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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 85604 matches for " YANG Rui-zhi "
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Constraining Asymmetric Bosonic Non-interacting Dark Matter with Neutron Stars
Yi-zhong Fan,Rui-zhi Yang,Jin Chang
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: The Hawking evaporation of small black holes formed by the collapse of dark matter at the center of neutron stars plays a key role in loosing the constraint on the mass of asymmetric bosonic non-interacting dark matter particles. Different from previous works we show that such a kind of dark matter is viable in the mass range from 3.3 GeV to ~ 10 TeV, which covers the most attractive regions, including the preferred asymmetric dark matter mass ~ 5.7 GeV as well as the 5-15 GeV range favored by DAMA and CoGeNT.
Fermi-LAT observations of the Sagittarius B complex
Rui-zhi Yang,David I. Jones,Felix Aharonian
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201425233
Abstract: Aims. We use 5 years of Fermi-LAT data towards the Galactic-centre giant molecular cloud complex, Sagittarius B, to test questions of how well-mixed the Galactic component of cosmic rays are and what the level of the cosmic-ray sea in different parts of the Galaxy is. Methods. We use dust-opacity maps from the Planck satellite to obtain independent methods for background subtraction and an estimate for the mass of the region. We then present high-quality spectra of gamma-ray emission from 0.3 to 30 GeV and obtain an estimate of the cosmic-ray spectrum from the region. Results. We obtain an estimate of the mass of the region of $1.5 \pm 0.2 \times 10^7~\rm M_{\odot}$ using the Planck data, which agrees well with molecular-line-derived estimates for the same region. We find the the gamma-ray flux from this region is fitted well with a cosmic-ray spectrum that is the same as is observed locally, with evidence of a small over-density at intermediate (1-10 GeV) energies. Conclusions. We conclude that the gamma-ray and cosmic-ray spectrum in the region can be well-fitted using a local cosmic-ray spectrum.
The Fermi Bubbles Revisited
Rui-zhi Yang,Felix Aharonian,Roland Crocker
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201423562
Abstract: We analyze 60 months of all sky data from the Fermi-LAT. The Fermi Bubble structures discovered previously are clearly revealed by our analysis. With more data and, consequently, better statistics we can now divide each bubble into constant longitude slices to investigate their gross $\gamma$-ray spectral morphology. While the detailed spectral behaviour of each slice derived within our analysis is somewhat dependent on the assumed background model, we find, robustly, a relative deficit of the flux at low energies (i.e., hardening) towards the top of the South Bubble. In neither Bubble does the spectrum soften with longitude. The morphology of the Fermi Bubbles is also revealed to be energy dependent: at high energies they are more extended. We conclude from the gamma-ray spectrum at high latitudes that a low energy break in the parent cosmic ray population is required in both leptonic and hadronic models. We briefly discuss possible leptonic and hadronic interpretation of this phenomenology.
Fermi Large Area Telescope observations of the supernova remnant HESS J1731-347
Rui-zhi Yang,Xiao Zhang,Qiang Yuan,Siming Liu
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201322737
Abstract: Context: HESS J1731-347 has been identified as one of the few TeV-bright shell-type supernova remnants (SNRs). These remnants are dominated by nonthermal emission, and the nature of TeV emission has been continuously debated for nearly a decade. Aims: We carry out the detailed modeling of the radio to gamma-ray spectrum of HESS J1731-347 to constrain the magnetic field and energetic particles sources, which we compare with those of the other TeV-bright shell-type SNRs explored before. Methods: Four years of data from Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) observations for regions around this remnant are analyzed, leading to no detection correlated with the source discovered in the TeV band. The Markov Chain Monte Carlo method is used to constrain parameters of one-zone models for the overall emission spectrum. Results: Based on the 99.9% upper limits of fluxes in the GeV range, one-zone hadronic models with an energetic proton spectral slope greater than 1.8 can be ruled out, which favors a leptonic origin for the gamma-ray emission, making this remnant a sibling of the brightest TeV SNR RX J1713.7-3946, the Vela Junior SNR RX J0852.0-4622, and RCW 86. The best-fit leptonic model has an electron spectral slope of 1.8 and a magnetic field of about 30 muG, which is at least a factor of 2 higher than those of RX J1713.7-3946 and RX J0852.0-4622, posing a challenge to the distance estimate and/or the energy equipartition between energetic electrons and the magnetic field of this source. A measurement of the shock speed will address this challenge and has implications on the magnetic field evolution and electron acceleration driven by shocks of SNRs.
Very Old Isolated Compact Objects as Dark Matter Probes
Yi-Zhong Fan,Rui-Zhi Yang,Jin Chang
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.84.103510
Abstract: Very old isolated neutron stars and white dwarfs have been suggested to be probes of dark matter. To play such a role, two requests should be fulfilled, i.e., the annihilation luminosity of the captured dark matter particles is above the thermal emission of the cooling compact objects (request-I) and also dominate over the energy output due to the accretion of normal matter onto the compact objects (request-II). Request-I calls for very dense dark matter medium and the critical density sensitively depends on the residual surface temperature of the very old compact objects. The accretion of interstellar/intracluster medium onto the compact objects is governed by the physical properties of the medium and by the magnetization and rotation of the stars and may outshine the signal of dark matter annihilation. Only in a few specific scenarios both requests are satisfied and the compact objects are dark matter burners. The observational challenges are discussed and a possible way to identify the dark matter burners is outlined.
