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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 110 matches for " Yasmeen Saggu "
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Perception of Menopausal Symptoms among Educated versus Non Educated Women by Using Menopausal Rating Scale (MRS)  [PDF]
Syeda Fakhar Batool, Yasmeen Saggu, Mansoor Ghani
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.48063
Abstract:

Background: A cross sectional comparative study was conducted in a well populated city named Rawalpindi, which is located in the Northern part of Pakistan. Objectives: This study was aimed to document the comparison of menopausal-related symptoms among educated and non educated women of Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Methods: MRS was used to measure the intensity of menopausal symptoms. 100 educated and 100 uneducated women were selected for study purpose. Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Military Hospital and Combined Military Hospital were selected as a study setting. Findings: Correlation & Fisher exact test was applied for statistical analysis. The intensity of symptoms reported by Educated women as: sleeping problems (93.0%); heart discomfort (80.0%); hot flushes and sweating (70.0%); joint and muscular pain (52.0); depressive mood (63.0%); irritability (42%); anxiety (60.0%). physical and mental exhaustion; (48.0%); sexual problem (61.0%); dryness of vagina (57.0%); and bladder problem (65.0%). The severity of symptoms in uneducated women; sleeping problems (77.0%); heart discomfort (73.0%); hot flushes (69.0%); joint and muscular pain (66.0); depressive mood (71.0%); irritability (58%); anxiety (80.0%). physical and mental exhaustion (70.0%); sexual problem (66.0%); dryness of vagina (70.0%); and bladder problem (83.0%). Conclusions: Somatic symptoms were high in educated women as compare to uneducated women while the prevalence of psychological and Urogenital symptoms were high in uneducated women as compare to educated women.

Modeling Breast Cancer Incidence Rates: A Comparison between the Components of Functional Time Series (FTS) Model Applied on Karachi (Pakistan) and US Data  [PDF]
Farah Yasmeen
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2016.68052
Abstract: Several studies showed that the breast cancer incidence rates are higher in high-income (developed) countries, due to the link of breast cancer with several risk factors and the presence of systematic screening policies. Some of the authors suggest that lower breast cancer incidence rates in low-income (developing) countries probably reflect international variation in hormonal factors and accessibility to early detection facilities. Recent studies showed that the breast cancer increased rapidly among women in Pakistan (a developing country) and it became the first malignancy among females of Pakistan. Although, the incidence rates may contain important evidence for understanding and control of the disease; however in Pakistan, the breast cancer incidence data have never been available in the last five decades since independence; rather, only hospital-based data are available. In this study, we intend to apply Functional Time Series (FTS) models to the breast cancer incidence rates of United State (developed country), and to see the difference between various components (age and time) of Functional Time Series (FTS) models applied independently on the breast cancer incidence rates of Karachi (Pakistan) and US. Past studies have already suggested that the incidence of US breast cancer cases was expected to increase in the coming decades. A progressive increase in the number of new cases is already predetermined by the high birth rate that occurred during the middle part of the century, and it will lead to nearly a doubling in the number of cases in about 4 decades. We also obtain 15 years predictions of breast cancer incidence rates in United States and compare them with the forecasts of incidence curves for Karachi. Development of methods for cancer incidence trend forecasting can provide a sound and accurate foundation for planning a comprehensive national strategy for optimal partitioning of research resources between the need for development of new treatments and the need for new research directed toward primary preventive measures.
Local anaesthesia using Articaine and Lidocaine in oral and dental surgery: A comparative meta-analysis  [PDF]
M. K. Saggu, H. Aga, J. S. Saggu, G. A. E. Burke
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2014.42014
Abstract:

