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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 62042 matches for " Xie Y "
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Stochastic Service Guarantee Analysis Based on Time-Domain Models
J. Xie,Y. Jiang
Computer Science , 2009,
Abstract: Stochastic network calculus is a theory for stochastic service guarantee analysis of computer communication networks. In the current stochastic network calculus literature, its traffic and server models are typically based on the cumulative amount of traffic and cumulative amount of service respectively. However, there are network scenarios where the applicability of such models is limited, and hence new ways of modeling traffic and service are needed to address this limitation. This paper presents time-domain models and results for stochastic network calculus. Particularly, we define traffic models, which are based on probabilistic lower-bounds on cumulative packet inter-arrival time, and server models, which are based on probabilistic upper-bounds on cumulative packet service time. In addition, examples demonstrating the use of the proposed time-domain models are provided. On the basis of the proposed models, the five basic properties of stochastic network calculus are also proved, which implies broad applicability of the proposed time-domain approach.
Construction and Application of Engineered Bacteria for Bioaugmentation Decolorization of Dyeing Wastewater: A Review  [PDF]
X. H. Xie, N. Liu, H. Jiang, L. Y. Zhu
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2014.22013
Abstract: With the development of dyeing wastewater treatment biotechnology, the advantages of bioaugmentation bacteria gradually catch people’s eyes. Therefore, its construction and application research has also attracted the attention of the majority of scholars. This article summaries the construction and application of bioaugmentation engineered bacteria used to treat dyeing wastewater in recent years, including the screening, domestication and application of single and mixed flora bacteria. In addition, the impact of the strengthening effect of all genes is also described in this paper. Finally, the optimization and promoted use of bioaugmentation bacteria are out looked.
Spatial and temporal variation of anthropogenic black carbon emissions in China for the period 1980–2009
Y. Qin ,S. D. Xie
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) & Discussions (ACPD) , 2012,
Abstract: Multi-year inventories of anthropogenic black carbon emissions, including both fuel consumption and biomass open burning, at a high spatial resolution of 0.25°×0.25° have been constructed in China using GIS methodology for the period 1980–2009, based on official statistical data and time-varying emission factors. Results show that black carbon emissions increased from 0.87 Tg in 1980 to 1.88 Tg in 2009 with a peak in about 1995, and had been continually increasing in the first decade of the 21 century. Residential contribution to the total BC emissions declined from 82.03% in 1980 to 42.33% in 2009 at a continuous diminishing trend, but had always been the dominant contributor in China. While contributions from industry and transportation sectors had increased notably. BC emissions were mainly concentrated in the central eastern districts, the three northeastern provinces and the Sichuan Basin, covering 22.30% of China's territory, but were responsible for 43.02%, 50.47%, 50.69% and 54.30% of the national black carbon emissions in 1985, 1995, 2005 and 2009, respectively. Besides, China made up 70%–85% of BC emissions in East Asia, half of the emissions in Asia, and accounted for averagely 18.97% of the global BC emissions during the estimation period.
Unconventional Ballooning Structures for Toroidal Drift Waves
H. S. Xie,Y. Xiao
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1063/1.4931072
Abstract: With strong gradients in the pedestal of high confinement mode (H-mode) fusion plasmas, gyrokinetic simulations are carried out for the trapped electron and ion temperature gradient modes. A broad class of unconventional mode structures is found to localize at arbitrary poloidal positions or with multiple peaks. It is found that these unconventional ballooning structures are associated with different eigen states for the most unstable mode. At weak gradient (low confinement mode or L-mode), the most unstable mode is usually in the ground eigen state, which corresponds to a conventional ballooning mode structure peaking in the outboard mid-plane of tokamaks. However, at strong gradient (H-mode), the most unstable mode is usually not the ground eigen state and the ballooning mode structure becomes unconventional. This result implies that the pedestal of H-mode could have better confinement than L-mode.
Low-Loss, Broadband and Tunable Negative Refractive Index Metamaterial  [PDF]
Y.J. Huang, G.J. Wen, T.Q. Li, K. Xie
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2010.22015
Abstract: This paper report on a low-loss, broadband, and tunable negative refractive index metamaterial (NRIM) consisting of yttrium iron garnet (YIG) slabs and printed circuit boards (PCBs). The YIG slabs under an applied magnetic field provide a negative permeability and the PCBs provide a negative permittivity. The substrates of the PCBs decuple the interactions between the YIG slabs and wire array deposed on such substrates. The effective electromagnetic parameters of the NRIM and the conditions of exhibiting the negative refractive index character are analyzed theoretically. Then the negative transmission and negative refraction characters are investigated numerically and experimentally. The results indicate that the NRIM exhibits negative pass band within the X-band with a bandwidth of about 1 GHz and a peak transmission power of about - 2.5 dB. While changing the applied magnetic field from 2300 Oe to 2700 Oe, the measured pass band of NRIM shift from 8.42 GHz to 9.50 GHz with a 2.7 MHz/Oe step. The results open a sample way to fabricate the NRIM, further, the metamaterial cloak and absorber.
