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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8890 matches for " Zhigang Cui "
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Fast Acquisition Method of GPS Signal Based on FFT Cyclic Correlation  [PDF]
Hao Cui, Zhigang Li, Zheng Dou
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2017.108B026
Abstract:
Since the global positioning system began to operate, it has become more and more close to people’s lives, and has been applied to various fields now. In order to track and decode GPS signals, GPS signals need to be captured first. The necessary parameters of the captured GPS signal are immediately transmitted to the tracking process, and then the navigation message of the satellite can be obtained by tracking process. In this paper, the basic contents related to the signal structure of GPS system are briefly described. Then, the traditional GPS signal acquisition method based on time domain correlation method is introduced, and the GPS signal acquisition method based on FFT cyclic correlation method is discussed in this paper. By comparing the simulation results, two kinds of GPS signal acquisition methods are compared with the calculation time according to the method of controlling variables. For the two GPS signal acquisition methods, the variation of time delay error with SNR is simulated in this paper.
Geochemical Constrains on MORB Composition and Magma Sources at East Pacific Rise Between 1?S and 2?S Geochemical Constrains on MORB Composition and Magma Sources at East Pacific Rise Between 1?S and 2?S
ZHANG Wei,ZENG Zhigang,CUI Lukai,YIN Xuebo
- , 2018,
Abstract: The East Pacific Rise(EPR)is a typical fast spreading ridge.To gain a better understanding of the magmatism under ridges,Mid Ocean Ridge Basalts(MORBs)with remarkably heterogeneous compositions are obtained from(EPR)1?–2?S and multielement geochemical and radioisotope analyses are conducted.Results show that these MORBs have wide variation ranges in trace element concentrations and isotopic ratios.Sample 07 has low concentrations of incompatible elements,and very low ~(87)Sr/~(86)Sr,and high ~(143)Nd/~(144)Nd from 0.70213 to 0.702289 and 0.513234 to 0.513289,respectively.However,other samples show enrichment in incompatible elements to varying degrees,and medium values of ~(87)Sr/~(86)Sr and ~(143)Nd/~(144)Nd from 0.702440 to 0.702680 and 0.513086to 0.513200,respectively.This study proposes that one depleted source and two enriched sources contribute to the formation of MORBs from EPR 1?–2?S.Samples 02 and 10 are formed by mixing between one enriched source and one depleted source,while sample 07 is crystallized from the depleted source with no mixing process involved.However,the formation of samples 06 and 11are different,and thus further research is required to determine genesis
Morphology, Structure and Function Characterization of PEI Modified Magnetic Nanoparticles Gene Delivery System
Xiang Zhao, Haixin Cui, Wenjie Chen, Yan Wang, Bo Cui, Changjiao Sun, Zhigang Meng, Guoqiang Liu
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098919
Abstract: Modified magnetic nanoparticles are used as non-viral gene carriers in biological applications. To achieve successful gene delivery, it is critical that nanoparticles effectually assemble with nucleic acids. However, relatively little work has been conducted on the assemble mechanisms between nanoparticles and DNA, and its effects on transfection efficiency. Using biophysical and biochemical characterization, along with Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), we investigate the morphologies, assembling structures and gene delivering abilities of the PEI modified magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) gene delivery system. In this gene delivery system, MNP/DNA complexes are formed via binding of DNA onto the surface of MNPs. MNPs are favorable to not only increase DNA concentration but also prevent DNA degradation. Magnetofection experiments showed that MNPs has low cytotoxicity and introduces highly stable transfection in mammalian somatic cells. In addition, different binding ratios between MNPs and DNA result in various morphologies of MNP/DNA complexes and have an influence on transfection efficiency. Dose–response profile indicated that transfection efficiency positively correlate with MNP/DNA ratio. Furthermore, intracellular tracking demonstrate that MNPs move though the cell membranes, deliver and release exogenous DNA into the nucleus.
