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Nutrition, Fruits and Vegetable Intake and Lipid Profile of Obese and Non-Obese Schoolchildren in Bandar Lampung Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Study  [PDF]
Samsu Udayana Nurdin, Mubarak Ismail, Yaktiworo Indriani, Reni Zuraida
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105371
Objectives: There is currently no data on the prevalence of obesity and li-pid profile as well as nutrition and food intake of elementary schoolchildren in Bandar Lampung city. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate obesity prevalence and dyslipidemia in children. Design, setting, and participants: Cross-sectional study on grade 4 school children in Bandar Lampung Indonesia (n = 392). Outcome measures: Characteristics of schoolchildren and their family, nutrition, fruits, and vegetable intakes, and physical activities, body mass index (BMI) and lipid profile were collected from 392 children of grade 4 from five elementary schools in Bandar Lampung. One-way ANOVA and correlation analysis were applied with BMI and lipid profiles as dependent variables. Results: The incidence of undernutrition (7.7%) was lower than the incidence of overnutrition (26.3%). Energy, protein and fat daily intake were higher for children with higher BMI, however, carbohydrate consumption was not affecting the BMI. Obese children had more vegetable and fruit intake than wasting children and spent 30 minutes less in physical activity than normal children. Lipid plasma of schoolchildren was considered as acceptable or borderline high except for the TG of obese children in the high category. Conclusions: Prevalence of obesity was high and being obese was more likely to result in higher TG and lower HDL. The lifestyle of obese schoolchildren was characterized by a high intake of energy, protein, and fat and lower physical activities. Encouraging schoolchildren to modify their lifestyles is recommended.
Indriani Santoso
Civil Engineering Dimension , 1999,
Abstract: This research studied the occurrence of cost overruns in several type of construction projects, the causes of cost overruns, the dependency between cost overruns and projects type, cost overruns and time overruns, the causes of cost overruns and project type in several type of construction projects. Questionaires were distributed to contractors with qualification A and B in Surabaya, to get data relating to cost overruns. It is shown that the main causes in cost overruns were insufficient data and information of the project, rise of materials price, and government monetary policy. Less cost overruns happened in industrial building compared with comercial buildings and public facilities. It was also shown that cost overruns not necessarily be accompanied by time overruns and vise versa. For several type of construction projects there were no differences in the causes of cost overruns. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penelitian ini membahas terjadinya overruns biaya untuk beberapa tipe proyek konstruksi, penyebab terjadinya overruns biaya, ketergantungan antara overruns biaya dan tipe proyek, ketergantungan antara overruns biaya dan overruns waktu, ketergantungan antara penyebab overruns biaya dan beberapa tipe proyek konstruksi. Penelitian ini dilakukan terhadap kontraktor dengan kualifikasi kelas A dan B yang berkedudukan di Surabaya dengan cara mendistribusikan kuesioner untuk mendapatkan data proyek yang berhubungan dengan terjadinya overruns biaya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penyebab yang dominan dari overruns biaya adalah data dan informasi proyek yang kurang lengkap, kenaikan harga material, kebijaksanaan keuangan dari pemerintah. Tipe proyek konstruksi berupa bangunan industri mengalami overruns biaya lebih sedikit dibandingkan tipe proyek berupa bangunan komersial maupun fasilitas umum. Proyek yang mengalami overruns biaya tidak selalu mengalami overruns waktu, demikian juga sebaliknya. Untuk beberapa tipe proyek konstruksi penyebab terjadinya overruns biaya berpengaruh sama atau hampir tidak terjadi perbedaan. Kata kunci : Overruns Biaya, Tipe Proyek, Proyek Konstruksi, Kontraktor
Astiwi Indriani,Endang Tri Widyarti
Jurnal Dinamika Manajemen , 2013,
Abstract: This study investigates the factors that influence capital structure i.e. debt to equity ratio (DER). Sales growth, asets growth, Return on Aset (ROA), firm size and liquidity are used as independent variable The determination of capital structure is management policy to obtain funds that can be used optimally. Syaria stocks have certain capital structure rule. Sample of this study is active stocks in Jakarta Islamic Index traded in the period of 2003-2005. Using purposive sampling, 11 stocks are included as sample. The result shows that Return on Aset effect negatively and firm size has positive influence on Debt Equity Ratio.