Spatial and temporal variation of historical anthropogenic NMVOCs emission inventories in China
Y. Bo, H. Cai,S. D. Xie
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) & Discussions (ACPD) , 2008,
Abstract: Multiyear emission inventories of anthropogenic NMVOCs in China for 1980–2005 were established based on time-varying statistical data, literature surveyed and model calculated emission factors, which were further gridded at a high spatial resolution of 40 km×40 km using the GIS methodology. Results show a continuous growth trend of China's historical NMVOCs emissions during the period of 1980–2005, with the emission increasing by 4.2 times at an annual average rate of 10.6% from 3.91 Tg in 1980 to 16.49 Tg in 2005. Vehicles, biomass burning, industrial processes, fossil fuel combustion, solvent utilization, and storage and transport generated 5.50 Tg, 3.84 Tg, 2.76 Tg, 1.98 Tg, 1.87 Tg, and 0.55 Tg of NMVOCs, respectively, in 2005. Motorcycles, biofuel burning, heavy duty vans, synthetic fibre production, biomass open burning, and industrial and commercial consumption were primary emission sources. Besides, source contributions of NMVOCs emissions showed remarkable annual variation. However, emissions of these sources had been continuously increasing, which coincided well with China's economic growth. Spatial distribution of NMVOCs emissions illustrates that high emissions mainly concentrates in developed regions of northern, eastern and southern coastal areas, which produced more emissions than the relatively underdeveloped western and inland regions. Particularly, southeastern, northern, and central China covering 35.2% of China's territory, generated 59.4% of the total emissions, while the populous capital cities covering merely 4.5% of China's territory, accounted for 24.9% of the national emissions. Annual variation of regional emission intensity shows that emissions concentrating in urban areas tended to transfer to rural areas year by year. Moreover, eastern, southern, central, and northeastern China were typical areas of high emission intensity and had a tendency of expanding to the northwestern China, which revealed the transfer of emission-intensive plants to these areas, together with the increase of biomass open burning.
Testing Approach of Component Security Based on Dynamic Fault Tree
J. Chen,Y. Lu,X. Xie
Information Technology Journal , 2008,
Abstract: This study proposes a testing approach of component security based on dynamic fault tree and then specifies some related definitions of fault tree, fault injection model and attack pattern. A testing algorithm of component security based on dynamic fault tree and test-case generating approach are also proposed. The proposed testing approach generates fault injection cases which can trigger component vulnerabilities in maximum probability based on fault tree. At the same time, the fault tree can be improved according to the testing results after injecting faults. The proposed approach was implemented based on research projects CSTS (Component Security Testing System). The experimental results show that the approach is effective and can trigger lots of component exceptions by using fewer test-cases.
Spatial and temporal variation of emission inventories for historical anthropogenic NMVOCs in China
Y. Bo,H. Cai,S. D. Xie
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions , 2008,
Abstract: Multiyear emission inventories of anthropogenic NMVOCs in China for 1980–2005 were compiled based on time-varying statistical data, literature surveyed and model calculated emission factors, and were gridded at a high spatial resolution of 40 km×40 km using the GIS methodology. Chinese NMVOCs emissions had increased by 4.3 times at an annual average rate of 10.7% from 3.92 Tg in 1980 to 16.5 Tg in 2005. Vehicles, biomass burning, industrial processes, fossil fuel combustion, solvent utilization, and storage and transport generated 5.49 Tg, 3.91 Tg, 2.76 Tg, 1.98 Tg, 1.87 Tg, and 0.55 Tg of NMVOCs, respectively. Motorcycles, biofuel burning, heavy-duty vehicles, synthetic fibre production, biomass open burning, and industrial and commercial consumption were primary emission sources. Besides, from 1980 to 2005, vehicle emission increased notably from 6% to 33%, along with a slight increase for fossil fuel combustion from 9% to 12% and for industrial processes from 11% to 17%. Meanwhile, biomass burning emission decreased from 41% to 23%, along with the decrease of storage and transport and solvent utilization from 9% to 3% and from 28% to 11%, respectively. Varieties of NMVOCs emissions coincided well with China's economic growth. Conversions in economic structure and adjustment of fuel consumption structure in China during the period were the reasons for conspicuous variation of source contributions. The developed eastern and coastal regions produced more emissions than the relatively underdeveloped western and inland regions. Particularly, southeastern, northern, and central China covering 35% of China's territory, generated 59% of the total emissions, while the populous capital cities covering merely 4.5% of China's territory, accounted for 25% of the national emissions. Moreover, rural areas also experienced emission growth during the past two and a half decades, the reason of which was transfer of emission-intensive plants from city to county, inefficient fuel utilization, and biomass burning.
Nonlinear superposition formula for N=1 supersymmetric KdV Equation
Q. P. Liu,Y. F. Xie
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1016/j.physleta.2004.03.047
Abstract: In this paper, we derive a B\"{a}cklund transformation for the supersymmetric Kortweg-de Vries equation. We also construct a nonlinear superposition formula, which allows us to rebuild systematically for the supersymmetric KdV equation the soliton solutions of Carstea, Ramani and Grammaticos.
Mineralization and isotope study of gold deposits in Daqinshan District, Innermongolia, China
J. H. Xu,Y. L. Xie,D. Y. Qian
Chinese Science Bulletin , 1998, DOI: 10.1007/BF02891638
Abstract:
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