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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4487 matches for " YOUNG LARGE HORNED LIVESTOCK "
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TOPOGRAPHY OF BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SPOTS OF THE THORAX OF LARGE HORNED LIVESTOCK AND THEIR APPLICATION AT BRONCHITES Топография биологически активных точек грудной клетки крупного рогатого скота и их применение при бронхитах
Ostyakova M. E.
Polythematic Online Scientific Journal of Kuban State Agrarian University , 2013,
Abstract: In the article we gave the review of the results of treatment of bronchitis of young large horned livestock with electro-reflex therapy. The results of the treatment with the clinical process of the illness and the results of biochemistry of blood were also discussed
BLOOD SUPPLY OF BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SPOTS OF THE THORAX OF ANIMALS Кровоснабжение биологически активных точек грудной клетки животных
Ostyakova M. E.
Polythematic Online Scientific Journal of Kuban State Agrarian University , 2013,
Abstract: In the article, the review of the results of the research of blood supply of the thorax of large horned livestock, a pig and a dog is given. Blood supply and outflow of blood from biologically active spots of the thorax are discussed
Effect of a Wildlife-Livestock Interface on the Prevalence of Intra-Erythrocytic Hemoparasites in Cattle  [PDF]
Richard M. Kabuusu, Ruth Alexander, Annet M. Kabuusu, Sylvia N. Muwanga, Patrick Atimnedi, Calum Macpherson
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2013.38051
Abstract:

We conducted a cross-sectional study to establish the effect of proximity of livestock to a wildlife-livestock interface on the relative abundance of intra-erythrocytic hemoparasites in cattle. Blood samples were obtained from 131 randomlyselected cattle raised around Queen Elizabeth National Park. Cattle-farm location was determined by using Global Positioning System device from an arbitrarily reference point. Giemsa-stained blood smears were examined microscopically for intra-erythrocytic hemoparasites. Correlational analysis was used to examine the relationship between farm location and prevalence, whereas risk ratios were used to determine the strength of mixed hemoparasitic infections among cattle, using a significant level of α = 0.05. The location of a cattle farm significantly predicted the prevalence of Anaplasma (rs = 0.33, p < 0.05) and Theileria (rs = 0.57, p < 0.01) but, farm’s proximity to QENP did not explain the variation in the

Observation on Hydatid Cyst Infection in Kordestan Province (West of Iran) using Epidemiological and Seroepidemiological Criteria
L Akhlaghi,J Massoud,A Housaini
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2005,
Abstract: Echinococcosis is the major helminthic parasitic infection in Iran. The health hazard and economic loss in man and livestock is significant. In this study 3 major topics as the prevalence of hydatid cyst in human population, in livestock and echinococcosis in stray dogs, were studied. Total of 1114 serum samples in different age groups in Sanandaj and Divandareh area of Kurdestan province in west of Iran were examined by indirect immunoflurecent test (IFA). In Sanandaj area 3.3% and in Divandareh 9.5% of serum samples were positive for hydatidosis. In livestock using abattoir inspection the rate of infection was 51.9% and 28.02% for sheep and cattle, respectively. Nine stray dogs (44%) autopsied in Sanandaj were positive for Echinococcosis.
我国环境规制对畜禽养殖规模的影响效应——基于面板分位数回归方法的实证研究
A Study of the Effect of Environmental Regulation on Large Scale Livestock and Poultry Management——An Empirical Study Based on the Method of Panel Quantile Regression

