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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6838 matches for " academic review "
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Peer reviewing: 'A privilege and a responsibility'.
Jane Johnston
PRism Online PR Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Hands up those who’ve ever undertaken a course in how to review the academic work of another? That is, the work of a peer, an academic or post-graduate who has carefully researched and constructed a piece of writing that has been placed in your care for review. No hands? Peer reviewing appears to be a skill that, as academics, is assumed. A given. And therein lies a significant problem.
Avalia??o entre ?pares? na ciência e na academia: aspectos clandestinos de um julgamento nem sempre científico, acadêmico ou ?de avalia??o?
Botomé, Sílvio Paulo;
Psicologia USP , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65642011005000013
Abstract: the assessment of academic work cannot be reduced to the measures. but there is an extensive “naturalization” of procedures that are not driven every respect constituting this “evaluation”. one aspect of this “naturalization has been slow and subtle substitution of debate and criticism of academic studies for its simple display, publication or presentation with examination more administrative than academic. the “peer reviews” has been a requirement with problems. they include the anonymity of the appraiser and it allows many “deviations” for an assessment of political, ideological or even personal. the tendency toward hegemony of groups is one of the problems. the recent proliferation of academic societies (or scientific), academic or professional journals, the publication requirements (number of titles) as a criterion for contests, promotions, financial aid or scholarships has increased the bureaucracy to administer it with a possible prejudice to the existing distortions to the development of science.
Measuring scientists? performance: a view from organismal biologist
Ricker,Martin; Hernández,Héctor M; Daly,Douglas C;
Interciencia , 2009,
Abstract: increasingly, academic evaluations quantify performance in science by giving higher rank to scientists (as well as journals and institutions) who publish more articles and have more citations. in mexico, for example, a centralized federal agency uses such bibliometric statistics for evaluating the performance of all mexican scientists. in this article we caution against using this form of evaluation as an almost exclusive tool of measuring and comparing scientists? performance. we argue that from an economic viewpoint, maximizing the number of journal articles and their citations does not necessarily correspond to the preferences and needs of society. the traditional peer review process is much better suited for that purpose, and we propose "rule-based peer review" for evaluating a large number of scientists.
Türkiye'de Yay nlanan Akademik Dergilerin Niteliklerindeki Zaman erisindeki De i im Nedenleri: Sa l k, Sosyal vr Teknik Bilim Alanlar nda Yay nlanan Dergiler üzerine Bir nceleme / Reasons of Change in the Essential Properties of Academic Journals Being Published in Turkey: An Investigation upon the Journals of Health, Social and Technical Sciences
Nazmi Kozak
Bilgi Dünyas? , 2003,
Abstract: The present study was carried out by using data obtained out of the resulting databases of two data collection attempts concerning academic periodicals published in Turkey -being namely those of 1997-1998 and 2002. The aim of this study was to investigate changes going on last five years in general knowledge, scientific article evaluation and academic writing applications of academic periodicals related to medical sciences, social sciences and physical sciences. It was concluded that academic Turkish periodicals showed improvements according to the criteria of academic promotion (raising) in last five years and that the criteria of academic raising had an positive effect on improving the quantity of scientific studies.
A Position on Effective Peer Reviews–Rationale, Qualification, Process, and Policy
Rayford Vaughn
Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics , 2007,
Abstract: This paper argues for the value of the conference peer review process given certain constraints that include a proper process, qualifications of the reviewers, policy used in the review, and the motivation of the reviewers. The paper also addresses how the lack of proper criteria can be harmful in a peer review process. The peer review process for journals is not addressed as this is a universally accepted practice in academia. An analogy to software engineering code review processes is briefly presented.
EASYVERIFIER 1.0: Herramienta de software para revisar citaciones bibliográficas en artículos científicos
Correa Riveros,Freddy Alberto; Cortés Aldana,Félix Antonio;
Ingeniería e Investigación , 2010,
Abstract: the first academic revolution which occurred in developed countries during the late 19th century made research a university function in addition to the traditional task of teaching. a second academic revolution has tried to transform the university into a teaching, research and socio-economic development enterprise. the scientific article has become an excellent practical means for the movement of new knowledge between the university and the socioeconomic environment. this work had two purposes. one was to present some general considerations regarding research and the scientific article. the second was to provide information about a computational tool which supports revising scientific articles′ citations; this step is usually done manually and requires some experience. the software allows two text files to be read, one containing the scientific article′s content and another one the bibliography. a report is then generated allowing the authors mentioned in the text but not indexed in the bibliography to be identified and to determine which authors have been mentioned in the bibliography but who have not been mentioned in the text of the article. the software allows researchers and journal coordinators to detect reference errors among citations in the text and the bibliographical references. the steps to develop the software were: analysis, design, implementation and use. for the analysis it was important the revision of the literature about elaboration of citations in scientific documents.
