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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 68 matches for " Yutaro Shimode "
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Study on Properties of Silver Powder for Maki-e  [PDF]
Chieko Narita, Yutaro Shimode, Kazushi Yamada
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2015.61001
Abstract: Maki-e is a traditional Japanese decorative technique that uses the natural lacquer Urushi and metal powders. In 2014, there exist only two companies that manufacture silver powder for the purpose of Maki-e, and this study focuses on comparing the powders manufactured by them. Gloss and color of each silver powder were measured after Maki-e decoration was finished, and EDS (energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy) was used to determine the differences in their chemical composition. In addition, to verify the effect of polishing, residual gloss after sulfuration and polishing was measured. The study revealed that the shapes of the silver powders (Maru-fun, No. 1) manufactured by the two companies are different and it affects the occupancy rate of Urushi and powder, which in turn affects their gloss and color. Wakou silver has a very strong resistance to sulfuration; however, owing to its Pd content, its chroma is much lower than that of other powders. It was shown that sulfuration on powder surface can be removed by polishing irrespective of the shape and chemical composition ratio of the particles.
Study on Characteristics of Gold Powder with Round Shape for Maki-e  [PDF]
Chieko Narita, Yutaro Shimode, Kazushi Yamada
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2015.610086
Abstract: Maki-e is a traditional Japanese decorative technique that uses the natural lacquer Urushi and metal powders. Currently, there exist only two companies that manufacture metal powder for the purpose of Maki-e, and this research focuses on comparing the material characteristics of the gold powders with round shape manufactured by them. EDS (energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy) analysis, image analysis of particle shape before and after Maki-e processing, and color analysis of samples after Maki-e processing were carried out in this research. The study revealed that current gold powders with round shape had almost the same content ratio regardless of the manufacturing company and the powder diameter. In addition, spherical shape and irregular shape were observed in any gold powders, and the aggregates were observed in powder with increasing the powder diameter, while the shape of the aggregates differed with manufacturing companies. Therefore, it was indicated that the aggregates in the powder made by Asano Co., Ltd. had an influence on the particle diameter and its deviation after Maki-e processing. Moreover, the powder in Urushi resin has an influence on the Maki-e appearance because there is a color difference in polished powder, powder in Urushi resin, and Urushi resin.
Effect of Different Eggshell Powder on Appearance of Eggshell Maki-e  [PDF]
Yutaro Shimode, Chieko Narita, Atsushi Endo, Kazushi Yamada
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2013.42016

The Maki-e technique with eggshell powder is one of techniques of Japanese traditional Urushi (Japanese lacquer) crafts. However, this technique is relatively new in the history of Maki-e, and there are no prior researches in terms of materials, structure, and properties. In this research, therefore we have aimed to evaluate the relationship between the eggshell powder sizes, dispersion, and color shade in Maki-e with eggshell powder. The difference between hen’s and quail’s eggshell characteristics and the effect of their powder particle size on appearance of eggshell Maki-e were discussed on the basis of the results of the particle size, circularity, particle number, and RGB value. As a result, it was found that the occupancy of the eggshell powder on the surface depends on not particle number but the particle size, whereas the whiteness of both eggshell powders depends on the particle size.

Study on the Appearance and Peel Strength of Byakudan-Nuri Works  [PDF]
Chieko Narita, Atsushi Endo, Yutaro Shimode, Kazushi Yamada
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2014.52012

This paper focuses on Byakudan-nuri, one of the traditional decoration techniques of Japanese Urushi (Urushi natural lacquer) crafts. Works produced by Byakudan-nuri express a unique luster color owing to painting gold or silver leaves along with highly transparent Urushi. The specific problem of Byakudan-nuri is the exfoliation of Urushi off the metal leaf surface, to solve a lot of repair work which is done nowadays. For Byakudan-nuri, silver leaf is preferred to a gold leaf. This paper tries to clarify the influence of the different kinds of metal leaves on the appearance and peel strength of works of Byakudan-nuri and, moreover, to elucidate the reason why silver leaf has been used more frequently for Byakudan-nuri until now. It was found out that the reason for the more frequent use of silver leaf in Byakudan-nuri is that silver does not seem to affect the appearance and peel strength in works produced by this technique.

