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Unsecured Life: The Experience of the Veteran Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Wives  [PDF]
Golbahar Akoondzadeh, Esmat Nouhi, Abbas Ebadi
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2018.94025
Abstract: Introduction: Disputativeness and incitement are one of the consequences of the posttraumatic stress disorder which causes intimacy reduction in veteran wives. This study was done with the aim of expressing the veteran posttraumatic stress disorder wives. Method: This qualitative study was done by qualitative content analysis method and 14 participants took part in this study who were all PTSD veteran wives in Golestan province in Iran. Data was gathered by semi-structured interview and by purposive sampling and was continued to the data well saturated. Data analysis was continuously done at the same time as collecting the data. Findings: The main theme and the eleven subtheme included: 1) Entanglement with wife condition: Not willing to have medicine treatment, frequent hospitalized, increasing the problems as the age goes up medicine, dependency on taking medicine, unpredictable wife behavior; 2) life erosion: Living along with fear, lost life; 3) stressful atmosphere in the house: Physical fight, unsecured feeling in the house, sensitive to noise; 4) being worry about future: Hopelessness, spoiled life. These were the main points of this study which cause the unsecured atmosphere for the families. Conclusion: Veteran in ability in controlling their anger causes emotional problems, intimacy decreasing and marriage dissatisfaction, anxiousness and being worry about future. Social and family supports such as consulting services, informative and educational systems have an important role in wives compatibility and life promotion.
Multiple Wives, Co-wives and Female Status: Example on Contemporary Change from Manipur (India)
Mayanglambam ManiBabu
Researcher: A Research Journal of Culture and Society , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/researcher.v1i1.8372
Abstract: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/researcher.v1i1.8372 ?
Wives’ Employment and Marital Dissolution: Consideration of Gender Ideology and Marital Interaction  [PDF]
Deniz Yucel
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.22028
Abstract: This study examines both the mediating effects of marital interaction and gender ideology, as well as the moderating effect of gender ideology in understanding the relationship between wives’ work hours and marital dissolution. This paper also explores the role of gender for couples who disagree in their relationship assessments. Wives’ additional work hours are positively associated with marital dissolution, an effect that operates through increased gender egalitarianism (for both spouses and for wives only) and decreased marital interaction (for both spouses and for wives only). Lastly, for couples who differ in their reports of gender ideology and marital interaction, the likelihood of marital dissolution is contingent upon wives’ assessments of their relationship. The implications of this study and the avenues for future research are also discussed.
Factors Associated with Intimate Partner Violence among Wives of Military and Civilian Men in Abuja Nigeria  [PDF]
Prosper Obunikem Uchechukwu Adogu, Uzoamaka Carol Chimah, Amobi Linus Ilika, Chika Florence Ubajaka
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2015.52007
Abstract: Intimate partner violence (IPV) constitutes transgression of gender norms especially in patriarchal societies such as Nigeria where women are expected to be seen and not heard. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with IPV among women in civilian and military settings. A comparative cross sectional study of 260 eligible women married to military and civilian partners (130 on either side), was selected using a multi-stage sampling technique. Data were collected on personal variables and types of IPV experienced. Relationship between the different forms of IPV and the respondents’ personal and partner characteristics in the two populations were compared using Chi square and significant p-value set at <0.05. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to predict the outcome of the independent variables. Partner alcohol consumption (p = 0.004, OR = 2.8), partner physical fight with another man (p = 0.009, OR = 3.1) and quarrels in intimate relationship (p = 0.002; OR = 29.7) were all significant predictors of emotional violence. Also belonging to Yoruba ethnic group (p = 0.043, OR = 4.31) and being married for >2 years but <10 years (p = 0.001, OR = 4.02) significantly predict physical violence. Moslem women were at a higher risk (p = 0.000, OR = 5.23) of experiencing sexual violence compared to respondents of other religions. Unskilled respondents were over five times at higher risk of experiencing sexual violence than their skilled counterparts; (p = 0.024, OR = 5.52). Similarly, alcohol consumption by respondent’s partner was a significant predictor of sexual violence among the respondents, (p = 0.012). Family value re-orientation to address traditional norms of negative unbalanced patriarchy should be pursued with renewed vigor. Alcohol and hard drugs use should be discouraged among men who must be informed to understand that the abuser of today is a father of the abused tomorrow.
Impactos do isolamento conjugal sobre a rotina da mulher do emigrado
Boechat, Clarisse Sousa;Dias, Carlos Alberto;Matos, Emilliane de Oliveira;Almeida, Agnes Rocha de;Coelho, Adilson Rodrigues;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722010000400021
Abstract: according to the literature, social isolation tends to favor the worsening of the physical and emotional health, regardless gender, age and marital status. this study searches to take knowledge of the migratory process implications on the women’s daily life, resident in governador valadares", who have their partners abroad as emigrants. it is an exploratory research, having been made 247 home interviews with resident women in governador valadares", whose partners live abroad as emigrants for a minimal period of three months. the data reveal that with this isolation women have become less sociable, stopped participating in common leisure activities, and set apart of friends, weakening their social support and net. the conjugal isolation, besides provoking significant changes in the woman’s routine, produces changes in their self-perception and in the way of evaluation of their conjugal relationship.