Saúde do trabalhador no Brasil: pesquisa na pós-gradua??o
Santana,Vilma Sousa;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102006000400015
Abstract: objective: to study trends of dissertation and thesis production in workers' health in brazil. methods: observation units were dissertations and theses developed by brazilian researchers in national and foreign graduate programs. theses and dissertations were identified in previously compiled works, lilacs and capes database. search keywords were workers' health, ergonomics, occupational hygiene, toxicology, and occupational health. results: there were identified 1,025 documents. of them, seven were published before 1970, 31 were published in 1970s, 121 in 1980s, 533 in 1990s, and 333 between 2000 and 2004. an exponential growth of studies during the study period was observed with a corresponding factor approximately equal to 4 in each decade. the majority of studies addresses major public health issues like musculoskeletal diseases, mental health, and occupational risks for health workers. it was noticeable the small number of studies on unemployment, occupational cancer, and primary sector and construction industry workers, known as a risk group for fatal work-related injuries. conclusions: the growth of public and collective health graduate programs was a major factor for increasing research on workers' health in brazil in recent years. despite increasing academic studies in this area of knowledge there are some persisting gaps persist that need to be narrowed in the near future.
Impacto de la reforma del plan curricular en el rendimiento académico: Caso: Escuela de Sociología
Caira Tovar,Norma M; Lescher Soto,Isaías S;
Revista de Ciencias Sociales , 2010,
Abstract: the aim of this work is to determine the preliminary impact on student academic performance of the curricular reform applied in the school of sociology at the university of the zulia starting with the first academic period of 2008. the study relies on the postulates of de miguel (2001) and méndez (2000, 2004), related to the parameters for curricular evaluations referring to academic performance and conceptualization about curricular reform. research was of the evaluative, descriptive and documentary type. the totality of six-hundred two (602) students in the school were considered as the population; their academic performance was evaluated before and after applying the reform, using documentary observation of records contributed by the program luz - sadia. on reviewing student performance, the maintenance of an academic yield of fourteen (14) points was verified, considered so-so according to the proposed standard; this makes it possible to assert that, at this moment, the implemented curricular reform has not notably affected academic yield. it was recommended to repeat the study annually and complement it with the opinions of students, graduates and the labor market.
Social peer review and humanities Social peer review e scienze umane
Maria Cassella
JLIS.it , 2010, DOI: 10.4403/jlis.it-30
Abstract: The article deals with the evaluation of papers published in specialized journal of the Humanities area. Assessment techniques, qualitative (ex-ante) and quantitative (ex-post), became a fundamental instrument of the academic research. This paper traces the evolution of the evaluation techniques, describing the different methods for peer-review (a very well known praxis for the exact sciences, while still not used much in humanities for historical, epistemological, and economic reasons). Some experimental forms of peer-review are due to the digital environment and to Web 2.0, and started to be used to set up a new assessment practice for humanities. This so called social peer-review is a more appropriate to humanities, and presents many experimental examples based both on qualitative and quantitative methods. Those methods represent a valid option in order to contribute to the academic and cultural debate, and to raise up the level of the research in Humanities. L'articolo affronta il tema della valutazione dei contributi pubblicati in riviste specializzate di ambito umanistico. I metodi di valutazione, qualitativi (ex-ante) e quantitativi (ex-post), sono diventati negli ultimi 50 anni uno strumento fondamentale della ricerca accademica. Il contributo traccia una ricostruzione dell'evoluzione dei metodi di valutazione e descrive il meccanismo e le differenti tipologie di peer review, una prassi consolidata per le scienze esatte ma poco applicata al contesto delle scienze umane, a causa di ragioni storiche, epistemologiche ed economiche. Alcune forme sperimentali di peer review indotte dal digitale e, in particolare, di nuove forme di valutazione nate nel contesto del web sociale (web 2.0), hanno cominciato a essere utilizzate per fondare una nuova pratica valutativa della ricerca nelle scienze umane. Questo panorama di social peer review, modello di valutazione più consono alla natura della ricerca umanistica, presenta numerosi esempi sperimentali fondati su metodi sia qualitativi che quantitativi, i quali non hanno tuttavia ancora assunto una forma soddisfacente e un'ampia diffusione. Essi si limitano attualmente a rappresentare una valida alternativa al fine di contribuire al dibattito accademico-culturale e ad elevare il livello della qualità della ricerca umanistica.
Ansiedade infantil e instrumentos de avalia??o: uma revis?o sistemática
Silva, Wildson Vieira da;Figueiredo, Vera Lúcia Marques de;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462005000400014
Abstract: objective: to make a survey of the principal anxiety instruments available for children, when they appeared, the type of methods used, verifying which countries have the highest number of children anxiety instruments and also how is the brazilian reality on this matter. methods: a systematic review on electronic databases _ psychoinfo (1940 _ may 2002), psyclit (1887 _ may 2002), medline (1966 _ may 2002) e eric (1966 _ may 2002). information collected on personal communications and books chapters. the inclusion criterion utilized: studies realized with children, where the anxiety were evaluated with some psychometric instrument. the exclusion criterion: adolescents, adults and animal research articles, articles utilizing projective instruments or studies without any reference of assessment instruments. the indexed articles found in 2 or more databases were considered only once. results: this review pointed out 1911 studies used at least one assessment instrument to identify the presence of anxiety and 118 instruments were used for this purpose. conclusions: there are a large number of children anxiety instruments available, however, in brazil, the only one available in the market isn't updated and the modern ones are found only in clinic academic centers.
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