Study on the Professional Identity of Japanese Traditional Craftspeople: Through Interviews with Maki-e Craftspeople  [PDF]
Chieko Narita, Yutaro Shimode, Kazushi Yamada, Noriyuki Kida
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2015.54022
Abstract: This study focused on the formation process of the professional identity of Maki-e craftspeople, which is one of the Japanese traditional crafts. This study aimed to clarify the professional identity of Maki-e craftspeople by comparing skilled craftspeople and young craftspeople. The participants were four Maki-e craftspeople held in different positions, and semi-structured interviews about the professional identity were conducted. As a result, the three unchangeable aspects of the professional identity of Maki-e craftspeople were shown through this research. Furthermore, the two professional identities of Maki-e craftspeople over the course of the social changes were shown. The knowledge gained from this study is important to achieve greater understanding of career formation in highly specialized occupation.
Experimental Study of Non-Destructive Approach on PEMFC Stack Using Tri-Axis Magnetic Sensor Probe  [PDF]
Yutaro Akimoto, Keiichi Okajima
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2015.33001
Abstract: In this paper, the current distribution in a 300-W-class PEMFC stack was investigated in order to determine the operating state of the stack. Measurements of the magnetic field were performed on several cells in the stack. The vector of the magnetic field expressed the direction of the macroscopic current, which was from the anode side to the cathode side. This direction matched the polarity of the stack. In the measurement results, current distributions differed among cells; each cell had a different performance. Furthermore, we have tried to evaluate faults, such as flooding, by measuring the magnetic field and variations in the voltage.
Inclusive $B$ decays and exclusive radiative decays by Belle
Yutaro Sato
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: The $b \rightarrow s \gamma$, $b \rightarrow d \gamma$ and $b \rightarrow s \ell^+ \ell^-$ processes are allowed at higher order via the electroweak loop or box diagrams in the Standard model. It is sensitive probe to search for new physics beyond the Standard model because new particles might enter in the loop. We present preliminary results of branching fraction of the $\bar{B} \rightarrow X_s \gamma$, $CP$ asymmetry in the $\bar{B} \rightarrow X_{s+d} \gamma$, and the forward-backward asymmetry in the $\bar{B} \rightarrow X_s \ell^+ \ell^-$. The results are based on a data sample containing $772 \times 10^6 B\bar{B}$ pairs recorded at the $\Upsilon(4S)$ resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB $e^+ e^-$ collider.
Recognition of plane-to-plane map-germs
Yutaro Kabata
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We present a complete set of criteria for determining A-types of plane-to-plane map-germs of corank one with A-codimension <7, which provides a new insight into the A-classification theory from the viewpoint of recognition problem. As an application to generic differential geometry, we discuss about projections of smooth surfaces in 3-space.
Parametric Maxflows for Structured Sparse Learning with Convex Relaxations of Submodular Functions
Yoshinobu Kawahara,Yutaro Yamaguchi
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: The proximal problem for structured penalties obtained via convex relaxations of submodular functions is known to be equivalent to minimizing separable convex functions over the corresponding submodular polyhedra. In this paper, we reveal a comprehensive class of structured penalties for which penalties this problem can be solved via an efficiently solvable class of parametric maxflow optimization. We then show that the parametric maxflow algorithm proposed by Gallo et al. and its variants, which runs, in the worst-case, at the cost of only a constant factor of a single computation of the corresponding maxflow optimization, can be adapted to solve the proximal problems for those penalties. Several existing structured penalties satisfy these conditions; thus, regularized learning with these penalties is solvable quickly using the parametric maxflow algorithm. We also investigate the empirical runtime performance of the proposed framework.
Investigation of the Potential of Near Infrared Spectroscopy for the Detection and Quantification of Pesticides in Aqueous Solution  [PDF]
Aoife A. Gowen, Yutaro Tsuchisaka, Colm O’Donnell, Roumiana Tsenkova
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.228124
Abstract: This research investigates the potential of near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for the detection and quantification of pesticides in aqueous solution. Standard solutions of Alachlor and Atrazine (ranging in concentration from 1.25 - 100 ppm) were prepared by dilution in a Methanol/water solvent (1:1 methanol/water (v/v)). Near infrared transmission spectra were obtained in the wavelength region 400 - 2500 nm; however, the wavelength regions below 1300 nm and above 1900 nm were omitted in subsequent analysis due to the poor signal repeatability in these regions. Partial least squares analysis was applied for discrimination between pesticide and solvent and for prediction of pesticide concentration. Limits of detection of 12.6 ppm for Alachlor and 46.4 ppm for Atrazine were obtained.
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