侯国庆, 马骥
HOU Guo-qing
, MA Ji

- , 2017, DOI: 10.19366/j.cnki.1009-055X.2017.01.005
Abstract: 针对环境规制与畜禽养殖规模的关系问题,本文在理论分析的基础上,运用面板分位数回归方法,以我国蛋鸡规模化养殖为例进行了实证研究。研究发现:环境规制对畜禽养殖大户的经营规模具有显著的正向影响,且影响程度随着规模的增大而越来越强,同时环境规制对小规模农户养殖规模的负向影响并不显著,表明我国畜禽养殖已能承受较高的环境标准。此外,不同个人特征、家庭特征和养殖经营特征的农户面对环境规制,其畜禽养殖规模有不同的表现。基于此,本文认为环境规制与畜禽规模化养殖具有实现“双赢”有利条件。在我国养殖业环境污染严重的形势下,农户应积极应对国家环保要求,政府可结合各地养殖的实际发展情况,通过严格的环境规制与各类配套措施,实现环境保护与畜禽规模化养殖的协调发展。
U.S. red meat production from foreign-born animals  [PDF]
Michael J. McConnell, Kenneth H. Mathews Jr., Rachel J. Johnson, Keithly Jones
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/as.2012.32023
Abstract: The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) propelled the integration of livestock markets among the United States, Mexico, and Canada. Along with vertical integration within the respective industries, different sectors of the cattle and hog industries have shifted their production locations based on resource efficiencies. Imports of live cattle and hogs, as well as beef and pork, in the United States have been steadily increasing since the implementation of NAFTA, except during the restrictions on cattle and beef imports from Canada due to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (bse) discoveries there in 2003. There are limited empirical sources that relate the importation of livestock to the domestic U.S. production of meats. This paper introduces a methodology to estimate the amount of U.S. beef and pork production that can be attributed to foreign-born cattle and hogs. The procedure uses official U.S. trade data to quantify livestock imported at various weights and stages of production and projects the final production date and weight using existing data and literature.
Characterization, conservation and sustainability of endangered animal breeds in Campania (Southern Italy)  [PDF]
Vincenzo Peretti, Francesca Ciotola, Leopoldo Iannuzzi
Natural Science (NS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2013.55A001
Abstract: Conservation of such animal genetic resources and sustainable development of their products seems to be one of the most important steps to be taken to save endangered animal breeds from the widespread use of cosmopolitan and more productive breeds. Indeed, the protection and conservation of biodiversity of animal breeds adapted to particular environmental conditions is essential to prevent irreversible erosion of genes and gene combinations. A special project to characterize and conserve eight endangered breeds of various animal species raised in Campania (southern-Italy) is reported in this paper along detailed descriptions of all breeds. Some strategies for their characterization and conservation are reported and discussed.
Assessment of commercial feedlot finishing practices at eastern Shoa, Ethiopia  [PDF]
Tsegay Teklebrhan, Mengistu Urge
Open Journal of Animal Sciences (OJAS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojas.2013.34041
Abstract: This study was conducted to characterize and identify husbandry practice and major constraints of commercial feedlot industries in the study area. Forty eight commercial feedlot farms were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The results showed that, livestock species such as cattle, shoat and camels were used in commercial fattening though significant variation in demand among species. Cattle had got the highest acceptance in feedlot industries followed by shoat, however, camel and swine had least preference. All cattle breeds were granted equal requirement by domestic market. However, there is variation in demand among cattle breeds for export market. Boran was the most preferred cattle breed compared to the rest of cattle by the importers. Uncastrated bull demanded for export market however, castrated and female cattle were not used for export markets. Pastoralists were the potential supplier of feeder livestock followed by small holders to feedlot industries. Teff straw was predominantly used roughage feed in most of commercial feedlot farms and agro-industrial by-products as a source of concentrate. However, sorghum and maize grains were utilized by very few farms. Vitamin and mineral supplementation were not often available except common salt in all feedlot rations. Market was noted as the most potential constraints followed by feed and type of livestock coming to the markets in the commercial feedlot industries. The study suggested that, government and other development partners should provide and improve all services to pastoralists or producers in an organized way at their localities to ensure sustainable supply of livestock to the market.
Shifts in Circulating Concentrations of Glucose in Domesticated Mammals: Is There a Consistent Adaptation to Domestication?  [PDF]
Colin G. Scanes
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.517178
Abstract: There have been marked changes in amylase gene number during human evolution resulting in shifts in carbohydrate metabolism. This has been related to utilization of starch. Similarly, there are changes in enzymes related to carbohydrate metabolism in dogs. Again, this has been linked to improving starch utilization following domestication. It was questioned as circulating concentrations of glucose is a good indicator of putative differences in carbohydrate metabolism across domesticated animals. Domesticated bovids had lower (p < 0.001) circulating concentrations of glucose than wild species in their respective subfamilies. Circulating concentrations of glucose were consistently lower (p < 0.001) in domesticated animals compared to either closely related wild species or the mean for wild species in their subfamilies (or families where there is insufficient data available). It is suggested that shift to lower circulating concentrations of glucose in domesticated animals is related to greater starch intake following domestication in a manner akin to the shifts in carbohydrate metabolism and amylase gene number in human evolution.
Modelling Livestock Activities and Environmental Sustainability: The African Case  [PDF]
Eisa Abdalla Abdelgalil, Suleiman Ibrahim Cohen
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2010.11001
Abstract: This paper develops a dynamic model of grazing land degradation. The model illustrates the relationship between live-stock levels and grazing land degradation over time. It identifies the mechanisms by which the factors internal to the livestock local production system and those drawn from the larger economic context of livestock marketing influence livestock-grazing land relationship. The paper shows that overstocking leads to degradation which leads to declining relative prices of livestock as quality declines and mortality increases. As relative price of livestock falls, consumption increases. The increased consumption and mortality ultimately leads to lower livestock population, which leads to de-creased degradation. The model results show that medium term dynamics of grazing land degradation are quite differ-ent from long term dynamics. It is shown that although grazing land sustainability situation is adverse in the medium term, yet it is favourable in the long term. The livestock system is dynamic and can adjust when longer term system dy-namics are allowed to play out. Part of the adjustment mechanism is built in the livestock system and the other part comes from the economic system. The built-in adjustment mechanism works through the two-way relationship between the stock and degradation. The external adjustment mechanism, originating from the economic system, works through economic growth, relative prices and foreign trade. In the medium term, opportunistic management strategy and poli-cies that facilitate access to grazing land and water are crucial for mitigating degradation. The results suggest that the views of the mainstream range management paradigm and the new thinking of range ecology can be reconciled.
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