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Results of PCR with oligonucleotide primers were designed from the assembled panel of four potential virulence genes (two of internalin gene and two of transcriptional regulator gene). Most of the isolates including reference strains were reactive by PCR, whereas the other strains (No.80, 81, and 83) isolated from pork, were non-reactive by PCR. In particular, all pork isolates were PCR-negative for two primers (lmo2672 and 2821) sets tested. However, No.82 was positive for lmo1134 primer, and No.84 was positive for lmo2470 of pork isolates. It was observed that all Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) penetrate Vero cells, although the invasion efficiency of each strain varied (between 0.5 and 18.9%). When compared in cell assay with PFGE, the results were shown that the mean invasion efficiency for lineage II isolate (2.6%) was significantly lower (ANOVA-test, p < 0.05) than that for lineage I (12.9%) and III isolates (10.3%).
This study was performed to characterize 35 L. monocytogenes isolates from animals, foods, environmental samples collected between 1997 and 2007 with no apparent epidemiological relations, and five reference isolates using serotypic, genotypic and molecular typing methods to understand the pattern of strain distribution in Korea. For this study, we used serotyping and detected 6 different virulence-associated genes (inlA, inlB, plcA, plcB, hlyA, and actA) and 16s rRNA using multiplex-PCR. We also compared RAPD and PFGE to determine genetic characterization of L. monocytogenes strains to define the genetic diversity. Serotype patterns of the 30 L. monocytogenes strains was as follows; 9 isolates (30.0%) belonged to serotype, 7 isolates (23.3%) belonged to serotype 4b, 4 isolates (13.3%) belonged to serotype 1/2b, 3 isolates (10.0%) belonged to serotype 1/2c, 2 (6.7%) isolates belonged to4c, 2 (6.7%) isolates belonged to NT (Non Type), one isolate (3.2%) belonged to3aand 3b, and4a, respectively. Although, a limited number of isolates were analyzed in this study, molecular typing with RAPD and PFGE indicated that PFGE is more discriminatory for the subtyping L. monocytogenes than RAPD. Some L. monocytogenes isolates by RAPD and PFGE types are associated with specific sources. And, combining data obtained by these methods will increases the likelihood of strain discrimination.