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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1362 matches for " Yoga Ed. Tools "
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Perceived Benefits of Incorporating Yoga into Classroom Teaching: Assessment of the Effects of “Yoga Tools for Teachers”  [PDF]
David Dapeng Chen, Linda Pauwels
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2014.43018

With rising health issues among children and adolescents in America such as obesity and diabetes, getting physically active becomes ever more important. Yoga, as an ancient system of exercise, has a great potential to teach children to be mindful of factors that impact their health and improve their total well-being. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived benefits of incorporating yoga-based activities into classroom teaching as a result of implementing the Yoga Ed. Tools for Teachers program. One hundred and three physical education and classroom teachers were trained by certified Yoga Ed. instructors for two days. These teachers, in turn, implemented the yoga-based activities for 5 - 15 minutes daily for a year. At the completion of this period, questionnaires from 550 parents and 661 students as well as 103 teachers were analyzed. Triangulation of the data provided solid evidence suggesting that yoga-based activities produced perceived benefits in such areas as mental well-being, social well-being, physical well-being, and daily behaviors. The data analyses also revealed barriers teachers encountered during implementation and what they did to overcome these barriers. The results were discussed with regard to their future implications for yoga programs appropriate for schools in the United States (US).

Yoga para sentarse recto y relajado
Eduardo Pimentel Vázquez
ACIMED , 2003,
Grounding the Human Body during Yoga Exercise with a Grounded Yoga Mat Reduces Blood Viscosity  [PDF]
Richard Brown, Gaétan Chevalier
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.54019
Abstract: Objective: Research continues to show that being connected to the earth can increase the potential of the body to scavenge free radicals. This study examined the effect of just one hour of grounding on blood viscosity while subjects participated in gentle yoga exercises designed to initiate minor inflammation. Design: In this double blind model, twenty-eight (28) subjects met at the Bowerman Sports Medicine Clinic on the campus of the University of Oregon and were grounded to the earth via contact with a grounded yoga mat or were sham-grounded. Ten yoga exercises were repeated five times over a one-hour period. Blood was taken pre and post exercise and analyzed for blood viscosity using a scanning capillary viscometer. Results: Subjects connected to the earth significantly reduced their post exercise systolic blood viscosity (p = 0.03) and diastolic blood viscosity (p = 0.03). Conclusion: Grounding has the ability to affect exercise induced inflammation, thereby reducing blood viscosity.
Yoga Reduces Prenatal Depression Symptoms  [PDF]
Jennifer Mitchell, Tiffany Field, Miguel Diego, Debra Bendell, Rae Newton, Martha Pelaez
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.329118
Abstract: This research assessed the effects of yoga on prenatal depression symptoms using archival data. Depressed pregnant women were randomly assigned to either a yoga treatment group (n = 12) or a parenting education control group (n = 12). Women in the yoga group participated in classes two times a week for a period of 12 weeks. The attention control group received 12 parenting education sessions on the same schedule. The yoga versus control group showed greater decreases on the depressed affect and somatic/ vegetative subscales and the summary score of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Thus, yoga appears to reduce depression symptoms in pregnant women.
Effect of Holistic Module of Yoga and Ayurvedic Panchakarma in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus—A Pilot Study  [PDF]
Barve Vaibhavi, Tripathi Satyam, Patra Sanjibkumar, Nagarathna Raghuram, Nagendra H. Ramarao
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2013.31014

Objective: Ayurveda and Yoga have emerged as beneficial adjuvant in management of diabetes. This pilot study was planned to understand the concepts and assess the effect of a combination of Ayurvedic panchakarma and Yoga. Design: Experimental pilot study with pre post design. Subjects: Twelve patients with type 2 diabetes in age between 40-70 years (mean 56 ± 9.08) with no cardiac, renal or retinal complications. Settings: Residential Holistic Health Centre of S-VYASA. Intervention: A validated Ayurveda protocol comprising of panchakarma followed by maintenance therapy with a specific module of Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy for Diabetes that included selected physical postures (asanas), pranayama, meditation, lifestyle change and yogic counseling for stress management. All subjects underwent a residential program for six weeks followed by therapy at home for 12 weeks. Results were analyzed using paired “t” test. Results: After 6 weeks, Fasting Blood Glucose reduced (p < 0.05) from 129.31 ± 58.11 to 103.54 ± 40.74 (19.93%), Post Prandial Blood Glucose from 191.69 ± 76.77 to 152.92 ± 62.06 (20.23%, p < 0.05), Total choles- terol from 209 ± 33.7 to 186.92 ± 23.36 (10.56%, p < 0.05), Triglycerides from 198.25 ± 94.78 to 151.25 ± 43.65 (23.71%, p < 0.05), HbA1creduced (p = 0.014) from 8.79 ± 2.12 to 8.07 ± 1.77 (8.19%) in 6th week and further to 7.63 ± 2.12 (13.19%, p = 0.001) after 12th week. Oral Hypoglycemic Agent (OHA) drug score reduced from 2.83 ± 0.93 to 1 ± 1.27 (64.66%, p < 0.001). Symptom score reduced from 2.83 ± 1.02 to 1.66 ± 0.65 (p < 0.001). At baseline guna questionnaire showed six subjects each with rajas and tamas dominance. On post assessments, two subjects shifted from tamas to rajas dominance. Conclusion: This first pilot study has indication of a potentially beneficial effect of combining traditionally recommended Ayurveda panchakarma with maintenance herbs and Yoga, in reducing blood glucose and lipids. Long term RCT is recommended.