The Genotypic Characterization of Cronobacter spp. Isolated in China
Jinghua Cui, Xiaoli Du, Hui Liu, Guangchun Hu, Guoping Lv, Baohong Xu, Xiaorong Yang, Wei Li, Zhigang Cui
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0102179
Abstract: Cronobacter spp. (Enterobacter sakazakii) is an important pathogen contaminating powdered infant formula (PIF). To describe the genotypic diversity of Cronobacter isolated in China, we identified the isolates using fusA allele sequencing, and subtyped all of the isolates using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), and multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA). A total of 105 isolates were identified, which included C. sakazakii (58 isolates), C. malonaticus (30 isolates), C. dublinensis (11 isolates), C. turicensis (5 isolates), and C. muytjensii (1 isolate). These isolates were showed to have 85 PFGE-patterns, 71 sequence types (STs), and 55 MLVA-patterns. Comparisons among the three molecular subtyping methods revealed that the PFGE method was the most distinguishable tool in identifying clusters of Cronobacter spp. through DNA fingerprinting, and MLST method came second. However, ESTR-1, ESTR-2, ESTR-3, and ESTR-4 were not effective loci for subtyping Cronobacter spp. such that the MLVA method requires further improvement.
Whole Genome PCR Scanning Reveals the Syntenic Genome Structure of Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae Strains in the O1/O139 Population
Bo Pang, Xiao Zheng, Baowei Diao, Zhigang Cui, Haijian Zhou, Shouyi Gao, Biao Kan
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0024267
Abstract: Vibrio cholerae is commonly found in estuarine water systems. Toxigenic O1 and O139 V. cholerae strains have caused cholera epidemics and pandemics, whereas the nontoxigenic strains within these serogroups only occasionally lead to disease. To understand the differences in the genome and clonality between the toxigenic and nontoxigenic strains of V. cholerae serogroups O1 and O139, we employed a whole genome PCR scanning (WGPScanning) method, an rrn operon-mediated fragment rearrangement analysis and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to analyze the genome structure of different strains. WGPScanning in conjunction with CGH revealed that the genomic contents of the toxigenic strains were conservative, except for a few indels located mainly in mobile elements. Minor nucleotide variation in orthologous genes appeared to be the major difference between the toxigenic strains. rrn operon-mediated rearrangements were infrequent in El Tor toxigenic strains tested using I-CeuI digested pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis and PCR analysis based on flanking sequence of rrn operons. Using these methods, we found that the genomic structures of toxigenic El Tor and O139 strains were syntenic. The nontoxigenic strains exhibited more extensive sequence variations, but toxin coregulated pilus positive (TCP+) strains had a similar structure. TCP+ nontoxigenic strains could be subdivided into multiple lineages according to the TCP type, suggesting the existence of complex intermediates in the evolution of toxigenic strains. The data indicate that toxigenic O1 El Tor and O139 strains were derived from a single lineage of intermediates from complex clones in the environment. The nontoxigenic strains with non-El Tor type TCP may yet evolve into new epidemic clones after attaining toxigenic attributes.
Association between polymorphisms in XRCC1 gene and clinical outcomes of patients with lung cancer: a meta-analysis
Zhigang Cui, Zhihua Yin, Xuelian Li, Wei Wu, Peng Guan, Baosen Zhou
BMC Cancer , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-12-71
Abstract: We retrieved the relevant articles from PubMed, EMBASE and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases. Studies were selected using specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. Primary outcomes included objective response (i.e., complete response + partial response vs. progressive disease + stable disease) and overall survival (OS). Odds ratio (OR) or hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated. All analyses were performed using the Stata software.Twenty-two articles were included in the present analysis. XRCC1 Arg194Trp and Arg399Gln polymorphisms were significantly associated with response to treatment in lung cancer patients. Patients with C/T genotype, T/T genotype and minor variant T allele at Arg194Trp were more likely to respond to platinum-based chemotherapy compared with those with C/C genotype (C/T vs. C/C: OR, 2.54; 95%CI, 1.95-3.31; T/T vs. C/C: OR, 2.06; 95%CI, 1.39-3.06; C/T+T/T vs. C/C: OR, 2.42; 95% CI, 1.88-3.10). For XRCC1 Arg399Gln, G/A genotype, A/A genotype and minor variant A allele were associated with objective response in all patients (G/A vs. G/G: OR, 0.67; 95%CI, 0.50-0.90; A/A vs. G/G: OR, 0.43; 95%CI, 0.25-0.73; A/A+G/A vs. G/G: OR, 0.63; 95%CI, 0.49-0.83). Both G/A and A/A genotypes of XRCC1 Arg399Gln could influence overall survival of lung cancer patients (G/A vs. G/G: HR, 1.23; 95%CI, 1.06-1.44; A/A vs. G/G: HR, 2.03; 95%CI, 1.20-3.45). Interaction analysis suggested that compared with the patients carrying C/T+T/T genotype at XRCC1 194 and G/G genotype at XRCC1 399, the patients carrying 194 C/C and 399 G/A+A/A or 194 C/C and 399 G/G genotype showed much worse objective response.Genetic polymorphisms in XRCC1 gene might be associated with overall survival and response to platinum-based chemotherapy in lung cancer patients.Lung cancer as a major public health problem represents the most common cancer, and more than a million people in the world die from the disease each year [1]. Despite the rece
