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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 464565 matches for " Yves A. Mbiangué "
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A Chiral Three Dimensional Potassium(I)/Strontium(II)/Chromium(III) Oxalato-Bridged Coordination Polymer: Synthesis, Characterization and Thermal Analysis  [PDF]
Justin Nenwa, Issoufou Kaboré, Yves A. Mbiangué, Patrick L. Djonwouo, Peter T. Ndifon
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications (CSTA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/csta.2014.34008
Abstract: A new compound of general formula {[(H2O)2K(μ-H2O)Sr]@[Cr(C2O4)3]}n (1) has been synthesized in water and characterized by elemental and thermal analyses, EDX, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopies and by single crystal X-ray structure determination. Compound 1 crystallizes in the chiral space group Fdd2 of orthorhombic system with a = 14.110 (4) ?, b = 36.074 (11)?, c =11.034 (3)? and Z = 16. Compound 1 is a coordination polymer in which the three-dimensional lattice framework is realized by the interconnectivity between K+ cations, Sr2+ cations, aqua ligands and [Cr(C2O4)3]3 complex anions. The asymmetric unit of 1 consists of one cationic motif formally written [(H2O)2K(μ-H2O)Sr]3+ and one anionic entity, [Cr(C2O4)3]3. The K+ and Sr2+ ions in the cationic motif are both eight-coordinate while the Cr3+ ions in the anionic complex are six-coordinate in a distorted octahedral geometry. Coulombic interactions between the ionic motifs and the three-dimensional H-bonding involving aqua ligands help to consolidate the bulk structure. Thermogra-vimetric analysis (TGA) shows that compound 1 is stable to heat up to ca. 80.
Synthesis and Crystal Structure of the First Example of a Tris-Chelated Co(II) Complex Based on Oxamide Dioxime Ligand  [PDF]
Gouet Bebga, Emmanuel N. Nfor, Yves A. Mbiangué, Patrick L. Djonwouo, Justin Nenwa
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications (CSTA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/csta.2015.42002
Abstract: A new cobalt(II) complex, [Co(H2 oxado)3 ]C2 O4 H2 oxado·2H2 O (H2 oxado = oxamide dioxime), has been synthesized in aqueous solution and characterized by elemental analysis and single crystal X-ray structure determination. The complex crystallizes in the triclinic space group P-1, with the parameters a = 9.46(4), b = 11.84(5), c = 12. 81(5)?Å, α = 104.94(6), β = 99.29(5), γ = 106.73(5), V = 1284(9) Å3, Z = 2. The central cobalt(II) cation is pseudo-octahedrally coordinated by six imino N atoms of the neutral oxamide dioxime ligand. In the solid state, each of the following bricks, namely the cationic complexes, the oxalate dianions as well as the oxamide dioxime crystallization molecules, pile up parallel to the a axis. The bulk structure is consolidated by an extended three-dimensional network of hydrogen bridgings—that link the ionic partners, oxamide dioxime and water molecules to one another—and by coulombic interactions.
Synthesis, Characterization and X-Ray Structure of a Ba(II)/Ag(I)/Cr(III)-Oxalate Salt with Water-Filled Nanochannels  [PDF]
Clémence Eboga Tanke, Bridget N. Ndosiri, Yves A. Mbiangué, Gouet Bebga, Justin Nenwa
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2016.71010
Abstract: A novel mixed barium(II)/silver(I)/chromium(III) oxalate salt, Ba0.5Ag2[Cr(C2O4)3]·5H2O (1), with open architecture has been synthesized in water and characterized by elemental analysis, vibrational and electronic spectra, and single crystal X-ray structure determination. Compound 1 crystallizes in a monoclinic space group C2/c, with unit cell parameters a = 18.179(3), b = 14.743(2), c = 12.278(2)Å, β = 113.821(3), V = 3010.34(90) Å3, Z = 8. The structure is characterized by a network of anionic [Cr(C2O4)3]3- units connected through the O atoms of the oxalates to Ba2+ and Ag+ sites, forming a three-dimensional coordination polymer with one-dimensional isolated nanochannels parallel to the c axis, and encapsulating hydrogen-bonded guest water molecules. The bulk structure is consolidated by O–H···O bridgings within the nanochannels and by coulombic interactions.
Anionic Nanochanneled Silver-Deficient Oxalatochromate(III) Complex with Hydroxonium as Counter Ion: Synthesis, Characterization and Crystal Structure  [PDF]
Clémence T. Eboga, Gouet Bebga, Yves A. Mbiangué, Emmanuel N. Nfor, Patrick L. Djonwouo, Michel M. Bélombé, Justin Nenwa
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry (OJIC) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojic.2017.73005
Abstract: Reaction of Ba0.50[Ag2Cr(C2O4)3]·5H2O with Ag2SO4 in an aqueous solution of sulfuric acid (pH ≈ 3) yielded the silver(I)/chromium(III) oxalate salt H0.50[Ag2.50Cr(C2O4)3]·5H2O (1). Compound 1 can be best described as an anionic silver-deficient oxalatochromate(III) complex [Ag2.50Cr(C2O4)3]0.5- with nanochannels containing hydrogen-bonded water molecules and protons. Thermal analyses show significant weight losses corresponding to the elimination of water molecules of crystallization followed by the decomposition of the network.