Effects of a 12-Week Systematized Yoga Intervention on Health-Related Physical Fitness in Healthy Adults  [PDF]
Juliana Costa Shiraishi, André Bonadias Gadelha, Lídia Mara Aguiar Bezerra, Luiz Guilherme Grossi Porto
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2017.71003
Regular physical activity has been shown to improve overall physical fitness. The long-term adherence to physical activity is a big challenge for health maintenance; so, pleasure activities, as Hatha Yoga (yoga), may represent a good alternative on both individual and public contexts. Yoga is an ancient activity designated to both health and unhealthy individuals. It integrates physical, mental, and spiritual components and may improve aspects of health. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of a 12-week systematized yoga intervention on health-related physical fitness components assessed by body mass, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), relative body fat, abdominal endurance, upper body endurance, hamstring flexibility, and cardiorespiratory fitness. The study was performed at University of Brasília, Faculty of Physical Education, Distrito Federal, Brazil. Twenty-five young healthy yoga novices (22.36 ± 2.40 years), both gender, volunteered to participate in this study. The intervention was based on 50 minutes yoga class, twice a week for 12 weeks, involving physical poses, meditation, and relaxation. Measurements were performed one week prior to and one week after the yoga intervention. Collecting data included age, gender, height, body mass, body fat estimates and physical fitness tests. Body fat percentage was determinated by the measure of skinfolds at seven sites. Muscle strength/endurance was evaluated by push-up and sit-up tests. Hamstring flexibility was assessed using sit-and-reach test protocol. The 12-minutes Cooper test was performed to estimate cardiorespiratory fitness. Participants that attended at least 75% of the total sessions were included in the study results. The results showed 1.3 (1.0 - 4.0) cm decrease in WC and 0.7 (0.9 - 1.5) decrease in body fat percentage, and 7.8 (2.0 - 5.0) cm increase in hamstring flexibility and 3.0 (1.0 - 4.0) in abdominal endurance, after the yoga intervention (p < 0.01). In conclusion, the present study found that a 12-week yoga program improved physical fitness in young healthy subjects.
Yoga research and therapy in India
Shirley Telles
Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade , 2012, DOI: 10.5712/rbmfc7(1)508
Abstract: Yoga was originally intended for spiritual growth. However, nowadays there is an increasing trend to use yoga as an add-on-therapy. In India it is believed that all diseases arise as a result of conflict between our instinct and our intellect1. This is also important in using yoga to promote positive health and prevent disease. A number of examples are cited here. Healthy children were given yoga and physical therapy and their physical fitness, cognitive functiones and emotional well being were tested. Yoga improved their emotional well being. Yoga also helped children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (a degenerative disease) by improving their quality of life and mental status2. Again the benefits were ascribed to the mental as well as the physical effects of yoga. Of course yoga has marked benefits in healthy obese adults to prevent diseases by increasing mental well being, reducing stress and improving sleep3. Yoga also reduced anthropometric indices and brought about changes in leptin and adiponectin levels in otherwise healthy adults4a,b. This change too, was believed to be related to mental changes, along with the physical. Finally yoga can help in various disorders in which a person feels pain and distress5a,b. Many of the effects are believed to be due to changes in the functions at the level of the cortex and thalamus6, as well as the autonomic nervous system7. However the mechanisms underlying the effects of yoga need to be explored more thoroughly.
Using Yoga to Reduce Stress and Bullying Behaviors among Urban Youth  [PDF]
Erin E. Centeio, Laurel Whalen, Erica Thomas, Noel Kulik, Nate McCaughtry
Health (Health) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/health.2017.93029
Abstract: Background/Purpose: Obesity and secondary conditions continue to disproportionally affect the health of children living in urban areas. Studies show that a lack of resources and physical activity-unfriendly communities discourage 60 minutes of daily activity, including strengthening exercises, as recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Using Social Ecological theory, the purpose of this study was to examine the multi-level influences of a yoga-based intervention on urban, inner city youth. Method: Using a mixed-methods design, ninety-three 3 - 5th grade students at five urban elementary schools participated in a ten-week yoga intervention. Analysis/Results: RM-ANOVA results revealed a significant reduction in stress and bullying behaviors