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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 32230 matches for " Young Jae Lee "
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Nuclear Density-Dependent Effective Coupling Constants in the Mean-Field Theory
Jae Hwang Lee,Young Jae Lee,Suk-Joon Lee
Physics , 1996,
Abstract: It is shown that the equation of state of nuclear matter can be determined within the mean-field theory of $\sigma \omega$ model provided only that the nucleon effective mass curve is given. We use a family of the possible nucleon effective mass curves that reproduce the empirical saturation point in the calculation of the nuclear binding energy curves in order to obtain density-dependent effective coupling constants. The resulting density-dependent coupling constants may be used to study a possible equation of state of nuclear system at high density or neutron matter. Within the constraints used in this paper to $M^*$ of nuclear matter at saturation point and zero density, neutron matter of large incompressibility is strongly bound at high density while soft neutron matter is weakly bound at low density. The study also exhibits the importance of surface vibration modes in the study of nuclear equation of state.
Binary Ethylenimine Inactivated Japanese Encephalitis Virus Antigen Reveals Hemagglutination  [PDF]
Dong Kun Yang, Ha Hyun Kim, Jin Ju Nah, Kyoung Woo Lee, Jae Young Song
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2012.23020
Abstract: Severe climate change and global warming may impact significantly on vector-borne disease including Japanese encephalitis (JE) infection in human and animals. Thus, veterinary authority requires large quantity of diagnostic tools to survey vector-borne diseases. New producing method having a relation with JE antigen is needed to substitute conventional sucrose-acetone extraction method using suckling mouse. So, we developed new manufacturing method using polyethylene glycol (PEG) precipitation. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) was propagated in roller bottle containing Vero cell and inactivated with two kinds of inactivating reagents. Viability of the supernatant of bulk containing antigen was checked using Vero cell after inactivation. The supernatant did not show hemagglutination (HA) activity with goose erythrocytes. The antigen inactivated by binary ethylenimine (BEI) and concentrated by PEG precipitation method was found to be 2048 HA, but the antigen inactivated by 0.3% formaldehyde solution and concentrated by PEG precipitation method did not show HA titer. The antigen prepared from mice brain using sucrose-acetone extraction method showed 256 HA titer. This BEI inactivation method does not evoke animal welfare problem and can replace the conventional method that required biological hazardous reagents and suckling mice in preparing HA antigen. This new BEI inactivation method was safe in producing HA antigen against JEV in laboratory and can reduce environmental contamination of acetone.
Residue patterns of buprofezin and teflubenzuron in treated peaches  [PDF]
Ji-Young Yoon, Jae-Hun Park, Ye-hoon Han, Kyu-Seung Lee
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment (JACEN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2012.11002
Abstract: The biological half-life and final residue levels of buprofezin and teflubenzuron were examined in peaches over a 14-day cultivation period. The residue levels of buprofezin and teflubenzuron were analyzed by chromatographic method with recovery ranging from 84.0% to 96.6%. The biological half-lives of buprofezin andteflubenzuron were 4.88 and 11.49 days at the standard dose, and 4.40 and 10.86 days at a triple dose, respectively. The initial concentration of buprofezin exceeded the maximum residue limit (MRL) set in Korea, but the concentration decreased to below the MRL within 6 days after application. The initial and persisting concentrations of teflubenzuron were all below the prescribed MRL. The final residue levels of buprofezin and teflubenzuron were 0.17 and 0.10 mg·kg﹣1 following a standard single dose, and 0.20 and 0.23 mg·kg﹣1 following a triple dose, respectively. The final re-sidue levels of buprofezin and teflubenzuron were also compared with the good agricultural practices standards of the United States and Italy.


The Parton Model Approach to Inclusive B meson Decays
Kang Young Lee,Jae Kwan Kim
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(96)00314-0
Abstract: We test the parton model approach to inclusive $B \ra \gamma X_s$ and $B \ra e \bar{\nu} X_u$ processes by calculating a few moments of the distribution function. The $1/m_Q$ expansion of $b$-quark distribution function is discussed. We show that Peterson's fragmentation function is useful as the distribution function of $b$-quark but requires some improvements. By extension of Peterson's arguments, we obtain the refined form for the distribution function and with the refined function, we obtain the consistent results with the HQET.
Approximate Flavour Symmetries and See-Saw Mechanism
Kang Young Lee,Jae Kwan Kim
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1142/S0217732395001885
Abstract: We study the approximate flavour symmetries imposed on the lepton sector assuming see-saw mechanism as the neutrino mass structure. We apply the symmetry to various neutrino phenomenologies and obtain constraints on neutrino masses and mixings.