Reward-based behaviors and emotional processing in human with narcolepsy-cataplexy
Yves A. Dauvilliers
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience , 2013, DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00050
Abstract: Major advances in the past decade have led a better understanding of the pathophysiology of narcolepsy with cataplexy (NC) caused by the early loss of hypothalamic hypocretin neurons. Although a role for hypocretin in the regulation of sleep/wakefulness state is widely recognized, other functions, not necessarily related to arousal, have been identified. Hence, the hypocretin system enhances signaling in the mesolimbic pathways regulating reward processing, emotion and mood regulation, and addiction. Although studies on hypocretin-deficient mice have shown that hypocretin plays an essential role in reward-seeking, depression-like behavior and addiction, results in human narcolepsy remained subject to debate. Most of studies revealed that hypocretin-deficient narcolepsy patients either drug-free or medicated with psychostimulant had preferences toward risky choices in a decision-making task under ambiguity together with higher frequency of depressive symptoms and binge eating disorder compared to controls. However, human studies mostly reported the lack of association with pathological impulsivity and gambling, and substance and alcohol abuse in the context of narcolepsy-cataplexy. Prospective larger studies are required to confirm these findings in drug-free and medicated patients with narcolepsy. Inclusion of patients with other central hypersomnias without hypocretin deficiency will provide answer to the major question of the role of the hypocretin system in reward-based behaviors and emotional processing in humans.
Particle Acceleration at Relativistic Shocks
Yves A. Gallant
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: I review the current status of Fermi acceleration theory at relativistic shocks. I first discuss the relativistic shock jump conditions, then describe the non-relativistic Fermi mechanism and the differences introduced by relativistic flows. I present numerical calculations of the accelerated particle spectrum, and examine the maximum energy attainable by this process. I briefly consider the minimum energy for Fermi acceleration, and a possible electron pre-acceleration mechanism.
Explicit factorization of Seiberg-Witten curves with matter from random matrix models
Yves Demasure,Romuald A. Janik
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(03)00346-8
Abstract: Within the Dijkgraaf-Vafa correspondence, we study the complete factorization of the Seiberg-Witten curve for U(N_c) gauge theory with N_f
Effective matter superpotentials from Wishart random matrices
Yves Demasure,Romuald A. Janik
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(02)03189-1
Abstract: We show how within the Dijkgraaf-Vafa prescription one can derive superpotentials for matter fields. The ingredients forming the non-perturbative Affleck-Dine-Seiberg superpotentials arise from constrained matrix integrals, which are equivalent to classical complex Wishart random matrices. The mechanism is similar to the way the Veneziano-Yankielowicz superpotential arises from the matrix model measure.
Ultra-high-energy cosmic ray acceleration by relativistic blast waves
Yves A. Gallant,Abraham Achterberg
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.1999.02566.x
Abstract: We consider the acceleration of charged particles at the ultra-relativistic shocks, with Lorentz factors \Gamma_s >> 1 relative to the upstream medium, arising in relativistic fireball models of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). We show that for Fermi-type shock acceleration, particles initially isotropic in the upstream medium can gain a factor of order \Gamma_s^2 in energy in the first shock crossing cycle, but that the energy gain factor for subsequent shock crossing cycles is only of order 2, because for realistic deflection processes particles do not have time to re-isotropise upstream before recrossing the shock. We evaluate the maximum energy attainable and the efficiency of this process, and show that for a GRB fireball expanding into a typical interstellar medium, these exclude the production of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECRs), with energies in the range 10^{18.5} - 10^{20.5} eV, by the blast wave. We propose, however, that in the context of neutron star binaries as the progenitors of GRBs, relativistic ions from the pulsar wind bubbles produced by these systems could be accelerated by the blast wave. We show that if the known binary pulsars are typical, the maximum energy, efficiency, and spectrum in this case can account for the observed population of UHECRs.
Backreaction and the rolling tachyon -- an effective action point of view
Yves Demasure,Romuald A. Janik
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2003.10.038
Abstract: We compute the decay of an unstable D9 brane in type IIA string theory including backreaction effects using an effective field theory approach. The open string tachyon on the brane is coupled consistently to the space-time metric, the dilaton and the RR 9-form. The purpose of this note is to address the fate of the open string energy density, which remains constant if no interaction with the closed string modes is included. Our computations show that taking only into account the coupling to the massless closed strings the total energy stored in the open string sector vanishes asymptotically, independently how small one chooses g_s. We find also the large time behaviour of the fields in the Einstein and string frames.
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