A Biographical Look into Arthur Miller’s Understanding of Wives and Mothers
Xiaojuan YAO,Jingrui HUI
Studies in Literature and Language , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.sll.1923156320120503.1119
Abstract: The article attempts to examine Arthur Miller’s biographical background especially his mother, his wives and the other women around him and investigate his relationship with them in order to gain a better understanding of the wife and mother figures in Miller’s plays. Seen from the more general background, Miller’s particular outlook on wives and mothers is influenced greatly by his biographical background. His mother’s struggle with his father and her desire for knowledge as well as her courage and strength in the economic crisis, together with his own three marriages, especially his tremulous life with the sex symbol Marilyn Monroe and also all the other women around him all contribute to his shaping of authentic and complex wife and mother images in his plays. Key words: Arthur Miller; Understanding; Mothers; Wives
Esposas como principais provedoras de renda familiar
Marri, Izabel Guimar?es;Wajnman, Simone;
Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Popula??o , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-30982007000100003
Abstract: in this article three questions related to wives who outearn their husbands in brazil are examined. first we discuss the demographic and socio-economic characteristics associated with the probability that the wife will be the main earner. second, the patterns of the division of labor among couples where the women are the primary earners are examined, especially as to whether the women spend more time on domestic work than their husbands. third, we quantify differentials in income between wife and husband earners and examine how these differentials are explained by differences in (1) professional characteristics between men and women and (2) discrimination.
Working Wives and Housewives: A Comparative Study in Gulbarga City
Mallikarjun. Holeppa,Jaikishan Thakur
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: There are arguments that whether the employment gave the women equality and social status compared to housewives. The globalization encouraged education for women and also created employment opportunities to women. As such, there are women working in almost all the sectors. The present study was made to assess whether adequate freedom, decision making authority, equality with males, etc of the working wives and housewives, so as to analyze the impact of employment on the status of women. The study covered total 300 respondents of which 150 working women and 150 housewives in Gulbarga city were interviewed. It is observed that employment gave the working wives more freedom, decision making authority, social status, equality, social life satisfaction, etc compared to that of housewives.
Agreement and concordance regarding reproductive intentions and contraception between husbands and wives in rural Ballabgarh, India
Yadav Kapil,Singh Bir,Goswami Kiran
Indian Journal of Community Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: Background: Traditionally, women have been the chief respondents in most demographic and health surveys focusing on family planning; the role of men has been limited. However, in recent years there has been realization of the importance of men′s role in family planning. Aims and Objectives: To assess the levels of agreement and concordance between husbands and wives regarding reproductive intentions and contraception. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 200 randomly selected married couples (in the age range of 15-44 years) in village Dayalpur, Haryana. Data pertaining to reproductive intentions and contraception was collected and the level of agreement (kappa statistics) between husbands and wives was calculated. Results: The observed concordance was 67.5% for ideal family size, 84.5% for contraceptive attitude, 88.5% for fertility desire, 93.5% for unmet need, and 97% for report of number of currently living children. The adjusted kappa statistic varied from a low of 0.43 (P ≤ 0.001) (ideal family size) to a high of 0.96 ( P ≤0.001) (number of living children) with contraceptive attitude (0.7) ( P≤0.001), unmet need (0.88) ( P≤ 0.001), and current use of contraception (0.93) ( P ≤0.001) having kappa values in between. Overall, a greater degree of agreement was observed for reproductive health events as compared to family planning attitudes and intentions. An in-depth analysis of the responses in the current study provides further evidence of male domination in decision making. Conclusion: In surveys pertaining to reproductive health events, the wife′s response can be taken as proxy for the couple′s response, but for assessing family planning attitudes and intentions, there is a need to collect information from husbands and wives separately.
Assessment of the Knowledge and Attitude on HIV/AIDS Among Drivers’ Wives
LM Prajapati,S Sanjel
Kathmandu University Medical Journal , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/kumj.v10i4.10989
Abstract: Backgroud It is generally accepted and well-documented that long distance drivers remain one of the key forces in the spread of HIV/AIDS as they are highly mobile and spending long hours on the road away from their families which makes them very likely to use the services of commercial sex workers (CSWs). Objectives To identify the knowledge and attitude among Drivers’ wives on HIV/AIDS. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted between August and September 2010 to assess the knowledge and attitude of drivers’ wives on HIV/AIDS in Banepa, Dhulikhel and Panuti Municipalities, Kavre district central Nepal. Using social network sampling technique 248 drivers’ wives were selected. Data were obtained using the structured and semi-structured questionnaire through interview technique. Verbal consent was taken before collecting data. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were computed. Results Ninety six percent of the respondents heard of HIV/ AIDS. Majority (65.7%) of the sources of the information were television followed by radio (56.5%), friends (33.5%), husband (19.4%), newspapers (17.7%) and posters (17.3%). The educational status and economic status of the respondents show significant association. The parameters regarding attitude revealed statistical significant. Conclusion The age and ethnicity of the respondents did not exhibit the association with awareness on HIV/ AIDS whereas, educational status and economic status of the respondents and the parameters regarding attitude revealed statistical show significant association. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/kumj.v10i4.10989 Kathmandu Univ Med J 2012;10(4):20-24
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