Mineral Chemistry of REE-Rich Apatite and Sulfur-Rich Monazite from the Mushgai Khudag, Alkaline Volcanic-Plutonic Complex, South Mongolia  [PDF]
Dorjpalma Enkhbayar, Jieun Seo, Seon-Gyu Choi, Young Jae Lee, Enkhbayar Batmunkh
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2016.71003
Abstract: The Mushgai khudag volcanic-plutonic complex consists of four REE mineralization zones: carbonatite zone, apatite zone, magnetite zone, and monazite zone. REE mineralization occurs within peripheries of alkaline magmatic rocks which consist of porphyritic syenite, microsyenite and quartz syenites. Three types of LREE-rich apatite can be found in the carbonatite, apatite, and monazite zones. Crystal-1 type of apatite exists as hexagonal prismatic shape and is mostly found in the apatite zone, and in syenite. Crystal-2 type of apatite can be exposed also at the apatite zone, and carbonatite zone as brecciated massive crystalline aggregate. Crystal-3 type of apatite demonstrates the compositional zoning texture with monazite as inter-zoning, and is only found in monazite zone. The LREE-bearing apatites from the Mushgai khudag complex are mostly fluorapatite to hydroxyl-bearing fluorapatite with variable REE content. Apatites from the monazite zone present individual sulfur-rich monazite grain, and are formed by comprehensive substitutions.
Thermal Degradation Kinetics of iPP/Pd Nanocomposite Prepared by a Drying Process  [PDF]
Y Jae-Young Lee, Hong-Ki Lee, Sung-Wan Hong, Il-Yub Choi
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry (AMPC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2012.24B030
Abstract: Palladium (Pd) nanoparticles were incorporated into isotactic polypropylene (iPP) film by a one-step dry process. iPP film was exposed to the sublimed Pd(acac)2 vapor in a glass vessel at 180oC. The Pd nanoparticles were observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM), and it was found that metallic nanoparticles were selectively loaded on the amorphous regions between the lamellae in iPP. Thermal degradation kinetics was investigated by introducing the data of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) to Flynn & Wall equation. TGA data showed that thermal degradation temperature (Td) of the neat iPP was improved about 35oC by loading 0.27 wt% Pd nanoparticles. Thermal degradation activation energy (Ed) for iPP/Pd nanocomposite was 227.85 kJ/mol while that of neat iPP was 220.57 kJ/mol. These results meant that the Pd nanoparticles acted as a retardant in the thermal degradation of neat iPP polymer chain.
Preparation and Characterization of Pectin Hydroxamates from Citrus Unshiu Peels.
In Young Bae,Hyun Jae Rha,Suyong Lee,Hyeon Gyu Lee
Journal of Excipients and Food Chemicals , 2011,
Abstract: Pectin was extracted from unshiu orange (Citrus unshiu) peels and was subjected to chemical modification using hydroxamic acid. The structural and physical properties of the resulting derivatives were investigated as a function of hydroxamic acid content (4.68-9.58%). The extracted unshiu orange pectin showed 66.8% degree of esterification, 787.5 mg/g galacturonic acid, and 92 mg/g neutral sugars, which were composed of arabinose (53%), galactose (35%), glucose (5%), rhamnose (5%), and fructose (2%). Compared to the nativepectin, the FT-IR spectra of the hydroxamic acid derivatives showed two new absorption bands at 1,646 cm-1 (C=O) and 1,568 cm-1 (N-H). Specifically, the pectin derivatives with more hydroxamic acids were shown to have enhanced water solubility, upto two-fold higher than that of the native pectin. Thus, the introduction of hydroxamic acid into the pectin structure appears to be a useful tool for improving the solubility of pectin.
Phenomenological Implications of the Topflavor Model
Jong Chul Lee,Kang Young Lee,Jae Kwan Kim
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(98)00128-2
Abstract: We explore phenomenologies of the topflavour model for the LEP experiment at $m_{_Z}$ scale and the atomic parity violation (APV) experiment in the $C_s$ atoms at low energies. Implications of the model on the $Z$ peak data are studied in terms of the precision variables $\epsilon_i$'s. We find that the LEP data give more stringent constraints on the model parameters than the APV data.
Forest Fire Model as a Supercritical Dynamic Model in Financial Systems
Deokjae Lee,Jae-Young Kim,Jeho Lee,B. Kahng
Quantitative Finance , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.91.022806
Abstract: Recently, large-scale cascading failures in complex systems have garnered substantial attention. Such extreme events have been treated as an integral part of the self-organized criticality (SOC). Recent empirical work has suggested that some extreme events systematically deviate from the SOC paradigm, requiring a different theoretical framework. We shed additional theoretical light on this possibility by studying financial crisis. We build our model of financial crisis on the well-known forest fire model in scale-free networks. Our analysis shows a non-trivial scaling feature indicating supercritical behavior, which is independent of system size. Extreme events in the supercritical state result from bursting of a fat bubble, seeds of which are sown by a protracted period of a benign financial environment with few shocks. Our findings suggest that policymakers can control the magnitude of financial meltdowns by keeping the economy operating within reasonable duration of a benign environment.
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