Background: Articaine is an amide local anaesthetic, which is gaining popularity for use in dental and oral surgical anaesthesia in the United Kingdom. Hitherto there has been insufficient evidence to recommend articaine above the more commonly used lidocaine for dental procedures. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of 4% articaine with 1:100,000 adrenaline (4AA) with that of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 adrenaline (2LA) administered as buccal infiltrations for anaesthesia in mandibular permanent first molar teeth. Any significant advantage noted may obviate the need for regional blockage of the inferior dental nerve in dental or minor oral surgical procedure under local anaesthesia. Objectives: To review the published literature comparing the efficacies of 4AA and 2LA for achieving pulpal anaesthesia in human mandibular permanent first molar teeth. Null Hypothesis: 4AA and 2LA are of equal efficacy when used to anaesthetize mandibular permanent first molar teeth by buccal infiltration. Method: An electronic search encompassing Ovid MEDLINE?, PubMed (National Center for Biotechnology Information, US National Library of Medicine), SCOPUS?, SCIRUS?, EMBASE? databases and the Cochrane Library was performed to identify trials relating to the efficacy of 4AA and 2LA local anaesthetic solutions on mandibular first molars in adult participants. Study characteristics and outcome data were extracted as a basis for meta-analysis. Results: Three randomised controlled trials were identified for this meta-analysis. The relative efficacy of 4AA over 2LA in anesthetizing permanent first mandibular molars was calculated at 1.57 (95% CI = 1.27 to 1.95). Conclusion: Despite the promising results shown in the meta-analysis it is difficult to say from the evidence presented that 4AA should be used clinically in preference over 2LA.

Study on thermophiles reveals the presence of Actinobacillus lignieresii in cattle compost
Gagandeep Singh Saggu,Divya Shrivastava
International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/ijasbt.v1i2.8200
Abstract: Introduction- Moderate environment is important to sustain life any environment condition that can be perceived as beyond the normal acceptable range is extreme condition and if we are talking in the terms of temperature than its called thermophillic environment.Aim & objective- The study was designed to study the diversity of thermophiles present in compost and characterization of the properties which are responsible for their adequate nature to sustain high temperature.Material and method- Microorganisms were isolated from cattle compost and initially screened by biochemical tests to characterize till genus level. Confirmation of Actinobacillus spp. was done by fermentation reactions of nine carbohydrates and amplification of 16S rRNA region.Results- Isolates from compost showed wide range of growth temperatures which suggest their important activity during the whole composting process. This study initially designed to study the diversity of thermophiles in compost which turned specifically to A. lignieresii.
A MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION IN MULTILAYERED 3D IC’s USING GALERKIN’S FINITE ELEMENT TECHNIQUE
Yasmeen Hasan
International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: A three dimensional realistically shaped mathematical model, to investigate temperature distribution in a 3D IC has been developed taking into account heat carried by thermal vias and heat generation by the heat sources in the various device layers. Keeping in view the various heterogeneous variations of the thermo physical parametersand nature of the various layers, the 3D IC has been divided into seventy five tetrahedral finite elements of various sizes, which are connected to each other by forty eight nodes. We have also suggested various modifications in the 3D IC to obtain a more uniform temperature profile.
RUPTURED UTERUS
YASMEEN AKHTAR
The Professional Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: To analyze the risk factors for uterine rupture and to share the 5 years experience of ruptured uterus with othercolleagues of the specialty. Study design: Case series descriptive study. Settings: Gynae /Obstetrics Unit -I Lady Willingdon Hospital Lahore. Study Duration: Five years i.e Ist May 2004 to 30th April 2009. Material and Methods: Obstetric patients who presented with ruptured uteri. Results: Results showed that risk factor for ruptured uteri include cesarean sections (61.11%), grand multiparty (16.6%), Instrumental deliveries (4.44%) and undetected perforation (1.11%). Conclusion: Ruptured uterus is a high risk category of patients. The patients with previous scar, grand multiparas, obstructed prolonged labour must be managed by proper trained personnel and in tertiary care centers in order to avoid the morbidity or mortality due to ruptured uterus.
POWER AWARE PHYSICAL MODEL FOR 3D IC’S
Yasmeen Hasan
International Journal of VLSI Design & Communication Systems , 2011,
Abstract: In this work we have proposed a geometric model that is employed to devise a scheme for identifying thehotspots and zones in a chip. These spots or zone need to be guarded thermally to ensure performance andreliability of the chip. The model namely continuous unit sphere model has been presented taking intoaccount that the 3D region of the chip is uniform, thereby reflecting on the possible locations of heatsources and the target observation points. The experimental results for the – continuous domain establishthat a region which does not contain any heat sources may become hotter than the regions containing thethermal sources. Thus a hotspot may appear away from the active sources, and placing heat sinks on theactive thermal sources alone may not suffice to tackle thermal imbalance. Power management techniquesaid in obtaining a uniform power profile throughout the chip, but we propose an algorithm using minimumbipartite matching where we try to move the sources minimally (with minimum perturbation in the chipfloor plan) near cooler points (blocks) to obtain a uniform power profile due to diffusion of heat fromhotter point to cooler ones.
Power aware physical model for 3d IC's
Yasmeen Hasan
Computer Science , 2011,
Abstract: In this work we have proposed a geometric model that is employed to devise a scheme for identifying the hotspots and zones in a chip. These spots or zone need to be guarded thermally to ensure performance and reliability of the chip. The model namely continuous unit sphere model has been presented taking into account that the 3D region of the chip is uniform, thereby reflecting on the possible locations of heat sources and the target observation points. The experimental results for the - continuous domain establish that a region which does not contain any heat sources may become hotter than the regions containing the thermal sources. Thus a hotspot may appear away from the active sources, and placing heat sinks on the active thermal sources alone may not suffice to tackle thermal imbalance. Power management techniques aid in obtaining a uniform power profile throughout the chip, but we propose an algorithm using minimum bipartite matching where we try to move the sources minimally (with minimum perturbation in the chip floor plan) near cooler points (blocks) to obtain a uniform power profile due to diffusion of heat from hotter point to cooler ones.
Suppressed response to hormonal contraceptives in women of Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan  [PDF]
Yasmeen Faiz Kazi, Sobia Saleem, Nasreen Kazi
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.511248
Abstract:

