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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1079 matches for " Yvonne Denier "
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Emergency department triage: an ethical analysis
Ramesh P Aacharya, Chris Gastmans, Yvonne Denier
BMC Emergency Medicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-227x-11-16
Abstract: In emergency department triage, medical care might lead to adverse consequences like delay in providing care, compromise in privacy and confidentiality, poor physician-patient communication, failing to provide the necessary care altogether, or even having to decide whose life to save when not everyone can be saved. These consequences challenge the ethical quality of emergency care. This article provides an ethical analysis of "routine" emergency department triage. The four principles of biomedical ethics - viz. respect for autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence and justice provide the starting point and help us to identify the ethical challenges of emergency department triage. However, they do not offer a comprehensive ethical view. To address the ethical issues of emergency department triage from a more comprehensive ethical view, the care ethics perspective offers additional insights.We integrate the results from the analysis using four principles of biomedical ethics into care ethics perspective on triage and propose an integrated clinically and ethically based framework of emergency department triage planning, as seen from a comprehensive ethics perspective that incorporates both the principles-based and care-oriented approach.Emergency care is one of the most sensitive areas of health care. This sensitivity is commonly based on a combination of factors such as urgency and crowding [1]. Urgency of care results from a combination of physical and psychological distress, which appears in all emergency situations in which a sudden, unexpected, agonizing and at times life threatening condition leads a patient to the emergency department (ED).The Australasian College for Emergency Medicine (ACEM) defines ED overcrowding as the situation where ED function is impeded primarily because the number of patients waiting to be seen, undergoing assessment and treatment, or waiting to leave exceeds the physical and/or staffing capacity of the ED [2]. ED overcrowding is a common
Ipads versus Books  [PDF]
Yvonne Shirley
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.91010
Abstract: During the past few years, technology such as iPads has been a growing trend in classrooms. Students are slowly being drawn away from text books and introduced to digital books on iPads. This study seeks to gain insights into the effectiveness of the implementation of technology in early childhood classrooms. To examine the effectiveness of using iPads for reading, this study addresses the following question: Do children comprehend more when reading from iPads? Ten kindergarten students participated in this study. Their reading comprehension scores when reading from iPads and books were collected within a two-week interval and then compared. After reading stories from iPads and books, students were asked comprehension questions from the DRA and their scores were recorded for each section of comprehension skills which included: previewing, retelling of events, character details, retelling using vocabulary, retelling with teacher’s support, reflections, and making connections. The data showed that nine out of ten students scored higher in reading comprehension when reading from iPads, and one student scored the same on both. This study suggests that more research on effective, appropriate, and intentional teaching with iPads and other technology in classrooms is needed to further examine the benefits and downfalls of using such devices in the field of education.
Complications of venepuncture  [PDF]
Omiepirisa Yvonne Buowari
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2013.41A018
Abstract:

Venepuncture is the commonest procedure performed in health care settings. A review of literature and search on complications of venepuncture and blood collection. This procedure is without complications, which sometime can be fatal. Complications that can arise from venepuncture include haematoma formation, nerve damage, pain, haemaconcentration, extravasation, iatrogenic anaemia, arterial puncture, petechiae, allergies, fear and phobia, infection, syncope and fainting, excessive bleeding, edema and thrombus.

Alcohol dependence: Does the composition of the available beverages promote it?  [PDF]
Mary W. Kuria, Yvonne Olando
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2012.24042
Abstract: Affordability and availability of alcohol are factors that have been associated with alcohol dependence. Ethanol content in the alcoholic beverages is an important determinant in alcohol dependence. Quality control of alcoholic beverages available in the market is important in safeguarding the health of alcohol consumers. Few studies in Kenya have determined the chemical composition of alcohol used by the study participants. Objective: To determine the chemical composition of alcoholic beverages used by a group of alcohol dependent study participants. Design: The study was a clinical trial with pre and post measurements. Method: The CIDI and WHO-ASSIST were administered to 188 alcohol-dependent persons at intake and after six months. A researcher-designed socio demographic questionnaire was also administered at intake. Alcohol beverages were randomly collected from the location of the study area and their chemical composition analyzed using gas chromatography. Results: The mean AUDIT score of the participant was 28.6 for male and 26.6 for females. Three of the alcohol samples collected was illicit brews collected while 11 were licit. Four out of the eleven licit brews had ethanol levels that did not complied with the set government standards. Conclusion: Illicit brews with high ethanol content are available in the Kenyan market, while some of the manufacturers of the licit brew do not comply with government set content recommendations.
Social integration: How is it related to self-rated health?  [PDF]
Hejun Kang, Yvonne L. Michael
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2013.21002
Abstract:

Social integration has well-established health benefits among older adults in observational studies. However, interventions designed to increase social integration have not improved health suggesting important knowledge gaps on how social integration influences health outcomes. This study developed a new measure of social integration, daily social contact, capturing the interpersonal nature of social integration and mobility of individuals, and providing a direct assessment of individuals’ real-time access to companionship and social support. The data used is the 2006-2007 American Time Use Survey (ATUS), which surveyed 25,191 individuals aged 15 years and older (n = 4378 aged 65 years and older). Generalized ordinal logistic regression analyses revealed positive, but non-parallel relationships between daily social contacts and the ordinal categories of self-rated health among older adults. This study may be used to identify populations that experience social exclusion, such that future research can determine more precisely how to intervene to improve health outcomes.

Racismo e anti-racismo: preconceito, discrimina??o e os jovens estudantes nas escolas cariocas
Maggie, Yvonne;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302006000300006
Abstract: the main purpose of this paper is to discuss the impact of the new public policies that are being proposed as general state policies in brazil. two laws are currently being discussed by the national congress: the quota system for entrance into public universities and the so-called estatuto da equaldade racial. the author describes the first findings of a research project developed in the schools of rio de janeiro over the last two years. she wonders if we are entitled to change the traditional ways students used to face prejudice and discrimination in their schools. the students of the schools participating in this research are mainly poor. according to the traditional methods of social anthropology, they were followed by graduate and undergraduate students who participated in the schools daily life and observed their rituals, ceremonies, classes and special programs.
Mário de Andrade ainda vive? O ideário modernista em quest?o
Maggie, Yvonne;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092005000200001
Abstract: this paper reflects upon the hypothesis that a dramatic change is taking place in the way brazil thinks about itself at the dawn of the 21st century. with the passage of recent laws on quotas for black people at public universities and the civil service, the notion of a mixed nation made up of "three races" seems to have been challenged, giving way to the idea of a nation divided between blacks and whites. for the first time in our history since the 1920s, the brazilian elite seems to have shattered the foundations of the idea that allowed for the creation of our most radically nationalistic and cosmopolitan culture. the notions of a modernist brazilian character forged by mário and oswald de andrade, paulo prado and sérgio buarque de holanda, gilberto freire and di cavalcanti, tarsila do amaral e anita malfati, is under suspicion. what does this change in our law mean, and how can it affect the structure of our society, based as it is in a set of values which does not emphasize opposition, but rather complementarity, giving precedence to that which unites rather than that which separates?
Pela igualdade
Maggie, Yvonne;
Revista Estudos Feministas , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-026X2008000300011
Abstract: the paper will discuss the new politics of identity that are been proposed in order to combat racism. it will also reflect on the racialization of public policies and of our costumes. the question raised in the paper is what is the real purpose of these new policies? describing the myth of racism and also the myth of the combat of racism in brazil the recent history of the introduction of policies based on "race" will be analyzed. the question is what is the aim of introducing "race" in our juridical system? what is the aim of such a radical change in our concept of nation?
Outcontracting in emergency management: More than a business conundrum
Yvonne Rademacher
International Journal of Disaster Risk Science , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s13753-011-0016-5
Abstract: Outcontracting is a growing practice by governments as well as by nongovernmental organizations engaged in emergency management. Understanding the role of the private sector in providing equipment and services is critical in ensuring that emergency management is carried out as effectively and efficiently as possible in the best interest of the affected population. This inquiry looks at the types of services that the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) contracts out to both for-profit and not-for-profit organizations and examines the reviews that these services have received by government itself, interest groups, and disaster scientists. The article concludes with an overview of specific functional areas, where the services of either for-profits or not-for-profits are most appropriate in relation to their areas of expertise. The implication drawn from the analysis is that contractors’ motivations and expertise need to be clearly understood when awarding government contracts in order to respond effectively to disaster needs and meet taxpayers’ expectations.
Das Inkarnat in der griechischen Malerei
Schmuhl, Yvonne
RIHA Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Up to the present the flesh tone in painting of the classical Greek period has been only in the interest of a few archaeologists. In contrast to the approaches of these researchers, who discuss ancient painting of flesh tone by referring to medieval authors, in the present article only sources from antiquity are analyzed. The focus of this study is on the painting techniques, the changes during the 5th and 4th century B.C., and the Greek or Latin terms, which are used in the literature of this period. A short excursus also outlines the historical and intellectual context of several phenomena. For instance, there are some obvious analogies between the studies of the philosopher Hippokrates and the changes of the composition of the flesh tone at the same time.
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