Sequential Isolation of Saturated, Aromatic, Resinic and Asphaltic Fractions Degrading Bacteria from Oil Contaminated Soil in South Sumatera
Munawar,Pingkan Aditiawati,Dea Indriani Astuti
Makara Seri Sains , 2012,
Abstract: Sequential isolation has been conducted to obtain isolates of saturated, aromatic, resin, and asphaltene fractions degrading bacteria from oil contaminated sites. Five soil samples were collected from South Sumatera. These were analyzed using soil extract medium enriched with oil recovery or Remaining-Oil recovery Degradated (ROD) as sole carbon and energy sources according to the isolation stage. ROD at the end of every isolation stage analyzed oil fractions by use of the SARA analysis method. Six isolates of bacteria have been selected, one isolate was fraction saturates degrading bacteria that are Mycobacterium sp. T1H2D4-7 at degradation rate 0.0199 mgs/h with density 8.4x106 cfu/g from stage I. The isolate T2H1D2-4, identified as Pseudomonas sp. was fraction aromatics degrading bacteria at accelerate 0.0141 mgs/h with density 5.1x106 cfu/g are obtained at stage II. Two isolates namely Micrococcus sp. T3H2D4-2 and Pseudomonas sp. T1H1D5-5 were fraction resins degrading bacteria by accelerate 0.0088 mgs/h at density 5.6x106 cfu/g and 0.0089 mgs/h at density 5.7x106 cfu/g are obtained at stage III. Isolation of stage IV has been obtained two isolates Pseudomonas sp. T4H1D3-1and Pseudomonas sp. T4H3D5-4 were fraction asphaltenes degrading bacteria by accelerate 0.0057 mgs/h at density 5.6x106 cfu/g and accelerate 0.0058 mgs/h at density 5.7x106 cfu/g.
Blood Biochemical Indices and Productivity of Broilers on Diet Supplemented with Mannan Oligosacharide, Baker Yeast, or Combined Baker Yeast and Noni Leaves Extracts
Retno Murwani,Anantasia Indriani,Iyan Yuliana,Kinanthi Wihardani
International Journal of Poultry Science , 2011,
Abstract: A research was carried out to study the inclusion of MOS, inactivated baker yeast or combined baker yeast and Noni leaves extracts into corn-mungbean basal diet on broilers blood biochemical indices and productivity. Lohman MB-202 day old chicks were randomly assigned into four treatment diets i.e. 1) commercial/control diet (Dc), 2) basal diet plus MOS (DM), (3) basal diet plus inactivated baker yeast (DY), (4) basal diet plus inactivated baker yeast and Noni leaves extracts (DY+L). Treatment diets and water were given ad libitum. Whole blood were sampled on day 21 for determination of hemoglobin and haematocrit, Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminases, Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminases, creatinine, lipid profile, alkaline phosphatase and lactic acid. Relative organs weight, abdominal fat, productivity were also determined. Feed intake, body weight and feed conversion of broilers fed DM, DY, DY+L were the same but they were lower than control diet (p<0.05). Serum triglyceride, GPT, creatinine, cholesterol, VLDL+LDLchol and HDLchol were significantly affected by the diets (p<0.05). No effect was found for other serum biochemical indices. For relative internal organs weight, a significant effect was found for heart, liver, ileum, duodenum and pancreas. These results were discussed in terms of the possible underlying mechanism. Our results here provide evidence that MOS, inactivated baker yeast alone or its combination with Noni leave extract could produce low serum TG, total cholesterol, VLDL+LDLchol, HDLchol and abdominal fat in broilers fed corn-mungbean basal diet with no negative effect on other serum biochemical indices.
Indriani Santoso,Patrick Patrick,Andarias Andarias,Salil Kumar Roy
Civil Engineering Dimension , 2003,
Abstract: The use of coal as source of energy has produce bottom ashes, which has become a big source of pollution. One of the alternatives to solve this problem is by using this material in road pavement. The purpose of this research is to find the effect of the use bottom ash to replace fine aggregate, toward the stability, flow, air void, void in mineral aggregate and Marshall Quotient of asphalt concrete. In this research the effect of replacing ten to 100 % fine aggregate with bottom ash is evaluated. It is found out that the best result could be obtained by replacing the fine aggregate by ten percent bottom ash. This replacement could fulfill all requirements except the air void. To improve the air void, an additive (chemcrete) has been added. The use of chemcrete has increase the stability and improves the air void of asphalt concrete. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Pemakaian batu bara sebagai sumber energi menghasilkan residu berupa bottom ash yang menimbulkan pencemaran lingkungan. Penggunaan bottom ash sebagai material pekerasan jalan adalah salah satu cara untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti efek penggunaan bottom ash sebagai pengganti agregat halus terhadap stabilitas, kelelehan, rongga udara, rongga didalam agregat dan Marshall quotient dari campuran aspal beton. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menguji efek pemakaian bottom ash sebagai pengganti agregat halus sebesar sepuluh sampai 100%. Dari penelitian ditemukan bahwa persentase terbaik penggantian agregat halus dengan bottom ash adalah sepuluh persen. Penggantian ini memenuhi semua persyaratan yang ditentukan kecuali persyaratan rongga udara. Sebuah bahan additif (chemcrete) digunakan untuk memperbaiki rongga udara. Penggunaan chemcrete dapat meningkatkan nilai stabilitas serta memperbaiki nilai rongga udara pada campuran aspal beton.
