based delivery of psychosocial interventions, as well as, cellphone-based messaging and applications. For key populations, men who have sex with men, sex workers, injection drug users and transgendered individuals, application of these technological innovations could enhance treatment outcomes for substance use disorders. Thus, as these technology innovations advance attention to their development for key populations would assist the global efforts to enhance addiction treatment.

Benefícios de técnicas cognitivocomportamentais em terapia de grupo para o uso indevido de álcool e drogas
Mathias, Ana Carolina Robbe;Cruz, Marcelo Santos;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852007000200011
Abstract: motivational interviewing and relapse prevention are treatment approaches for individuals with alcohol or drug abuse problems. this article describes a group therapy treatment case, showing the association of both techniques. each step of the treatment techniques is demonstrated and exemplified as long as their results. results and advantages of the techniques are discussed.
Frequency Of Illicit Drug Consumption In The First Trimester Of Pregnancy (Tehran - 2001)
Ramezanzadeh f,Tavafian S S
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2003,
Abstract: Illicit drug abuse is a major area of interest for clinicians, as well as for public health and social authorities, but one of the major concerns is the illicit drug abuse during the periconceptional period and throughout pregnancy, because of its potential effects on the embryo and fetus. In this study we investigated the prevalence of illicit drug abuse in the first trimester of pregnancy in women who referred to Iran, Tehran and Shahid Beheshti universities of medical sciences, for prenatal care."nMaterials and Methods: In this descriptive cross sectional study, a non-randomized sample of 2000 pregnant women that were in their second and third trimester of their pregnancy, were interviewed about drug abuse in their first trimester. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS software."nResults: The prevalence of illicit drug abuse in the first trimester was 2.5% which the majority of these drugs were in group B. The prevalence of drug abuse was 0.9% and alcohol usage and alcohol abuse was 0.2%, cigarette smoking was the most common drug abusing phenomena. Variables such as husband education, infertility and satisfaction with pregnancy have significant relation with drug abuse."nConclusion: The results of this study support the need for continued education and this education must end in by itself to make dramatic changes in behavior. So results of this study showed that, improving education and knowledge of mothers and consultation with them in regard to risks and complications of drug abuse during pregnancy, would make dramatic changes in their behavior."n"n"n"n"n"n"n"n
Nutrición y alcoholismo crónico
Moreno Otero,R.; Cortés,J. R.;
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2008,
Abstract: many patients with chronic alcohol abuse present a clinical picture of malnourishment either because of reduced usual intake of essential nutrients or because alcohol precludes an appropriate digestion and absorption of the different essential elements, vitamins, and minerals. a usual example is vitamin a deficiency in these patients. besides, ethanol metabolic pathways themselves (through the adh and the meos system) generate toxic intermediate products (acetaldehyde, free radicals) interfering with normal metabolism of essential elements, mainly lipids, leading to cellular damage through lipid peroxidation mechanisms and impairment of the membrane fluidity, fat deposits (hepatocellular esteatosis), inflammation secondary to oxidative stress and proinflammatory cytokines, activation of stellate cells, fibrogenesis, etc. nutritional supports may be effective to improve alcoholic liver disease. a balanced diet, vitamin supplements, and pharmacological therapy with antioxidants in order to recover depleted glutathione deposits are recommended. it is paramount that these patients have a multidisciplinary clinical approach to resolve the problem of alcohol dependency.
Consumo abusivo e dependência de álcool em popula??o adulta no Estado de S?o Paulo, Brasil
Guimar?es, Vanessa Valente;Florindo, Alex Ant?nio;Stopa, Sheila Rizzato;César, Chester Luiz Galv?o;Barros, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo;Carandina, Luana;Goldbaum, Moisés;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2010000200013
Abstract: objetive: to investigate alcohol abuse and dependence in adults aged 20-59 years, in the state of s?o paulo, brazil, according to demographic and socio-economic characteristics. methods: cross-sectional household survey carried out in four areas of the state of s?o paulo, brazil. the cage questionnaire was used to investigate alcohol dependence. alcohol abuse was defined as daily consumption of at least 30 grams of alcohol for men and 24 grams for women. bivariate and multivariate poisson regression analyses were performed to detect associations and high-risk groups. all analyses were stratified by gender. results: 1,646 adults were interviewed. the prevalence of alcohol abuse was 52.9% among men and 26.8% in women. with a cage cutoff point > 2, alcohol dependence was found in 14.8% of male drinkers and 5.4% of female drinkers. these proportions correspond to a population prevalence of alcohol addiction of 10.4% in men and 2.6% in women. with regard to alcohol abuse, in men, it was negatively associated with age and directly associated with schooling and smoking. in women, alcohol abuse was also associated with schooling and smoking, and with living without a partner. in men, a significant association was found between alcohol dependence and lower schooling levels. unemployment was also significantly associated with alcohol dependence in men. no overall association was found in alcohol dependence in women. conclusions: our data revealed high prevalences of alcohol abuse and dependence. the association of alcohol abuse with higher schooling and the finding of alcohol dependence among unemployed men suggest elements for intervention and control policies.
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