Abstract:
Introduction and Objectives Numerous studies have assessed cost-effectiveness of different treatment modalities for stable angina. Direct comparisons, however, are uncommon. We therefore set out to compare the efficacy and mean cost per patient after 1 and 3 years of follow-up, of the following treatments as assessed in randomized controlled trials (RCT): medical therapy (MT), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) without stent (PTCA), with bare-metal stent (BMS), with drug-eluting stent (DES), and elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Methods RCT comparing at least two of the five treatments and reporting clinical and cost data were identified by a systematic search. Clinical end-points were mortality and myocardial infarction (MI). The costs described in the different trials were standardized and expressed in US $ 2008, based on purchasing power parity. A network meta-analysis was used to compare costs. Results Fifteen RCT were selected. Mortality and MI rates were similar in the five treatment groups both for 1-year and 3-year follow-up. Weighted cost per patient however differed markedly for the five treatment modalities, at both one year and three years (P<0.0001). MT was the least expensive treatment modality: US $3069 and 13 864 after one and three years of follow-up, while CABG was the most costly: US $27 003 and 28 670 after one and three years. PCI, whether with plain balloon, BMS or DES came in between, but was closer to the costs of CABG. Conclusions Appreciable savings in health expenditures can be achieved by using MT in the management of patients with stable angina.

Abstract:
C'est un livre passionnant qui, dans sa forme de thèse, peut appara tre quelque peu ardu pour un lecteur non familier des productions de l' Ehess . Mais la présence de nombreuses citations de broussards, d'enquêteurs ethnographiques ou d'anthropologues coloniaux vient heureusement agrémenter cette étude systématique des pratiques et des institutions scientifiques en Afrique fran aise et à propos de l'Afrique fran aise . Il s'agit également d'un ...

Abstract:
Passive imaging is a new technique which has been proved to be very efficient, for example in seismology: the correlation of the noisy fields, computed from the fields recorded at different points, is strongly related to the Green function of the wave propagation. The aim of this paper is to provide a mathematical context for this approach and to show, in particular, how the methods of semi-classical analysis can be be used in order to find the asymptotic behaviour of the correlations.

Abstract:
In this paper we give an exact relation between the Green's function in a scattering problem for a wave equation and the correlation of scattered plane waves. This general relation was proved in a special case by Sanchez-Sesma and al.

Abstract:
The method of passive imaging in seismology has been developped recently in order to image the earth crust from recordings of the seismic noise. This method is founded on the computation of correlations of the seismic noise. In this paper, we give an explicit formula for this correlation in the "semi-classical" regime. In order to do that, we define the power spectrum of a random field as the ensemble average of its Wigner measure, this allows phase-space computations: the pseudo-differential calculus and the ray theory. This way, we get a formula for the correlation of the seismic noise in the semi-classcial regime with a source noise which can be localized and non homogeneous. After that, we show how the use of surface guided waves allows to image the earth crust.

Abstract:
We consider the adiabatic limit in quantum mechanics with several avoided crossings. We compute the interferences effects uniformly w.r. to the gaps and the adiabatic parameter. This way we get the asymoptotic expansion of the global scattering matrix. We use the technics of normal forms introduced in the paper written with B. Parisse (Commun. Math. Phys. 205 pp. 459--500 (1999)).

Abstract:
in the recent paper [Journal of Physics A, 43474-0288 (2011)], B. Helffer and R. Purice compute the second term of a semi-classical trace formula for a Schr\"odinger operator with magnetic field. We show how to recover their formula by using the methods developped by the geometers in the seventies for the heat expansions.

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In this paper, I describe the weak limits of the measures associated to the eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on a Quantum graph for a generic metric in terms of the Gauss map of the determinant manifold. I describe also all the limits with minimal support (the "scars").

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This paper is the continuation of our work with Victor Guillemin; Victor and I proved that the Taylor expansion of the potential at a generic non degenerate critical point is determined by the semi-classical spectrum of the associated Schr\"odinger operator near the corresponding critical value. Here, I show that, under some genericity assumptions, the potential of the 1D Schroedinger operator is determined by its semi-classical spectrum. Moreover, there is an explicit reconstruction. This paper is strongly related to a paper of David Gurarie (J. Math. Phys. 36:1934--1944 (1995)).

Abstract:
The purposes of this note are: 1) to propose a direct and "elementary" proof of the main result proved by Guillemin-Paul-Uribe [GPU], namely that the semi-classical spectrum near a global minimum of the classical Hamiltonian determines the whole semi-classical Birkhoff normal form (denoted the BNF) in the non-resonant case. 2) to present in the completely resonant case a similar problem.