among participants, and multiple regression analyses revealed that program attendance, change in stress, and change in yoga enjoyment significantly predicted change in yoga participation outside PE, when controlling for gender and age F(5, 87) = 5.36, p < 0.01, adj. R2 = 0.19, but did not have a significant impact on physical activity participation outside of school. Student interviews and non-participant observations revealed strong enjoyment of yoga which led students to report substantial increases in yoga-related activities outside of school. Students also revealed that experience in yoga improved focus, attention, and reduced stress. Conclusions: Through convergence of qualitative and quantitative methods, this study showed a positive relationship between the number of yoga sessions attended (dose), enjoyment of yoga, and participation in yoga outside PE with friends and family. Findings suggest that urban PE should include more individual, non-competitive activities such as yoga, which students find to be stress-relieving, fun, inexpensive and easy to perform at home.
Insomnia in Patients Suffering from Chronic Medical Illnesses: Prevalence and Impact of IAYT  [PDF]
Bista Suman, Bhargav Praerna, Metri Kashinath, Bhargav Hemant
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2017.710017
Abstract: Background: Sleep is an important lifestyle factor to be addressed in patients having chronic non-communicable diseases. Data revealing prevalence of insomnia in chronic medical illnesses (CMIs) in Indian population are lacking. Yoga has been found effective in improving sleep quality in patients with chronic medical illnesses (CMIs). Aim: To find the prevalence of insomnia in major chronic medical illnesses and to assess the effect of Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy (IAYT) on them. Methods and Material: From the outpatients and inpatients of our integrative therapy clinics, 200 patients (116 males; 84 females) in the age range 49.57 ± 11.71 years, who satisfied the inclusion criteria and were diagnosed by the physician with any of the four major categories of CMIs: cardio-pulmonary, diabetes, musculoskeletal, and psychiatric were screened for insomnia using Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) scale. Those found suffering from clinically significant insomnia (ISI score > 14) were admitted and a residential IAYT intervention was given for a week. Before and after the intervention, ISI and Pittsburg insomnia rating scale (PIRS) were administered to assess extent of insomnia. Data was analyzed before and after the intervention using paired t-test. Results: Taking all patients of CMIs together, we found that 35% suffered from clinical insomnia, out of which, 12.5% had severe and 22.5% had moderate insomnia. We also found that prevalence of clinical insomnia was highest among those suffering from psychiatric illnesses (62.07%) and minimum in those having musculoskeletal disorders (28.05%). Those suffering from diabetes mellitus and cardio-pulmonary disorders reported prevalence of 32.25% and 31.94% respectively. After IAYT intervention of one week, extent of clinical insomnia reduced from 35% at the baseline to 8.5% in all patients of CMIs taken together. Following changes were observed in percentage of patients suffering from clinical insomnia in different CMIs before and after one week of IAYT intervention: 1) In psychiatric patients, the percentage reduced from 62.07% to 24.13%; 2) In diabetic patients, the percentage reduced from 32.27% to 3.0%; 3) In patients having musculoskeletal disorders, the percentage reduced from 28.05% to 8.53%; and 4) In patients having cardio-pulmonary illnesses, the percentage reduced from 31.94% to 2.7%. Conclusion: Prevalence of insomnia is higher in patients suffering from chronic medical illnesses. IAYT intervention of one week may be
Standardization of Quality Evaluation of Educational Software and Electronic Learning Tools—Analysis of Opinions of Selected Experts  [PDF]
?tefan Karol?ík, Elena ?ipková, Milan Veselsky, Helena Hrubi?ková
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.611069

Our research was focused on the identification of features, which was essential for educational digital products and the determination of their quality. The introductory analytical part of our research is focused on the analysis of existing sources of information related to the problems of research, production, appropriate use and evaluation of educational software environments. Consequently, we have divided the existing software products into three basic groups according to our main distinguishing feature. Second part of our paper is focused on various aspects, which are to be considered when assessing the quality of software solutions. The final part contains the presentation of results of our findings related to the most important features expected and required from digital learning tools by professional experts and specialists in given field.

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