MLVA distribution characteristics of Yersinia pestis in China and the correlation analysis
Xiaoai Zhang, Rong Hai, Jianchun Wei, Zhigang Cui, Enmin Zhang, Zhizhong Song, Dongzheng Yu
BMC Microbiology , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2180-9-205
Abstract: Two hundred and thirteen Y. pestis strains collected from different plague foci in China and a live attenuated vaccine strain of Y. pestis (EV76) were genotyped using multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) on 14 loci. A total of 214 Y. pestis strains were divided into 85 MLVA types, and Nei's genetic diversity indices of the various loci ranged between 0.02 - 0.76. Minimum spanning tree analysis showed that Y. pestis in China could be divided into six complexes. It was observed that Microtus strains were different from the other three biovar strains. Each plague focus had its own unique MLVA types.The strains isolated from Yulong, Yunnan province had a unique MLVA type, indicating a new clone group. Our results suggest that Yulong strains may have a close relationship with strains from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau plague focus.Plague is an infectious disease caused by Yersinia pestis, a naturally occurring bacterium found primarily in wild rodents. It is highly transmissible and brings a high mortality, leading to major public health disasters throughout the history of humanity [1]. In the early 1990s, the incidence of human plague increased significantly [2], with outbreaks occurring in Africa [3] and India [4]. WHO has classified plague as a reemerging infectious disease for the past 20 years, and Y. pestis has been identified as a bioterrorism agent, posing as a significant threat to human health and safety [5]. In November 2005, a natural focus of human plague was discovered in Yulong, Yunnan province, China[6]. In this study, we compared Y. pestis isolated from the Yulong focus to strains from other areas.Y. pestis couldn't be separated by serotype and phage-type, but could be classified into three biovars: Antiqua, Mediaevalis and Orientalis, according to their ability to ferment glycerol and to reduce nitrate as described by Devignat in the 1950s [7]. Recently, a new biovar Microtus was proposed based on whole genome sequencing and genetic
Weak Greedy Routing over Graph Embedding for Wireless Sensor Networks  [PDF]
Zhigang Li, Nong Xiao
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2010.29082
Abstract: In this paper we classify the greedy routing in sensor networks into two categories, strong greedy routing and weak greedy routing. Most existing work mainly focuses on weak greedy routing over geographic location network or strong greedy routing over greedy embedding network. It is a difficult job and needs much cost to obtain geographic location or greedy embedding of the network. We propose a light-weight Tree-based graph embedding (TGE) for sensor networks. Over the TGE, we design a weak greedy routing protocol, TGR. TGR can archive good performance on path stretch factor and load balance factor.
Partial Feedback Based Orthogonal Space-Time Block Coding With Flexible Feedback Bits  [PDF]
Lei Wang, Zhigang Chen
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2024
Abstract: The conventional orthogonal space-time block code (OSTBC) with limited feedback has fixed p-1 feedback bits for the specific ntp transmit antennas. A new partial feedback based OSTBC which provides flexible feedback bits is proposed in this paper. The proposed scheme inherits the properties of having a simple decoder and the full diversity of OSTBC, moreover, preserves full data rate. Simulation results show that for ntp transmit antennas, the proposed scheme has the similar performance with the conventional one by using p-1 feedback bits, whereas has the better performance with more feedback bits.
Effect of Legal Sanction for Shareholders’ Expropriation on the Corporate Valuation  [PDF]
Zhigang Yao, Yu Li
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.78088
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to study whether the legal sanction by relevant departments for the majority shareholders’ expropriation affects the valuation of the firms or other shareholders’ interests. This study takes the legal sanction by relevant departments for the majority shareholders’ expropriation as external legal environment change events, so whether the return of the listed company shows significant difference during the window before and after the listed company has been sanctioned by the relevant departments for the majority shareholders’ expropriation will be the judgment whether the sanction has any obvious effect on the listed company and the stock market. The study demonstrates that almost all empirical results show that the positive and negative effects don’t pass the significance test, illustrating that the legal sanction system just has limited effect on the corporate governance of the listed company.
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