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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 224 matches for " Yoh Katoh "
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Coloring Characteristic of Lead Glass for X-Ray Irradiation  [PDF]
Michiharu Sekimoto, Yoh Katoh
New Journal of Glass and Ceramics (NJGC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/njgc.2015.53004
Abstract: The lead glass used in an X-ray examination room is indispensable for watching a subject being tested or a situation of operation of an X-ray generator, but because it is some structure equipment of an X-ray examination room, it must obey legal restrictions. Although the standard for lead glass is determined by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), there are few reports about the characteristics related to interaction with radiation. We performed a comparison of three lead glass products, which are principally used in world. As for three products, differences are not looked by physics and chemical characteristics features. Simply the difference was looked by the coloring characteristic for an interaction with radiation. Furthermore, we checked that temporal decolorization of coloring had two half-lives. The short half-life is about 28 hours and the long half-life is about 107 days.
ZnO Heteroepitaxy on Sapphire Using a Novel Buffer Layer of Titanium Oxide: Crystallographic Behavior  [PDF]
Satoshi Yamauchi, Yoh Imai
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications (CSTA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/csta.2013.22006
Abstract: A novel buffer layer consists of titanium oxide grown on a-sapphire by low-pressure chemical vapor deposition using titanum-tetra-iso-propoxide and oxygen gas was used for ZnO epitaxial growth at temperature as low as 340 by plasma-assisted epitaxy using radio-frequency oxygen-gas plasma. XRD and RHEED indicated (0001)Ti2O3 layer in corundum crystal system was epitaxially grown on the substrate in an in-plane relationship of [1-100]Ti2O3// [0001]Al2O3 by uniaxial phase-lock system. Growth behavior of ZnO layer was significantly dependent on the Ti2O3 buffer-layer thickness, for example, dense columnar ZnO-grains were grown on the buffer layer thinner than 10 nm but the hexagonal pyramid-like grains were formed on the thin buffer layers below 2 nm. RHEED observations showed ZnO layer including the pyramid-like grains was epitaxially grown with single-domain on the thin buffer layer of 0.8 nm in the in-plane relationship of [1-100]ZnO//[1-100]Ti2O3//[0001]Al2O3, whereas the multi-domain was included in ZnO layer on the buffer layer above 10 nm.
Plasma-Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition of TiO2 Thin Films for Highly Hydrophilic Performance  [PDF]
Satoshi Yamauchi, Yoh Imai
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications (CSTA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/csta.2013.21001
Abstract: Titanium-oxide layer was grown on glass substrate by plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition (PCVD) using oxygen gas plasma excited by radio-frequency power at 13.56 MHz in the pressure as low as 3mtorr at relatively low temperature below 400oC, and studied on the crystallographic properties with the hydrophilic behavior comparing to the layer deposited by low-pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD). Raman spectra indicated anatase-phase TiO2 layer without amorphous-phase could be formed above 340oC by simultaneous supply of plasma-cracked and non-cracked titanium-tetra-iso-propoxide (TTIP) used as preliminary precursor. Surface Scanning Electron Microscope images indicated the PCVD-layer consists of distinct nanometer-size plate-like columnar grains, in contrast to rugged micrometer-size grains in the LPCVD-layer. Extremely small water contact angle about 5o in dark and the quick conversion to super-hydrophilicity by UV-irradiation with a light-power density as low as 50 W/cm2 were observed on the PCVD- layer grown at 380oC, while the large initial contact angle was above 40o and the response for the UV-irradiation was gradual on the LPCVD-layer.
ZnO Heteroepitaxy on Sapphire Using a Novel Buffer Layer of Titanium Oxide: Optoelectronic Behavior  [PDF]
Satoshi Yamauchi, Yoh Imai
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications (CSTA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/csta.2013.23014

Optoelectronic property of ZnO epitaxial layer grown by plasma-assisted epitaxy at temperature as low as 340°C using Ti2O3 buffer layer on a-sapphire were studied by low temperature photoluminescence at 10 K comparing to the layers on c-sapphire and a-sapphire without the buffer layer. The near band-edge emission consisting of free-exciton emissions and neutral-donor bound exciton emissions was significantly dependent on the buffer thickness and dominated by the free-exciton emissions in the layer grown on the very thin buffer layer about 0.8 nm, whereas the intense emissions by neutral-donor bound excitons were observed in the ZnO layer on c-sapphire. The structural behavior indicated the donor was originated from the three-dimensional growth of ZnO layer and details of the optoelectronic feature suggested the residual donors were Al and interstitial-Zn.

The Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Gliocladium Fungi on the Yield of Small Green Pepper (Capsicum annuum) Grown by Sustainable Agriculture  [PDF]
Mohammed Zahidul Islam, Sadanobu Katoh
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/as.2017.811094
Abstract: The potential vulnerability of the conventional agricultural systems has been become increasingly alarmed for agricultural scientists, government officials, environmentalists, farmers (both urban and rural laymen). Agricultural soils are often subject to loss of carbon, toxicity and hazard of agrochemicals, nutrient run-off, excessive erosion, and consequently a decline in soil fertility. The purpose of this study is to present new perspectives and strategies for efficient and effective use of natural resources (wood and bamboo wastes, weeds, and fungi) to enhance sustainable systems of agriculture. A next generation agriculture by using wood and bamboo wastes with the application of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and gliocladium fungi (GF) was investigated to establish high productivity of small green pepper (SGP, Capsicum annuum). Wood and bamboo wastes as carbon sources, cut weeds as organic sources, and a minor amount of AMF, and GF were applied separately and conjointly in the four experimental plots to evaluate the effects of wood and bamboo wastes (high C:N ratio), weeds, and fungi on the production of SGP. The combination of carbon, organic, and fungal sources at T1 (wood wastes + bamboo wastes + cut weeds + AMF + GF) obtained high productivity of SGP. The yield was 400 times higher than control (untreated). Another notable significant result is that all the treatments contained a very small amount of nitrate compared to conventional practice. This study suggests that combination of carbon (wood, and bamboo wastes), organic (cut weeds), and fungal sources (AMF, and GF) has a potential to be innovative agricultural materials for the next generation sustainable agriculture.
Inclusions and positive cones of von Neumann algebras
Yoh Tanimoto
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: We consider cones in a Hilbert space associated to two von Neumann algebras and determine when one algebra is included in the other. If a cone is assocated to a von Neumann algebra, the Jordan structure is naturally recovered from it and we can characterize projections of the given von Neumann algebra with the structure in some special situations.
Noninteraction of waves in two-dimensional conformal field theory
Yoh Tanimoto
Mathematics , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s00220-012-1439-6
Abstract: In higher dimensional quantum field theory, irreducible representations of the Poincare group are associated with particles. Their counterpart in two-dimensional massless models are "waves" introduced by Buchholz. In this paper we show that waves do not interact in two-dimensional Moebius covariant theories and in- and out-asymptotic fields coincide. We identify the set of the collision states of waves with the subspace generated by the chiral components of the Moebius covariant net from the vacuum. It is also shown that Bisognano-Wichmann property, dilation covariance and asymptotic completeness (with respect to waves) imply Moebius symmetry. Under natural assumptions, we observe that the maps which give asymptotic fields in Poincare covariant theory are conditional expectations between appropriate algebras. We show that a two-dimensional massless theory is asymptotically complete and noninteracting if and only if it is a chiral Moebius covariant theory.
Construction of wedge-local nets of observables through Longo-Witten endomorphisms
Yoh Tanimoto
Mathematics , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s00220-012-1462-7
Abstract: A convenient framework to treat massless two-dimensional scattering theories has been established by Buchholz. In this framework, we show that the asymptotic algebra and the scattering matrix completely characterize the given theory under asymptotic completeness and standard assumptions. Then we obtain several families of interacting wedge-local nets by a purely von Neumann algebraic procedure. One particular case of them coincides with the deformation of chiral CFT by Buchholz-Lechner-Summers. In another case, we manage to determine completely the strictly local elements. Finally, using Longo-Witten endomorphisms on the U(1)-current net and the free fermion net, a large family of wedge-local nets is constructed.
Construction of wedge-local QFT through Longo-Witten endomorphisms
Yoh Tanimoto
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: We review our recent construction of operator-algebraic quantum field models with a weak localization property. Chiral components of two-dimensional conformal fields and certain endomorphisms of their observable algebras play a crucial role. In one case, this construction leads to a family of strictly local (Haag-Kastler) nets.
Construction of two-dimensional quantum field models through Longo-Witten endomorphisms
Yoh Tanimoto
Mathematics , 2013, DOI: 10.1017/fms.2014.3
Abstract: We present a procedure to construct families of local, massive and interacting Haag-Kastler nets on the two-dimensional spacetime through an operator-algebraic method. An existence proof of local observable is given without relying on modular nuclearity. By a similar technique, another family of wedge-local nets is constructed using certain endomorphisms of conformal nets recently studied by Longo and Witten.
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