Objective: Contraception has gained gradual popularity in many parts of the developing world including Pakistan. Despite this increase in acceptance, the birth rate remains high. Failure of contraception has been reported in the literature, which made us aim to conduct this study. The efficiency of hormonal contraceptives in the study area was assessed and this is the first report from Pakistan. Methods: A total of 200 women (aged 20-30 and 31-40 years; n = 100 each) with minimum consistent use of hormonal contraceptives in the form of pills (Combined oral contraceptives) for 12 months were enrolled in this study. Blood samples were collected from women of each age group and corresponding control groups (n = 100) from local hospitals and reproductive health service center. Serum levels of the fertility hormones viz leutinizing and follicle stimulating hormones were measured through ELISA technique. Results: Our data revealed that over all in the both age groups, 72% women had normal, 16% increased and 12% showed decreased levels of leutinizing hormone (p > 0.05) and 67% women showed normal, 33% showed decreased and no increased levels were found for follicle stimulating hormone (p > 0.05). No age-wise significant difference in response was observed among both the age groups tested. Conclusion: Statistically insignificant difference in serum leutinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone seen among both the age groups of hormonal contraceptive users and control group indicates less effective hormonal contraception response in the study area.

Evaluation of efficacy and safety of epalrestat and epalrestat in combination with methylcobalamin in patients with diabetic neuropathy in a randomized, comparative trial  [PDF]
Manish Maladkar, N. J. S. Saggu, P. Moralwar, Aziz A. Mhate, Datta Zemse, Anil Bhoraskar
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus (JDM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jdm.2013.31004
Abstract:

Recent Background: Diabetic neuropathy is one of the major complications in long standing hyperglycemic patients. Though exact mechanism of neuronal damage is unclear, accumulation of excess sorbitol through polyol pathway is believed to contribute significantly. Epalrestat and methylcobalamin are extensively used in this area to counter neuronal damage. This study was aimed to evaluate the combined effect of these drugs. Materials and Methods: A total of 220 patients with diabetic neuropathy were included in this study. The patients were divided into two groups; group A was administered combination of epalrestat 50 mg and methylcobalamin 500 mcg while group B was administered epalrestat 50 mg alone (both thrice daily). The treatment period was 12 weeks with monitoring on week 4, 8 and 12 of the study. At baseline and at follow up visits following parameters were evaluated: loss of sensation, burning sensation, numbness, muscle cramps, spontaneous pain, weakness, dizziness, loss of the thermal sensitivity, tendon reflexes, muscle strength and pain intensity using visual analog scale (VAS). Results: All the parameters were improved in both the groups compared to baseline. In group A significant improvement was seen on week 4 itself and continued for the rest of the study in all the measured parameters. Group B showed significant improvement from 8th week onwards. The inter-group difference is statistically significant in favour of the combination therapy. Conclusion: Combination of epalrestat and methylcobalamin is a better option for the treatment of diabetic neuropathy than epalrestat alone. Combination therapy was associated with faster onset and better symptomatic relief.

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