The Genetic Drift of Indonesian Avian Influenza A H5N1 Viruses During 2003-2008
Microbiology Indonesia , 2011, DOI: 10.5454/mi.5.2.4
Abstract: The avian influenza A H5N1 outbreaks started in 2003 and Indonesia introduced a vaccination campaign in 2004 to control the disease. In 2007, anecdotal reports about reduced vaccine effectiveness were received from commercial farmers. This paper describes the evolution of viruses in Indonesia up till 2008 and focus on viruses from vaccinating farms reporting vaccine failure were compared to viruses isolated from outbreak areas with no vaccination program. Result of the study revealed that viruses from vaccinated chickens had more extensive mutation at the HA molecule compared to chicken and other avian species without vaccination. Substitutions occurred at the HA gene level as well as at NA, M1 and NS1 genes. Viruses isolated and characterized form 2008 vaccinated flocks had substitutions that were unique and different with the old viruses. The recommendation arising from this study to the avian influenza disease control program in Indonesia is that continuous monitoring of genetic character of viruses and the vaccine seed strain should be updated periodically and matched with the virus circulated in the field.
Recombinant M2e Protein-Based ELISA: A Novel and Inexpensive Approach for Differentiating Avian Influenza Infected Chickens from Vaccinated Ones
Farhid Hemmatzadeh, Sumarningsih Sumarningsih, Simson Tarigan, Risa Indriani, N. L. P. Indi Dharmayanti, Esmaeil Ebrahimie, Jagoda Igniatovic
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056801
Abstract: Available avian influenza (AIV) serological diagnostic tests cannot distinguish vaccinated from naturally infected birds. Differentiation of vaccinated from infected animals (DIVA) is currently advocated as a means of achieving the full control of H5N1. In this study, for the first time, recombinant ectodomain of M2 protein (M2e) of avian influenza virus (H5N1 strain) was used for the DIVA serology test. M2e was cloned into pMAL-P4X vector and expressed in E. coli cells. We used Western blot to recognize the expressed M2e-MBP protein by chicken antisera produced against live H5N1 virus. Also, the specificity of M2e-MBP protein was compared to the M2e synthetic peptide via ELISA. In M2e-MBP ELISA, all sera raised against the live avian influenza viruses were positive for M2e antibodies, whereas sera from killed virus vaccination were negative. Furthermore, M2e-MBP ELISA of the field sera obtained from vaccinated and non-vaccinated chickens showed negative results, while challenged vaccinated chickens demonstrated strong positive reactions. H5N1-originated recombinant M2e protein induced broad-spectrum response and successfully reacted with antibodies against other AIV strains such as H5N2, H9N2, H7N7, and H11N6. The application of the recombinant protein instead of synthetic peptide has the advantages of continues access to an inexpensive reagent for performing a large scale screening. Moreover, recombinant proteins provide the possibility of testing the DIVA results with an additional technique such a Western blotting which is not possible in the case of synthetic proteins. All together, the results of the present investigation show that recombinant M2e-MBP can be used as a robust and inexpensive solution for DIVA test.
The Use of Cyanobacteria Arthrospira platensis and Cladoceran Daphnia magna as Complementary Protein and Lipid Sources in Transitional Diet for Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) Nursery  [PDF]
Gede Suantika, Harish Muhammad, Fahma Fiqhiyyah Nur Azizah, Nina Rachminiwati, Magdalena Lenny Situmorang, Dea Indriani Astuti, Pingkan Aditiawati
Natural Resources (NR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2016.77037
Abstract: This study was conducted to evaluate the use of cyanobacteria Arthrospira platensis and cladoceran Daphnia magna biomass as complementary protein and lipid sources in diet supplementation for common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) nursery. Three experimental diets containing A. platensis and D. magna meal at different concentrations were compared to the commercial (control) diet. Each experimental diet (ED) was set to contain D. magna and A. platensis meal at a specific combination: 2% and 5%, 2% and 7%, and 4% and 5% for ED1, ED2 and ED3, respectively. The protein and lipid content of the experimental diets ranged from 43.20% to 44.60% dry weight (DW) and 10.64% to 13.42% DW, respectively; while the protein and lipid content of the control diet were 43.00% DW and 6.72% DW, respectively. After 20 days of feeding period, ED3 group obtained the highest final body weight (BW) (58.18 ± 35.24 mg), total biomass (1936 ± 1625 mg), food conversion rate (1.34 ± 0.04), and specific growth rate (12.86 ± 0.03% BW day1) among all treatment groups (P > 0.05); while ED1 group obtained the highest survival (75.5% ± 7.47%) among all treatment groups (P > 0.05). The total bacterial count and total pathogenic Aeromonas sp. in the culture water of the treatment groups (ranged from 2.00 to 2.65 × 105 CFU mL1 and 3.50 to 4.12 × 103 CFU mL1, respectively) were lower compared to the water of the control group fed (3.73 × 105 and 4.70 × 103 CFU mL1, respectively). No significant differences in physicochemical water quality parameters were observed among treatments (P > 0.05). The current study suggests that the combination of A. platensis and D. magna biomass can be used as complementary protein and lipid sources in diet supplementation for common carp larvae and can result in a comparable fish growth, survival and feed utilization in common carp culture at the nursery phase.
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