Probing Cosmic Rays in Nearby Giant Molecular Clouds with the Fermi Large Area Telescope
Rui-zhi Yang,Emma de O?a Wilhelmi,Felix Aharonian
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201321044
Abstract: We report the results of our study of the energy spectra and absolute fluxes of cosmic rays (CRs) in the Local Galaxy based on a five-year $\gamma$-ray observation with the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) of eight nearby giant molecular clouds (GMCs) belonging to the Gould Belt. The $\gamma$-ray signals obtained with high statistical significance allow the determination of $\gamma$-ray spectra above 300~MeV with adequate precision for extraction of the energy distributions of CRs in these clouds. Remarkably, both the derived spectral indices and the absolute fluxes of CR protons in the energy interval $10 - 100~ \rm \ GeV$ agree with the recent direct measurements of local CRs by the PAMELA experiment. This is strong evidence of a quite homogeneous distribution of CRs, at least within several hundred parsecs of the Local Galaxy. Combined with the well established energy-dependent time of escape of CRs from the Galaxy, $\tau(E) \propto E^{-\delta}$ with $\delta \approx 0.5-0.6$, the measured spectrum implies a CR spectral index of the (acceleration) source of $\approx$E$^{-2.3}$. At low energies, the spectra of $\gamma$ rays appear to vary from one cloud to another. This implies spatial variations of the energy spectra of CRs below 10~GeV, which at such low energies could be explained naturally by both the impact of the propagation effects and the contribution of CR locally accelerated inside the clouds.
Deep Observation of the Giant Radio Lobes of Centaurus A with the Fermi Large Area Telescope
Rui-zhi Yang,Narek Sahakyan,Emma de Ona Wilhelmi,Felix Aharonian,Frank Rieger
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201118713
Abstract: The detection of high energy (HE) {\gamma}-ray emission up to about 3 GeV from the giant lobes of the radio galaxy Centaurus A has been recently reported by the Fermi-LAT Collaboration based on ten months of all-sky survey observations. A data set more than three times larger is used here to study the morphology and photon spectrum of the lobes with higher statistics. The larger data set results in the detection of HE {\gamma}-ray emission (up to about 6 GeV) from the lobes with a significance of more than 10 and 20 {\sigma} for the North and the South lobe, respectively. Based on a detailed spatial analysis and comparison with the associated radio lobes, we report evidence for a substantial extension of the HE {\gamma}-ray emission beyond the WMAP radio image in the case of the Northern lobe of Cen A. We reconstruct the spectral energy distribution (SED) of the lobes using radio (WMAP) and Fermi-LAT data from the same integration region. The implications are discussed in the context of hadronic and leptonic scenarios.
The Possible Extragalactic Source of Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Rays at the Telescope Array Hotspot
Hao-Ning He,Alexander Kusenko,Shigehiro Nagataki,Rui-Zhi Yang,Yi-Zhong Fan
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: The Telescope Array (TA) collaboration has reported a hotspot, a cluster of 19 cosmic ray events with energies above $57$ EeV in a circle of $20^\circ$ radius centered at ${\rm R.A.}(\alpha)=146.^\circ7$, ${\rm Dec.}(\delta)=43.^\circ2$. We explore the hypothesis that the hotspot could originate from a single source. By considering the energy dependent deflections that are expected to affect arrival directions of cosmic rays propagating in cosmic magnetic fields, we identify the nearby starburst galaxy M82 and the bright nearby blazar Mrk 180 as two likely candidates. Furthermore, we constrain these hotspot cosmic rays to be light nuclei by adopting a specific magnetic field in the supergalactic plane. We discuss the prospects of discriminating between the candidate sources with current and future spectral data.
Dark Matter Mini-halo around the Compact Objects: the Formation, Evolution and Possible Contribution to the Cosmic Ray Electrons/Positrons
Rui-Zhi Yang,Yi-Zhong Fan,Roni Waldman,Jin Chang
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2012/01/023
Abstract: Dark matter particles may be captured by a star and then thermalized in the star's core. At the end of its life a massive star collapses suddenly and a compact object is formed. The dark matter particles redistribute accordingly. In the inelastic dark matter model, an extended dense dark matter mini-halo surrounding the neutron star may be formed. Such mini-halos may be common in the Galaxy. The electron/positron flux resulting in the annihilation of dark matter particles, however, is unable to give rise to observable signal unless a nascent mini-halo is within a distance \sim a few 0.1 pc from the Earth.
An extended source of GeV gamma rays coincident with the supernova remnant HB 21
Ignasi Reichardt,Emma de O?a Wilhelmi,Javier Rico,Rui-zhi Yang
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201219947
Abstract: We analyze 3.5 years of public Fermi/LAT data around the position of the supernova remnant HB 21, where four point-like sources from the 2nd Fermi/LAT catalog are located. We determine that the gamma-ray source is produced by a single extended source. We model the observed morphology as a uniform circle. The spectral energy distribution is best described by a curved power law, with a maximum at 413+-11 MeV. We divide the circle into three regions defined by previously identified shocked molecular clouds, and find that one of these regions has a softer spectrum. The >3 GeV gamma-ray emission of the soft spectrum region is bow-shaped and coincident with the supernova remnant shell seen at radio wavelengths. We suggest that the gamma-ray emission from HB 21 can be understood as a combination of emission from shocked/illuminated molecular clouds, one of them coincident with the supernova remnant shell itself.
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